Hawthorn trellis hedge

Perhaps, today you cannot find a summer resident or gardener who would not like to have a beautiful and reliable green hedge on his site. And this is not just a tribute to fashion, but also the need to get rid of the old and slovenly made fence, devoid of even a hint of taste.

Making a decision is not at all easy, since there are several types of hedges, and the names of trees and shrubs suitable for this business cannot even be enumerated. If we analyze the available experience and literature, then the author and a number of other owners of garden plots consider the trellis to be the best hedge, and the hawthorn is the best plant for it. And that's why.

The trellis fence, judging by experience, is the most reliable, durable and decorative. These qualities are given to it by the formation of plants in two shoots, binding to supports (trellises), binding and splicing of shoots and the formation of a dense network of diamond-shaped cells by branches. You can grow a hedge in this way. 1-2-year-old seedlings are planted according to the scheme 20 x 30 cm in one row along a temporary fence with poles horizontally located at a height of 25, 35 and 50 cm. Either immediately after planting, or after a year, the plants are cut "for reverse growth", then there is on a stump 10 cm high.

Of the newly grown shoots, only two of the strongest shoots located in the plane of the trellis are left. A year later, these shoots are oriented in opposite directions at an angle of 40-50 °. In this case, the shoots of neighboring plants are crossed among themselves and for better accretion in the places of their contact, part of the bark is cut off, and the combined areas are tightly wrapped with ribbons of plastic wrap and coated with garden pitch. The entire structure is attached to the lower transverse pole, cutting off the branches protruding beyond this border.

Based on the experience of one of my neighbors, who has such a fence, I think that instead of the laborious branches mentioned above, it is enough to intertwine and tie them together. Growing up over time, the branches grow into each other's tissues and their self-grafting takes place, and it is very durable.

And in the spring of next year, the two strongest shoots are again left, which are also crossed with neighboring shoots and tied at a height of 35 cm.After another similar operation, the garter is made to the third pole, after which the hedge is sheared as usual and brought to a height of about 1.2 -1.5 m. From the sides, it is cut in such a way that the width does not exceed 30 cm. Over time, all the shoots not only grow together, but also thicken, and the windows-cells between them overgrow. As a result, the hedge becomes almost impenetrable, while occupying a minimum width (30 cm) and in no way infringing on the crops grown on the site.

We emphasize that the trellis hedge manifests all its qualities primarily thanks to the hawthorn, and not to any of the hundreds of them, but above all to ordinary or smooth, which has a whole range of advantages over other plants. It is distinguished by its high winter hardiness and resistance to unfavorable soil conditions, it tolerates drought and darkening well, has a good shoot-forming ability, perfectly tolerates a haircut.

Its advantages also include a long leafing period, reaching 150 days, and the durability of preserving the shoot-forming ability, which is almost 100 years. The hawthorn shows its best advantages on drained fertile sandy loams and loams, as well as when feeding with organic (2-3 kg / m2) and mineral (15-20 g / m2) fertilizers in autumn or early spring. At the same time, the hawthorn blooms well and bears fruit, and the fruits are formed on the branches of the last year, which should be taken into account when cutting, the last date of which should be no later than the end of July.

It is best to create a hedge in early autumn, and in the first year you can do without trellises, and then put poles as the plants grow. If there are difficulties with the poles, then you can get by with waste in the form of rails driven vertically (see figure). A trench is cut off for planting hawthorn, the width and depth of which should be about 50 cm. A soil mixture consisting of equal parts of compost, peat and trench earth is applied to its bottom with low soil fertility. Seedlings are planted according to the scheme discussed above.

In conclusion, we emphasize that since the hawthorn fully meets all the most stringent requirements for plants for a hedge, a trellis hedge based on it will not only well protect the site from domestic and wild animals and from prying eyes, but also give it beauty and comfort.

