Any cabbage is beautiful, be itwhite lady
orchinese pak choy
... But cabbage is especially goodgarden curly, or decorative
... This collard greens was domesticated by man long ago, apparently, back in ancient times, when people noticed that its leaves are very elegant and may well be a decoration of the garden.
Curly cabbage is undersized or tall up to 1 m or more plants with different leaf colors: green - from light to gray, or red, even black and red. The leaves are large, strongly wrinkled, corrugated along the edges, they are strongly curled or indented, alternately located on a straight, strong stem. The result is an extremely attractive plant, unlike any other. Usually, by the fall, an irresistible handsome man grows in the form of a luxurious palm tree.
There are many varieties of ornamental kale (Brassica oleracea)... Now there are varieties on sale Curly red, Curly green, hybrid Calais red F1 and many others. Gardeners have one expressive popular name for this variety of ornamental cabbage - Lark tongue.
In addition to ornamental cabbage of the leaf type, varieties with a rosette of leaves at the end of a strong short stump are unusually beautiful. These are the so-called rosette hybrids obtained by Japanese breeders from crossing leaf and head forms. They form a dense rosette of leaves, of which the marginal ones are green in color, and the central ones are the most diverse: snow-white, pale cream, bright pink of different shades, crimson, dark red with transitions to green.
The main groups, or series of these hybrids, differ well in the shape of the leaves.
there is group with round leaves Is a series Pigeon - small, compact plants with slightly wavy leaves forming a neat bowl.
Group with fringed leaves series Chidori and Kamome... The leaf edges of this group are thinly dissected and look like a lace ruffle frill. Colored bouquets in green lace frills are obtained. This is the most thermophilic group.
Group with feathery leaves series Coral and Peacock - it is characterized by heavily cut openwork leaves. Plants can withstand quite severe frosts. One of the curviest - series Osaka... I saw on sale a variety from this series Victoria.
Cutting group - series Sunset, Sunrise and Crane... This group was created specifically for cutting. Plant height - 60-70 cm, compact rosettes. If you cut off the lower leaves, then the plants look like large fantastic roses on a long leg, created for a bouquet.
Domestic breeders are also engaged in ornamental cabbage. For example, the All-Russian Research Institute of Breeding and Seed Production of Vegetable Crops offers gardeners excellent varieties of all varieties: rosette - Autumn waltz and Colors of the East, curly-leaved varieties - Robin, Palmyrathat can reach a height of 1.5 m, as well as a low-growing variety Relay race... There is a very interesting needle variety: the variety is known here Sparkle.
To date, more than a hundred varieties and hybrids of ornamental cabbage have been created. There are more than a dozen varieties on sale. The name of the series is not always indicated on the bags with seeds, but there are photographs from which you can choose the variety you like.
Ornamental cabbages are biennial plants that reach their maximum decorative effect in the first year of cultivation. Leafy varieties are very cute already in childhood, at the beginning of summer, because they have a characteristic color and style of leaves.
And they grow prettier as they grow. But rosette varieties have a nondescript appearance throughout the summer. And only in the fall, when the nights are long and the days are cloudy, when the weather becomes cool, these cabbages are colored like ladies preparing for a ball.
All ornamental cabbages are beautiful until the deepest frosts. Their special value lies in the fact that they decorate the garden in the fall, when all the flowers have faded or frozen there, and it looks very dull. At this time, they are downright glowing like bright bouquets. They look especially strikingly beautiful when it snows, against a white background. Or on frosty days, when frost adorns the fringe of the leaves. Deep autumn is the time of their reign. Solitary plantings of high varieties are good, ridges are original, flower beds formed from various varieties are spectacular.
Ornamental cabbage is also good in containers, on the balcony. In recent years, elegant dwarf varieties for growing in pots have been created. A volume of 10-15 liters is enough, three plants can be planted there. Cut rosettes or leaves are good material for bouquets.
