Video about helenium: care for helenium, flowering and reproduction


It turns out that this plant dies, but not only the aboveground part dies, but the rhizome also dies. This happens every year. Both the maternal stem and the root in the ground - everything perishes, nothing remains. Remain only at the root, not far from the surface of the earth, a few buds. In the spring, this plant sets in motion these buds, rosettes are formed again, this plant resurrects again, like a phoenix from oblivion.

In my summer cottage, autumn helenium has been growing for only one year. It looks like a Christmas tree to me. Each twig ends with a gorgeous flower, like a Christmas toy. We lower our eyes lower, we look, the bush grows directly from the ground. Clear, straight branches extend over the entire surface of the mother stem. Each branch also branches, and each branch also has more than one flower, so we get a flowering column.

After 2-3 years, helenium will have to be divided. And you will have to divide it for 2 reasons. I have already said that renewal buds are laid on the mother plant. Next year, buds will be laid on each daughter plant again, can you imagine what kind of communal apartment there is? Of course, the plant will be cramped - this is the first reason. And the second reason is that in order to build up such a mass that will bloom so profusely, you need a lot of fertilizers.

Helenium care

In order to get such a magnificent bush covered with flowers, very little effort is needed. Care is the most common: weeding, loosening and, most importantly, watering during the summer. Helenium loves herbal tea infusion very much. Helenium also loves potash fertilizer, the most affordable potash fertilizer is ash.

It is her that I scatter under the roots. Spread in August. Now this will already be a feeding for plants that are only now being born and deposited on the main rhizome. You can add any compound fertilizer that you have at your fingertips. I had Superphosphate close at hand. I added ash, superphosphate, that is, for the plant and potassium, and phosphorus is enough. And in the spring I will add urea.

Usually, I do not loosen the ground around the helenium, because the root system is rather superficial, I am afraid to damage it. I found another way, simpler and helenium will like it too. I have 3-year-old cow dung, which has already rotted, turned into humus, perfectly crumbling. I will fill it around the roots, so the fertilizer will be under the soil. And earthworms will make the earth loose and airy.

I think there is enough nutrition for this plant. Thus, those buds that have laid down here will receive nutrition and will be covered for the winter. They will not be afraid of frost.

Bloom of helenium

In order to prolong the flowering of helenium during the fall - and it is valuable precisely because in the fall tall and bright perennials have already bloomed, and the helenium is in bloom - there is one little trick, a secret. In June, I could cut off the top of the sprout by a few centimeters, in which case the rapid development of lateral branches would begin, flowering, however, would be pushed back for a week, but it would be even more magnificent. Take a note.

Reproduction of helenium

More about the reproduction of helenium. If you decide to plant this plant in your summer cottage, you can buy a bag of seeds, and imported seeds of the American and Japanese line are very wonderful, look in our stores. You can divide the bush after 3, maximum 4 years. The bush must be divided. Not only because the soil under it is depleted and there are too many daughter buds, but the fact is that the laying of these same buds goes up the stem, and sooner or later, exactly by the 4th year of their growth in one place, the buds will be too high and in a frosty winter can freeze.

So let's start with the seeds. It is better to sow helenium seeds in the spring in greenhouse boxes, because then flowering occurs in a year. You can sow seeds directly under a bush or in some kind of garden bed, but then flowering is postponed for another year, but it will be an easy and affordable method that does not take much of your working time. Usually all geleniums: helenium benois, spring, hybrid, autumn - they have time to set seeds, that is, you can get seeds at your summer cottage. As they say otherwise - "helenium bears fruit".

The most common chamomile fades (now it is mid-August, they have not yet bloomed, but on the way to this), the middle begins to puff and the seeds darken (now they are bright green), then you can start packing the seeds in order to sow them in spring. You can sow in the fall, but in this case more seeds will be needed. I would sow in the spring.

I want to return once again to the reproduction of helenium by rhizomes. In our strip, you can divide both in autumn and spring. But nevertheless, it seems to me that it is better to divide the helenium in our strip in the spring, because in the first half of summer, when they brought me a tiny twig, it literally accidentally moved away from the mother bush, it took root remarkably.