A. Veselov, gardener

Hawthorn hedge photo

A hedge is a great decoration of the site. An environmentally friendly element of garden decor is attractive and economical. There are a variety of plant varieties to create a beautiful enclosure. Landscape designers agree that planting a hawthorn along a fence is an ideal solution for such a decorative composition.

The amazing shrub tree has become a favorite in garden design for its features and benefits. This is an unpretentious plant. It tolerates frost well, reacts loyally to the shade, has a super-strong root system, which ensures the durability and reliability of such a planting. Hawthorn wood is very flexible. This allows him to easily wrap around supports made of any material.

Lush foliage is pleasing to the eye from early spring to late autumn. In the early warm period, it has a rich green color. Against its background, white or pink inflorescences pose in a beautiful scattering. The flowering period of this tree is associated with the departure of winter, the beginning of a new life. After the flowers turn into bright red edible berries. Hawthorn fruits are considered to be very beneficial for human health. They improve blood circulation, heart function. Therefore, these berries make delicious compotes and jams.

Closer to autumn, the bush changes into orange and scarlet clothes. An important advantage of the plant is its thorns. They, disguised by a dense crown of leaves, reliably protect the site from uninvited guests.

The unique hawthorn has a number of undeniable advantages over its plant cousins:

  1. Easily takes root after planting.
  2. Doesn't require careful maintenance. Enough regular watering, infrequent fertilization.
  3. The height of the shrub reaches 6 m, which is important for fencing.
  4. Resistant to any climate. It tolerates frost, shade, strong gusts of wind, heavy rains, snowfalls well.
  5. Its delicate flowers add extra sophistication to the hedge.
  6. Well tolerates pruning of leaves, shoots. Thanks to this, it is possible to form original specimens of landscape design from it.
  7. Dense foliage and sharp thorns reliably protect the territory from uninvited guests and animals.
  8. Its cost is very democratic.
  9. He is unpretentious in lighting, soil composition.
  10. A strong long-lived plant is a useful find.

A hawthorn hedge with its own hands will transform the garden, create coziness, and give aesthetic pleasure to the owners.

In addition to protection from indiscreet glances, the thuja fence also performs a number of useful functions:

  • ennobles the surrounding landscape
  • creates a comfortable environment of unity with nature
  • retards snow cover
  • protects the site from the penetration of strangers into private territory, including stray animals
  • ideal barrier against noise, exhaust fumes, dust and wind
  • thanks to the phytoncides contained in the needles, the thuja hedge purifies and disfigures the air.

And if we add to the decorative qualities the fact that this plant is durable, unpretentious in care, it becomes clear why, when registering a land plot, more and more people prefer living fences over concrete ones.

Benefits of spruce and thuja hedges

Spruce and thuja, like all evergreen bushes, are distinguished by an attractive rounded pyramidal shape. Therefore, they show themselves well in creating with the help of haircuts of any shape.

These are durable trees that give thick shade all year round, resistant to frost and daytime heat, not demanding abundant moisture. They retain their decorative effect at any time of the year, unlike, for example, willow hedges.

Unpretentiousness. Spruce and thuja grow in any conditions: in the hot climate of Central Asia and in frosty Siberia. They are not susceptible to diseases, powdery mildew, like a hedge made of barberry and other types of shrubs.

They tolerate transplantation well, reproduce from both cones and young shoots. These are fast-growing bushes, which means that a full-fledged hedge will form in two years.

Types of the tree of life

Six species of this plant are used as a living fence, which differ in density and color of the needles, but the following three are most widespread: "Smaragd", "Columna" and "Brabant". Let's take a closer look at each species.

Thuja, called "Smaragd", is considered low and does not grow higher than four meters. Smaragd differs from other evergreen plants in the emerald color of the needles, which does not fade even in winter. It does not need pruning and is especially good in combination with juniper or yew when creating a living fence.

Thuja "Columna" grows higher than "Smaragd", up to eight meters, forms a dense crown, which grows extremely slowly. In winter, its needles acquire a brownish tint, which disappears with the onset of spring. Unlike the previous species, it has a looser crown, and many bumps appear on the branches.

