Growing Fritillary Flowers: Planting Fritillaria Michailovskyi Bulbs


By: Mary Ellen Ellis

Growing fritillary flowers is a fun way to add a unique bulb to beds, rock gardens, and borders. Michael’s fritillary plant (Fritillaria michailovskyi) has pretty little flowers that are unusual and beautiful. Like many other bulbs, they are planted in fall and require soil that drains well to avoid rot.

What is Fritillaria Michailovskyi Plant?

Known as Michael’s flower, this plant is a fall bulb that blooms in the spring. It is a perennial belonging to the same family as lilies and native to Turkey. Each plant grows to about 8 or 10 inches (20 to 25 cm.) in height and 5 to 7 inches (13 to 18 cm.) across.

The foliage of Michael’s flower fritillary is long and narrow, grass like, and a gray green color. The flowers, though, are truly unique. Small, bell-shaped blooms hang down and are purplish brown with yellow edges along the petals.

Planting Fritillaria Michailovskyi Bulbs

Like many other bulbs, fritillary needs soil that drains very well to prevent rot. Plant these bulbs in the fall to a depth of about 4 inches (10 cm.). Space them about 6 inches (15 cm.) from each other.

Add some sand or gravel to the holes before you put the bulbs in to provide extra drainage. Apply mulch over the top for winter protection.

In addition to well-drained soil, your fritillary plants will need full sun or light shade and some organic matter in the soil. As the flower begins to thrive, expect it to naturalize. You can also propagate this plant by the offsets that grow around the bulb over time.

Fritillary looks nice in natural clumps but also within borders and flower beds or even mixed in with other bulbs. You can even grow this flower in containers as long as they drain well.

The most common issue that gardeners encounter with this plant is bulb rot from too much water. This is why drainage is so important. Other potential issues to watch out for include leaf spot and rust, mosaic virus, and damage from snails and slugs.

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Fritillary: care, planting, growing and varieties

Written by Elena Namyatova Translated by Julie Hrabenko Posted in Garden Published: 06 February 2019 Last edits: Aug 12th, 2020

  • Description of fritillary flowers
  • Species and varieties of fritillary
  • Growing of fritillary in the garden
  • Planting of fritillary
    • When to plant fritillary
    • How to plant fritillary
  • Care of fritillary
    • How to care for fritillary in the garden
    • Why fritillary does not bloom
    • Propagation of fritillary
  • Fritillary after flowering
    • When to dig out fritillary
  • Fritillary bulb storage
  • References and links
  • Comments

Fritillary (lat. Fritillaria) is a genus of herbaceous perennials in the family Liliaceae. In the wild, there are about one hundred and fifty species of plants growing in the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere, in Eastern or Western Asia. The fritillary plant received its name because the shape of the flower corolla resembled a box in which dice were carried and in Latin it was called “fritillus”.


Fritillaria michailovskyi (Michael's Flower)

Scientific Name

Fritillaria michailovskyi Fomin

Common Names

Michael's Flower, Michailovski Fritillary, Fritillary

Scientific Classification

Family: Liliaceae
Subfamily: Lilioideae
Tribe: Lilieae
Genus: Fritillaria

Flower

Color: Purplish-brown and yellow
Bloom Time: Early summer

Description

Fritillaria michailovskyi is a bulbous perennial, up to 8 inches (20 cm) tall, with lance-shaped, grey-green leaves and 1 to 4 terminal, nodding, broadly bell-shaped flowers. The flowers are up to 1.2 inches (3 cm) long, with deep purplish-brown, yellow-tipped tepals and appear in early summer.

Photo via kipogeorgiki.gr

Hardiness

USDA hardiness zone 4a to 8b: from −30 °F (−34.4 °C) to 20 °F (−6.7 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Unusual and hardy, Fritillaria bulbs produce best when planted in moist soil in a sunny to part shade location in the flower bed. Wildflower Fritillaria lilies are an excellent choice for the gardener who wants an out of the ordinary specimen among more common spring-blooming bulbs.

Growing Fritillaria may reach 4 feet (1.2 m) or more in spring. Use wildflower Fritillarias as specimens, in groupings, or as an addition to a traditional bulb bed.

Be prepared to plant bulbs as soon as they arrive. Plant larger bulbs with the base about 5 inches (12.5 cm) below the soil surface, while smaller Fritillaria bulbs should be planted about 3 inches (7.5 cm) down. Plant bulbs in well-drained soil and keep it moist until the root system is established.

Fritillaria bulbs resist deer, squirrels, and bulb digging rodents and may help protect other bulbs that are favorites of the critters. See more at How to Grow and Care for Fritillaria Bulbs.

Origin

Native to mountainous areas of northeastern Turkey.