Gelenium in the garden

Gelenium in the landscape of your site. Unfortunately, our plots with you are very small, and the garden houses of our neighbors, and our sheds, which I would like to hide, alas, cannot be hidden by any plants. Maybe you don't need to hide them? There is simply such a method when you need to transfer the viewer's gaze to some bright spot. Then the viewer may simply not notice the elephant in the china shop, he will say: "And I did not see the walls of this house, I saw only this bright, magnificently flowering bush." So helenium is just such a bright spot. And of course, an autumn bouquet without helenium is simply impossible. Consider only one thing: helenium needs to be plucked only in a loose state, I mean - the flower should bloom completely. If you pick a bud, the helenium will not bloom in your vase.

That's all for today. I think - you believed that this plant is able to revive from oblivion, like a phoenix.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Asteraceae
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Information about Garden Plants
  6. Information on Perennial Plants
  7. Information about Herbaceous plants
  8. Information on Annual Plants

Sections: Garden plants Perennials Herbaceous Flowering Annuals Compositae (Asteraceae) Plants on G Video


Gelenium planting and care in the open field in the urals

A simple but interesting flower - helenium - is often used to decorate the garden. That is why planting helenium in the open field and subsequent care for it is a sore point for many gardeners. The multi-colored flowers, similar to chamomile, attract attention not only with their bright appearance, but also with a pleasant smell.

A rather voluminous shrub, reaching a height of one and a half meters, in fact, is not a perennial, as many believe. Just on the lower part of the stem, located underground, a leaf bud with a root is formed, from which a new bush grows in spring. This feature allows you to quickly and easily grow a beautiful plant in the country or in the garden.


Decembrist transplant at home

Before figuring out how to transplant a Decembrist, you need to find out what kind of flower it is and in what conditions it grows in nature. Knowing this, you can arrange for him the most suitable conditions, including competent ones, carried out according to all the rules and on time transplantation, which will allow him to achieve abundant flowering.

Decembrist belongs to forest cacti, devoid of thorns as unnecessary evolution, while he belongs to epiphytic plants. Many people think that this means that Schlumberger is a parasite, as it attaches to other plants (forophytes), but in reality this is not so. The flower simply fixes itself in the crevices of the tree bark, while not receiving absolutely any nutrients from its "carrier", but taking them in the process of photosynthesis, from moisture and air.

It is these features that determine how the Decembrist should be transplanted, what kind of soil is best used for this, how to fertilize the plant and what rule will not hurt to follow so as not to damage it. After all, this flower is almost the only one that blooms when others are at rest. But there are other features that do not hurt to understand before taking up the scapula and pot.

  • A freshly transplanted flower should never be placed on a windowsill on the south, southwest and west side. Plants weakened by your manipulations can get severe burns and even die.
  • For the summer, many people take zygocactus out to the balcony or garden. It makes sense even to transplant the Decembrist into open ground, if the climatic conditions permit. The main thing is that it does not end up just under the scorching rays of the sun, but rather in some partial shade. For example, under the thin crowns of trees.
  • The plant "knows how" to take moisture not only from precipitation, but also directly from the air, for example, from fog. Therefore, it does not hurt to regularly spray it, excess moisture will not hurt the green "pet".
  • The average life span of such a flower is 10-25 years, depending on the correct care, the frequency of transplants and the literacy of their implementation, the place in which the pot stands, the humidity in the room and many other factors-indicators.

Depending on where the Schlumberger will be planted, it can be grown as a regular flowerpot or as an ampelous (climbing) plant. Bunches of juicy, beautiful and delicate flowers in hanging pots look very beautiful, so it is worth considering this moment before transplanting and choosing a suitable container.


Planting and caring for crocosmia in the open field

Crocosmia is best planted in well-lit areas; in the shade, you will get elongated pale plants. It is advisable that the flowerbed is on a hill - so the corms will not flood after the rains. Strong drafts can also damage flowers.

The time for planting crocosmia in open ground is mid-May, when the threat of late frosts disappears. In temperate climates, flowers can be planted by the end of April.

A place for planting should be chosen in advance so that in the fall to loosen the soil and add sand (so that the water does not stagnate in the roots after watering) and mineral fertilizers.

Before planting, it is necessary to water well and loosen the soil in the flower bed. Corms ready for planting must be planted so that there is a distance of at least 10 centimeters between adult plants. Planting depth is about 8 cm.

Planting crocosmia and caring for it in the open ground in the Urals is possible only if the garden bed can be covered during the cold weather. Growing in sunlit glazed greenhouses will give a good result.

To avoid cross-pollination, it is better to plant crocosmia of different varieties in different beds, with sufficient distance from each other.