If you need the fastest growing bushes for a hedge, then the most impatient should choose the Brabant variety. This tree grows faster than other varieties, its annual growth is 30-40 centimeters.

Therefore, the fences from it should be cut at least twice a year, while it must be remembered that the more often "Brabant" is cut, the more magnificent it becomes. Because of this feature, it is this type that is chosen if it is planned to create a curly hedge with cubes, air arches, figures of birds and animals.

Planting, fertilizing and pruning thuja

These plants can be planted in autumn and spring. Although many landscape designers recommend an autumn planting, since in this case the trees have time to acclimatize before the cold weather arrives, and already with the onset of warmth they grow. In addition, if the fall turns out to be with rains, then the hedges will not need additional watering.

When planting, it is necessary to observe not only the timing, but also to successfully determine the place, because thujas are light-loving plants, and although they grow in the shade, they can lose the density of the crown.

Before planting, prepare holes that are wider and deeper than the roots. Also check the soil for density, if it is high, it can lead to stagnation of water and rotting of the root ball.

Density is removed by additional loosening. Then set the root ball so that the neck of the bush is a couple of centimeters below ground level. Add nutrient mixture to the well and water well.

The distance between the holes depends on the type of tree. If it is "Smaragd", then it should be less than or equal to eighty centimeters, and if "Brabant", then about a meter.

If the planting is spring, then the first month the seedlings need additional watering, which is done 1-3 times a week. Then watering is done only in case of drought. And in order for your hedge not to dry out, you need to mulch the soil with peat or humus.

Thuja needs feeding only the first two years after planting. For this, a combined fertilizer with a high magnesium content is used. The first top dressing is done in the spring, at the rate of 25 grams per one meter of soil. In the second year, as well as in the spring, it is recommended to apply compost at the rate of 1 liter per 1 square meter.

Do not be afraid to adjust the hedge, every time it seemed to you that somewhere the branches were growing more intensively. To avoid balding the hedge, never trim the needles close to the wood. It is better to carry out a haircut on cloudy days in order to prevent burning of the branches that were previously hidden by the upper layers of the needles.

And of course you determine the height of your thuja hedge yourself. Some people like more open horizons, and they cut the hedge to a height of about one and a half meters.

Someone wants more privacy, and adjusts the height of the plants at a distance of two and a half meters or more. In this regard, a thuja fence gives the maximum possible scope for choice.

Pruning and trimming hedges

"The hedge will have to be adequately looked after: water, feed, cut in a timely manner."

When planning a green fence at a summer cottage, one must be aware that it will require special attention, different from caring for other plantings. The hedge will have to be adequately looked after: water, feed, cut in a timely manner. Running a green fence will make your lot look unsightly. To restore the former aesthetics, you will have to cut the planting at the root and form a new one.

Landing actions

Planting shrubs and deciduous trees should be heavily pruned almost immediately after planting in the ground. They are left with an aerial part up to 15 cm. This stimulates the growth of shoots from the base.

After landing in the ground, pruning is performed

If the seedlings planted in a green hedge had open roots, then their aerial part is shortened exactly by half. Container samples are trimmed by one third.

Works in the second season

After a year, the hedge will be trimmed up to 4 times per season. As for pruning, it is minimal and is carried out solely for the purpose of giving the planting the required shape due to an increase in branching density.

Pruning must be done 4 times per season

Only such plant species as blackthorn, privet, tamaris and hawthorn will need deep pruning. The height of new shoots at the civet, barberry, hornbeam, boxwood, laurel, cypress is cut by a third. This is necessary for ennobling a living fence in the country.

Haircut in the future

After a couple of years, trimming the hedge will turn into a purely cosmetic procedure, the purpose of which will be to keep the fence neat. Basically, lateral branching will undergo correction, and the upper shoots are advised to only trim a little.

