Feijoa: growing at home, useful properties and contraindications


Houseplants

Feijoa (lat.Acca sellowiana), or akka sellova, or akka feijoa - an evergreen shrub or short tree, a species of the genus Akka of the Myrtle family. Sometimes feijoa is distinguished into a separate genus. The species was named after the Portuguese naturalist João da Silva Feijo, who discovered this plant at the end of the 19th century in Brazil. And the specific epithet Feijoa received in honor of the German naturalist Friedrich Sellow, who studied the flora of Brazil. In natural conditions, feijoa, in addition to Brazil, can be found in Colombia, Uruguay and northern Argentina. Feijoa is a typical subtropical plant that does not develop well in tropical climates.
Feijoa first appeared in Europe in 1890. Today it is grown not only in South America, but also in the Caucasus, Crimea, Abkhazia, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Dagestan, Krasnodar Territory of the Russian Federation, Australia, New Zealand, Italy, France, Greece, Portugal, Spain and the Pacific coast of the USA ...

Planting and caring for feijoa

  • Bloom: in spring or summer for three weeks.
  • Landing: the seed is planted in a pot in late winter or early spring.
  • Lighting: bright diffused light.
  • Temperature: common for living quarters.
  • Watering: regular, through the pallet.
  • Air humidity: higher than usual. In winter, when the heating devices are working, it is recommended to spray the plant in the evenings with warm water.
  • Top dressing: twice a month with organic solutions - mullein (1:10) or bird droppings (1:15). Mineral fertilizers are used as a last resort.
  • Rest period: at home is not pronounced.
  • Transfer: up to three years - annual, then - once every two years. Adult feijoa can be replanted once every five years, but the top layer of the potted medium needs to be changed annually.
  • Cropping: in late autumn or early spring, when the plant reaches a height of 25-30 cm, it is shortened by a third. Sanitary and formative pruning is carried out at the same time as necessary.
  • Reproduction: seeds and cuttings.
  • Pests: red spider mites and false scutes.
  • Diseases: gray rot.
  • Properties: feijoa fruits have properties that are beneficial to humans.

Read more about growing feijoa below.

Botanical description

Feijoa is a large spreading shrub or tree up to 4 m high with a superficial, compact, but densely branched root system. The trunk of the plant is covered with a rough greenish-brown bark. Criss-cross opposite leathery feijoa leaves with feathery venation, whole-edged, oval and often drooping, located on short petioles. The upper side of the leaf plate is smooth, dark green, the lower one is greenish-gray, pubescent. The four-membered bisexual axillary flowers of the feijoa can be single, paired, or, in several pieces, form a corymbose inflorescence. They have a lot of stamens - from 50 to 80, and the petals painted in white color acquire a pink tint closer to the base. Flowering lasts about three weeks. Feijoa is pollinated by insects. The fruit of the plant is a juicy, fleshy, dark green, cuboid berry, broadly rounded or elongated-oval, 2 to 7 cm long and 1.5 to 5 cm in diameter. Inside the fruit are seeds surrounded by translucent pulp. The taste and aroma of the feijoa fruit are reminiscent of kiwi, pineapple and strawberries at the same time. The color of the bumpy skin of the fruit can vary from yellow-green to dark green, sometimes with a purple-violet bloom of anthocyanin.

In the photo: How feijoa blooms in the garden

Growing feijoa at home

Feijoa landing

Today, it is becoming more and more popular to grow exotic plants in city apartments, so we decided to tell you how to get a feijoa tree from a stone. Place the ripe fruit with a yellowish skin in a warm place to ripen. When the fruit becomes soft, open it, take out the pulp with seeds, spread it over a dense cloth and wash off the mucus with water, then dry the seeds remaining on the fabric and sow them in a substrate consisting of equal parts of turf soil and river sand, placed in a pot with drainage holes on top of a layer of expanded clay or sand. To make the seeds lay evenly, they are pre-mixed with sand. After sowing, the seeds are pressed tightly to the substrate, without deepening, and sprayed from a spray bottle with a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate. Then the crops are covered with glass or foil and placed in a warm, bright place. While waiting for seedlings, the surface of the substrate is sprayed with water as needed, and the film or glass is cleaned of condensation.