Growing and care

Gelenium flowers are beautiful, extremely decorative and grow easily. The plant is perennial, frost-resistant, tolerates planting in open ground, easy care.

Soil requirements, positions

The requirements for growing helenium are as follows:

  1. position - grows better and blooms more beautifully in sunny or slightly shaded positions
  2. soils - fertile, humic, permeable, moderately moist substrates are needed
  3. frost resistance - plants are quite resistant to low temperatures, do not require winter shelter, but some varieties need to be protected for the winter.

Attention! Gelenium does not develop well on impenetrable clay, poor sandy soils, and soil that is flooded in winter.

Diseases and pests

Perennial helenium is highly resistant to disease, practically insensitive to pests.

  • The main problem is viral diseases that hinder growth, distorting leaves and flowers.
  • Another problem is gray mold, which can damage leaves and kill flowers. Infected shoots should be immediately removed and burned.

Attention! Do not dispose of damaged plant parts in compost.

Helenium care includes systematic plant inspections and pest control. When it comes to pests, the main enemy of helenium, especially young shoots, leaves and flower buds, is the snail. Natural enemies of snails:

Therefore, you need to try to increase their population. For frogs, make a small pond in a quiet place. Hedgehogs build a shelter from branches. The beetles useful in this fight will hide in the bark mulch. It is better not to use poisonous chemicals in the garden, which also poison beneficial animals.

Snails do not like certain plants, for example:

By planting them in beds near heleniums, we protect valuable plants.

Fertilizer

The perennial flower helenium is quite gluttonous, it requires systematic fertilization. It blooms better in fertilized soil. Reacts well to feeding with natural fertilizers (compost). Apply the appropriate dose of artificial formulations - preferably a mixture intended for flowering plants.

Helenium care

It is easy to care for a flower; agricultural technology includes the following activities:

  • Removing inflorescences. It is necessary to remove faded inflorescences in a timely manner, stimulating the plant to release subsequent flowers.
  • Watering. Additional irrigation is needed during periods of drought.
  • Weed removal. Plants grow quickly, so they usually do not require weeding. Systematic maintenance of the flower bed and removal of weeds after sowing, while the flower is small, is necessary.
  • Garter. High varieties need support during the flowering period, under the weight of the flowers, the stems of the helenium often bend excessively.


Gardeners often try to reproduce flowers on their own. It's not hard.

Helenium multiplies in 3 ways:

Dividing the bush

The best way to propagate helenium is by splitting the bush. The procedure is usually performed in the spring (March-April), every 2-3 years. Dividing the bush is very beneficial for the health of the helenium. In the spring, a plant is dug with a lump of earth, the youngest, the outer parts are separated, used for planting, the middle is thrown away. Young plants will be more viable and provide a lot of new flowers.

Propagation by cuttings

A more difficult way to get young plants is to plant cuttings. Cuttings are prepared in spring in April-May, cutting off the upper part of the shoot. Shoots are germinated and rooted in a moist sandy-peat substrate. The seedlings take root within a week.

Seed propagation

Gelenium produces a large amount of seeds. It should be borne in mind that varieties that breed from seed usually do not retain the characteristics of the mother plant.

Plant seeds in pots, containers should be from February to June. 1 g contains 2400-5000 seeds (depending on the variety), to obtain 1000 plants, 0.5 g of seeds should be sown. Seeds are preferably sown in pallets. After sowing, cover the seeds well with a little vermiculite to ensure sufficient moisture.

The substrate temperature during the germination period should be 18-22 ° C. Germination lasts 2-3 weeks. After the formation of the first true leaves, the temperature should be gradually reduced to 12-15 ° C, the humidity around the plants should be reduced.

How and when to plant helenium?

Seedlings should not be prepared and planted in the fall, because young plants will not survive in winter, especially if the weather is constantly changing at this time of year (alternating rain and frost). Geleniums transplanted in the fall can rot in the winter.

It is necessary to plant seedlings in open ground in the spring, at the end of May. Planting pattern: at a distance of 50 × 50 cm. When growing, a homogeneous planting is obtained.

For planting helenium, it is recommended to use a peat substrate with a low clay content (15-30%) and a loosening material, such as sand (0-20%), with a soil pH of 5.6-6.4.

Planting gelenium can be done in the following ways:

  1. separately in pots with a diameter of 11-12 cm
  2. 2-3 jokes in pots with a diameter of 15 cm.

