Erica is an evergreen perennial that originates in Western and Mediterranean Europe and Africa. It has very beautiful flowers that vary depending on the species, which is why it is often used to decorate our gardens, balconies and terraces. It can be positioned both indoors and outdoors, the important thing that the temperature never goes below 4-7 ° C. Erica needs a lot of light and, only in the morning, can it tolerate hours of direct sunlight well. It is a plant that grows like a bush and is not excessive in size.

The flowering of Erica occurs in the autumn-winter period and can be of many colors, from white to intense red, the ideal temperature for this process would be between 7 and 15 ° C and, the more it remains constant, the more it will be prolonged. period; if the temperatures were higher the flowers would wither, it is therefore a good rule to place the plant in a cool and humid environment. All species of Erica have small and needle-like leaves with a length ranging from two to fifteen millimeters, cover the stems and can be yellow, orange, red depending on the variety.

The height that Erica can reach varies from twenty centimeters to one and a half meters.

Small evergreen plants that belong to the same family as the Ericaceae, the Daboecia and the Calluna are often assimilated to the real Erica, in fact, it is good to remember that, often, the plants that are sold as Erica are instead part of the genus Calluna but, of this only Calluna Vulgaris has particularities that make it similar to Erica plants.

Ericaceae plants, such as Erica, have the singular characteristic of having a fungus in their roots, the Hymenoscyphus ericae, it is very important because it ensures that these plants have nitrogen and phosphorus available (very important elements for their development ) which, due to the too acidic soil, they could not have.


There are many species of Erica, perhaps more than six hundred, below we will tell about the main ones.

Erica Gracilis: it is very compact and reaches a height of no more than 45-50 centimeters, has many stems that are covered with many small green leaves in the shape of needles. The flowers of this species can take on a pinkish-red color. The best known variety of this species is Erica Gracilis Alba which, in winter, produces white flowers. Erica Carnea: this species arises spontaneously and is mainly present in the Alps and the Apennines. Evergreen and the height is never more than one meter, the flowers form in clusters and have a dark pink color. It is mainly used to re-naturalize degraded places. The flowering period is from February to all summer. It is a species very frequented by insects and, above all, by bees that produce a highly sought-after honey. Erica Arborea: the height of this species can reach 5 meters; the leaves are deep green, needle-shaped and smooth. The flowers are bell-shaped and have a pleasant scent, they are white with shades of pink and bloom in spring. It is called a forest broom.

Erica Multiflora: born spontaneously in the woods of central-southern Italy, it is widespread in the Mediterranean area where it can reach a height of one and a half meters. It is an evergreen species, with needle-like leaves and pink-violet flowers that appear in summer and have an intense scent.

Erica Cinerea: it is an evergreen, rustic species, reaching a maximum height of 60 centimeters. The flowers have the shape of a bellflower and are purple in color, started to bloom about halfway through the summer season. Erica Scoparia: it is a typical species of the Mediterranean scrub that can reach a meter and a half in height. Some specimens are also found in the woods. The flowers are pink and bloom in spring. It prefers acid soils and with the presence of silicon. It is called Scoparia because in the past it was used to produce brooms. Erica Melanthera: has small size, soft branches with small leaves and pink flowers.

Erica Hyemalis: this species has a maximum height of 60 centimeters, the leaves are fine and the flowers are tube-shaped and are white tinged with pink. The flowering period is from November to January.

Erica Pageana: originates in southern Africa, the stem grows erect and blooms in the autumn season, the flowers are yellow. The height varies from 30 centimeters to one meter.

Erica Persoluta: it too originates in southern Africa, it is a species that develops like a bush and reaches 90 centimeters in height. It blooms in the period of March-April with white flowers tinged with pink.

Erica Perspicua: has white-pink tubular flowers.

Erica tetrminalis: it is very present in Sardinia, Corsica, Capri and other Tyrrhenian areas. The flowers come together in umbrellas. The flowering period is from May to August.