The green fence is trimmed in early spring, before the foliage appears. Conifers can be processed later. When caring for a living fence in the country with your own hands, you should know that when refining it, the base should remain wider than the upper part. This will provide sufficient illumination of the lower tiers, which will allow the plants to develop correctly.

Hedge trimming is done in spring

For trimming small-leaved hedges, a power tool is required. Large-leaved plantings are processed with pruning shears.

The subtleties of pruning hedges of free growth

The fact that free-growing hedges are not clipped is not entirely true. They also form crowns and heal.

The maximum pruning of a green fence of this type is done one year after planting. Then, as necessary, the fence is adjusted by conducting:

1. Forming haircuts. They are needed to create a saturation density of the crown with both the main (skeletal) and additional (fouling) branches. The works are carried out in February - March.

2. Supportive haircuts... They regulate the shape of the hedge crowns, providing optimal illumination for all its parts.

3. Anti-aging haircuts. A procedure that stimulates the growth of new shoots in experienced plants.

Rejuvenating hedge trimming

4. Revitalizing haircuts. A kind of resuscitation measures aimed at reviving flowering and fruiting in affected or recovered plants.

Restoring and rejuvenating pruning of a living fence in the country can be performed until mid-April or postponed to August-September.

There is also the so-called sanitary hedge trimming. In its course, faded inflorescences, dead and damaged shoots, and improperly growing branches are removed. The procedure is relevant at any time, except for the winter months and the period of juices flow.

Sanitary hedge trimming

A sanitary cut is very important for flowering hedges. Removing dead wood, weak and thickening shoots will only add to their attractiveness.

The main mistakes when cutting hedges

A common mistake in trimming hedges is shallow cutting depths. If you pity the plant and cut off only the tips of the shoots, then over time the green fence will loosen, sag and lose its decorative effect.

To avoid such problems, cut the plantings radically. Try to bring the hedge closer to last year's. Go deeper from the sides. In profile, the hedge should look taller, not wider.

Don't be afraid to radically cut your hedge

If you bring the shape of the plant closer to the cube, then with improper thinning it is easy to get ugly bare lower branches. Violation of the illumination of the lower tiers will give rise to the appearance of dry branches. If, when caring for a living fence with your own hands, you got a similar effect, immediately work on the neglected hedge, cutting it off at least half the height and removing the width by the same amount.

For rescue purposes, you can cut off the planting on a stump, trying to stimulate it to start new shoots.

A few tips for anti-aging pruning

Rejuvenation isn't just about old or neglected hedges. The procedure is also resorted to in the course of the loss of decorative properties by living fences.

Rejuvenation is desirable in two steps. In the first year, it is recommended to cut one side of the green fence, shortening the branches by 10 centimeters, and in the second year, carry out the same activities on the other side. If the case is not egregious, then the do-it-yourself hedge correction is carried out in full in one approach.

An example of anti-aging pruning

How to make a cut correctly

The cut should be made oblique. It is performed on a properly developed and perfectly healthy bud, looking at the periphery of the bush. This moment is important to maintain the shape of the green fence.

After cutting, the hedge in the country is left to recover, having previously fed, abundantly watered and mulched the soil under them. For mulching, peat, wood chips, bark or just mown grass are suitable.

Correct cut sample

For the convenience of trimming hedges, stretch cords or a wire frame with a bright color are used. The cutting height should be increased by a few centimeters annually until the optimum level is reached.

Tools for the green barber shop

You can cut a hedge with your own hands with electrical appliances or hand tools. The first category includes: brush cutter, chainsaw, electric shears. The second one contains garden shears and a regular pruner. The latter spoil the foliage less and allow you to draw out the contours of the hedges with greater care.

Hedge trimmer tool

How to cut a coniferous hedge

The period of pruning a live coniferous fence falls in April-May. Under certain conditions, it can be postponed until the fall. Best of all, do-it-yourself hairstyles lend themselves to cypress, yew and thuja. When pruning, one third of the summer gain is removed.

