Sneaky (lat.Aegopodium) - a genus of herbaceous perennials of the Umbrella family, common in Europe and Asia. There are eight species in the genus, but the most famous is the common herb (Aegopodium podagraria), which is used as a melliferous, medicinal, fodder and vitamin plant. At the same time, runny is a weed that is very difficult to lime, but its variegated form is very popular among gardeners and is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant, despite its aggressive behavior.
We will tell you what it looks like, how to grow it and what is its value.
Read more about the cultivation of the dream below.
The rhizome is creeping, horizontal; the stem is hollow, up to 1 m high, straight, furrowed, branching in the upper part. The lower leaves are twice trifoliate, with pointed oblong and sharp-serrated leaves up to 8 cm long along the edge; the upper trifoliate leaves are located on short petioles and are smaller in size than the lower ones. On the upper side, the leaf blades of the dream are almost naked, pubescent below, their venation is pinnate.
Small white flowers in the amount of 15-20 pieces are collected in umbrellas up to 15 cm in diameter and form a complex inflorescence with 20-30 rays. Umbrellas formed at the top of the stem are fertile, while the lateral ones are sterile. The fruit of the plant is a brown oblong and flattened two-seeded box up to 4 mm long.
The plant is sown to runny, like any other herbs. Sowing is carried out in the spring or before winter. The sown area must be limited so that the runny weed does not spread throughout the garden. To do this, iron sheets or slate are dug in along the perimeter of the garden in such a way that they go into the ground by at least 30 cm.
If you want to grow decorative flies on the site, then in specialized stores or garden pavilions you can purchase its seedlings. It is better to first plant them in plastic or iron containers with drainage holes, and then dig these containers into the soil in the flower garden.
In the photo: Flowering dream
Dimple prefers shady places and grows well under trees, and in a sunny place the variegated variety of the plant will not be so attractive.
Water the snow regularly. During a drought, the plant requires more frequent watering, but the water consumption should be moderate. Ornamental varieties and plant species need periodic sanitary pruning: diseased, dry and damaged shoots should be removed. Some gardeners renew their greenery by resorting to complete mowing of the dream.
To preserve the decorativeness of the plant, it is necessary to promptly remove the peduncles with inflorescences, otherwise the runny will gradually degenerate into a wild-growing form: from the seeds that have spilled onto the ground, only runny can grow.
When growing dreamy in poor soil, it is advisable in early summer fertilize the soil - organic or mineral. However, do not overdo it: drowning can do without feeding.
In the photo: Leaves of dream
Runny - the plant is winter-hardy and can withstand frosts down to -39 ˚C, without requiring shelter.
Sometimes the runny is attacked by aphids or spider mites. This usually happens during a prolonged drought. If you see that the leaves of a plant are curling, take a closer look, and you are likely to find pests parasitizing the plant. They destroy ticks and aphids with Actellik, Matcha or Aktara solutions.
Slime can be affected by fungal infections that cause anthracnose or powdery mildew. You need to fight these diseases with the help of Skor, Horus, Maxim, Radomil Gold or other fungicides of a similar action.
As ornamental plants are grown:
A drought-resistant plant up to half a meter in height, originally from Central Asia, with delicate umbrella-shaped inflorescences of small white flowers and finely cut leaves of a light green color.
In the photo: Alpine snow (Aegopodium alpestre)
Garden form of common dream with a wide light green, almost white border on the leaves.
In the photo: Variegated dream (Aegopodium podagraria Variegatum)
Both of these plants are not as aggressive as the common runny, which, if you plant it on the site, is unlikely to get rid of it. However, many deliberately sow dreaming in their garden for its medicinal properties.
The composition of dream contains flavonoids kaempferol and quercitin, useful for the human body, which have high antiviral and antitumor activity. They also increase the elasticity of blood vessels and help to heal allergies. Falcarindinol and falcarinol contained in dream reduce the risk of cancer and destroy fungal infections. A substance such as apigenin is also part of the dream, in which American scientists have discovered the ability to stop the development of cancerous tumors and reduce the size of existing formations. Further studies of the substances that make up the dream may lead to the creation of a drug with a new principle of action on cancer cells.
One spoonful of plant juice can energize the body and strengthen the immune system, weakened after long winter days. Sleep preparations are used as a prophylactic and therapeutic agent in the fight against iron deficiency anemia and hypovitaminosis, and the anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties of the plant allow it to be used to treat gout, rheumatism, arthrosis and arthritis.