Ornamental cabbage easily tolerates transplants, which makes it an even more valuable plant for garden decoration. In the summer, nondescript-looking varieties can generally be planted on a vegetable garden, and by autumn, transplant them with a large clod of earth to the right place, for example, to a place freed from faded plants.
Leaving the summer cottage before winter, cabbage plants can be transported to the balcony. They will still be able to please for a while. In addition, the young leaves of ornamental cabbage are quite edible, although a little harsh.
It is not difficult to grow ornamental cabbage. You just need to sow seeds for seedlings at home, as we do with any ordinary cabbage. It is convenient to sow at home in cassettes 5x5 cm or pots, cups 10-12 cm high, covered with foil. Sowing depth - 1-1.5 cm.
They sow not earlier than April, it is better - in the second half of April - early May, so that the peak of flowering falls on September -October
... With earlier planting dates, the seedlings will lack light and will stretch and ache. Growing conditions - soil, temperature, lighting - are the same as for ordinary white cabbage. Seedlings of this cabbage grow well in a cool + 12 ... + 16 ° С place with good lighting.
Seedlings need to be ventilated daily so as not to get sick."Black leg"
, and when the first real sheet begins to appear, the film must be removed completely. You can just sow on the garden bed in the country under a film in a sunny place. Shoots appear quickly. During the day, you need to remove the film so that the seedlings do not stretch. When sown in the country, seedlings grow more hardened, strong. When watering, you need to observe the measure, without overmoistening the seedlings. If the seedlings began to press against each other, they
- it is better to do this at the stage of 4-5 leaves. After the seedlings take root, they begin to harden it - this is if it grew at home.
In May, when the soil temperature exceeds + 6 ... + 8 ° C, the seedlings are planted in a permanent place. Pre-hardened home seedlings. It can be planted in place at the end of July - in August, when space is freed up from the previous flowers. The distance between the plants is 25-30 cm, the plants should not be cramped, otherwise they will not show all the beauty of their outfits. In general, you do not need to save on planting density, because the lower this density, the larger the sockets will grow. For tall varieties of Malinovka and Palmira, the distance should be at least 60 cm.
Ornamental cabbage grows well both in the sun and in partial shade, but the plants look prettier in the sun. The soil should not be acidic and skinny - this is very important.
Like all cabbage crops, ornamental cabbage is very fond of good nutrition. At a young age, she needs to be given nitrogen fertilizers, mineral or organic. Then, as you grow, you need to treat her
... On poor soils, top dressing is given every 7-10 days, on fertile soils - less often. Usually cabbage by its appearance shows that it is starving: it discolors a little, leaves shrink. It is convenient to feed her, combining top dressing with watering.
Young plants must be watered in dry weather. They like to drink as much as they eat, especially the leafy varieties. Watering is desirable infrequently, but abundantly.
Pests love ornamental cabbage - slugs, snails, caterpillars... Therefore, during the entire growing period, it is necessary to protect it in the usual ways and regularly examine each leaf of the plant in order to collect pests in a timely manner. Otherwise, only lace will quickly remain from the leaves.
Photo by the author
A grown plant requires systematic care. It is uncomplicated, but obligatory. Its basic rules are as follows:
Grown by seedlings, flowers similar to cabbage during the summer will delight the gardener and his family with a decorative appearance, graceful shapes and colors, and originality of design options. Proper care will help preserve all plants until the first frost. Even if the leaves of ornamental cabbage are covered with snow, they still look very attractive.
Ornamental cabbage is completely unpretentious in cultivation. Multi-colored bushes can be planted in flowerpots and admired until the onset of stable autumn-winter cold weather. It is easy to grow a beautiful cabbage through seedlings with planting in the ground - she does not need special care, and she will thank you for regular abundant watering with lush and bright leaves-flowers.
This plant is biennial, but in the second year of its life it no longer looks so attractive, therefore, plants of the first year are used to decorate the flower beds.
Cabbage easily tolerates any transplant.
