5 secrets of long and abundant flowering of petunias

Petunia is called the queen of the garden. Every gardener who plants this plant hopes to get a beautiful blooming ball in his area. How to make flowering abundant and long-lasting, we will tell you in this article.

Space for roots

The roots of the plant require space, as they grow well, so petunias are planted at a certain distance from each other:

  • 30 cm for varieties that form large bushes;
  • 25 cm for varieties with large flowers;
  • 20 cm for small flowers.

If the seedlings are planted in flowerpots, the following rule should be followed - 5 liters of land per bush.

Quality land

Petunia grows well on sandy loam and loam, in open sunny areas. Before planting, it is imperative to add compost or humus. To create a good breathable soil, soil is also mixed with peat, ash can be added.

Planting seedlings is carried out together with a lump of earth, preferably in the evening, not earlier than the second half of May. After planting, the plant is watered abundantly, and the next day it is mulched to prevent moisture evaporation.

Regular feeding

The plant is very fond of regular feeding. The first fertilization is done a week after planting in the ground.

At the very beginning, it is necessary to use nitrogen fertilizers so that the bush grows faster. A little later, to stimulate flowering, phosphorus and potassium mixtures are used, for example, potassium monophosphate. They need to be applied when the buds begin to form.

If yellow spots appear on the leaves, it is necessary to use an iron chelate preparation. Processing is carried out 3 or 4 times with an interval of several days.

Top dressing for petunias is carried out at least once every five days. Fertilizers are applied both root and foliar.

Sufficient watering

Watering is done in the evening every day or every other day, under the roots of the plant, so as not to damage the flowers. On a hot summer day, this procedure is carried out twice a day, in the morning and in the evening. The next day, weeding and loosening of the soil must be carried out to prevent the formation of a crust.

Petunias love abundant watering, with a lack of moisture, flowering weakens, but it is important to prevent waterlogging, in which case fungal diseases may occur. If the plant is in a pot or flowerpot, drainage must be done.

Plant formation

When gardeners buy a small plant with young seedlings, it is imperative to make the first pick, pinch the twig over the third leaf. The length of the separated shoot should be 3-4 cm. It is better to do this with the top so that the lateral branches grow. To form a beautiful blooming ball, it is also necessary to pinch the lateral stems when they grow 10-15 cm in length.

An important procedure is the removal of dead flowers, which take a lot of energy from the plant. This simple action will lead to better bud formation.

Observing these simple rules, you can get a wonderful plant that will delight you with flowers from the end of May to October.

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How to grow an ampelous petunia: rules for planting and leaving

Indoor flowering plants help create a cozy, eye-pleasing atmosphere in the house. If we are talking about decorating a garden, a personal plot, a terrace or a gazebo, then the first plant that comes to mind is ampelous petunia. This amazing subspecies of the plant, which is often called cascading, is distinguished by especially long and very flexible shoots, sometimes reaching 1.0-1.5 meters.

Petunia is widespread in countries with warm climates and is found there in a wide variety of colors, descends in bright multi-colored "waterfalls" along the fences and walls of hotels, hangs with voluminous "caps" from pots at the entrance doors and frames balconies and windows with lush flowering.

Is there a difference between ampelous petunias and cascading ones? All varieties and hybrids of ampelous plants are conventionally divided into three groups:

In order for petunia flowers to grow beautiful and lush, and the funds spent not purchasing seeds are not wasted, you should familiarize yourself with the rules for planting and growing these plants.

Features of petunia care

No special care for this flower is required, it is enough to know the basic rules of watering, fertilization and initially choose a suitable place for planting. Also, once a month, you need to clear the land in which petunia grows from weeds.

Appropriate place

Most often, the petunia flower is a wonderful decoration for "sunny" flower beds or places in partial shade. This flower is one of the few plants in the garden that can safely tolerate direct sunlight and the heat of the afternoon, therefore petunia is often planted in the center of the flower bed or along its edges. This flower is picky about the soil, the main thing is that the land is not swampy.

