Melba is a great summer apple tree

For many, the Melba apple is the taste of childhood. It is difficult to forget and cannot be confused with anything. A fragrant, juicy, sweet apple still pleases our children and grandchildren. The lack of a variety in the form of a lack of immunity to scab cannot exclude it from the range of popular ones, despite the abundance of new modern varieties.

Description of the variety

The variety was obtained in 1898 at the Central Experimental Station of the Canadian state of Ottawa and was named Melba in honor of the then famous Australian singer Nellie Melba. It's hard to say when he came to Russia. The variety was sent for state variety trials in 1940. It was entered into the state register in 1947 under the name Melba. It also had the name Azure, but the name Melba stuck most of all - so we will call it. Late summer or early autumn variety. Zoned in all regions, except for the Northern, Ural and Far Eastern regions.

Winter hardiness of Melba is above average. The wood of a mature tree can withstand temperatures down to -35 ° C. It blooms early, frost resistance of flower buds is relative. Like most old varieties, it is heavily affected by scab. And also susceptible (to a somewhat lesser extent) to powdery mildew disease. Since the variety is self-fertile, for pollination you will need a neighborhood with apple trees:

  • Stark Yerliest;
  • Vista Bella;
  • Folding;
  • Welsey;
  • James Grieve;
  • Antonovka;
  • Suslepskoe.

On the MM-106 rootstock (semi-dwarf medium-sized) it begins to bear fruit in the fourth or fifth year, and by eight to ten years the yield is 40-80 kilograms from each tree. Productivity is periodic.

A tree of medium growth, as a rule, has a height of 3-4 meters. It grows rapidly at a young age, after 8-10 years, growth slows down. The crown is wide-oval, raised, thickened. Skeletal branches are massive, branching off at an angle of 60-80 °. The type of fruiting is mixed, most of the fruits are tied on ringlets. The period of active fruiting of Melba on dwarf rootstocks is 10-15 years, on semi-dwarf rootstocks - 20 years. Tall centenarians reach the age of 40-55 years.

Melba tree is 3-4 meters high

Fruits are not uniform in size. The average weight is 120-140 grams, but it reaches 300 grams. The shape is correct, round-conical, slightly flattened. The skin is dense, but tender, slightly oily, with a greenish-yellow base color. The integumentary color is orange-red, striped, covering half of the fruit. Small or medium white subcutaneous dots are clearly visible. Very juicy and tender pulp with a fine-grained structure and medium density. The taste is excellent, sour-sweet, with caramel spice and aroma. Tasting score - 4.5-4.7 points.

Melba's apple has snow-white juicy pulp

According to the State Register, the variety is dessert, but most sources and reviews report its versatility. Melba apples make delicious jams, compotes, dried fruits, juice and even cider. Fruit ripening is not very amicable. Harvesting should not be postponed, as ripe apples quickly crumble. In the southern regions, apples are harvested in the first decade of August, in the northern ones - a month later. Transportability is average. Shelf life in room conditions is two to three weeks, in a refrigerator - 2-4 months.

While writing this text, I discovered that one of the apple trees growing in my dacha (we bought it two years ago) is Melba. According to the description of the State Register, everything converges. My wife and I really like the taste of this apple. She is small in height - about three meters. There is a semi-dwarf rootstock. The crown is not thickened - I only perform sanitary pruning. Fortunately, he does not suffer from diseases. In the first year, about twenty kilograms of apples were harvested (the tree seems to be quite young), last year there were only about twenty of them. We expect a good harvest this year. One problem is that the bark at the base of the trunk is damaged. Probably drenched by a large accumulation of snow and its slow melting. The former owners are of advanced age and, apparently, it was difficult for them to remove the snow in time. Grafting with a bridge cannot be applied, since the bark is absent for most of the trunk diameter below the soil level. Well, we will support her as long as she can live. And in the fall, we will definitely purchase a Melba sapling in order to plant this beautiful apple tree next spring.