Ornamental cabbage requires minimal maintenance:
Even Siberian frosts are not terrible for the beautiful cabbage - adult plants can withstand temperatures as low as -12 ° C
The beauty of ornamental cabbage is preserved even with the onset of cold weather. The leaves become even brighter and more saturated colors. I want to take such beauty with me, so in the fall I cut several plants to the root and put them at home like a bouquet in a bucket of water. So cabbage can decorate a room for more than a month, only it is important to change the water to fresh more often so that the smell of sauerkraut does not appear in the house.
A regular reader and author of the magazine "Country Club" N. Karkacheva from Krasnodar Territory shares her experience of growing ornamental cabbage in the garden.
How good ornamental cabbage is! This plant surprises us with its beauty even in winter.
I have long wanted to grow ornamental cabbage on my site. Last year, I finally made my plans a reality. I bought a bag of seeds and got ready to grow seedlings on my own.
I started sowing in late March .
At a temperature of 20 ° C, seedlings appeared quite quickly.
Watering and feeding seedlings
To prevent the plants from stretching, after a couple of weeks, I transferred the box with seedlings to a cooler place, and before that, I carefully applied the top dressing of Kemira Universal (according to the instructions).
At the end of May, she transplanted seedlings into open ground
Disembarkation and care in the ground
At first, I chose an inconspicuous but sunny place for planting, far from its related cruciferous plants. There, ornamental cabbage quietly grew and developed, waiting for its finest hour.
Transfer to a permanent place
The idea to plant several bushes in flowerpots turned out to be very successful.
And how pleased I am with myself! The first experiment was very successful. I hope that you will succeed as well!
Currently, a very large number of varieties of ornamental cabbage have been bred, differing both in size and in the characteristics of the shape and color of the leaves.
There are 5 main varieties:
In our stores there is a fairly large assortment of seeds, from which you can choose any cabbage you like in shape and color, without thinking about the difficulties of its cultivation.
You can also purchase a mixture of seeds of several varieties in one bag.
Plant this plant in your flower garden, and it will delight you with its bright colors even after the first frost and snow adversity.
Photo: ornamental cabbage Accord
It is known from the literature that ornamental cabbage, as a relative of cabbage vegetable crops, is very rich in sugars, vitamins, minerals and can be eaten.
Polina Miroshnikova, journalist N. Karkacheva, gardener, art. Taman, Krasnodar Territory
Read more articles on our website "Antonov Sad.ru"
Growing and caring for ornamental cabbage is not difficult, since this plant belongs to non-capricious plants. It grows in absolutely any soil, but it grows faster on loamy, well-drained terrain. The main thing is to fertilize and provide the soil with moisture. For example, if you plant ornamental cabbage seedlings on fertile soil, then you need to fertilize it 2 or 3 times a week, and one will be enough to water. And if the soil is not fertile, then you need to fertilize more often, about 4 or 6 times a season. It is very good to feed the plants with herbal infusion, it is recommended to dilute it 1: 5.
Below you can see photos of growing and caring for ornamental cabbage, as well as get detailed recommendations.
Like various other plants, ornamental cabbage should be weeded and loosened. It can grow in the shady side, but still, if the side is sunny, then its rosettes will be more saturated.
It is the least susceptible to various diseases, but you can still face such a problem as caterpillars, moths. Pests can literally spoil the appearance of a given plant in a short period of time. The outer leaves can also spoil slugs.
When growing ornamental cabbage from seeds, sowing is done to a depth of about 5 cm. Its seeds are large in size. Before planting them, first you need to harden (that is, treat with hot water). The initial shoots grow in about 10 days. Some gardeners first grow seeds in pots, and when 6-8 leaves appear, they are already planted in an open area. Some are planted either in the garden or in the vegetable garden and covered with foil. For example, at the beginning of April, and already in May, after the seedlings have grown, they are planted in the right place.