Feijoa care at home

As a rule, the first feijoa shoots appear after a month or a little earlier, and you need to remove the weak seedlings immediately. For full growth and development, seedlings will need bright diffused light, so the optimal time for sowing feijoa is the end of winter or the beginning of spring. If sowing was carried out in autumn, at the beginning or in the middle of winter, when the daylight hours are short and the seedlings may lack natural light, install a phytolamp or other lamp above the container at a height of 25 cm. However, the seedlings should be shaded from direct sunlight.

At the stage of development in seedlings, 2-4 pairs of true leaves are dived into separate pots with a substrate consisting of three parts of sod land, two parts of leaf humus with the addition of half a part of coarse-grained river sand and rotted manure. The pick is carried out in order to accelerate the development of the feijoa root system.

At first, seedlings grow very quickly, but feijoa from seeds will begin to bear fruit in the fifth or sixth year.

Watering

Feijoa is very hygrophilous. Overdrying an earthen coma can lead to the plant shedding leaves, and then its branches and roots will begin to die off, so you need to moisten the soil in the feijoa pot regularly, using the bottom watering method. Excess water is not drained from the pan: after a while it will be absorbed into the earthen lump. In winter, when the air in the house becomes too dry due to the heating devices operating at full capacity, it is necessary to spray the feijoa with water slightly warmer than room temperature in the evenings.

Photo: Flowering feijoa bush

Fertilizer

The growing feijoa constantly needs nutrients, therefore, fertilizers must be applied to the substrate all year round twice a month, and organic matter for feijoa is preferable to mineral complexes. The plant responds well to a solution of mullein (1:10) or bird droppings (1:15). Superphosphate is added from mineral fertilizers: 1 teaspoon is diluted in 1 liter of water, brought to a boil, and after the solution has cooled, diluted with water twice. Of the potash fertilizers, feijoa reacts best to ash extract: 1 tablespoon of ash from burnt straw or from deciduous trees is stirred in 1 liter of water and infused for a week. Phosphate, potassium and nitrogen feeding alternate. All nutrient solutions are applied only to a pre-moistened substrate.

Transfer

Up to three years old, rapidly developing feijoa is annually transplanted into a substrate consisting of equal parts of peat, sand, humus, turf and leafy soil. Then it will be enough to change the substrate and dishes for the plant once every two years. Adult feijoa are transplanted once every five years. When transplanting, it is not necessary to completely clear the roots of the plant from the old soil, if it is not sour and is not infected with pests or infection. You can simply transfer the feijoa from one pot to another, being careful: the roots of this plant are fragile.

In the photo: Tying a feijoa fruit on a branch

Pruning

Since the feijoa at home can grow up to 6 meters or more, it has to be cut off. Correct pruning will not affect the fruiting of the tree in any way, and a beautifully formed crown will add attractiveness to the plant. Pruning feijoa in late autumn or early spring. You will need a knife or secateurs, which must be kept in boiling water for half an hour before use or thoroughly wiped with rubbing alcohol. When the feijoa reaches a height of 25-30 cm, it is shortened by a third. Then, as necessary, form and sanitary pruning is carried out. First of all, growths are removed that extend from the trunk at an angle of less than 60-70 degrees, as well as competing branches and shoots rubbing against each other. The plant does not need weak, diseased, dry and damaged branches. If the feijoa is formed in the form of a tree, then everything that has grown on the lower quarter of the trunk is cut out: these branches and shoots will not bring you a lot of fruit, but the bush will take on a tree-like shape. In the future, you will need to regularly remove the root growth. When cutting branches, the pruner blade is set at an angle of 45º and cut away from the trunk, leaving short stumps that dry out very quickly. The wounds are treated with a fungicide solution.

Pests and diseases

Diseases and their treatment

Feijoa is very rarely affected by diseases, and if you create the conditions necessary for the successful development of the plant and take proper care of it, then you will not have problems with this exotic. With poor care or violation of the watering regime, the plant can get sick with gray rot. In rare cases, feijoa can affect leaf spots. Pathogens of fungal origin are destroyed with Bordeaux liquid, and the areas affected by gray rot are cut out with the capture of healthy tissue, after which the feijoa is abundantly treated with a fungicide solution. However, if you do not reconsider the watering regime, gray rot may return.

