We began our acquaintance with ezemalina with three small bushes sent from Moscow and propagated, as stated in the advertisement by the ... in virto method. Since then, she pleases us with abundant, annual harvests. It blooms very beautifully, large, very tasty fragrant berries.
1. Firstly, there is not a single berry crop that would give the same high yield per square meter. Some varieties in the conditions of the Middle Volga region yield more than 15 kg of berries from one bush. When properly formed, the bush takes only 2.5 running meters. However, some varieties that are raspberry-blackberry hybrids are comparable in yield to raspberries, with a more tasty and large berry.
2. Secondly, many do not believe that blackberries are sweeter than raspberries. Most cultivated varieties produce berries, the taste of which is not only equal to, but superior to, raspberries. Unripe blackberry is sour, then it becomes sweet and sour, then freshly sweet with a dessert aroma.
Many varieties of blackberries, which are raspberry-blackberry hybrids, have especially pleasant interesting aromas with different flavoring shades.
It is no coincidence that in the United States, which is the world leader in the production and selection of blackberries, the taste assessment of raspberries as "a flavor for the poor" is considered fair. The average weight of berries of most varieties is 4-12 g, in some varieties the weight of berries can reach 15-18 g, while in most varieties of raspberries it is 3 g, and only a small part of large-fruited varieties are capable of producing large berries with an average weight of 4-12 g.
3. Thirdly, the blackberry berry is always clean (there is no worm-like larva of the raspberry beetle)
4. Fourthly, the bushes of most varieties (if the root system is not damaged) do not give root growth, only replacement shoots.
5. Fifthly, the culture practically does not require chemical treatments - there are simply no pests.
Not yet - the culture is young (immunity has not yet been lost).
6. In this plant everything is curative, starting with berries and leaves and ending with roots. The range of diseases for which it is used is unusually wide
7. This berry is much more transportable than raspberries. The fruit, with which she comes off, does not allow her to crumple (we are not talking about an overripe berry). Some varieties of berries are stored in the refrigerator for up to 5 days.
8. Speaking about the low frost resistance of blackberries, we always forget that raspberries also have to be bent down in the Middle Strip, since the frost resistance of most raspberry varieties does not exceed - 27 ° C and only some of them can withstand up to 40 ° C. And if we take modern large-fruited varieties of raspberries, then there is no need to talk about the high frost resistance of raspberries. The garden blackberry also has certain varieties that can withstand -27 and even -30 degrees.
9. Blackberry bushes with a deep powerful root system extending to a depth of one and a half meters are incomparably more drought-resistant than raspberry bushes whose entire root system is located in the upper layer of soil 60 cm thick.
Due to this property, industrial blackberry plantations are laid even in semi-desert areas (subject to drip irrigation or irrigation). The power of the root system is simply amazing. I had to dig out individual roots of the Thornfrey variety reaching a thickness of 2.5 cm, seeing such a root it is difficult to believe that this is the root of a berry bush. This is where the huge potential of the plant lurks, resulting in the incredible productivity of individual varieties.
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Loganberry - one of the most famous raspberry-berry hybrids, bred in the USA. Ezhemalina Loganberry is a medium-sized creeping bush. Shoots with thorns. But among thorny clones there are also thornless ones. One of them is Thornless Loganberry, whose shoots and leaves have velvety pubescence. The color of the shoots is gray-green, sometimes slightly reddish. The reverse side of the sheet is silvery. There are few replacement shoots in this variety, but with the age of the bush there are more of them. The bush does not produce offspring, but when digging, the root system is damaged and thorny suckers may appear in the thornless variety.
Look at the photo of Ezemalina Loganberry: berries of this variety are red-crimson, strongly elongated, conical, up to 4 cm long and 2 cm in diameter. The average weight of berries reaches 8 g. There is no wax-like bloom. Taste with a raspberry hue, pleasant. The ripening period is early, coincides with the ripening of ordinary raspberries. In a brush of 5-6 berries, yield - up to 6 kg per bush.
Watch the video "Ezhemalina Loganberry" to get a better idea of what this plant looks like:
Boysenberry (Boysenberry) - one of the best raspberry-blackberry hybrids. This is an exceptionally new, high-quality, rare crop that has incomparably tasty and aromatic berries in comparison with ordinary raspberries and blackberries. Berries are eaten fresh. They have a rich, unforgettable aroma. Fruiting - from late July to mid-August.
