Diseases of the pomegranate: from diagnostics to treatment


The diseases of the pomegranate can be a major hassle, especially as they risk ruining one of the most scenic plants you can choose to grow in your garden.

At least five meters high and very long-lived (in fact it resists up to 100 years of age), the pomegranate has a slender and twisted stem and, during flowering, the ruby ​​red and vermilion colors of its flowers will embellish the colors of your garden. making them breathtaking. In short, it is one of the ornamental plants for excellence.

Both as a fruit and as an ornament, the pomegranate is a great protagonist of our table

Furthermore, its fruit is a berry with a very robust consistency, whose seeds, of a bright red color, are sweet and fragrant.

Its cultivation is very simple, but to be able to enjoy not only its fruits, but also its wonderful appearance, you must have an eye towards the diseases that could affect it. Let's see which ones together.

Pomegranate: some hints to its cultivation

The pomegranate is a very simple plant to grow and that will not cause you any particular problems. You do not in fact need to have a particular soil because the pomegranate, being one rustic plant, it tolerates all types of soil well, even the poorest or the most stony.

Growing the pomegranate: easy, yes, but it takes attention

The only caution is that of to avoid the water stagnation and to place your pomegranate plant in a pretty spot sunnywhile protecting it from the coldest winds.

You are also lucky enough for its climatic needs: pomegranate resists well harsh climates and enters into suffering only in case of prolonged exposure to temperatures below 10 ° C.

Furthermore, the pruning of this ornamental plant is very simple: the important thing will be to eliminate the side branches, in order to bring more light and air inside the plant. Nonetheless, avoid removing older branches. This will help you to increase more and more the productivity of your pomegranate which, we remind you, will begin its production cycle three years after planting.

But let's now take a closer look at what are the most dangerous diseases for your pomegranate.

Fungal diseases of pomegranate

As for fungal diseases, these mainly affect growing pomegranate plants. Although many of these diseases cause the loss of leaves, this damage is not enough to compromise the entire health of the tree. The problem arises when the people are affected fruits, which begin to crack and take on an unpleasant appearance and taste.

Diseases caused by fungi affect fruits: here's how to prevent and recognize them

Here are the fungal diseases you need to pay more attention to:

  • L'Alternaria, also known as black rot, is a species of fungus that causes widespread mold on fruits and vegetables that begin to decompose or that grow in particularly humid environments; as regards the pomegranate plant, Alternaria causes damage to the fruits, which occur in the form of wounds, and it rot the inside of the fruit. It shows up especially later heavy rains, when the fruits have just begun their formation phase
  • L'Aspergillus, a genus of fungus that includes about 200 molds; it can grow in all environments particularly rich in oxygen and, in addition to pomegranate, it also affects foods rich in starch, such as potatoes. In the case of the pomegranate plant, it causes damage very similar to that caused by Alternaria
  • the Botrytris, a parasitic fungus whose favorite victim is the vine, but which also does not disdain the pomegranate. Also known as gray mold, it hits the trees at the moment of flowering: its spores, in fact, slip right into the flowers and there they enter into a lethargy from which they will come out only at the moment of fruiting. This fungus, however, attacks only in the moment following the wash following the harvest, spreading only at that point through all the fruits present
  • there Cercospora, a mushroom that creates black spots not only on the outside of the fruit, but also on the branches and leaves. If left to thrive without ever intervening, it can lead the tree to death

You can try to defend your pomegranate from fungal diseases by taking a few small steps:

  • drains for good soil
  • if you plant more than one pomegranate, be sure to at least leave 60cm of space between them, in order to allow better circulation and leave each plant its own space
  • fertilizes the terrain four times a year, from February to September, using ammonium sulphate
  • prune always in the dormant season: in this way you will open the foliage of your pomegranate, improve circulation and the supply of sun and light
  • with regard to Cercospora, in addition to the use of fungicides (valid in the fight against all these types of diseases), also remove the twigs, leaves and fruits already compromised

Diseases of the pomegranate: the borer

If you are carrying on one intensive cultivation of pomegranate, the borer it is the most dangerous moth you will have to watch out for to protect it.

Borer: a great enemy of the pomegranate

It is a phytophagous insect also known as Virachola Isocrate, who damages the fruits by eating the seeds contained in the grains. You can notice its arrival on your pomegranates thanks to the presence of larvae brown, hairy, with some patches of white, but also from the insistent fluttering of moths light brown, which could lay dozens of eggs.

Particularly dangerous is the larva, particularly greedy of the seeds inside the pomegranate fruit. Furthermore, by inserting itself inside the fruit, it damages it causing it to rot.

But all is not lost. In fact, you can defend yourself from the borer in two ways:

  • using biological insecticides based on pyrethrum (in the case of adult moths) or with the bacillus thuringiensis variety kurstaki (if instead you have to hit the larvae)
  • using biological traps, built using water bottles on which a special cap is placed (available online) that allows the borer to enter, but prevent it from exiting. The moth will in fact be attracted inside by a bait consisting of 0.125l of wine and 0.375l of water, to which a spoonful of sugar, cloves and cinnamon will be added. We recommend that you place this trap in April and then wait two weeks before going to check the results

In short, with a little attention you will be able to better protect this beautiful plant and enjoy the spectacle of its beauty in your garden.