Optimal watering

Watering should be moderate, but regular, it should be done in the early morning or evening, after sunset, but in no case at lunchtime. This plant reacts worst of all to stagnant water, therefore it is advisable to water it often, but in small portions. If your petunia is hanging in a hanging pot or planter, then the plant should be hidden during the rain period.

Plant fertilization

The abundance of petunia flowering depends on regular feeding, therefore, from the moment of planting, complex mineral fertilizers must be applied once or twice a week.

Advice: it should be remembered that an excess of fertilizers is detrimental to the plant, therefore it is better to initially carefully study the instructions and not apply more fertilizers to the soil than should be.
It must be remembered, especially if the petunia is planted not in open ground, but in a container, that the quantity and quality of the plant's flowering directly depends on the quantity and quality of fertilizers applied.

Petunia transplant

At the end of autumn, you can dig up your favorite petunia and plant it in any container that you need to hide in a dark, cool place and provide with rare watering. In the spring, a pot of petunia is exposed in a sunny place and awaits a beautiful, abundant flowering.

Basic rules for caring for indoor ferns.

At the moment, about 8 thousand species of ferns are known, but only 200 of them are suitable for artificial cultivation. Ferns are very popular in indoor floriculture due to their spectacular appearance and ability to purify the air. Very often they can be found in winter gardens and greenhouses.

Despite the variety of species, all ferns are characterized by the same structure of the plant: the rhizome with a rather large rosette of openwork leaves extending from it.
They are also united by similar conditions of detention, with the exception of some nuances. The most popular types in indoor floriculture: nephrolepis, cytomium, pellea, Cretan pteris, davallia and nesting Kostenets.
Natives of tropical and subtropical climates, all ferns do not tolerate drafts and cold. But high temperatures coupled with dry air have a negative effect on these plants.

The optimal conditions for growing ferns are 15-20 C, but not lower than 10 C and not higher than 23 C.
Indoor ferns do not tolerate direct sunlight at all, from which severe burns appear on the leaves. Therefore, the best places for plants are western and eastern windows with bright, but diffused sunlight. Despite the fact that the fern does not tolerate drafts, the room in which it is located must be regularly ventilated.

Water is very important to a successful cultivation. Watering should be carried out regularly, as the earthen coma dries up. With the onset of the growth period, it is necessary to increase the frequency of watering, and when the plant enters the dormant phase, it needs to be watered quite rarely, but still watering should not be completely stopped. Water for irrigation should be well-separated, soft, without lime, at room temperature.

Ferns in apartments must be sprayed or kept next to a humidifier. You can also use a pallet filled with damp pebbles, expanded clay or peat, which should never dry out. Humid air is vital for ferns, do not forget that they come from the tropics and subtropics.

Ferns need fertilizing in spring and summer. Top dressing, consisting only of mineral salts, is not suitable for indoor ferns. Optimal use of humic fertilizers.
For the prevention of various diseases and attacks of pests, it is recommended to wash the fern with water and spray it with tobacco infusion. But the most important protection of ferns from pests is maintaining high humidity and the right temperature.
The pale color of the leaves and poor growth of the fern indicate a lack of nutrients. With excessively dry and warm air, the leaves begin to turn yellow from the base, and brownish spots appear on older leaves.
With poor watering, indoor fern begins to lose its leaves.

Diseases and pests

The main diseases of petunias are as follows.

  • Chlorosis - can occur if the water from the water supply is not properly defended. Leaves are covered with white spots, growth stops.
  • Cucumber mosaic - a disease that appears on the leaves with multi-colored spots.
  • Tomato virus - flowers become miniature, petals curl and change shape.
  • Blackleg Is a fungal disease, the root system and trunk in the area of ​​the soil turn black and rot.
  • Late blight may be triggered by cold weather. The branches darken and then turn brown.
  • Spider mite - a formidable enemy of petunias and other plants. Difficult to find, it is also difficult to derive it.
  • Thrips - pose a great threat to the plant. Black streaks appear on the trunk and leaves.

Before planting, plants should be treated with biological products, as well as "Fitosporin", "Trichodermin". The soil is also often irrigated with a sulfur solution.

For the varieties and care of petunias, see the video below.

Watch the video: Put Baking Soda On Your Garden Plants and This will Happen

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