When planting, it is preferable to strengthen the substrate with a multicomponent fertilizer with a slow effect at a dose of 1.5-3.0 kg / m³.

Care after landing

Young shoots after the appearance of true leaves and after planting in pots are recommended to be fed with multicomponent fertilizers. If the soil is too wet and the temperature is low, plants may die.


Gelenium in landscape design

Beautiful geleniums with bright flowers can be planted in a flower bed without adding other plants. You will get a sunny flower garden, which will decorate the garden in late summer and autumn.

Tall bushes can be used for flower bed backgrounds or planted in front of bushes. From them you can make hedges and decorate fences.

With the help of undersized varieties, they decorate paths and borders.

Tall heleniums will look beautiful along with asters and chrysanthemums, since the flowering of these plants occurs at the same time.

Selecting flowers of the same care, together with geleniums, you can plant on one flower bed:

  • yarrow
  • marigold
  • geyher
  • delphiniums
  • rudbeckia.

You just need to show a little imagination and you can make an original flower bed out of geleniums and other flowers, which all neighbors will admire.

There are many different plants in the world, which are distinguished by their unique appearance, the shade of the inflorescences and other features. Many species are found only in the wild and cannot be grown at home, while the rest freely take root in a modified environment and do not require special care or handling. Among these plants, helenium is perennial.

The beautiful and hardy flower belongs to the Astrov family, and the tropical regions of North and Central America are considered its homeland.

Gelenium looks like a lush bushgrowing up to 160 centimeters in height. The bush itself consists of several independent shoots that grow separately, but are densely placed. Today, botanists identify about 30 varieties and varieties of helenium.

The stems of the helenium flower have a branching structure, small thickness and decent height. The size of the sharp leaves is small, and near them there are tiny inflorescences in the form of baskets. As for the flowers themselves, they are somewhat like daisies. The color is presented by pale yellow, dark red and brownish tones and is determined by varietal characteristics. The main advantage of gelenium is its good aroma and bright color.

It is known that Gelenium does not have a perennial root system, and all the roots begin to die off in late autumn, along with the peduncles and green stems. In the underground part, a characteristic leaf rosette with a rhizome is created, from which a new flower soon forms.

Autumn helenium and other plant varieties

Despite the wide variety of cultivated varieties, only 5 species are very popular. However, each of them consists of the multiple greatness of hybrids and breeding specimens.

Consider the most popular perennial varietiesthat are grown outdoors:

  • Gelenium Gupesa is a beautiful perennial that prefers the highlands of North America. Its height reaches 1 meter, the leaves are painted in gray-green tones, and the shape remains sharp. In single inflorescences, bright yellow flowers are formed with a diameter of 9 centimeters. Flowering begins in June-July, while it can last up to several months.
  • Gelenium Bigelow is one of the rarest flower species with straight stems, 80-100 centimeters high and whole sharp leaves. The diameter of the tubular inflorescences reaches 6 centimeters. The color of the flowers is represented by dark brown tones with yellow tongues. The flowering period falls in June-July.
  • Spring Gelenium. It has high stems (up to one meter high) with green lanceolate leaves and fairly large inflorescences. The flowers have thin orange petals and a brown center. Flowering begins in May. Among the most common varieties of this type:
    • Gartenzonne
    • Wrothhaut
    • Goldclatzwerk

In addition, gardeners often grow on their plots autumn helenium, which is in demand due to its unpretentious nature and good growth rate. Thin stems 160 centimeters long, have small leaves with characteristic denticles along the edges. The inflorescences resemble a kind of baskets, which contain flowers with yellow or red petals. Flowering begins in July and lasts until September. Seed ripening begins in October. The photos available on the Web help to see what such an exotic inhabitant looks like during the flowering period.

Gelenium: planting and care in the open field

There are several ways to plant a perennial shrub. If we consider the seed planting method, then it is not popular due to its low germination rate. In addition, it can be difficult to find high-quality planting material. However, if you pay attention to a number of features of the upcoming event, then planting from seeds can be made successful. It is advisable to spend it at the end of autumn. A high percentage of germination when seed-planted in open ground is seen in warm, southern regions. In mid-latitudes, it is better to plant seeds for seedlings.

To make the germination process fast and efficient, the seeds lend themselves to preliminary stratification. In this case, it is important to mix the planting material with wet sawdust and place it in the refrigerator for a period of 2-3 weeks. Then the seeds are planted on seedlings. It is better to implement this action at the end of February. At the same time, it is important to understand that flowering will begin only after 2-3 years, and not earlier.