In the photo: A flower on a feijoa bush

Pests and the fight against them

Of the pests, red spider mites and false shields are dangerous for feijoa. Spider mites are more likely to damage young leaves and shoots. Get rid of them with the help of Keltan: dissolve 2 g of the drug in 1 liter of water. It is better to process it in the evening so that the plant does not get burned in the sun. The action of the drug lasts about 40 days, so one spraying will be enough. In the future, as a preventive measure, wash the feijoa in the shower from time to time: ticks do not like a humid environment.

False scutes settle along the central vein of the upper side of feijoa leaves. An effective remedy against these pests is Karbofos, 5-6 g of which is dissolved in a liter of water. Feijoa is treated with this emulsion over the leaves, trying to wet each of them on both sides. You will need two or three such treatments. They are carried out at intervals of 5-7 days.

Breeding feijoa

Feijoa is propagated not only by seed, but also vegetatively - by cuttings. For grafting, you need half-ripe shoots with three internodes. Sections of cuttings are treated with a root former, after which they are planted in a light substrate. It can be coconut soil, vermiculite, perlite, well-washed river sand or flower soil mixed in equal parts with perlite or vermiculite. The planted cuttings are covered with plastic bottles or glass jars and kept at a temperature of 23-25ºC. Root regrowth may take several months, and it may well happen that not all cuttings will take root.

Photo: Cultivation of useful feijoa

Types and varieties

Of all the feijoa grown in our latitudes, the most famous varieties of the Crimean and foreign selection. For example:

  • Superba - a variety with large, almost round, aromatic fruits;
  • Coolidge - cultivar of foreign selection with elongated oval berries;
  • Light - one of the most popular varieties with round-oval or elongated-oval fruits in a dark green bumpy skin with a blush, which gradually brightens when the fruit ripens. The pulp of the berries has a pleasant taste, reminiscent of strawberry;
  • Nikitskaya - Feijoa, very similar in description to the previous variety. The pulp has a refreshing sweet and sour taste;
  • Lumpy - variety with rounded bumpy fruits with few seeds;
  • Early aromatic - variety with fruits with smooth skin, delicate aromatic pulp of sweet and sour taste and a lot of seeds;
  • Firstborn 120 - a medium late variety with small fruits of various shapes in a light green peel with a yellowish tinge. The fruits contain a large number of seeds.

In addition to those described, the varieties Nikitskaya 42, Nikitskaya 3, Krymskaya early, Yaltinskaya, Andre and Choiseash are popular.

Feijoa properties - harm and benefit

Beneficial features

In addition to its pleasant taste and aroma, feijoa fruits have properties beneficial to human health. They contain iodine, zinc, manganese, copper, iron, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, calcium, sodium, malic and folic acids, essential oils with strawberry and pineapple aroma, vitamins C, PP, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6 as well as easily digestible fats and proteins. There is more iodine in feijoa fruits than in seafood, and berries of trees growing near the sea are especially rich in this element: in 100 g of fruits up to 35 mg of iodine, while the daily intake for humans is 0.15 mg.

The use of feijoa fruits is recommended for vitamin deficiency, atherosclerosis, colds, sluggish intestinal motility, diseases of the digestive system, gout, Graves' disease, constipation and pyelonephritis. Feijoa lowers cholesterol and increases hemoglobin, improves blood composition and memory.

Feijoa fruits are also used externally: masks made from their pulp rejuvenate and nourish the skin of the face, soothe inflamed areas: 1/3 of the crushed fruit is mixed with yolk, two tablespoons of cottage cheese and one tablespoon of olive oil; the mixture is applied to the face and neck, and after 20 minutes washed off.

Contraindications

Due to the high sugar content, feijoa berries are contraindicated for people with diabetes and overweight. They are also not suitable for those who have an individual intolerance to the product. It is undesirable to eat feijoa fruits with hyperthyroidism. Overeating of feijoa fruits is also dangerous, after which there may be a feeling of anxiety, temperature drops, heart palpitations and even nervous breakdowns. And in some cases, an overdose, on the contrary, leads to a decrease in performance and a depressed state.

Avoid combining feijoa with cow's milk. Practice in moderation when feeding babies with fruit. Do not use fruits that have been stored for more than a week.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Myrtle
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Indoor Plants Information
  6. Information about medicinal plants

Sections: Houseplants Beautiful flowering Medicinal Plants on F Exotic fruits Myrtle


The first mention of thyme can be found in the chronicles of the 16th century. The genus Thyme belongs to the Yasnotkov family. Outwardly, it is a short, up to 35 cm high shrub with a pleasant aroma reminiscent of lemon. Its root system is powerful, in adult plants the stem is lignified.