Berries are dark cherry, black when fully ripe, weighing up to 12 g. Productivity - up to 5 kg per bush.
The hybrid was originally prickly. But recently, during the cultivation of culture, not only new prickly, but also thornless clones have been identified. New thornless clones do not have a vigorous bush, and they also yield lower yields than thorny forms.
We do not know much about such a garden plant as the logan berry or jemalina.
The name "Loganova berry" in the language of gardeners appeared with the light hand of the famous Russian breeder Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin. And he named it so in honor of James Harvey Logan who bred this hybrid variety in his garden in 1881 in California, in the city of Santa Cruz.
It is well known that James Harvey Logan, who was not only a breeder, but also a judge, wanted to create a new and improved variety by crossing two blackberry varieties. But it turned out to be a completely different plant. Perhaps the cultivation of the variety was facilitated by the fact that the blackberry bushes grew in the judge's garden next to the bushes of common red raspberries, and as a result, cross-pollination occurred. At least the researchers are still unclear if Logan bred the first raspberry-blackberry hybrid on purpose or accidentally, because by the time this plant was discovered in the judge's garden, Logan was no longer alive.
It is sad that the author did not wait for the recognition of the variety.
Later, Logan's berry was used to create new hybrids.
Unfortunately, this plant is still little known in our country and is rarely grown in gardens. Mostly the logan berry is grown in the USA, England and Tasmania.
But even in their homeland in California, the logan berry is not grown on a large, especially industrial scale, referring to the fact that the bushes of this plant are thorny, and the berries ripen gradually, and on the same bush there are berries of varying degrees of ripeness at the same time, and still all of them hiding behind the leaves. Because of this, it is not possible to harvest quickly and immediately.
However, Ezemalina has its own and rather significant advantages. It is hardy and perfectly adapted even to our northern latitudes.
Logan berry ripens when almost all local berries have been harvested for a long time. It is harvested from August to October, almost until the very frost.
And ezhemalina also has very high productivity. From one bush, you can collect up to 8 kg of useful berries.
The fruits of the logan berry are larger than both blackberries and raspberries. The merits of ezemalina include the fact that it does not have thorns. In addition, she is not susceptible to disease. Propagated by seeds and rooting tops of annual shoots.
Loganberry is said to be grown in large quantities in Oregon and Washington.
Logan Berry or Logan Berry - Rubus loganobaccus is a hybrid obtained by crossing blackberries and raspberries from the Pink family. The plant is a sprawling shrub.
Its arched shoots reach a height of two meters. Due to the height of the shoots and the abundant harvest, the logan berry is grown on trellises. If the shoots are not tied to a support, they will break.
Large, wrinkled, jagged leaves along the edge of the raspberry tree look like raspberry leaves.
The logan berry blooms in mid-June and continues to bloom until the end of the detail. The flowers of the ezhemalina are not at all the same as those of blackberries and raspberries. Rather, they look like an ordinary light pink chamomile and are collected in a brush.
The first oblong berries ripen in August, the next ones continue to ripen until frost. In warm weather, you can feast on them in November.
Ripe berries have a bright purple color with a glossy sheen. But berries are harvested when they turn burgundy or slightly purple.
They are very juicy and delicious. With a tart aftertaste and sourness. Although the taste is inferior to raspberries and more reminiscent of the taste of blackberries.
I am glad that some amateur gardeners grow healthy logan berries in their gardens.
Logan berry has a low calorie content, in 100 g of berries there are only 55 kcal. But how many useful substances it contains!
Logan berry contains: vitamins - A, B1, B2, B5, B6, B9, E, K, C, PP, proteins, carbohydrates, fats, saturated fatty acids, choline, fiber, sugars, minerals - potassium, calcium, sodium, magnesium, zinc, copper, iron, selenium and others.
Eating ezemalina improves the functioning of the stomach and cardiovascular system, normalizes the heart rate, has a calming effect, increases immunity, lowers blood sugar, normalizes metabolism, improves vision, prevents osteoporosis from developing, prevents constipation and prevents nervous diseases.
Ezhemalina removes excess water, toxins and bad cholesterol from the body.
To mobilize the protective functions of the body during cold weather, viruses and colds, it is recommended to eat frozen or canned logan berries.
Loganova berry has no contraindications. Only individual berry intolerance is possible.
Ezhemalina is widely used in cooking. It can be boiled, canned, frozen. Soups are made from ezhemalina, it is added to salads, puddings, pies, all kinds of desserts, mousses, jellies, ice cream, used for filling cakes, muffins, pies, cocktails and even alcoholic beverages are prepared.