Erica manipuliflora: it is also called Apulian Erica because it is typical of the area of ​​Gallipoli and the Alimini lakes, in Sicily and Castellammare del Golfo. It has an ascending stem.

Erica Vagans: has a red color, is small in size and reaches a maximum of 60 centimeters in height. In winter the leaves do not fall but the aerial part dries up and will have new development in the following spring season. It can be grown all year round because it resists even a very cold climate.

Soil and Cultivation Techniques

The soil preferred by Erica is acidic, absolutely not calcareous, consisting of land of leaves and Erica soil to which peat and sand will be combined to promote drainage. The multiplication of Erica occurs by cuttings. In a period ranging from spring to the end of summer, cuttings are taken from the mother plant, which must have a length of about five centimeters. Always use a sharp and clean knife. At this point the lower leaves will be eliminated, holes will be made in containers filled with moist peat and coarse sand and the cuttings taken first will be planted; we will cover the container with plastic, we will place it in a shady place where there will be a temperature of about 18-24 ° C. Now let the cuttings take root. Always check that the soil is damp and, if necessary, wet it with non-calcareous water. When the first shoots have blossomed, the plastic must be removed and the container placed in an area with greater light; reached 6-7 centimeters in height and become more robust, the seedlings are ready to be transplanted into a pot.

The Erica will have to be pruned every year after the flowering period, shortening the branches and eliminating the withered flowers.

Fertilization and Irrigation

The fertilizer that the Erica plant needs is liquid and should be administered every fortnight together with the watering from the beginning of spring to the end of summer. This fertilizer must contain all the elements necessary for the growth of Erica: Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Iron, Manganese, Copper, Zinc, Boron, Molybdenum. As mentioned above, the Erica needs a soil that is constantly but not excessively humid, so it will be watered regularly but never with too much water. Be careful, remember that this plant does not like limestone, it will be advisable, in case of water rich in this substance, to water with rain or demineralized water. Spray the foliage of the Erica frequently.

Diseases and Parasites

This plant also has enemies that can create problems for it and, in some cases, lead to its death. Many annoying parasites such as spider mites, scale insects, etc., target it, causing more or less serious damage. Below we will explain the action of these parasites, the symptoms that the plant manifests when it is a victim and the probable remedies.

If you notice that the leaves are falling and the stems have a sort of fragility, it means that you have been too scarce with the supply of water. To remedy this inconvenience, intensify the irrigations without ever exaggerating. As mentioned above, spray your hair every day. Cobwebs and leaves faded with a reddish color are a symptom of the presence of the red spider. To defeat this mite, the humidity of the environment must be increased, a situation that this annoying insect does not like. If the attack was massive, use specific products. Mealybugs are also enemies of the Erica plant. They stimulate it to produce sugary substances causing it to deteriorate and making it very vulnerable to various attacks. The use of anticoccidials is recommended.


The properties of Erica are: antiseptic, astringent and diuretic. The clusters of flowers of some species, collected as they bloom, are used in the form of decoction to fight kidney diseases or to help inflamed mucous membranes. Erica wood was once used to make pipes because it was very resistant to fire. A useful herbal tea to combat cystitis should be prepared with heather flowers in a liter of water and prepare a decoction, it is recommended to drink it between meals.

Erika Girardi was born in Atlanta, Georgia, [3] on July 10, 1971, to single mother Renee Chahoy. [4] Her parents broke up before her first birthday. She graduated from North Atlanta High School. At 18, she moved to New York City. [5]

Her first on-screen appearance was a role as Suzanne Morton in the episode "Prescription for Death" of NBC's legal drama series Law & Order. [6] She also had roles in independent films Alchemy (1995) and Lowball (1996). [7] [8]

Jayne's first single "Roller Coaster" was released on January 1, 2007. The song placed at number one on the Billboard Hot Dance Club Play chart. Jayne's debut album Pretty Mess, was released in the United States on August 11, 2009. [9]

In 2015, she joined the cast of The Real Housewives of Beverly Hills for the show's sixth season. [10]

