Bellis perennis - Asteraceae - How to care for and grow your daisy or daisy


HOW TO GROW AND CARE FOR OUR PLANTS

BELLIS

better known as PRATOLINA or MARGHERITINA

There Bellis perennis it is the daisy or daisy that we so frequently encounter in our lawns or that we cultivate in our gardens to rejoice with its grace and beauty.

BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION

Kingdom

:

Plantae

Clado

: Angiosperms

Clado

: Eudicotyledons

Clado

: Asteris

Order

:

Asterales

Family

:

Asteraceae (former Compositae)

Kind

:

Bellis

Species

Bellis perennis

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS

The genre Bellisof the family of Asteraceae (former Compositae), with the species BELLIS PERENNIS, is certainly the most widespread genus of daisy including perennial and rustic plants originating from the European and Turkish grasslands growing up to 2000 m of altitude.

They are acauli plants therefore without a real stem but provided with a long floral peduncle that comes directly from the basal rosette of leaves.

Leaves spatula obovals (which narrow towards the petiole) have a simple or slightly indented leaf blade at the apex and crossed by a central nerve.

The roots they are a short creeping rhizome (taproot).


Note 1

The flowers of the Bellis perennis i are those typical of Asteraceae. In fact, the "flower" is actually an inflorescence, called flower head: in the central part there are small tubular yellow flowers, and in the external part of the small ligulate flowers, which bear a single white or slightly pink ligule. generally globose and the pollination is entomophilous.

The fruit it is an indehiscent achene with a reduced or absent pappus.


Note 1


Note 1

The genus includes about 15 species but the most widespread and cultivated is the Bellis perennis, which also grows spontaneously in central and southern Italy.

They are very decorative plants that form really nice splashes of color. However, they are considered pests, because the rhizomes tend to expand and spread often in an uncontrolled manner.

MAIN SPECIES

BELLIS PERENNIS better known as PRATOLINA or MARGHERITINA

There Bellis perennis it is certainly the best known and most widespread. It is a perennial plant, particularly rustic and bred mostly as a biennial as over time it tends to lose its beauty and the brilliance of colors. Form of the basal rosettes of flowers with flower heads with a diameter of 1-2 cm. The flowers are white ligulate often tinged with pink arranged around a central yellow disc formed by yellow hermaphroditic flowers. The leaves are basal and narrow to the petiole.

It is used for borders, to create oases of color in gardens, or in pots on the balcony or terrace in any case outdoors as they are not suitable plants to be grown indoors.

There Bellis perennis it is a widespread plant in Europe and Asia Minor. It does not reach large dimensions when it does not exceed 10-15 cm in height.

From Bellis perennis double-flowered varieties have been obtained; varieties with only ligulate flowers; others with flowers that have only the central disc. As well as varieties with red flowers in different shades have been selected.

The most cultivated cultivars generally they are those that have spherical flower heads, formed only by ligulate flowers, of a pink, white or purple color. In particular:

the cultivars of the Habanera series (photo below) produce flower heads with long pink, white or red petals up to 6 cm wide that bloom in early summer.

The cultivars of the Pomponette series (photo below) have double pink, white or red flower heads.

The cultivars of the Roggli series (photo below) they bloom early and abundantly with semi-double flower heads of red, salmon pink or white, up to 3 cm wide.

The cultivars of the Tasso series (photo below) they produce double pink, white or red flower heads up to 6 cm wide.

CULTURAL TECHNIQUE

Daisies or daisies are very rustic plants that must be grown in full sun or, if not possible, in partial shade. Never in complete shade.

They are plants that do not fear the cold. In fact, we often find them in bloom starting from the end of winter.

WATERING

The spontaneous and wild species do not need watering unless the season is particularly dry.The cultivars that are generally cultivated for ornamental purposes (especially those with spherical flowers) instead need regular watering, but making sure that the soil is well dry between one watering and another.

TYPE OF SOIL - REPOT

There Bellis perennis it needs a soft, loose and well-draining soil as you will not tolerate water stagnation. However, keep in mind that they are plants that love soils where organic matter is present.

FERTILIZATION

The cultivars of Bellis perennis cultivated for ornamental purposes, they should be fertilized every two weeks by diluting a liquid fertilizer in the irrigation water. This is done throughout the flowering period, while fertilization must be suspended during the other periods of the year.

It is good to use complete fertilizers that in addition to having nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) also have microelements such as magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), copper ( Cu), molybdenum (Mo), zinc (Zn), boron (B), all important for plant growth. Therefore, when you go to buy it, read the label to check which mineral elements are present. Generally those most present in florists contain only nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Well try not to take them but only buy fertilizers complete with the different mineral elements. Your plants will thank you.

PRUNING

They are plants that cannot be pruned. Only the leaves and flowers that dry up or get damaged are eliminated to prevent them from becoming a vehicle for disease.

FLOWERING

The Bellis perennis they bloom from late winter to late summer, in fact, from the end of winter to autumn, thin, often arched stems, about 10-15 cm high, appear between the leaves and bear the inflorescences.

To encourage the production of new flowers, it is good to remove the flowers that gradually wither.

MULTIPLICATION

There Bellis perennis it mostly multiplies by division of the clump as many varieties do not produce seeds or it can be reproduced by seed.

MULTIPLICATION BY DIVISION OF BUSHES

At the end of winter (March), the seedless daisy plants divide and plant in fertile garden soil, in the sun or in partially sunny areas.

MULTIPLICATION BY SEED

The seeds are placed in early summer (June) in shallow furrows outdoors or in spring in pots at temperatures between 10-13 ° C.

Once the seedlings are born, they expect them to grow and harden. In September, when the seedlings are large enough, they can be permanently planted where you want them, about 20-25 cm away from each other.

PARASITES AND DISEASES

They are not particularly disease-prone plants.

THERAPEUTIC PROPERTIES

The flower heads and leaves of the Bellis perennis they can be used to combat cough and phlegm.

It is also used as a support to therapies for arthritis (having anti-inflammatory properties), for liver disorders and kidney problems. It also has laxative properties, stimulates diuresis and sweating thus functioning as a detoxifier.

In the past, poultices from boiled leaves were used to treat bruises, bruises, sprains and boils.

In cosmetics, the plant is used to lighten the skin and decongest the face around the eyes.

CURIOSITY'

It is said that the daisy made the Queen of Scots Mary Queen of Scots say the following words: "Now nature hangs her green cloak on every flowering tree and opens her sheet of white daisies on the grassy lawn" she loved this little flower so much.

The name Bellis it is thought to derive from Latin bellum which means "war" probably because it was able to heal the wounds caused by the war; or from the Latin bellus "Beautiful, graceful". The name perennis "Perennial" for the life cycle of the plant.

It would seem that in the Middle Ages, with the flower heads of Bellis perennis, the love destinies of the people were predicted. From this should derive the very famous game she loves Me, she loves me not: they take off one petal at a time by saying to each petal he loves me and to the next does not love me and so on. In the end, the last petal will tell if the person you thought about loves us or not.

The infusion of its leaves is a good insect repellent.

There Bellis perennis it is also used in the kitchen. In fact, its leaves collected before flowering can be eaten raw in salads or used to make excellent soups. The flower heads, on the other hand, can be pickled.

There Bellis perennis it is often confused with the Chrysanthemum alpinum (photo below). To recognize them just look at the leaves: in Chrysanthemum alpinum they are deeply divided into narrow laciniae and not all grow at the base but also present on the scape.


Chrysanthemum alpinum

Note
1. Image licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License

Video: Daisy Bellis perennis


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