The flowers of thyme lemon are pink or purple, collected in spikelets, similar in shape to a bell. Leaf plates are small in size, short, hard, resembling skin to the touch. Their main color is green with a yellow undertone, but with age it becomes more and more dark.

Lemongrass thyme is a perennial


Blueberries - useful properties and contraindications. Growing berries at home

Blueberries are tasty and healthy berries, and worthy for growing in a garden.

Blueberries: beneficial properties

So what is the use of these berries? They are low-calorie: in 100 grams - no more than 57 kcal, which makes them attractive for people watching their figure. Blueberries are 85% water, and the rest is vitamins, micro- and macroelements, antioxidants. It contains a lot of beta-carotene, ascorbic acid, almost the entire group of B vitamins and rare vitamin E. Macronutrients include a large amount of potassium, and then, in decreasing order, phosphorus, calcium and magnesium, as well as sodium. Trace elements are represented by manganese, copper, iron, zinc and selenium.

Berries have a beneficial effect on the functioning of the liver, gallbladder, cardiovascular system, help cleanse the body and eliminate radionuclides. The systematic use of blueberries has a beneficial effect on eyesight, improves metabolism. In addition, blueberries have anti-inflammatory properties. Therefore, berries are often used for colds and intestinal inflammations.

It is known that regular consumption of fresh blueberries or decoctions of them strengthens the potency of men and increases the duration of sexual intercourse. Miracle berries are no less useful for pregnant women: during pregnancy, blueberries will not only eliminate the lack of vitamins in the body of the expectant mother, but also protect her from colds.

No less useful are blueberry leaves, which contain a lot of tannins, resin acids, phyto-feeds, essential oils. Compresses made from them help with hemorrhoids and are even able to heal some skin diseases such as dermatitis, rashes, eczema. They are used for inflammatory diseases of the gums, intestinal disorders, diarrhea, poisoning, and also as a diuretic.

In folk medicine, blueberry shoots are also used. A decoction from the shoots is taken in the treatment of cystitis, urolithiasis, urethritis, bleeding with hemorrhoids, lichen, gout and diabetes mellitus.

Frozen blueberries: health benefits

When berries are frozen, almost all useful properties are preserved in them. The only loss on freezing is ascorbic acid, which degrades when stored in the refrigerator. But in the winter you will have plenty of vitamins. The main thing is not to re-freeze the berries, and keep them in a tightly closed container.

Contraindications for the use of blueberries

Blueberries are contraindicated in cases of dyskinesia of the gallbladder ducts, increased acidity of the stomach and peptic ulcer disease, constipation, diseases of the pancreas, oxalate urolithiasis and with individual intolerance to berries and leaves. It is not recommended for breastfeeding and should not be given to children under one year of age.

Blueberries: growing from seeds at home

Large blueberries can be used to produce seeds for growing at home. The berries must be crushed in a container and rinsed very well from the pulp. You can use seeds for planting that did not float and remained at the bottom of the container. The seeds are dried and sown in a box with a mixture of peat, sand and chopped needles. Sprinkle the seeds with a damp substrate, and cover the boxes with foil or glass. The drawers are illuminated with fluorescent lamps and regularly ventilated. Seedlings appear on the 25-28th day. In winter, the seedlings are kept in a bright, cool room, in the spring they dive into separate half-liter cups, and then after a year or two they are sent to the garden.

Growing blueberries in the garden

To grow blueberries, you need acidic soil. Therefore, if the soil on the site is alkaline or neutral, the planting site must be prepared. Peat chips are added to the soil in a ratio of 2: 1, a little sulfur, oak foliage and needles. River sand is also added to heavy soils. Moreover, all this must be mixed at least a month before planting.

It is necessary to plant blueberries from cups with a lump of earth, which is very abundantly moistened with water before planting. Planting is best in September-October. After planting, water and mulch abundantly around the plant.


Growing a banana at home. Banana varieties

Growing a banana at home. Banana varieties

And so, today we will talk about banana... Let's figure out where the world famous bananas... We will find out what varieties they are, and also how to grow and how to care for a banana at home!