The video "Growing ornamental cabbage from seeds" will help you plant the plant correctly:
If desired, it is allowed to dig it up and transplant it into a large pot when late autumn comes. And you will enjoy a wonderful flower in your home until the New Year holidays. Another head of cabbage is cut and placed in a vase, pouring a small amount of water into it. In this case, it is necessary to change the water 2-3 times every 10 days, it is also advised to add a teaspoon of sugar and a little citric acid or manganese to the vase. Acid and manganese prevent the rapid development of putrefactive bacteria, and sugar provides the plant with additional food. If you follow these tips for caring for ornamental cabbage and periodically trim the bottom leaves, ornamental cabbage will last in a vase for a very long time.
Ornamental cabbage seeds can be obtained from the stalk on your own or bought in special stores. To get it yourself, you need to dig it up and keep it in a cool basement until next year. And in April, seeds are planted on the site, far from weeds and other vegetables. It is highly recommended that foreign pollen does not get on these plants. Small pods form after flowering. They need to be collected before they fall off on their own. There is an interesting fact: when collecting seeds from one head of cabbage, plants of different colors appear.
We are in a hurry to please the city dwellers. Ornamental cabbage is grown at home on a balcony or loggia. You need to plant a vegetable in spacious pots (an approximate volume of 10-15 liters), 2-3 heads of cabbage each. They will grow and not interfere with each other. Accordingly, the size of the outlets will be smaller than those that grow on the street in flower beds. The recommendations for caring for them are absolutely the same as for outdoor ones. Only a slight difference in watering. They need to be watered every one or two days. Then ornamental cabbage will decorate your loggia or balcony until winter.
Ornamental cabbage in flower beds gets along well with other annuals and perennials. Very beautiful-looking flower beds on which a wonderful vegetable, Erica, heather, ivy, tenacious, various ornamental conifers, etc. grow together. There are a great many alternatives where you can plant ornamental cabbage. Gardeners are seated in vegetable gardens, while creating a wonderful edible bed for themselves, and gardeners decorate the garden with it, planting it next to flowers. In general, it is not necessary to plant a plant immediately on a flower bed, because it begins to bloom in the fall, and before that it can grow in an inconspicuous place. You can also make a colored border by planting a vegetable along the path.
We are all familiar with the juicy and tasty cabbage leaves that can be used to make many wonderful dishes.
However, not many people know that it can be not only edible, but also decorative. When properly grown and cared for, it will brighten your garden.
The choice of varieties that differ in color, cut of leaves, height, will satisfy the needs of even the most fastidious gardeners.
Ornamental cabbage is loved for its beautiful leaves and attractive unusual appearance that will delight you for a long time.
On a fine autumn day, I walked around the dacha village and looked at the flowers. In front of one hedge I stopped: I saw a path to the house, edged with a border of incredibly bright and colorful plants. Turned out to be ornamental cabbage.
The line of the border, like folds of matter, shimmered with all shades of green and pink. It's autumn outside, the colors of the garden are fading before our eyes, but here is such a wonderful picture.
Ornamental cabbage varieties differ from each other in color, shape and size. Usually grown. ornamental cabbage, which forms large multi-colored rosettes on a low stem. There are different options - the leaves are wavy, solid, or even openwork. The color of the “head of cabbage” core is from maroon to snow-white. The more mature the ornamental cabbage, the richer its color. And it grows until late autumn, because it is not afraid of frost.
The cultivation of ornamental cabbage in a summer cottage is that all summer it, inconspicuous, is kept in some remote bed, and in the fall it is planted in a flower bed or on a curb.
Ornamental cabbage looks great in large pots and flowerpots, although it will be smaller in size than its sister in a flower bed.
The interest in growing ornamental cabbage is growing among flower growers. The plant does not require money and labor from them. The seeds are not difficult to buy at the store.
It is not difficult to choose a color scheme for a border. Of the most interesting varieties of cabbage, in my opinion, I would like to draw your attention to coral "Coral Queen", red-leaved "Nagoya", pink "Osaka" and creamy white "Piglon".
In order to grow ornamental cabbage, you need to know a few simple rules.
Usually cabbage seeds are sown in small pots, and grown seedlings are planted in the garden in the right place. You can try planting seeds directly in the ground, but early, as soon as the snow melts. Good lighting and proper feeding are a must. Ornamental cabbage loves moisture - water it every other day, especially if grown in a flowerpot.