Choosing a soil composition, give preference to land with a high peat content. It must be pre-moistened, and the seeds must be sown superficially, without deepening. The container with the landing should be covered with glass and moved to a place with good lighting. From time to time it is ventilated and sprayed with water. When two real leaves appear, the seedlings can be dived into separate containers, guided by some rules.

Features of planting gelenium in open ground

Planting grown seedlings that were planted on seedlings, you can start at the end of spring... Preference should be given to well-lit areas where the soil composition is neutral in acidity and increased nutrient content.

In shaded conditions, only varieties with yellow inflorescences grow well. Low-growing seedlings are recommended to be placed at a distance of 35 centimeters from each other, and tall ones 70-75 centimeters.

Before planting a seedling in open ground, the earth must be carefully dug up and fed with organic fertilizers. In their capacity, you can use humus or compost. If the soil is too heavy, you can stir it with sand. Then you should carefully remove the plant from the container, lowering the roots in water for a few minutes. The next stage involves planting planting material in a permanent place. It is important to thoroughly mulch the soil with peat, observing the correct concentration. Despite its unpretentious nature, the autumn helenium flower requires comfortable lighting, temperature and humidity.

Autumn Gelenium: features of caring for a perennial flower in the open field

If you look at the photo of autumn helenium, it is easy to guess that such a plant looks really very beautiful and elegant. At the same time, there are no special difficulties in caring for such a flower at home, therefore growing it yourself is easy enough... The main thing is to take into account a few basic tips and adhere to the established rules.

Competent care of shrubs in the open field consists of watering, feeding, weeding and loosening the soil. It is known that helenium is a moisture-loving representative of the tropical flora, so it is better to water it at least twice a week. During dry and hot weather, the intensity of the procedure is increased up to once a day. Moreover, each watering should be accompanied by loosening of the soil. At this stage, you need to be very careful and try not to damage the rhizome. When grown in acidic soil, it must be limed before planting.

So that the end result meets all expectations, and the planted flower is lush and beautiful, helenium is fed to the formative pruning... Here it is enough to cut off a few lateral shoots in mid-June. At the same time, in the spring, you need to pinch the tops of the helenium. In addition, every three years, the bushes are divided and planted separately, otherwise the rate of their aging will increase significantly. As for tall varieties, they require a garter to different supports.

Features of fertilization and feeding

It is necessary to feed a perennial plant with all kinds of fertilizers in May. For the procedure, use the following solution:

  • 1 tablespoon of urea
  • 1 tablespoon potassium sulfate
  • 1 tablespoon of finished fertilizer "Effecton
  • A bucket of water

About four liters of such a solution should be poured onto a square meter of territory.

Re-feeding can be carried out during the flowering period. Here, a solution based on slurry, a tablespoon of the Agricola-Fantasia top dressing and the same amount of Agricola-7 diluted with a bucket of water shows itself well.

Third feeding will become a beneficial action after flowering ends, in early October. When choosing a fertilizer, it is better to give preference to preparations based on superphosphate and potassium sulfate. During the budding period, foliar feeding is excellent, which is carried out with the help of growth stimulants available in specialized stores. With the correct implementation of such an event, the flower can become truly lush, beautiful and unique.

Gelenium pests and diseases

The unpretentious nature and strong immunity allows helenium to withstand many misfortunes and diseases. However, some of them still pose a great danger to him. For example, you can take chrysanthemum nematode, the vital activity of which is accompanied by damage to leaves and flower buds. You need to deal with such a problem quickly and radically, cutting off and burning the affected areas. Preventive measures include adding a small amount of hydrated lime to the soil composition. If we are talking about the prevention of fungal diseases, it is enough to provide the flower with competent watering and not overdo it with moisture.

The high moisture content in the soil contributes to the rapid reproduction of fungal microorganisms and the formation of putrefactive processes. Be careful and try to properly care for the plant in order to prevent such irreparable consequences.

Gelenium in combination with other plants

In the form of bouquets, the helenium flower looks very elegant... This is confirmed by the numerous photos that are offered on the Internet. The combination of helenium with asters and chrysanthemums looks very beautiful. However, it is possible to cut a suitable plant only after the final opening of the buds. If the procedure is done too early, the flowers may not be able to bloom in the water.