Banana - perhaps one of the most famous and delicious berries in the world. I think one of the words in the previous line might make you think a little. Berry? Yes Yes exactly. And bananas don't grow on palms. The fact is that a banana is not a tree, but a perennial herb that produces the berries that we love so much - bananas. But this is specifically from a botanical point of view, when from the point of view of culinary and household it is a fruit.

Banana origin

There are many legends and stories around bananas. But, today we will not go into any hypotheses and tell you about the facts confirmed by historians and botanists. Many believe that these berries are native to Africa, but few people know that bananas were brought to Africa from Asia. It is believed that it was the banana that was the first berry cultivated by people. This was done by the physician to the Emperor Augustus from 63 to 24 BC.

In the 15th century AD, the Portuguese brought bananas to Europe. The berry got its European name from banem, after which this Guinean word was transformed into the "banana" we are used to.

Speaking of familiarity. Previously, bananas were not at all what we used to see them. They were not that yellow color and they were not eaten fresh at all. Yellow bananas are the result of crosses and various botanical experiments. In nature, bananas are only green and red, and they are eaten only ready-made, fried. Of course, you can try eating them raw, but the taste will surprise you unpleasantly.

Yellow bananas became widespread in the 19th century. And soon they very quickly scattered all over the world. Sweet bananas were so exotic that it was customary to eat them with a knife and fork, and their prices were quite high. Therefore, yellow bananas were eaten only for the holidays. But soon this variety began to take root in other places and in price they fell sharply. There was even a time when this berry was even cheaper than cucumbers, but now it is, of course, a rarity.

Banana varieties. Description

Since the discovery of this wonderful berry, many varieties have been bred, which differ in requirements for climatic conditions, yield, size, and sometimes appearance. We will now look at the most common ones.

Banana variety "Finger"

These are small yellow bananas. The size of one can reach 8 centimeters. The rind is medium thick, bright yellow, and the flesh is creamy and very tasty. It is often used in the preparation of various desserts, pastries, or simply as a fresh snack. For the price it is slightly higher than other varieties, but its taste is correspondingly better.

Banana variety "Blue Banana"

The name of the variety corresponds to the appearance. Its rind is bluish-green in color. The pulp is creamy. At the same time, the banana has a slightly creamy taste, because sometimes this variety is also called ice cream-banana. It grows exclusively on the island of Java, and therefore the price is appropriate.

Banana variety "Barro"

This banana variety is also striking in its uniqueness. Its shape is not similar to the standard banana we are used to, because this berry is square! The peel of such a banana is thicker than its predecessors, and the color of the pulp is closer to white. Its peel is yellow, in some places there are black stripes. At the same time, the berry has a light lemon aroma. This variety lends itself to heat treatment and can also be eaten fresh.

Banana variety "Cavendish"

It is this variety that we are used to seeing on the shelves of our stores. Bananas of this variety are so popular all over the world that for years it has been in first place among all fruits and berries in the world. The size of a banana reaches 20 centimeters. The peel is yellow, but when fully ripe it becomes almost black in color. Bananas have their peak taste when they are still yellow, but already have dark spots.

Banana variety "Manzano"

This variety also has a name apple banana... And it is not surprising, because after full ripening, when the fruit turns completely black, it has a slight apple aftertaste and an apple-strawberry aroma. At a time when the fruits are still yellow, they still do not differ in a special taste. It is easy to recognize this variety, because it is small, but rather "plump".

Banana variety "Plantine"

In the southern poor countries, it is difficult to get the potatoes we are used to in the markets. But the locals do not despair, because they have such a wonderful substitute. This variety contains more starch than any other variety. When ripe, when the berry becomes almost black, a certain sweetness appears in it, which makes it possible to use the banana in the preparation of desserts. When the banana is unripe, it is used by people as an analogue of potatoes.

Banana variety "Red Banana"

Another variety that may seem non-existent. But it really is a red banana. When ripe, it even becomes burgundy, or even slightly purple. At the same time, the berry has a light raspberry smell. The flesh inside is also of an unusual pinkish color. Often such a miracle is used in confectionery masterpieces when decorating, and thanks to its light raspberry flavor and sweetness, it is also used in various desserts.