The most difficult thing is to form green fences from fir trees. The cutting and pruning of such plantings should be carried out with enviable constancy, otherwise there is a great risk of launching a hedge, and it will quickly transform into a dense forest.

Hedges must be trimmed regularly

In pines, only the apical shoots are shortened. The procedure is performed in May or even June. It was during this period that active growth of shoots was noted in pines.

When pruning a pine hedge, it should be borne in mind that the plant has dormant buds on its aged branches, which will not wake up after pruning. This involves performing an annular cut.

Pine crown shaping is not done with scissors - it is done by hand. As soon as the needles separate on the young shoots, they are simply twisted by holding the thumb and forefinger. This technique can stimulate the awakening of new buds and the branches of the hedge will become thick and fluffy.

Young needles must be removed when it is necessary to stop the growth of a young shoot.

Plucking can be done on all types of conifers. This is done once, usually in early spring. This restriction does not apply only to juniper green fences in the country, since such an action should be carried out with them constantly.

Growing coniferous living fences with your own hands without molding will require special care in winter. Their round, pyramidal, columnar crowns are tied with hemp for the period of snowfall. This will save them from breaking off branches and losing their shape, which, by the way, can be facilitated not only by a heavy snow cover covering their paws, but also by excessive dampness.

If a couple of branches break under the snow cap, they will have to be removed by proper pruning.

Hawthorn hedge - original zoning of the suburban area

Getting a hedge is a tempting idea. Laconic and well-groomed, it has become the hallmark of England. This landscape structure is not just a beautiful decor, it is functional.

Advantages of a hedge

The hedge has long been common in all corners of the world. The huge demand for it is increasing every year, and all thanks to its relatively large number of advantages:

  • Effective protection of property from illegal intrusion and prying eyes. Translated from Latin, "hawthorn" means strong. As you can see, the name of the hedge reflects the special strength of the shrub and the rigidity of its branches. If you constantly cut the crown of the hawthorn, then it will thicken, and the countless number of sharp thorns will make the green hedge inaccessible to uninvited guests and animals.
  • Natural naturalness. Hawthorn greens are not only pleasing to the eye, they can be used as a backdrop for other plants as they blend well with them, garden designs and buildings.
  • Environmental Safety. The purity of the wood of the shrub is not in doubt, birds live inside it.
  • The hawthorn hedge has excellent soundproofing properties. It makes the air cleaner as it prevents dust and exhaust fumes from entering.

  • Low costs for material (seedlings and fertilizers, possibly trellises) and work. Most often, hedges are grown with their own hands.
  • Unpretentiousness to conditions. Hawthorn is resistant to frost and drought, it is not demanding on the soil. Its shoots have survived for centuries.
  • Long service life. If you care for a hedge, adhering to all the rules (watering, feeding, cutting and loosening the soil), it will last for many decades. A hedge is known that was planted more than three centuries ago. It is located in the UK.
  • Always in fashion. Living design does not threaten obsolescence, it will remain prestigious regardless of fashion trends. After all, it was used to decorate land plots in the days of Ancient Rome.

Another plant that is often used for the construction of a hedge is thuja seedlings. Thuja will make an excellent evergreen fence that will protect you from both noise and dust. When organizing flower beds or planting new seedlings of trees and bushes, we recommend using wood chips, which will allow you to avoid overgrowing with weeds. Read the details in our article at the link.

Hawthorn varieties for hedges

There are 1200 species of hawthorn. In practice, Russian gardeners use about 15 species. The most common are common hawthorn, fan-shaped, softish and Siberian.