On September 25, 2019, Erika Jayne announced that she is playing Roxie Hart in the musical Chicago on Broadway. [11] [12]

While living in New York, she met Thomas Zizzo, [13] when he was working as a DJ at a club in Manhattan. The couple got married in December 1991 at St. Patrick's Cathedral. Soon after she gave birth to a son, Thomas Zizzo, Jr. After the couple divorced a few years later, she relocated to Los Angeles to pursue her dream of becoming a singer. [14]

In January 1999, she married attorney Thomas Girardi, a founding partner of Girardi & Keese in downtown Los Angeles. [ citation needed ]

In November 2020, she announced her separation from Girardi. [15] One month before the divorce announcement, the couple were named in a lawsuit for allegedly embezzling funds meant for families of the victims of the fatal 2018 Lion Air plane crash. [16] Media outlets reported that the divorce could be a "sham" to hide assets. [17] In December 2020, Chicago-based law firm asked a federal judge to order Jayne to stop selling designer clothing online amid an effort to recover $ 2 million in missing money owed to people. [18]

On December 17, 2020, The Los Angeles Times published a detailed article about the couple's legal issues titled "The legal titan and the 'Real Housewife': The rise and fall of Tom Girardi and Erika Jayne." [19] Two days later Jayne released an Instagram post revealing text messages and photos of Tom Girardi's alleged mistress, Justice Tricia A. Bigelow. Bigelow is a judge for the 2nd District Division 8 of the California Court of Appeal. She has had this position since 2008 after being appointed by then-Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger. [20]



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Pending lawsuits

The three tort claim notification letters allege Harris and Giordano created a “hostile work environment” that caused three employees to leave.

Allison Blau, the former court administrator, notified Waldwick that she will seek $ 1 million in damages, via a July 16 letter from attorney Peter Jeffer.

"Within the first two months of her [Harris’s] employment, two long-time borough employees quit because they could not work with the new borough administrator," the July 16 letter read.

Former grants administrator Erica Davenport filed a notice on Sept. 14, alleging pregnancy discrimination and a hostile work environment created by Harris and Giordano, attorney Seth Davenport wrote. While intending to seek statutory remedies first, the letter put the claim being filed at $ 5.75 million.

The claim refers to an investigation of Harris by Mount Olive, where she was the administrator for nearly two years.

The Mount Olive report, the letter says, paints “a very telling picture of a tyrannical, self-absorbed, tyrant who the Mayor of Waldwick place [sic] in the highest position of the Waldwick administration. Even but a smidgeon of due diligence, prior to the hiring of Laura [Harris], would have revealed a very glaring red flag as to her uncontrollable irrational and improper behavior. "

Davenport's letter also details a pattern of behavior hostile toward pregnancy, including Harris asking the employee if she took birth control pills. According to the letter, the mayor refused to accept a written copy of her complaints, contrary to protocol.

Former Borough Clerk Paula Jaegge filed her own tort claim on Dec. 10, alleging that the behavior of the mayor and administrator forced her to retire two years early, suffering "lost salary and other economic benefits."

According to the letter, Giordano "started a course of conduct" toward the clerk, leaving her out of meetings, ignoring her and, at one point, yelling at her and "was out of control." She alleges Harris was "argumentative on many occasions, displaying a filthy vocabulary."

Giordano commented that the three parties who filed are friends, and were “not laid off or fired,” choosing to leave on their own. He said he could not comment further because of pending litigation.

Bosson said, "The borough denies the allegations in the claims and believe that all the true facts will come out in discovery and through the course of any litigation that is brought." He said the notices have been forwarded to the borough's insurance carrier, the Joint Insurance Fund, which will likely handle the claims.

In Harris’s separation agreement, Mount Olive officials are asked not to provide verbal references, only positions held and salary in writing. Harris did not list her Mount Olive position on her résumé when she applied for the Waldwick borough administrator position.

“My separation from Mount Olive was a mutual decision, as I was not happy in such a rural community and was seeking to relocate to a more urban area,” Harris said.

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