Growing conditions for verbena

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Growing conditions for verbena

Verbena does not tolerate excess moisture, therefore, its watering is limited, preventing waterlogging of the soil. She does not like organic fertilizers, which acidify the soil, and verbena does not grow well on acidic soils.

Only on very poor soils are plants fed with flower fertilizers. Some varieties require additional iron-containing feeding. To get compact bushy plants, pinching is done. Regular removal of wilted buds will promote a more lush bloom.

Here, in Kazakhstan, summers are dry and hot, so I plant vervain so that it is in the sun only in the morning hours. If the climate is more humid, then the verbena should be planted in the sunniest place.

Reproduction of verbena

I propagate verbena by seeds and green cuttings. I sow its seeds for seedlings in early March. Sowing earlier requires additional lighting. Before sowing, I soak verbena seeds for 2 hours in warm water, after which I keep them in the refrigerator for 3-4 days. Then I sow the seeds on the surface of a loose substrate, slightly compact, moisten with a spray bottle and put the boxes in a warm place (+ 20 ... + 25 ° C).

Since verbena seeds need darkness for germination, I cover the box with a dark film on top. Depending on the variety, it rises in 8-15 days. As soon as the seeds hatch, I rearrange them to the brightest place and cover with glass or transparent film. Excessive moisture can affect the seedlings with a "black leg", so I ventilate the seedlings and gradually accustom them to the air. As soon as the first two true leaves appear on the verbena, I make a pick into the cups.

I plant the verbena in a permanent place in the garden, when the threat of frost passes, at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other, I pinch the tops. You can plant the plant in flower beds and flowerpots. In this case, the flowerpots should be wide and shallow, since the verbena root system is superficial. It blooms in 3-3.5 months after sowing.

Plants can also be obtained by cuttings. To do this, from strong specimens with a sharp blade, I cut apical cuttings about 8-10 cm long, process them in the root and plant them in flower pots with a loose substrate or in a greenhouse. Cover the pots with cuttings with foil. After 3-4 weeks, a powerful root system is formed on each cuttings.

In the fall, I dig up the most beautiful specimens of verbena, transplant them into flower pots and store them until spring in a cellar or in a cool, frost-free room, where the temperature is not lower than + 5 ° C. In the spring, planted in the ground, such plants bloom earlier, and they are convenient to use for cuttings. Various varieties of verbena can be cross-pollinated. This must be taken into account in seed production.

The use of verbena in gardening

Verbena hybrid is used in flower beds, ridges and borders. It can be used to decorate flower beds and flower beds. It is also suitable for growing, both outdoors and indoors: on a veranda or balcony in pots, hanging flowerpots. It goes well with marigolds, chamomile, rudbeckia, delphiniums. Verbena looks great with roses.

Pests and diseases

Verbena hybrid is usually resistant to fungal diseases, but in rainy summers it can be affected by powdery mildew, rust and aphids. In dry hot weather, verbena is damaged by spider mites.

Collection and processing of raw materials. Using verbena

In medicine, as a medicinal raw material, the entire aerial part of vervain officinalis (stems, leaves, flowers) is used, but sometimes roots are also used. The raw materials are collected during the flowering of plants and dried in the air or in a special dryer at a temperature of + 50 ... + 60 ° С. The roots of the plant are harvested in autumn, dried also in the open air or in a dryer at a temperature not exceeding + 30 ° C.

In cooking, verbena flowers and leaves are used exclusively for making aromatic tea and decoction, and the roots are used to flavor pickled cucumbers. Dry verbena leaves are added to fillings for meat or fish.

In cosmetics, verbena extracts are used to prepare lotions and ointments, which serve as a wonderful remedy for eliminating skin irritations and redness and in the form of rinses to strengthen hair.

Tatiana Lybina, gardener,
Zhezkazgan, Republic of Kazakhstan
Photo by the author

Flower care

Grooming means watering, weeding, and loosening the soil.

  1. Thinning plants and pulling out weeds should be done more often, as this helps to get rid of rot, which can appear on leaves and stems in cloudy weather.
  2. It is constantly necessary to remove wilted flowers, which will give the plant a beautiful appearance and long-term flowering of marigolds.

Plants do not have pests, but in long hot weather, spider mites can be found on marigolds.