Links

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เช่นเดียวกับหลอดไฟอื่น ๆ อีกมากมาย fritillary ต้องการดินที่ระบายน้ำได้ดีเพื่อป้องกันการเน่า ปลูกหลอดไฟในฤดูใบไม้ร่วงให้มีความลึกประมาณ 4 นิ้ว (10 ซม.) เว้นระยะห่างจากกันประมาณ 6 นิ้ว (15 ซม.)

นอกจากดินที่มีการระบายน้ำได้ดีแล้วพืชที่อุดมสมบูรณ์ของคุณยังต้องการแสงแดดเต็มที่หรือร่มเงาและอินทรียวัตถุในดิน เมื่อดอกไม้เริ่มเจริญเติบโตให้คาดหวังว่ามันจะทำให้เป็นธรรมชาติ นอกจากนี้คุณยังสามารถขยายพันธุ์พืชนี้โดยการชดเชยที่เติบโตรอบ ๆ หลอดไฟเมื่อเวลาผ่านไป

Fritillary ดูดีในกระจุกตามธรรมชาติ แต่ยังอยู่ในขอบและเตียงดอกไม้หรือแม้แต่ผสมกับหลอดไฟอื่น ๆ คุณยังสามารถปลูกดอกไม้นี้ในภาชนะได้ตราบเท่าที่มันระบายน้ำได้ดี

ปัญหาส่วนใหญ่ที่ชาวสวนพบกับพืชชนิดนี้คือหลอดไฟเน่าจากน้ำมากเกินไป นี่คือเหตุผลว่าทำไมการระบายน้ำจึงมีความสำคัญ ปัญหาอื่น ๆ ที่อาจต้องระวัง ได้แก่ จุดใบไม้และสนิมไวรัสโมเสคและความเสียหายจากหอยทากและทาก


Fritillaria Michailovskyi Plant Info – Learn About Michael’s Flower Fritillary - garden

These striking flowers have been around for ages (even appearing in 13th century artwork), yet the more adventurous Canadian residential, commercial and parks department landscape designers are now just discovering them. Fritillaries are a delightful addition to the garden, especially for those discerning, 'been there, done that' clients.

There are about 100 species of Fritillaria, but only four are easily available in the Canadian marketplace. All four are late spring bloomers, and they couldn't be more different from each other if they tried.

Fritillaria imperialis
Common name: Crown imperial
This is the most spectacular Fritillaria. Growing to a height of about 1 m, 8 to 12 large and dazzling yellow or red/orange flowers hang like bells at the top of the stem, which is topped by a pineapple-like tuft of leaves. The plant's lily-like leaves yellow and drop off after the flower has faded, so these beauties are best inter-planted with perennials that will hide this process.

One of the more striking features of both the bulb and the plant is a slight, funky, skunk-like aroma. As such, Fritillaria imperialis is ideal for beds, borders and island plantings (Toronto's Mount Pleasant Cemetery uses them to outstanding effect in island plantings), but it's not a good idea to plant them next to decks or seating areas in the garden.

This species prefers moist, well-drained soil and full sun to partial shade. If left undisturbed, it will self-seed and naturalize. Its flowers become more abundant in its second and subsequent years of flowering.

F. Meleagris grows well at the front of mixed flower borders, in mixed perennial beds, in rock gardens and under deciduous trees and shrubs.

Fritillaria michailovskyi
Common name: Michael's flower
This stunning, bell-shaped variety is a very deep purple, almost brown, with bright yellow scalloped edges. It grows to a height of about 20 cm and is an ideal candidate for rock gardens when grown in full sun to partial shade. As it doesn't tolerate wet winters, the graded nature of most rockeries is perfect for this stunning addition to the garden.

This unusual fritillary is not difficult to grow, but is slow to increase. Plant in groupings of three to five, about 15 cm deep.

Fritillaria persica
Common name: Persian fritillaria
This sun-loving Fritillaria grows to a height of 50 to 80 cm. Each stem bears up to 30 shiny, plum-with-occasional-glints-of black, bell-shaped flowers, which open from the bottom of the stem and then gradually work their way up over several weeks.

Plant deeply (25 to 35 cm), as this species does not tolerate late spring frosts. It prefers well-drained soil, which shouldn't dry out during its summer dormant period. Place in a relatively sheltered spot so that they won't be blown over by over-zealous gusts of wind.

F. persica is a good choice for sunny perennial flowerbeds or borders. It also looks terrific planted among medium-height perennials or in front of larger shrubs.

Fritillaries dislike upheaval in the garden, so, don't disturb the bulbs, or the area around them until they are well established (often two or more seasons). Most annual flowerbeds experience too much activity for fritillaries. Choose a location that is stable and relatively unchanging.

Final words
Never store fritillary bulbs, plant immediately after buying them. And, don't buy them at the end of the season. They will dry out and simply will not grow, no matter what you do.


Watch the video: Floral Perspective: Autumn Floral Feast with Beth OReilly AIFD


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