Banana variety "Gro-Michel"

It is a fairly large and fleshy variety. The size of one fruit can reach 25 centimeters, and the weight is 250 grams. The rind is bright yellow and rather thick. The pulp is creamy, sweet. This variety tolerates transportation well, therefore it is an export variety.

Banana variety "Ice Cream"

What is translated from English as "ice cream". It's all about the light creamy taste that is in the banana pulp. One banana reaches a length of up to 25 centimeters. The peel has a pleasant pale yellow color when fully ripe.

Banana variety "Earthen banana"

This variety is rarely eaten fresh, because it does not taste very good. Therefore, these bananas lend themselves to heat treatment, after which the taste of the berry is significantly improved. The flesh has a slightly unusual pale orange color. The length of one such banana is up to 26 centimeters, and the weight of one berry can reach half a kilogram.

Growing a banana at home

You are unlikely to succeed in growing a banana from a simply purchased berry. Because there are simply no seeds in these fruits and you will be extremely surprised when you see how they look.

But do not despair, because you can easily buy them in some garden store or purchase a grown seedling in a greenhouse. It is worth noting that this grass is tropical and you will have to create a number of familiar conditions for it. And if you succeed, you may even get your own bananas.

It is better, of course, to buy a dwarf sapling, such a grass is less whimsical and reaches a maximum height of two meters, which makes it easier to grow in an apartment. But, if you are not a fan of easy ways, then you can purchase seeds.

Growing banana grass from seeds is laborious and requires patience and time. If you are ready to give it in the initial stages, then you will succeed.

And so, if you still purchased banana seeds, you can start growing a full-fledged plant from them. As you can see, banana seeds have a fairly thick and sturdy shell. Under natural conditions, a seed can break through for months, but you and I will make it easier for the seed.

To do this, you need to make a few scratches to the shell with a needle or a nail file, but in no case should you accidentally damage the seed.

You will need a small seedling pot for germination. When you have it, you need to prepare the ground. To do this, take 4 parts of sand and 1 part of peat. The soil is moistened before planting, and do not forget about proper drainage. A seed lays down on wet soil and is only slightly pressed into it. There is no need to fill them up on top. After that, choose the most illuminated place in the house. The top of the pot is tightly covered with glass or ordinary film. It is important that at the same time direct sunlight does not fall on the pot, otherwise the seed will simply suffocate.

Now the longest stage is waiting. Despite the fact that we made it easier for the seed, it will still take him two to three months to finally become a sprout. But after that, get ready for the fact that it will begin to develop very quickly and after 7 days it can be transplanted into a larger pot.

If you bought an already grown banana, then everything is easier. After purchase, you need to put it in a place where it will grow in the future and leave it for a couple of days. The grass must adapt to new conditions. After that, it can be transplanted into soil from 10 parts of sand and 1 part of humus.

Banana care at home

Since the plant is a native of warm countries. It requires a lot of moisture. Therefore, try to provide the banana with frequent watering and spraying with water from a spray bottle. But do not allow stagnation of water, otherwise the roots will simply rot. Be sure to drain the banana well.

Also, this herb loves warmth. The optimum temperature for its growth will be + 25 ... + 30 degrees Celsius.

Don't forget about lighting. It should be good, but don't expose your banana to the merciless direct rays of the sun, which will burn the leaves and rob you of your harvest.

They don't really need feeding as such, but during the flowering period, you can feed your banana with organic fertilizers.

And so, today we met with a rather exotic herb - a banana. These berries have already firmly entered our life and few people can imagine a fruit cut that does not have a banana. In addition, banana flavors and flavor substitutes can be found in a wide variety of desserts. You can also grow such exotic at home. Even if this herb does not bear fruit, it will still delight your eyes and surprise guests.


Feijoa bloom, how many times a year

It is important to know how feijoa blooms - caring for this shrub is highly dependent on the stage of the life cycle.

Feijoa bloom begins in the last month of spring and lasts about three weeks. The flowers of this plant are pale pink, the size of a five-ruble coin. They can be either single or combined into small inflorescences. Each flower consists of four petals and a large number of stamens, painted in contrasting red. The period when feijoa ripens begins in autumn, closer to winter.

Interesting! Feijoa flowers have a sweet taste and can be used in dishes such as salads.