It is useful to fall asleep in the spring, when people lack minerals and vitamins.
Eating sleepyheads can relieve digestive problems, relieve inflammation in the gallbladder and liver, and increase bile production. It cures dullness from diseases of the bladder and kidneys, relieves swelling. The plant is also effective as a means of combating the formation of blood clots, it also promotes the resorption of already existing blood clots.
In the photo: How it blooms in the garden
Antifungal, anti-inflammatory, wound-healing, antitumor effect of sleepiness makes it possible to use it for the treatment of diathesis, erysipelas and fungal diseases.
It is not recommended to use the runny for those who have an individual intolerance to the substances that make up the plant. Other contraindications have not yet been identified.
Sections: Garden plants Perennials Herbaceous Medicinal Weed Honey plants Umbrella (Celery) Plants on C
The Gaultheria plant, also called Gautieria, or Gaultheria, or Goltheria, is a member of the Heather family. This genus unites about 80 species. In nature, they can be found in Asia, New Zealand, South and North America, and also Australia. This genus was named after Jean-François Gaultier, who was one of the first researchers of the flora of Canada, as well as a French physician and botanist. Only some of the species are cultivated by gardeners as ornamental plants.
For medicinal purposes, the leaves, stems and flowers of dream are harvested, both individually and the whole herb. Depending on the type of medicinal raw materials, runny is harvested during the entire spring-summer period. As a rule, it is not practiced to harvest snow for future use - it is preferable to use raw materials fresh. If necessary, the grass can be dried in the open air, providing protection against ultraviolet radiation, which destroys biologically active substances. The roots can be dried in ovens.
Store raw materials in wooden crates, multilayer paper bags or cardboard boxes.
Young tea leaves can also be preserved or frozen for use as a vitamin supplement in culinary dishes.
There are several subspecies of this plant, among them the most popular are the Kashmir runny, the common runny and the variegated runny, also called decorative. In terms of food and medicine, the first type of herbaceous wild plant is used.
Sleep is one of the best honey plants, it contains a lot of fiber and pectin, contains a whole complex of vitamins: A, C, B, as well as iron, manganese and copper. The terrestrial part of wild plants is rich in the flavonoids quercetin and kaempferol. Dreams contain umbelliferose and glucose with fructose, cyclitols such as scilit and glucinol. The plant contains lectins and coumarins umbelliferone, as well as bergapteni xanthotoxin. In a small amount there are nitrogen-containing compounds, in particular, choline. Of the amino acids contained in sleep, arginine deserves special attention.
Herbal preparations obtained from marshmallow are used for the treatment of respiratory diseases. Protective, expectorant, in a certain concentration - antitussive, enveloping, anti-inflammatory and emollient action of marshmallow can be used for tracheitis, chronic bronchitis, laryngitis, whooping cough, bronchopneumonia, acute respiratory infections, bronchial asthma. It should be noted that the use of marshmallow preparations for bronchial asthma is effective only in combination with bronchospasmolytics, for example, theofedrine.
Benefits of marshmallow for the gastrointestinal tract. In gastroenterology, marshmallow is used to treat gastritis and gastric ulcer. The mucus of the marshmallow root promotes a longer effect of other anti-inflammatory drugs on the gastric mucosa, slowing down their evacuation, which prolongs the therapeutic effect. The higher the acidity of the gastric juice, the higher the effectiveness of the marshmallow mucus.
In addition to internal use, the mucous infusion of the roots is used in the form of enemas for dysentery and diarrhea of various etiologies.
Althea tincture and extract are used internally to treat eczema and psoriasis. In patients, there is a transition from a progressive stage of the disease to a regressive one, the intensity of the rash decreases. In addition, patients notice an improvement in appetite, sleep, and general condition.
The following preparations are obtained from raw marshmallow medicinal:
The ground parts of the plant are harvested at the very beginning of flowering, until the stem is stiff. Then the collected parts are dried in the shade. For seasoning, collect the petals of fully blossoming flowers. This is how a bright aroma of seasonings is achieved. When dried, the color of the petals is preserved, and the seasoning can be made multi-colored. Only dry pink, white and blue petals separately.
The shelf life of the dried herb is short; after six months, the dry plant loses all its healing qualities, even if it is hermetically sealed.