  • Softish hawthorn is a tree with large oval-shaped leaves and soft, juicy, very tasty and healthy red berries. The shoots are olive-colored, have small spines up to 9 cm. The crown has a spherical shape.
  • Siberian hawthorn is a tall shrub (1-4 meters) with oval-shaped leaves and white inflorescences. On young shoots, thorns are almost completely absent, which makes this species different from the rest. From the Siberian hawthorn, I. Michurin bred a new species of mountain ash called pomegranate, after crossing with it
  • Common hawthorn is a medium-sized tree with a height of 3 to 5 meters. The leaves are colored bright and shiny green, and also has white inflorescences. Its thorns are small, and the branches are colored olive or red. Juicy red berries are used in cooking for the preparation of compotes, jelly, pies
  • The fan-shaped hawthorn is a tree with upward-pointing branches, a triangular leaf shape and yellow berries. Its height reaches 6 meters, and the length of curved thorns is 6 cm.The fan-shaped hawthorn is very often used for hedges

Fan-shaped hawthorn variety

  • Black hawthorn is a small shrub with black berries and small sharp-toothed leaves. The length of the spines is about 1 cm

  • Monopostochny hawthorn is an unpretentious and fast-growing shrub. It differs from other species in bright red berries with one bone.

Varieties: one-footed hawthorn

Each of the above varieties of hawthorn has its own advantages, is used for growing hedges and becomes an excellent decoration for any landscape design.

What place to choose in the garden for planting hawthorns?

Before planting a hawthorn for a hedge, you should choose a place that will meet all the requirements for its normal growth.

Hawthorn is a sun-loving plant, so it is planted away from tall trees. In addition to providing shade, they take up moisture with their long roots. Experienced gardeners do not recommend planting lawn grass at their foot. It also takes food and moisture from the soil.

The soil for planting hawthorn should be fertile with an acidity of pH 7.5-8.0. If this is not the case, liming the soil is carried out. First, the soil is cultivated to a depth of 0.5 meters. A complex fertilizer is placed at the bottom of the pit at the rate of 70-80 g per m2, then filled with a composition of identical parts of sand, humus, peat and earth. The deeper the cultivation, the greater the benefit for the roots of the hawthorn, since they grow deeper into the ground by more than 2 meters.

How to plant a hawthorn for a hedge?

Hawthorn saplings, intended for hedges, are chosen 2-3 years old. They take root faster than mature trees.

First, dig a long trench with a depth of about 60 cm, and a width of 50 cm. This width is calculated for one row.

Bushes are planted at a distance of a meter, if the hedge should be a dense, green wall. If the landscape design assumes the natural growth of hawthorn, the seedlings are planted at a greater distance of up to 2 meters. In the future, the width of the hedge becomes larger due to the growth of branches.

Planting scheme of hawthorn seedlings in a hedge

When planting hawthorns, the depth of the hole must fully accommodate the root system. A hole for purchased seedlings with a root ball or bush in a container is made 2 times larger than their volume. Be sure to water the hawthorn after planting and mulch the soil. It is also necessary to monitor the constant moisture content of the root zone. If you make additional holes for each plant, then they will accumulate water and moisture.

Planting technology of hawthorn bushes for hedges

After planting a hawthorn for a hedge, the bushes hemp to grow a multi-stemmed plant, while the diameter of their trunks at the beginning of the roots should reach from 1.5 to 2 cm. This is enough for rooting the bushes. Otherwise, growth retardation of hawthorn is possible.

Hemping is done during or when autumn leaves fall. It consists in sawing off branches at a height of 10-25 cm. This allows the lower buds to awaken and make the hawthorn a thick bush.

Planting a hawthorn in a prepared trench

Forming a hedge profile

The design of the green hedge is started in the second year after the hawthorn planting. With scissors or pruning shears, cut off dry branches and those that protrude beyond the outlined lines. In the future, the hedge is trimmed, adhering to the same height, so that it does not overgrow.

Growing a hawthorn hedge is a real art. Its design can have any shape, but it is important to take into account that trimmed bushes may not bloom and not set fruit.

Cutting protruding shoots near hawthorn bushes

A classic hedge is made in a rectangular shape, without tapering the crown, as with the natural growth of hawthorn bushes. Over time, it is exposed at the roots so that the lower part receives a sufficient amount of sunlight.