Feijoa: grow at home

The history of growing feijoa in Russia

Feijoa fruits are very popular for unique taste and original mouthfeel. It is not surprising that plant breeders and gardeners are constantly trying to cultivate a subtropical plant with such tasty fruits in our country: first in its southern regions, and then at home. An interesting fact: for the first time feijoa was planted here (then in the Russian Empire) back in 1910 in the Caucasus, Kuban and in the southern regions of Stavropol.

Quickly becoming fashionable, feijoa shrubs even then began to conquer lovers of home plant growing. In those days, they were mainly gardeners of aristocrats, wealthy industrialists, who looked after their winter gardens.

Since about 1912, feijoa began to be grown in the palaces of both capitals of the empire, which was greatly facilitated by the fact that this evergreen shrub firmly endures eleven degrees of frost... And aristocrats at balls could ask for exotic fruit "straight from the branch." Or, using the permission of the owner, the elite could themselves romantically walk through the winter garden, picking an outlandish berry right from the bush.

But today, to grow feijoa from seeds at home, and therefore, everyone can enjoy this "curiosity"!

Feijoa at home

Can feijoa be planted at home? For those who decide to start breeding feijoa at home, first you need to weigh the labor intensity and risks of such an enterprise:

  • feijoa bushes reach a height of six meters. If you planted a stalk in a standard apartment, you will have to tinker a lot with pruning. However, usually "indoor" bushes do not grow higher than one and a half meters
  • the roots of the feijoa bush spread out very widely in search of moisture, their "web" often exceeds five to six meters. Here you should not meddle with garden shears
  • due to the growth of the root system, every two to three years you will have to transplant the bush from a pot to a larger pot, the main thing is wider.

But the roots of feijoa themselves stretch to the surface and you should not fear for the bottom of the tub, your floor or the ceiling of a neighbor. If you are not afraid of difficulties, you can start.

Seed germination of feijoa

The easiest way to grow from seeds... It should be noted that with the cuttings planting method, the bushes begin to bear fruit after three to four years, and with the seed method, after four to five years. That is, the difference is almost insignificant, especially in comparison with grapes or lemon.

Seed for future planting not necessary to buy! It is enough to carefully cut the seeds from several ripe fruits. Several, because if the feijoa is a little overripe or unripe, then the seed is no longer suitable.

Carefully cut off the skin and the remnants of the stalk, then squeeze the pulp with seeds into a special bowl. Squeeze lightly (best of all, wash with light pressure) the pulp in a fine strainer until only seeds remain on its surface. And the resulting juice, or rather nectar, can be safely drunk.

Although many experienced gardeners insist on the condition that it is imperative to wash the seeds a weak solution of potassium permanganate: then your future seed stock will definitely get rid of the sticky organic matter. In this case, it is better not to drink nectar. But the main thing is that the seed is well prepared for planting. Many, however, squeeze the seeds out with their fingers before washing in potassium permanganate. And then they eat jelly with gusto.

After that, each the seed needs to be dried well.

Then follows prepare the ground... Many are content with just the humus of fallen leaves (the so-called "leafy soil") and everything grows well with them. Therefore, we can say that the care (as well as reproduction) of feijoa at home is extremely simple. But true gardeners recommend the following seed planting compound:

  • horse peat (2 parts)
  • leaf land (2 parts)
  • river sand (1 part).

Pour the mixture into shallow but wide cuvettes and embed each seed no more than half a centimeter at a sufficient distance from each other into moist and warm (room temperature) soil. Connoisseurs use top dressing (although feijoa grows remarkably well and just in leafy ground):

  • cowshed
  • ash extraction
  • fermented, rotten nettles or other greens.

It's so easy to prepare a seed for planting indoors.

It is not recommended to water the first three weeks - the soil with seeds may be washed away. But you need to often process the soil in shallow pots with warm water from a spray bottle... Remember, you are growing a very moisture-loving subtropical plant. Between the third and fourth weeks, well-chosen seeds germinate, after another week a cotyledon is formed, from which the first leaves of your seedling appear.

The grown seedlings must be transplanted separately into pots (large cuvettes) with a different soil composition:

  • earth (3 parts)
  • humus leaves (2 parts)
  • manure (0.5 parts)
  • river sand (0.5 parts).