If Muhammad said that eating pomegranate would keep you away from envy and hatred, be careful to keep mushrooms, molds and moths away from pomegranate, we add.


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What are the diseases of the apple tree? How to recognize them?

The apples they are among the most loved fruits by young and old, succulent and delicious, they are excellent as a meal or as a half-day snack.
Their trees are often found in house gardens, because elegant is simple to take care of, but that doesn't mean they don't exist diseases of the apple tree that could compromise their health.

In fact, there are many diseases of the pome fruit which do not even spare the apple trees, to which fortunately, in most cases, there is a remedy.
It is important to pay close attention to the first symptoms of the appearance of a disease, to the first signs of a plant malaise.
L'yellowing of the leaves and of the branches, the appearance of spots on the trunk you hate fruits with defects evident, must be evaluated with extreme attention, immediately identifying the triggering cause.

Parasites, virus is "cancer"are among the most common diseases in apple trees.
Careful prevention can prevent attack and disease from appearing, but loving care and attention must be given to every single aspect of cultivation.


Nutritional value of pomegranate

Composition (per 100g)

  • Calories 31.8
  • Carbohydrates 7,5g
  • 0.2g fiber
  • Vitamin C 5.7mg
  • Provitamin A 3.5mcg
  • Potassium 275mg
  • Magnesium 3mg
  • Calcium 8mg

It is also rich in pectin, tannin, antioxidants, flavones, folic acid, fiber, vitamins E, B1, B2, B3, B9, phosphorus, copper, iron and zinc… Not only is it rich in nutrients and antioxidants, it also has the ability to influence cells and molecular structure and the potential to be benefits for health in general.


How to recognize aphids

Plant aphids or plant lice are peripormal parasites less than 1/8 inch long, varying in hue from green to red, brown, black and yellow. Aphids are characterized by two small tubes protruding from their rear end - no other insects have them. Many take their name from the plant they mainly attack (the pomegranate aphid, the green peach aphid, the cabbage aphid or the pink aphid). They have needle-piercing mouthparts that they use to suck sap from plants they don't chew - if your plants exhibit chewing damage, you'll need to identify a different culprit.

Symptoms of aphid damage

Each plant reacts differently to aphid attacks. Some show no adverse response, while others react with twisted, curled, or swollen leaves or stems. Plants that exhibit aphid damage can exhibit a variety of symptoms, such as:
- reduced growth rate,
- mottled leaves,
- yellowing,
- stunted growth,
- browning,
- withering,
- low yields,
-death.
Furthermore, aphids can carry bacterial and viral diseases, which can be much more difficult to eradicate. One of the most common problems related to aphids concerns their excessive production of waste, called "honeydew". This sticky substance drips onto the leaves and stems of the plant and can be attacked by sooty black mold. These fungi generally do not damage plant tissues. Once the aphids are eliminated, the sooty mold dries up and falls off the plant.

How to get rid of aphids

Prevention is an important key. Pomegranate aphids do not tolerate the smell of garlic, so natural garlic-based repellents can keep aphids away before they visit your garden. Additionally, high nitrogen levels help aphids reproduce, so proper soil selection is key. The use of slow release organic fertilizers can avoid a nitrogen spike while providing long-lasting nutrition for your plants

Other remedies to eliminate aphids

Another valid and alternative remedy is the use of invigorating. The invigorator is one of the natural products most used in agriculture to replace insecticides and chemical pesticides. It is useful against insects and parasites such as aphids but it also acts against thrips, mites, leafhoppers, mealybugs is psylla. The advantage of using these products is that at the same time they do not cause damage to other insects useful to plants such as ladybugs or bees.
In addition, the soft soap invigorating potassium is an excellent ally for the prevention of fumaggini, fungal diseases that can damage plants.

Buy the invigorating concentrated , ideal for the integrated fight against aphids and other insects.


Advice for the cultivation of Pomegranate

Punica granatum

The pomegranate tree is able to adapt well to different temperatures such as summer heat and winter cold, but its cultivation is particularly suitable for Mediterranean environments with not too cold winters and hot summers. It needs a sunny exposure, but one that is sheltered from the winter cold.

It is not a plant suitable for areas with high summer rainfall and high humidity and not even in areas that are too windy.

Cultivation in pots

For pot cultivation it is advisable to choose dwarf varieties, with an average height of 60-70 centimeters, which are much easier and more manageable.

It is necessary to choose a fairly sunny position in a ventilated area and make sure that the soil does not remain dry and arid for too long.

The pomegranate does not like being in a too humid environment, we have said it and it also applies to plants grown in pots. The soil must be allowed to dry before wetting it again. It is important to make a good fertilization throughout the vegetative period, excluding the months of July and August, and using organic fertilizer for flowering bonsai.