Certain varieties are in good contact with:

  • purple asters,
  • delphinium,
  • dahlias,
  • stonecrop.

When grown outdoors, it is advisable to plant a plant with marigolds, goldenrod, phlox and garden yarrow. Also, a perennial flower goes well with white flowers.

When decorating landscaping in the garden, helenium can be a worthy decoration for ponds, fences or outbuildings. With its help, many gardeners effectively hide any relief defects or characteristic irregularities. Often, several plant varieties are planted in the same territory at once, which differ in flowering time and beauty. In this case, it will be possible to admire the excellent green "friend" for a very long time, from spring to late autumn.

When the flower stalks finally fade, they can be removed, and then the suitable planting material can be removed from the seed pods. If you want to grow some unique variety, it is not recommended to use the seed technique. In addition, such an action requires certain skills and difficulties.

It is better to collect seeds before the onset of prolonged autumn rains.so that they do not have time to rot. The first sign of final ripening is presented in the form of the appearance of a blackened center of the flower and dark petals. The collected planting material is recommended to be placed in a cool, dark place.

If you pay attention to such recommendations and follow the advice of professionals, your perennial helenium will look even more beautiful than in the photo. It is important to understand that despite the hardy immunity and picky nature, an exotic plant requires proper care and attention. Given these nuances, you will be happy with the end result.

It is believed that the Gelenium owes its name to Elena, the wife of Menelaus. It was because of her that the war broke out between Troy and Greece, which we learned about from Homer's Iliad. Further conversation will go on about what varieties of helenium are, about planting and caring for this flower in the open field, about methods of reproduction and cultivation.

Gelenium: varieties and varieties

Gelenium has more than 30 species, but only five of them have been domesticated.

    Gelenium Bigelow. In culture, it is found less often of all types. Its stems are straight, reaching 80 cm in height. Blossom in early summer with brown or yellow flowers up to 6 cm in diameter.

Spring Gelenium. Straight stems of this species can grow up to 1 m, bright orange or brown flowers are 7 cm in diameter. Spring helenium blooms from mid-May.

Gelenium Gupesa. Another tall species. It can reach 90 cm. Long inflorescences are up to 9 cm in diameter and are yellow in color. Flowering lasts from early to mid-summer.

Autumn Gelenium. The most popular of the cultivated species. Strong tall stems of this species reach more than one and a half meters in height, inflorescences are represented by baskets up to 30 cm, consisting of medium-sized (up to 5 cm) flowers. Shades come in different tones of yellow and reddish. Autumn helenium blooms for two months from mid-summer.

  • Helenium is hybrid. This species includes varieties of helenium that are not related to the above.
  • The most popular varieties of helenium are:

      helenium "Rubintswerg" - a bush reaching 65 cm in height with baskets in ruby-red tones, blooming from the end of July

    "Cockade" - 120 cm bush, with baskets 4.5 cm in diameter and inflorescences of different shades (red and brown flowers have yellow edges, and in the center a pronounced red core) blooming from mid-summer to mid-September

    "Moerheim Beauty" is the most common variety, the flowers of which initially have different shades (from copper-yellow to red), but gradually all acquire a red-brown color, differs in long flowering from July to November.

    Numerous photos of this plant will help you choose a variety of helenium for your garden.

    Gelenium prefers sunny areas, although some varieties can be grown in partial shade. Also make sure that the soil is fertile, for this, dig up the future garden bed with humus and mineral fertilizers.

    Planting helenium seeds is a common and quite effective way. In the northern regions, it is recommended to sow seeds for seedlings, while in the southern regions, helenium can be sown directly into open ground.

    Helenium seedlings are planted in February. Seeds are sown in boxes with prepared soil, and when the first three leaves appear, the seedlings dive. Planting in open ground should be no more than 4-5 bushes per square meter. m., because helenium has a fairly large root system that requires a lot of space for full development.

    Choose a sunny spot in your garden for your Gelenium

    The recess for helenium seedlings should be twice the size of the root ball. Beforehand, the root must be kept in water for 5-7 minutes so that it is saturated with moisture. Planting depth should be the same as where the plant was in the pot or seedling box. After all the seedlings are planted, mulch the soil with peat or humus.

    Already in the second year, the plants grown in this way will begin to bloom.

    In open ground, helenium is sown in March or early April. The land for the flower bed should be well fertilized with organic fertilizers. After sowing the seeds, the flower bed must be covered with foil or glass.