Beware of caterpillars, they also like to eat ornamental cabbage. However, unlike white cabbage, this plant can be safely treated with any insecticide.
An article on how to grow orchids and orchid care will appear later in this section.
Usually, sowing seeds of broccoli cabbage for seedlings is carried out at the very beginning of March and continues until the middle of the month. As for the varieties, when choosing them, it is imperative to take into account the climatic features of your region, for example, in the northern regions, where the summer is short and rather cool, you should not consider varieties with a late ripening period for planting, here you need to focus on early and mid-early varieties.
To avoid surprises in the future, try to purchase broccoli seeds only in specialized seed stores and be sure to take the freshest of them.
After purchase, sort the seed material, select the largest of them and soak them in water heated to 50 degrees for about a quarter of an hour. Next, the seeds of broccoli cabbage should be immersed in cold water with a temperature of about 10 degrees, thus you "wake up" them.
It remains to soak broccoli seeds in a solution of any growth stimulant such as Heteroauxin, BCI and others, in order to accelerate their germination. You can soak broccoli seeds in a growth stimulant solution for 7-8 hours, then rinse in running water, put them in the refrigerator door for a day, and then dry them to flow on a dry napkin.
You can sow seeds in any containers with a side height of about 25 cm.A layer of drainage should be laid on the bottom of the dishes - expanded clay, pebbles, a centimeter thick, and then covered with nutritious soil (a mixture of turf soil, river sand, wood ash and humus in equal proportions) ... The soil must be loose, water and breathable. After the containers are filled with soil, it is necessary to water it from a spray bottle, preferably with rainwater, and then make grooves a little more than a centimeter deep with a distance of three centimeters between them. When the grooves are ready, you can sow broccoli seeds, then sprinkle them with soil, slightly compacting it.
Next, it is important to monitor the temperature in the room where broccoli seedlings are grown. The temperature before sprouting should be at the level of 19-20 degrees, immediately after the sprouts appear on the soil surface, the temperature should be lowered to 9-11 degrees for about 7-8 days, and then the temperature should be adjusted depending on the time of day. So, during the day in sunny weather, it should be maintained at 15-17 degrees, and in cloudy 12-13 degrees. At night, regardless of the weather outside the window, the temperature in the room should be at the level of 8-10 degrees Celsius.
The humidity in the room should be maintained at 80-85%, the soil should also be kept moist, but not overflowed, otherwise a black leg may appear, which will destroy the seedlings.
The picking of broccoli seedlings is usually carried out when the seedlings are 14-15 days old. It is most convenient to use peat pots as containers for picking, no further transplanting from them is needed, they dissolve in the soil and serve as additional food for seedlings at the initial stage. You need to dive broccoli seedlings carefully, trying not to damage the roots. Previously, the cups should be filled with the same mixture that you prepared for sowing, pour it from a spray bottle, make depressions. Next, with a small stick, for example from ice cream, you need to carefully select the seedlings from the box, place them in the wells of the cups, compact the soil and water again from the spray bottle.
Before broccoli seedlings get stronger, they must be protected from direct sunlight by shading. At the same time, you need to increase the temperature in the room, bringing it to 20-22 degrees.
After two to three days, when the broccoli seedlings take root, you can feed them by adding a solution of nitroammofoska. To do this, a tablespoon of complex fertilizer must be dissolved in a bucket of water, 50 g of solution can be poured into each glass. After feeding, you need to lower the temperature again and adjust it depending on the time of day. During the day, it is necessary to maintain the temperature at 16-18 degrees, and at night, lower to 8-10 degrees.
About two weeks before planting in the ground, broccoli seedlings can be hardened by taking them out to the balcony or loggia first for 2-3 hours, a couple of days, then for 8-10 hours, a couple of days, then try to expose the seedlings early in the morning and clean up late in the evening and, finally, 2-3 days before disembarkation, leave the seedlings overnight.
Seedlings of broccoli. © Catherine