If you make a trapezoidal hedge with a smoothly rounded top, it will look more natural. When forming it, the evenness of the edges is not adhered to, as is the geometric accuracy of the contour, but the design of the fence is somewhat more complicated.

Hedge care

A do-it-yourself hawthorn hedge needs constant care, which consists of watering, annual fertilization, as well as caring for the near-trunk circles (mulching the soil and removing weeds).

To fertilize the soil, a mixture of humus, compost and peat is made at the rate of 1 bucket per 1 running meter of area. Fertilize it either in the fall before digging, or in the spring when loosening. Sometimes it can be sprinkled with nitrogen granules in the spring, phosphorus-potassium granules from mid-July until the autumn digging.

The hawthorn is cut twice a season until mid-summer, since the shoots stop growing at the end of July. The branches are trimmed no shorter than half or 2/3 of the length of their growth, so that the bottom of the green hedge does not become too sparse and bald.

It is important to monitor the moisture content of the soil near the trunks, and maintain it with systematic watering with water at room temperature. For the first five years, hawthorn regularly needs to be watered at the root in the evening, without irrigating the crown. You also need to loosen the soil on each side by 60-80 cm.

Rejuvenating old hedges

If the bottom of the shrub is nevertheless exposed for various reasons (irregular cutting, lack of light and inappropriate soil acidity), rejuvenating pruning of hawthorn hedges can fix this. To do this, the stems are cut down 25 cm from the ground and a hedge is formed from the new branches.

Create a hawthorn trellis hedge

The decorative trellis fence is extremely beautiful, although it takes a lot of time to create it. It is formed with the help of a temporary wooden support with planks nailed horizontally at a distance of 30 to 50 cm. Young one- or two-year-old trees are planted next to the trellis.

The next year they will be stumped. Two strong branches are left at each of the trellises.The other shoots are cut off, leaving 10 cm of hemp. The following spring, a lattice is formed from the branches, crossing them at an angle of 45 ° and attaching them to the trellises.

Trellis fence design

Where the crossed adjacent branches touch each other, part of the bark is cut off. They are fixed with electrical tape and treated with garden varnish. After the accretion of the crossed places, the electrical tape is removed in order for the branches to develop. Further, depending on their growth, they are attached to the nearest plank, and the protruding branches are cut off. This is done for the next four years.

Living green trellis hedge

The height of the trellis is brought up to the required footage. The width of the hedge is approximately 30 cm. Over time, the intertwined branches of the bushes grow together, while the stems become strong and thick, the hedge is dense and durable. The holes in the trellis hedge are gradually overgrown. To make it very tall, you need to increase the number of horizontal planks.

Photo and video of a hawthorn hedge in landscape design

The video below tells in detail about the features of planting and caring for a hawthorn, tips for building a hedge.

Living wall of hawthorn

Use case: live canopy

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Live fence: types and classification

The process of evolution of hedges from green spaces has been going on for centuries, as a result, today we have received a huge species heritage of similar garden design objects classified according to various parameters. A hedge can vary in the following ways:

  • height
  • haircut intensity
  • landing row.

Division of hedges by height

In this category, you can grow three subspecies of living fences with your own hands:

Low landings are characterized by a low height and are called curbs. Curbs growing no higher than a meter are used to mark the boundaries of lawns, paths, flower beds.

The next category includes a hedge of shrubs and stunted trees, growing 1 to 2 meters. Their area of ​​application is the zoning of the site according to functional characteristics.

Zoning the site with a hedge

Tall hedges in the country can reach two meters in height and are usually located around the perimeter of the site.

High hedges around the perimeter of the site

Division of hedges according to the intensity of the haircut

By cutting, hedges are divided into free-growing and molded ones. The shape of the former is practically not corrected. Plants develop in arbitrary directions. A molded hedge with your own hands is more difficult to create, since the planting will need to support the clarity of the geometry of the shapes, that is, regular care and haircut, and not all summer residents are ready for this.