Description of verbena

Verbena is a perennial herb that belongs to the Verbena genus. This genus includes about 120 varieties, which differ in color and shape of flowers and leaves, life expectancy and methods of cultivation. Also, verbena is known as cast iron or iron grass. This culture is a shrub or semi-shrub that does not exceed a height of one meter. Paniculate inflorescences consist of many small flowers with a circumference of about 2.5 mm, which are attached on pedicels to the apex of an upright stem.

The color of the inflorescences can be different, depending on the type of plant: snow-white, blue, yellow, blue, light pink, red, white-red, white-purple and others. Flowering begins in the first half of July and lasts until the end of October. Leaves pinnately dissected, dark green color, velvet texture, attached to the stem in pairs, opposite. At the end of flowering, brown nut-like fruits are formed. There are more than three hundred seeds inside the fruit.

Vervain can often be seen in many countries of America, in the Far East, in Central Asia, as well as throughout Europe. It is used to decorate lawns, near-trunk areas under tree crowns, to create flower arrangements, decorate alpine slides, or grown in tubs to decorate terraces and gazebos.

Despite the large number of vervain varieties, they can be divided into three types: hybrid vervains, Buenos Aires vervains and Canadian vervains. They all differ from each other in bush height, flower color, leaf shape and lifespan. In Greece, verbena flowers are believed to bring happiness, which is why it is considered a sacred plant. The ancient Slavs sewed flowers and leaves into clothes, thus protecting themselves and their family from various love spells and damage.

Planting verbena

Choosing a landing site

Verbena will take root in any corner of the garden - with their help, for example, you can decorate the territory that is empty after the flowering of primroses. But the most beautiful bushes still grow in well-lit areas. Moreover, the leaves and buds do not fade for a long time, even in direct sunlight.

Planting verbena

However, verbena is perfect for growing in hanging pots and flowerpots - after all, its root system is quite compact.

Verbena in pots

Fertile loams are ideal as a soil. However, this requirement is not essential. The main thing is good water permeability of the soil and a loose structure. And you can achieve such conditions even on heavy soils - for this you just need to mix the soil with sand.

It will also be useful drainage - a layer of broken brick, stone fragments, expanded clay or rubble. It is guaranteed to protect the verbena root system from the harmful effects of excess moisture. Water, freely penetrating through the drainage layer, will not stagnate.

Growing verbena from seeds

Verbena seeds do not need pre-sowing preparation. But growing it in this way still has its own nuances:

  • You can plant seedlings in open ground only on condition of stable heat... If there is a risk of recurrent frost, it is better to wait a little. Verbena calmly tolerates temperatures down to -3 ° С. But harsher conditions will instantly kill the plant. If you want to get your verbena early, you can plant your seedlings at home or in a greenhouse.
  • Seeds cannot be buried into the potting mix. They should simply be evenly distributed over the surface of the soil. At a temperature of about + 25 ° C, the seeds "hatch" after a couple of days. Immediately after this, the container should be transferred to a cool room, verbena does not like excessive heat.
  • They must be watered very carefully: for young verbena sprouts, excess moisture is destructive. The first shoots appear quite quickly - literally in a week. And after 10-15 days, slender rows of young shoots will turn green in the container.

The process of planting verbena seeds is described and shown in more detail in the publication How to sow lobelia and verbena for seedlings.

Our catalog with offers from the largest online stores will help you choose different varieties of verbena. View a selection of verbena seeds.

Verbena - blooms and smells!

Verbena is one of the first flowers that settled in my flower bed. At that time we were building a house with might and main, we had a baby in our arms, we had to live in Spartan conditions.

But the passion for floriculture lived in me even then. Seeing a cheerful multi-colored verbena meadow at a neighbor's place, I asked her for some seeds. Since then, this beautiful unpretentious flower has been growing with me.

Verbena requires a minimum of maintenance, it tolerates heat and dry periods, and at that time a more delicate plant would not have survived for me. My beauty reproduces by self-seeding, blooms from the end of June until the first frost. Verbena has beautiful not only flowers, but also graceful leaves. Bushes are low, fluffy, especially beautiful when they grow in a group. There is also some benefit in this - after watering, the soil retains moisture longer and the weeds are not so rampant.

For beginner florists and for those who do not have time for complex flower care now - self-propagating verbena varieties are ideal for decorating a flower bed! Even if luxurious and exotic plants appear in your garden, you will still not refuse a modest charming verbena!

Watch the video: Complete Guide For Verbena Plant. Verbena Plant Care. Summer Care Of Verbena

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