Jam, jams and compotes are made from ezhemalina.
- 250 g ezhemalin
- 1 dessert spoon of semolina
- 2 glasses of water
- a pinch of ground cinnamon
- salt, sugar to taste.
Put the berries in an enamel pan, sprinkle with cinnamon, pour two glasses of water and after boiling, reduce the heat, cook for 10-15 minutes over low heat. Pour in semolina, add sugar to taste, salt, cook until tender.
It is better to eat the dish cooled down.
- 250 g ezhemalin
- 1 tbsp. a spoonful of lemon juice
- 1/2 cup sugar
- 1 liter of water
- about 70-80g of potato starch.
Rinse the berries, mash, rub through a sieve. Pour the juice into a glass and refrigerate, transfer the pulp into an enamel pan and add 3 cups of hot water, bring to a boil, reduce heat and simmer for 5 minutes. Add lemon juice, sugar, stir well.
Dissolve starch in a glass of cold water and pour into a saucepan, bring to a boil. Add chilled juice, let the jelly cool and serve.
- 1 kg of yogurt
- 1 200-1 400 kg of sugar
- 3 g citric acid
- 1 glass of water.
Sort the berries, rinse, dry slightly on a clean cloth, napkin, cotton towel. Transfer to a basin, cover with sugar, cover with a cloth and leave overnight.
Put the basin on fire, add water and bring to a boil, reduce heat, boil for about five minutes. Remove from heat and insist for another six hours. Cook the second time until tender. Add citric acid at the very end of cooking.
- 400 g of sugar (slightly less) and 4 g of citric acid per 1 liter of water.
Rinse the berries, discard in a colander to glass the water. Place in sterile jars, pour syrup cooked from sugar and water. Cover with a lid and pasteurize at a temperature of 80-85 C half-liter jars for 10 minutes, liter jars - 15.
Sorcerers say that a dried sprig plucked during flowering helps to maintain love and fidelity in marriage.
Most gardeners know how to care for raspberries, blackberries are not much different. Actually, the requirements of the ezemalins are similar, although there are subtleties.
Breeding is carried out mainly in countries with warm and hot climates, therefore, the requirements for heat and sun for the ezemalin are higher than for the usual raspberry. Hence, it is necessary to provide maximum sunlight. But in the open sun in the southern regions, the berries are sometimes "baked", so there will be optimal planting with direct sun in the morning and light shading in the hottest.
The high potential yield of hybrids and large fruit production require fertile land, regular watering and fertilizing. Mulching will help a lot.
Long, flexible, mostly thorny shoots make life difficult for gardeners, taking into account the need to remove and cover for the winter. And in the spring to raise and straighten on the trellis. Climbing rose lovers are accustomed to such events, it will be easier for them to adapt. The rest should be motivated to get a harvest of absolutely extraordinary berries.
One of the fastest growing varieties - "Red Diamond" (Red Diamond), the berries will be next year. Most varieties, especially in regions with a relatively short growing season, can "swing" for 3 years - you need to be patient.
Fruiting shoots are cut out in the fall, sanitary pruning is carried out in the spring. In young shoots, the tops are pinched to increase branching and, accordingly, yield.
Diseases and pests are nothing new, they are characteristic of raspberries and blackberries. Well, maybe at first no one will eat ezhemalin - it is very unusual, and then the pests will taste it. It is unlikely that they will not like her.
This culture does not form root suckers, so it will not work to propagate it with their help. The logan berry is propagated by rooting of vertical annual shoots, lignified and green cuttings of annual shoots, as well as seeds.
Loganberry berries on a bush. © Valerie J
Note that seed propagation requires certain skills from gardeners. Loganberry seeds are primarily selected. To do this, you need to fill them with water in a glass jar, mix and select only the settled seeds, throwing out the rest.
The selected seeds are dried and stored in the tray of the refrigerator freezer (at a temperature of plus 1-5 degrees). In the period January-February, the seeds are laid for stratification (from 3 to 5 months). To do this, it is advised to place them in a nylon swab with wet sand, and the latter in a container with wet sawdust or moss, which should be constantly kept moist. It is advisable to slightly knead a tampon with seeds and sand from time to time.