Division of hedges in order of planting

By the method of planting, hedges can be:

The easiest way is to grow a single-row live fence with your own hands. Plants are planted here in one line, observing a given step distance. The value of the latter depends on the variety and type of planting material. For a hedge made of shrubs, this figure is 30 - 50 cm, for trees, it increases to 75 - 150 cm.

Classic single row hedge

Two-row and three-line hedges consist, respectively, of two and three rows of different-tiered planting. In a multi-tiered living fence, a specific planting of plants is provided: they are arranged in a checkerboard pattern. The distance between individuals is determined by the estimated size of the crowns and the height of growth.

Double row hedge

A cascading green fence in the country should be created with a grain of imagination. In it, you can intersperse the molded "steps" with a free-growing planting, as well as mix various varieties of trees and types of shrubs.

An unformed green fence made of barberry, honeysuckle, and irgi will look great. In mixed plantings, it is good to use plants of the same subspecies, but different varietal accessories. This will give you a hedge in a variety of colors.

An excellent solution would be a multi-layer live fence in the country house made of a mix of variegated privet, lilac and green beeches, holly. Of course, it will take up a lot of space, but it will perfectly hide the area from unwanted views and highway noise.

Making a hawthorn hedge

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Hawthorn is a classic hedge plant. As a leader in "roundabout", he can become a real "guard" of your garden.

Depending on the type of hedge, choose suitable landing pattern: in a single-row hedge, plants are planted at a distance of 30-50 cm, in a two-row hedge - at a distance of 50-70 cm, and 50-60 cm recede between the rows.

When creating a two-row hedge, plants are planted staggered... To create living walls, one row of plants is laid 0.8-1 m apart from each other.

To create a hedge, use biennial hawthorn seedlingssince plants older than 3-6 years old take root much worse. The soil prepare in the same way as for planting single plants. After landing the soil under the plants is well compacted and watered. To reduce moisture evaporation and to suppress the growth of weeds, the still wet soil is mulched with peat chips, sawdust or crushed tree bark.

Cropping options

Hawthorn hedges are grown in two main varieties: formed and free... When the formation hedges from the shoots that appeared the next year leave one or two, the rest are cut out. The emerging shoots are intertwined with each other until the hedge reaches the desired height and density.

When the hedge reaches the desired size and shape, you can start pruning

Free growing hawthorn hedges also need a shoot pin during the first stages of their growth. the apical buds have greater germination energy and inhibit the growth of lateral buds. If you give them free rein, the hedge will quickly stretch out and bare from below.

Principles of pruning hawthorn

With a strong growth of shoots for hawthorn is permissible 2-3 haircuts per season, and the last pruning should be no later than mid-July. In this case, each time cut off 1 / 2-2 / 3 of the length of the current increment.

For low hedges, a rectangular shaping profile is preferable, for living walls - a trapezoidal one, with an angle of inclination of the side walls of 70-80 degrees (this significantly improves the light regime of the branches at the base of the structure).

Hawthorn hedge maintenance

Hedge after planting cut off at the level of 10-15 cm from the soil. Mandatory for the first two years after planting watering and loosening the soil at a distance of 50-80 cm from plants.

The formed hedge must be cut and fed in a timely manner.

Two years later, hawthorn plants feed dry organic fertilizers - in autumn or early spring for digging (2-4 kg of humus, compost or peat per 1 sq. m). Along with organic fertilizers, mineral fertilizers are also applied: during the early spring loosening of the soil, the plants are fed with nitrogen fertilizers (60-80 g of ammonium sulfate per 1 sq. salt per square meter).

Young planting of decorative forms of hawthorn for winter it is better to cover with fallen leaves with a layer of 5-10 cm in order to protect the roots from freezing and evaporation when the soil thaws in spring.

Watch the video: How to Prune an Overgrown Hedge. This Old House

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