Video: review of the Melba apple tree

Planting Melba apple trees in spring

Early spring is the best time to plant the Melba apple tree. In different regions, the time is chosen from the beginning of March (southern regions) to the end of April and even to mid-May in the northern regions. By the time of planting, the snow should melt and the ground should warm up to + 5-10 ° C. By this time, the buds on the trees had not yet blossomed, but they had already begun to swell. Saplings purchased in the fall are stored in the basement or buried in the ground. They should not wake up by the time of planting - they are planted at rest.

The planting pattern for the most common apple trees on semi-dwarf rootstocks is 3 x 7 m. For backyard and country gardens, the row spacing can be reduced to three meters. A tree on a seed stock will require up to five meters of free space around it.

The place for the apple tree should be chosen in the fall and at the same time a planting pit should be prepared. Since the apple tree has a tendency to damp off the stem, it should not be planted in wetlands or in areas with a close occurrence of groundwater. It is best if the site is located on a small slope in the south or southwest direction. And if from the north or northeast the apple tree is protected from cold winds by tall dense trees or by the wall of a building - this will be ideal. The distance from buildings and other trees should not be less than five meters, since the apple tree does not like shade. Melba does not have any special requirements for the composition of the soil, but it will grow better on loams and chernozems. It is important that the soil is loose and well-drained.

The dimensions of the landing pit are usually as follows: diameter - one meter, depth - 60-70 centimeters. If the soil is poor or heavy, then it is better to increase the depth of the hole to one meter, and the diameter to one and a half meters. On heavy clay soils, a drainage layer 10-15 centimeters thick is laid on the bottom of the pit. It can be pebbles, crushed stone, broken brick, etc. On sandy, marl soils, a layer of clay is laid on the bottom of the pit to retain moisture. The pit is filled with a nutrient mixture of black soil, peat, humus and sand, taken in equal parts. For every ten liters of such a mixture, add 30 grams of superphosphate and one glass of wood ash.

Step-by-step instructions for planting an apple tree

With the onset of a favorable time, they begin to plant the plant in the ground:

  1. Take out a seedling and soak its roots in water for several hours.

    Before planting, cornry seedlings are soaked for several hours in water.

  2. A certain amount of soil is removed from the planting hole so that the resulting hole can freely accommodate the root system of the seedling.
  3. A small mound is poured in the center of the hole.
  4. At a distance of 10-15 centimeters from the center, a wooden stake is driven in with a height of 1-1.2 m above the soil level.
  5. The seedling is removed from the water and its roots are trimmed with Kornevin or Heteroauxin powder.
  6. Place the seedling with its root collar on a mound, straighten the roots and start backfilling them. It will be much more convenient to do this together.
  7. The hole is completely filled up, periodically compacting the ground. At this time, you need to ensure that the root collar is at the level of the soil.
  8. Tie the stem of the plant to the peg with a soft ribbon.
  9. Using a hoe or flat cutter, a near-trunk circle is formed along the diameter of the planting pit.
  10. Water the soil with plenty of water so that no air sinuses remain in the root zone.

    Planting a tree is best done together.

  11. After absorbing water, the tree is poured with a solution of five grams of Kornevin in five liters of water.
  12. The central conductor is cut to a height of 0.8-1.0 m, and the branches are shortened by 20-30%.
  13. After 2-3 days, the soil is loosened and mulched with hay, straw, compost, etc.

Features of growing and subtleties of care

Except for the problem of disease susceptibility, Melba is not difficult to grow. Like other apple trees, they water it intensively in the first years of life, maintaining constant moisture (but without waterlogging) of the soil during the season. After reaching the age of 5-6 years, watering is reduced to one per month. Stop them 2-3 weeks before picking up the fruit. In late autumn, pre-winter moisture-charging irrigation is carried out.

The composition of the dressings is also not original. Begin to them in 3-4 years after planting. In the spring of every third year, you need to bring 5-7 kg / m for digging2 humus, peat or compost. