Luxurious flower beds, original rockeries, picturesque ponds, cozy gazebos would never have looked so attractive if it were not for the background that unites all these decorative finds - a smooth, dense, silky lawn. By itself, without additional solutions, it becomes an excellent decoration for a summer cottage. But you just need to properly organize the care of the lawn. We invite you to figure out what kind of care procedures exist and how to do them correctly.
A beautiful, well-groomed lawn in front of the house or in the backyard is as important a part of landscape design as a flower garden or garden.
It is necessary to care for a carpet of lush green grass at any time of the year. Even during the winter, you should be careful about the lawn hidden under the snow: it is advisable not to walk on it, not to arrange a skating rink and not to clutter up with snowdrifts while cleaning the paths. Only a regular integrated approach is able to transform wild grass thickets into a noble, soft, beautiful lawn. So, let's take a look at some of the must-have lawn maintenance activities.
To free the lawn from the debris accumulated over a long time, remove the matted felt layer from the soil surface, use lawn combing. The presence of felt is a great opportunity for the development of pathogens and the reproduction of insect pests.
A simple and effective tool for combing out is the medium-hard fan rake. Garbage and felt are raked into heaps, then taken out or taken out in a garden wheelbarrow. The combing procedure consists in multiple longitudinal and transverse processing of the lawn, therefore this type of work is considered laborious.
A fan rake, unlike conventional rakes, allows you to collect garbage more thoroughly, at the same time, gently, without damaging the shoots.
To carry out aeration, it is enough to make punctures in the sod layer so that the air can freely reach the roots. Ventilation of the underground part of the plants nourishes the roots with oxygen, does not allow water and air to stagnate. Moderate circulation of air masses prevents the appearance of fungal diseases and rot.
Original accessories worn on shoes - sandals-aerators will help to combine the process of aeration of the lawn with a useful walk in the fresh air.
Lawn aeration is usually done in autumn or spring, but never in summer, when too high temperatures can cause drought. Water the lawn abundantly for two consecutive days before piercing the turf. The puncture depth is from 8 to 10 cm.
The most common aerators are gasoline or mains powered. Average power - 1400-1600 W, working width - 30-40 cm
The traditional aeration tool is a conventional pitchfork. If the lawn is small in area, then they will be quite enough. When the area covered with grass takes up a lot of space, a special device is required - an aerator. There are several types of aerators, differing in technical characteristics and purpose. For example, a series of aerators serve to form the root system in parallel.
A distinction should be made between piercing and pricking during aeration. Piercing is a deeper process: suppose the pitchfork penetrates to a depth of 8-10 cm
Along with aeration, verticulation is performed - unnecessary shoots and extra stems are cut off with a special apparatus equipped with a knife mechanism. A good time for this event is late spring and early autumn. Immediately after scoring, apply the appropriate fertilization for the season.
Regular cutting, combing and cleaning of natural debris from the grass carpet leads to the fact that the fertile layer becomes poor, and the grass becomes frail and faded. Artificial feeding will help to replace the substances lost from the soil. Experts recommend applying fertilizers every six weeks, and the fall formulations differ from the spring ones.
Fertilizers for spring feeding are enriched with nitrogen, which is necessary for plants for friendly germination and growth of leaf plates. Potassium and phosphorus give the proper development of roots and strength to the shoots. Autumn feeding is characterized by a low nitrogen content, since grass growth stops at this time of the year; potassium, on the other hand, predominates.
To feed lawns, you should purchase a special fertilizer. The best option is universal, packaged in 3 kg bags. The price of one package is about 120 rubles
The use of a fertilizer spreader facilitates the feeding process. This model distributes the substance on both sides, the main thing is not to exceed the concentration of the mixture
Fertilizers are applied in different ways:
The diagram clearly shows how fertilizing and removal of fertilizers, which do not stay in the soil for a long time, take place. That is why the introduction of nutrients into the soil must be regular.
September and October are good months for mulching. It consists in increasing the fertile layer due to the added mixture useful for plants. Usually organic material has three components: peat, loam and sand. The proportion of parts depends on the type of soil:
For mulching, a nutrient mixture is made up, one of which is peat. Lowland peat especially useful for improving soil structure
Regular mulching enriches the sod with nutrients, regulates the air-water regime, and makes the surface of the grass carpet even.
The main purpose of mowing a lawn is to make it look aesthetically pleasing, even flawless. The grass is cut throughout the entire grass growth cycle, that is, from spring to autumn.
Mowing with a lawn mower is not just a lawn maintenance process, but a way of life. You get used to this action in the same way as to morning jogging or walking the dog.
Several rules will help make the process as efficient as possible:
An approximate diagram of the movement of a lawn mower. Moving alternately in different directions, you must try to cover the entire area of the lawn, otherwise you will not achieve a flat surface
It is not necessary to water the lawn daily, 2-3 times a week is enough. Let watering be rare but abundant. The best time is early morning or late evening, before the sun rises at its zenith. For this reason, it is appropriate to use not manual irrigation from a hose, but an automatic irrigation system, which is programmed to turn on at a certain time.
Automatic watering of the lawn has two big advantages: it happens at the right time and frees the owners from unnecessary work
During watering, the soil should be moistened by 15-20 cm in depth. For 1 m², there are 15 to 30 liters of water. The process will be more effective if aeration and combing are performed in advance.
A well-groomed, evenly trimmed, dense lawn is the pride of the owners of the house and an excellent addition to the design solutions that decorate the adjoining territory.
As you can see, a beautiful decorative appearance of the lawn is achieved by hard work and regular attention, but the result pleases the owners throughout the summer.
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Usually, as a result of winter cold and long frosts, lawn grass loses its attractiveness and presentable appearance. In the not once luscious bright green lawn, bald spots and yellow areas appear, which spoil the entire decorative effect of the site. However, do not get upset and immediately plow the spoiled lawn, because with proper agricultural technology, the green cover can be easily restored. In our article we will tell you how to care for your lawn after winter to restore it to its former appearance.
Lawn maintenance in early spring begins with an even distribution of snow over the entire surface of the lawn. To prevent waterlogging of the lawn, drainage is required. Drainage can consist of a dense layer of rock or gravel poured in front of the soil layer.
There are also more complex drainage systems:
The lawn in the spring includes the following elements of care: soil aeration, top dressing, overseeding, combing and mowing the lawn. What shouldn't you do? It is strongly not recommended to walk on the lawn in early spring.
Proper care of the lawn after winter presupposes a mandatory procedure for aeration (ventilation) of the soil. This procedure must be followed in order to:
The aeration process involves the installation of ventilation holes in the soil. Such holes are made using the following tools:
Optimal conditions for the lawn in spring can be created by making holes in the soil with a depth of 7-10 cm.
Lawn care in spring, in its second half, involves feeding the soil. After winter, the lawn requires at least three fertilization times. This must be done in order to strengthen the grass.
Spring activities behind the lawn involve the use of complex nitrogen fertilizers. Phosphorus in combination with nitrogen and potassium serves as an ideal feeding for grass weakened after winter. When is the best time to feed?
The best time to feed your lawn is in spring, early April. For feeding, you need to wait until the melt water has come down and a stable temperature regime is established. Then, to ensure that the fertilizer spreads evenly over the lawn, you can water the lawn until the fertilizer is completely dissolved in the soil.
It is important not to exceed the required amount of fertilizer. To do this, carefully read the instructions on the feed package. It is recommended to fertilize after every 3 or 4 lawn mows. It is best to feed the lawn in the evening or on a cloudy day, avoiding direct sunlight on the fertilized lawn.
If the grass on your lawn is too sparse and weak, you need to re-sow the grass. Before overseeding, you must:
Brushing out the lawn after winter involves combing out lawn felt and plant debris. This must be done in order to:
You can clean your lawn with the following tools:
First you need to walk along the site, and then across. Sometimes the process needs to be repeated two times. After combing, it is also recommended to weed the lawn. Best suited for this is a selective herbicide that will kill weeds without damaging the lawn.
Lawn grass care involves mowing the lawn. It must be done in order to mow the overgrown grass so that the roots receive enough nutrients.
The optimum cutting height is 3-4 cm. Collect all foreign objects before mowing the lawn. After trimming - collect dry grass. It is also important to choose the right direction for the haircut.
If the previous time you cut the grass from west to east, next time you cut in the opposite direction. Lawn mowing is carried out at least 3 times a month. Proper lawn care requires regular watering of the lawn. The soil should not dry out.
If all the procedures described above do not help you bring the lawn back to normal condition, or you simply do not have time to start your lawn from scratch, you can always buy a roll lawn. You can buy a ready-made lawn in the regions of Central Russia at the Gorgazon company, a leading company in the field of lawn production.
Lawn care in spring, tips for improving its condition, will decorate the garden with new juicy colors and bright design.
Video: Lawn care in spring, tips
Next, start combing the lawn. This is the second stage of spring lawn care. The site must be completely cleaned of rotten foliage and debris. Combing is considered to be the most time consuming stage in a series of spring work. However, it's safe to say that the more thoroughly you do it, the better your green carpet will be in the summer. Last year's grass not only hinders the growth of young shoots, but can also become a source of various diseases.
It is absolutely impossible to leave rotted grass as fertilizer on the lawn. There is a great danger of infection of such grass with molds. And if it is not removed, further growth of harmful microorganisms can completely destroy the lawn. Therefore, care consists in completely clearing the site of last year's foliage.
If the lawn was not mowed in the fall, and the grass turned out to be higher than 6-8 cm, then the lawn should be mowed before combing.
When cutting for the first time in the spring, only the very ends of the grass are cut. A low haircut at this time of the year can lead to severe yellowing in the future.
Brushing the lawn carried out with a special fan rake with a springy rod.
It is advisable to comb the lawn before the young grass grows. Otherwise, young growth can be easily damaged. Combing is best done in several directions (ideally in four, but at least up and down).
Lawn care lies in its aeration. This is done in order to facilitate the flow of air, water and fertilizing into the soil. In fact, this is a piercing of the compacted layer of turf. This treatment helps better drainage of the soil and stimulates the growth of grass. Aeration is carried out using an ordinary garden pitchfork, special sandals or an aerator.
The easiest way to aerate your lawn is with a conventional garden fork. To do this, it is enough to pierce the sod to a depth of 10-15 cm. It is impossible to damage the lawn in this way. The more punctures you make, the better. The lawn will literally "sigh" after winter and recover faster.
Recently, sandals for lawn aeration have appeared. These are special soles that are attached to shoes with belts. With this method, the lawn can be aerated by walking around the area. However, it is worth noting that steps must be taken frequently, literally foot to foot. The thorns should be completely immersed in the sod. I must say that this is not the easiest way to aerate. But it is quite suitable for small lawns.
As for the aerator, then of course it will greatly facilitate the work of the gardener. Moreover, aeration must be carried out several times per season. As you already understood, lawn maintenance is a complex and time-consuming process. Therefore, if you are the owner of a large area, the cost of an aerator can be considered not superfluous.
The next step in lawn care - spring fertilization. Constantly mowing the lawn depletes nutrient stores. Therefore, every year at the beginning of the season, the lawn needs to be fertilized. Fertilization in spring is carried out with a high nitrogen content. Nitrogen is needed in the spring for a set of deciduous lawn grass. Now on sale it is easy to find a balanced fertilizer for spring top dressing of the lawn. Typically, these formulations contain the highest amount of nitrogen and a small amount of phosphorus and potassium to strengthen the root system. Lawn care will be incomplete without the introduction of macro- and microelements. They are essential for a rich emerald green color.
The main rule when applying fertilizers - this is an even distribution of nutrients over the entire surface of the lawn.
Water-soluble fertilizers reach the root system more easily and are safe to use. Liquid fertilizers are applied to the soil using a sprayer. It is advisable to carry out such feeding not in the rain, but in good weather. Since the lawn fertilizer is partially absorbed through the leaves. Further watering of the lawn is not carried out for at least 24 hours.
Dry fertilizer in granules is simply spread over the lawn on wet soil. When using this type of fertilizer, it is convenient to use a special hand-held spreader. It is a container for pellets driven by a spreading device. The good thing about the spreader is that it can be adjusted to the minimum spreading rate, having previously calculated the required amount of fertilizer per area.
The spreading process itself is carried out in different directions. For this, the site passes both along and across, as well as in other directions.
It is better to apply dry complex fertilizers for the lawn before rain or watering. The undissolved granules can burn the plant.
Moss on the lawn is a serious problem... It can appear for a variety of reasons, including the shade of the site, improper mowing of grass, increased acidity of the soil, etc. Lawn care in this case turns into a real fight against this scourge.
If you do not take any measures, very soon the moss will spread to all trees, a house, a roof and all outbuildings. In addition to being unsightly, moss negatively affects almost all horticultural crops, robbing them of strength and nutrients. Therefore, at the first sign, you need to try to get rid of it. You can help the lawn withstand the fight against moss by adding dolomite flour to the soil. It is introduced around the place where you saw the first foci.
If the moss has already spread over a large area, you cannot do without the use of chemicals. Processing is carried out in dry weather with special mixtures based on ammonium or copper sulfate. Over time, the moss will turn black and need to be removed from the lawn.
In order to prevent re-growth of moss on the lawn, care consists in:
Overseeding the lawn - also one of the stages of spring care. It is carried out in the event that they see that in some area the lawn grass has died or straightened out. New seed must be selected from the same grasses. Ideally, there should be the same manufacturer. Prepared seeds are sown in a thin layer on the damaged area. A thin layer of earth or compost is applied on top.
In order for the compost to reach the soil surface as much as possible and cover the seeds, and not get stuck in the grass, the surface of the damaged area is "combed" with a fan rake. For new seeds to germinate, it is necessary to provide periodic watering.
Many gardeners re-sow the lawn every year immediately after combing out. This helps new seeds germinate during the spring rainy season.
Another important stage lawn care in spring - watering. It is carried out in accordance with the weather conditions. If there is an indication for watering, it should be done in the early morning. Watering during the day can cause burns. In addition, it is poorly accepted by the soil due to the high evaporation of moisture. Watering in the evening is also not recommended. The coolness of the evening can lead to excessive humidity and disease.
The lawn is really the most difficult landscape object both in terms of planting and in terms of maintenance. And only tireless care of it guarantees the quality of the green lawn. This is especially true for parterre lawns.
The lawn will delight you with its bright cover and will sparkle with green colors only if all the steps described are followed. For some reason, many gardeners have the opinion that lawn care is a simple matter. In fact, a lawn is a very difficult, very troublesome and very expensive garden device. You can read about the intricacies of arranging lawns here. At the same time, the green lawn is loved by everyone. It is pleasant to look at it, it is pleasant to walk on it barefoot and relax with friends.
We wish you that your spring lawn maintenance work will not be in vain, and your garden will be decorated with a green fluffy emerald carpet all summer long.