In April, Loganberry seeds can be sown in a box with loose, moist soil. It is recommended to fill the top layer of this soil with a thickness of 3-5 cm with a substrate consisting of a mixture of sand and peat in a ratio of 1: 2. Seeds are planted to a depth of 1.0-1.5 cm. The box is placed in a warm place, covered with glass or foil, and after germination (after 10-15 days) - on the windowsill.
It is clear that at this time, the seedlings need regular watering and feeding with universal fertilizer (the latter - every 15 days). In late May and early June, seedlings, which by this time reach a height of 10-15 cm, can be planted in a summer greenhouse. As soon as the seedlings resume their growth (after 10-15 days), the film from one side of the greenhouse can be removed.
Pits for planting loganberry seedlings on a permanent place are being prepared in the fall. Their depth is about 40 cm, diameter is 50 cm. They are filled with rotted manure together with the earth. Superphosphate, wood ash, dolomite flour, sand and peat are added to this mixture. All this is thoroughly mixed, filled with water and left until spring. In the spring of May, the seedlings are transplanted to the places prepared for planting, observing all the existing rules for ordinary seedlings.
In autumn, the grown loganberry bushes should be protected from frost. It is not difficult to do this, because they easily nestle on the ground, and quite a lot of quite accessible ways of shelter are known in our time.
Bushes of raspberry-blackberry Tayberry (Tayberry). © markoplis's Bucket
It is much easier to propagate the Loganberry by rooting the tops of annual shoots or by lignified and green cuttings.
When planting plants in a permanent place, the distance between them is 1 m, and between the rows of 1.5–2 m. As already noted, it is advisable to place the branches of this plant on a trellis (1.5 m high), structurally made in such a way that in the fall, it could be “put” on the ground together with the bushes for shelter from frost. Immediately after planting, the seedlings are shortened to a height of 25 cm, the bust circles must be watered and mulched. In the future, they monitor the plant, remove the sprouted and diseased (which is rare) shoots, and in the fall the bushes are bent to the ground and covered.
For those gardeners who want to take the simpler path by purchasing Loganberry seedlings, we inform (because they ask): this is easy to do by typing the appropriate keywords on the Internet to go to the necessary online stores. And now is the right time to buy seedlings.
Loganberry, Loganberry, or Loganberry. © chrisbowers
In nature, there are several varieties of raspberries - the usual red, as well as white, yellow, orange and black. Berries of black raspberries have a bluish-black color with a silvery bloom, they are similar in shape to a thimble and can be easily removed from the axis - unlike blackberries. They are winter-hardy, form a graceful shrub with curved shoots, give small and sweet berries like candy.
Black raspberries were introduced into cultivation in the 19th century in the United States, breeders have successfully bred several varieties: Remontantnaya, Evans, Bristol, Dundee. In modern Russia, two varieties are cultivated: Cumberland and Ugolyok. Cumberland has taken root in our country due to its winter hardiness (up to –30 ° C). The plant forms a bush with shoots up to three meters in height. The shoots are covered with sharp thorns and grow like a semi-creeping blackberry - they bend during regrowth. Such raspberries make wonderful hedges. Ripe black raspberries remain dense and do not spread into porridge, the seeds in them are somewhat larger in comparison with ordinary red ones. As for the taste, they are noticeably sweeter than red, without a hint of sourness. The Ugolek variety was bred relatively recently specifically for cultivation in the territory from the Urals to the Far East.
No sooner said than done! To date, there are a dozen varieties of hybrids of blackberries and raspberries. Ezhemalina has a sweet and sour taste, enviable productivity and unpretentiousness (she inherited these properties from blackberries). Raspberries awarded this plant with cold resistance, relieved it of annoying thorns.
True, not all varieties of ezhemalina are distinguished by their lack of tenacity. The berries are round-oval and elongated-conical. Their record size is 4 cm in length. The color ranges from crimson red to almost black. The most common varieties are: "Tayberry", "Boysenberry", "Texas", "Tummelberry", "Darrow".
Some varieties of ezemalina have erect bushes, like raspberries, but some are creeping. Lovers of the traditional taste and aroma of raspberries are likely to be disappointed, as almost all varieties of raspberry have a blackberry aroma.
Pineapple, honey, apricot ezhemalina are distinguished by their specific taste and aroma. They differ in the size of the berries (very large), but a significant drawback is that, barely ripe, they fall to the ground. If you take care of the timely harvesting, then from one bush you can get 5-9 kg of juicy berries weighing 10-12 g, when the weight of the raspberry fruit does not exceed 4 g.