Now you have to take care of the feijoa for four to five years. Provided that you remember how moisture-loving it is, your work will be rewarded with the first homemade berries. This is where the difference between "simple" growing a seed and caring for it according to the complex advice of specialists will appear. In the first case, the diameter of the berry will be at most no more than 10 centimeters, in the second case, the fruits can be much larger.

In any case, the main thing in caring for feijoa at home is abundant watering and timely pruning of vertical branches.

But with seed reproduction of feijoa, there is scope for plant-growing experiments!

Breeding feijoa

To get your "own" variety, all will suit you classical plant propagation methods: grafts, cuttings, seeds. Feijoa seed reproduction (self-pollinated) will give the properties of an exclusively mother plant. But it is the simplest.

Feijoa resulting from grafting and grafting can show a wide variety of traits as a result of cross-pollination.

Growing feijoa by cuttings

Growing feijoa by cuttings is similar to growing any other fruit and berry crops, for example, grapes. The main difference: only one pair of leaves is left on the cutting at the very top. This is done so that in the initial period the plant does not lose too much moisture.

Everything else: planting in pots or flowerpots with soil, one-time sterilization of the soil and rooted seedling with a manganese solution, keeping in a greenhouse in the first weeks, feeding - everything, like any other types of fruit and berry grown at home.

Pruning: to avoid damage to the ceiling

As mentioned above, in natural conditions, the bush ("pineapple tree") feijoa often reaches a height of over six meters. So for indoor conditions, you will have to deal with pruning the shoot. This will not affect the fruitfulness in any way: for a rich harvest, berries from the left lower branches are enough. In addition, by pruning, you can give the bush a decorative shape that will further decorate your hall (balcony).

Pruning is best done late autumn or early winter: fewer insects and other parasites that can infect the cut.

To trim you need to prepare:

  • secateurs
  • boiling water or alcohol to disinfect the blades.

The most important thing is to prune vertically growing branches on the crown. Firstly, it will stop the growth of the bush, and secondly, it will give the horizontal, most fruitful branches access to heat and light. Feel free to prune all branches growing at an angle of more than 60-70 degrees to the trunk!

You can then do decorative trimming as well. Give the bush any shape! But you need to start caring for the plant by completely removing the branches of the lower quarter of the trunk: they still (due to the lack of access to light) will bring you little tasty, take these conditions into account when pruning. But the bush itself will acquire an elegant tree-like shape.

As you can see, growing an exotic delicacy on your own in your own room or on a loggia is as easy as shelling pears! You just have to tinker a little with the composition of the soil, pruning, observe the conditions of abundant watering and make sure that the plant receives enough light. But how delicious you can then enjoy yourself and even arrange a chic feijoa reception for your chosen friends! And the children will be happy!

If we consider that these fruits are not only tasty, but also unusually healing (they help with diseases of the thyroid gland or atherosclerosis, supplying the body with a mass of rare vitamins), then self-cultivation of feijoa right at home is also good for your health!


Medicinal (pharmacy) products based on juniper.

Juniper-based preparations are sold in pharmacies. Most often, these are essential oils from different manufacturers. The bottle (or instructions) should indicate this oil for external or internal use. Inside, it is enough to take 1 drop in the morning and evening before meals. Pre-diluted with honey or warm water. It is impossible to use the drug in its pure form, not inside, not outside.

You can also buy juniper fruits at the pharmacy. Shelf life is not more than 3 years. On their basis, you can independently prepare decoctions and infusions from above with the stated properties.

Rollers filled with juniper sawdust are sold not only in pharmacies, but also at the ruins of fairs and in souvenir stalls in the south. The material from which the cover is made must be made of natural fabric. Vapors of essential oils and phytoncides pass through it, helping to cope with insomnia, nervousness, and have a preventive effect on colds and flu.

Common juniper is a rare and protected species. In most regions of Russia, felling and its use for economic purposes is prohibited. This is due to a very difficult and time consuming method of reproduction. Uncontrolled berry picking further complicates the breeding process.

One hectare of this beautiful plant is able to purify the air of a small town, saturating it with phytoncides.

Its unpretentiousness to soils and the ability to grow on slopes is used in strengthening talus. The rational use of the northern cypress, which is so rich in useful properties, is an integral part of a cultural society.


Watch the video: Feijoas how to plant and harvest abundant fruit. Growing Fruit and Vegies. Gardening Australia


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