As with all flowering plants, the choice of the pot will have to be considered, the pomegranate prefers a rather deep pot, which ensures good drainage.

Cultivation in the open ground

Pomegranate

The best time to cultivate the Pomegranate is from autumn to the end of the winter season in the Central-Southern regions and spring for the regions of Northern Italy.

The pomegranate plant should be placed in a well-drained soil by adding fresh soil and natural fertilizer.

Pomegranate hedge plant

The plant has great decorative power. Especially the specimens with twisted branches and trunks. Some varieties, in particular the dwarf varieties, with inedible fruits, are used in parks and gardens as single plants or in groups or to create hedges and borders.

Temperature

In particularly cold climates the plant can suffer during the winter but in general it is able to adapt well to different temperatures such as summer heat and winter cold, the important thing is that temperatures do not drop below -10 ° C .

Il Melograno wants a sunny and bright position as it does not like the shade. At the same time, it must be protected from heavy rains and hailstorms that could damage the fruit.

Topsoil

Pomegranate

The pomegranate is able to produce even on poor soils, but to obtain a professional cultivation it is necessary to provide an adequate nutritional intake. The ideal soil must be fresh and fertile and well drained. On the other hand, clayey soils should be avoided because this plant suffers from stagnation of humidity, with effects on the collar and on the root.

Watering

The plant can tolerate even prolonged periods of drought but it is mere survival as in this condition the pomegranate can lose its leaves almost completely. To obtain the fruits, irrigation is essential and must be constant and moderate. It is good to water once a week.


Lawn Care: Pest Control in Spring

As spring weather warms the soil, earthworms and other insects emerge to higher soil levels, but moles can also return.

Moles attack and damage lawn roots in their search for worms and other food.

Most moles in North America are found in the eastern United States and Canada.

The most common family of moles in the United States is the one that is generally found in the Southeast and Northeast.

They are a plague throughout the spring, summer and autumn.

However, the best time to lay mole traps is during the spring, just before they build more tunnels.

According to UConn's Home & Garden Education Center, homeowners simply place a harpoon trap in the main tunnel, use a toxic bait (which is usually shaped like a gummy worm), or try them.


The pomegranate: where, how and when to plant it

It is not difficult to put a pomegranate seedling in the garden, it is an adaptable and unpretentious crop. Anyone wishing to make a professional orchard by investing in pomegranate can find interesting market outlets in the sale of the precious juice obtained from this beneficial fruit.

Pedoclimatic needs

The pomegranate plant originates in warmer climates than the Italian one, which is why the fruit is very well found in Sicily, where it is widely cultivated. It therefore loves rather high temperatures, feels good at 25 degrees and asks for 30 to bear fruit at its best. However, it does not fear frosts and can also withstand winters that go below zero, which is why it is widespread today throughout Italy. It does not like excess water: in particular the many rains during the fruiting period lead to the cracking of the fruit. It benefits from sunny locations.

As a soil it loves neutral soils, also adapting to heavy and clayey substrates, as long as there are no stagnations of water.

Reproduction of the plant

The pomegranate is a shrub plant, it is not difficult to propagate it by cuttings, but even more simply by burying one of the suckers that the bush pushes back to its base.

Plant the sapling

To plant a pomegranate tree, proceed by digging the classic hole of half a meter in diameter and depth, in which the seedling to be transplanted will be placed. The resulting soil will be used to fill the hole, enriched in the last 15 centimeters with a little fertilizer. The right time to plant is early spring, where it is not too cold it can also be done in autumn, between October and November.

Pomegranate Problems

The pomegranate is not particularly prone to disease or insect attacks. The most frequent of the problems of this plant is the cracking of the fruit, but this is not a disease but a physiopathy, usually due to excess water that causes cracks on the outside of the fruit.

The diseases

Among the diseases, pomegranate can be prone to fungal problems, which are prevented with good soil drainage and controlled irrigation. The most frequent diseases are Alternaria, gray mold and cercosporiosis.

Let's examine the pathologies that can affect the garnet apple.

Gray mold or botrytis

Insects

The worst parasite of the pomegranate is a borer, a moth whose caterpillar attacks fruit and shoots. However, attacks of aphids, scale insects, spider mites, bedbugs and aleurotids can also be found.

Let's see the main enemies of this plant gradually.

Pomegranate moth or borer


Choose pomegranate supplements wisely

Look for products with a full spectrum of polyphenols and punicalagins, greater than 30%, which corresponds to 180mg of punicalagin per capsule.

Punicalagin is present in pomegranate seeds as well as in its peel and bitter membrane.

Regular consumption of pomegranate extract supplements has been shown to be positive for controlling blood pressure, calming inflammation, preventing the onset of cardiovascular disease and weight control.

To buy pomegranate supplements, click on the link and go to the HSN online store. Buy at the best price.


Video: What is Dysentery? Causes, Signs and symptoms, Diagnosis and treatment.


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