    Attention. Do not forget to ventilate your bed with helenium.

    You can also sow seeds in open ground for the winter.

    Growing and caring for helenium is simple if you follow just a few rules:

    Watering. The first and basic rule of care is sufficient and timely watering. Gelenium does not tolerate dry soils. Watering helenium is necessary often, especially during dry seasons.

    It is very important to water the helenium in a timely manner.

    Advice. For gelenium, it is best to use drip irrigation.

    Loosening. Despite all his love for watering, helenium does not like too wet soil. Make sure that the soil is well drained, and do shallow loosening and mulching.

    Shelter for the winter. As winter approaches, the plant must be protected from frost. To do this, the stems are cut, leaving only 10 cm from the ground and covered with sawdust, spruce branches or special material. So in the event of a snowless or frosty winter, your plant can easily endure bad weather.

    Advice. In order for the helenium to bloom for a long time and magnificently, remove those inflorescences that have already faded. And pinching the top will make your bush thicker and more branchy.

    During the summer season, helenium needs feeding and application of organic and mineral fertilizers three times:

      The first feeding is carried out in May: 1 tbsp. l. urea, 1 tbsp. l. potassium sulfate, 1 tbsp. l. Dilute the Effekton fertilizer in 10 liters of warm clean water. For 1 sq. m it is necessary to apply at least 3 liters of fertilizer.

    Feed the crop several times per season

  • The second feeding is carried out when the helenium begins to bloom. For 10 liters of water, you will need 1 tbsp. l. Agricola 7 and Agricola Fantasy and 1 liter of liquid mullein. For each square. m beds need up to 3 liters of such a mixture.
  • At the end of October, the third feeding is carried out. In 10 liters of water, it is necessary to dilute 1 tbsp. l. superphosphate and potassium sulfate and add at least 5 liters per sq. m.
  • The helenium bush is actually a bunch of individual self-sufficient plants. Like most perennial plants, the stems of helenium live only one season. The main feature of gelenium is that, unlike other perennials, the root collar also dies off by the end of the season. But by this time, the renewal buds have already formed small rosettes at the stem, which continue to grow in the new season.

    The easiest way to reproduce helenium is to divide the bush.

    Due to this growth feature, vegetative is considered the best way of reproduction of helenium. The bush itself is divided into sockets, which you just need to plant in the place you need. You need to divide the bush at least once every three years, because by that time it has formed up to 30 new plants.

    In addition, propagation by rooting cuttings can be carried out in the summer.

    Diseases and parasites, as a rule, are not terrible for helenium. Only from time to time your flowers can be attacked by a chrysanthemum nematode. It damages leaves and flower buds and causes them to dry out. The only method of dealing with an already existing problem is to cut and burn the affected areas. If these pests have already appeared in your garden somewhere, then it is best to take precautions and add slaked lime or ground sulfur to the soil under the helenium.

    Gelenium is resistant to disease

    Gelenium in combination with other plants

    Gelenium in the beds is well adjacent to almost all perennials that love sunny places and abundant watering. However, it should be remembered that helenium is a fairly tall flower, therefore, for some light-loving plants, it can create an unwanted shadow.

    Gelenium combined with daylily

    Gelenium in landscape design

    In landscape design, gelenium is often used to mask unaesthetic fences and buildings, since two-meter tall bushes can easily hide flaws.

    Most often, geleniums are planted in the background of flower beds along with other autumn flowers, such as delphinium, rudbeckia.

    Monochromatic flower beds look good in which marigolds, garden species of yarrow, goldenrod, and geyher are combined with helenium. Low-growing varieties of helenium are used for framing borders. But in this case, the bushes need to be divided more often and given the necessary shape. Feel free to experiment, check out the photos that will help you determine the place for the helenium in your garden.

    Gelenium in landscape design

    These flowers are good not only in landscape design, but also in cut. But it must be remembered that already blossoming heleniums are cut off, because the buds do not open in water. Surprise your teacher by presenting her with a bouquet of bright geleniums instead of the usual asters and gladioli.

    Many beginners, and sometimes experienced gardeners, do not undertake planting gelenium, mistakenly believing that this beautiful flower is difficult and very whimsical to care for. And thus they deprive their garden of wonderful warm flowers that preserve the sunny island of blooming summer until the deepest autumn.

    Gelenium on a personal plot: video


    Watch the video: How to Plant Helenium: Summer Garden Guide


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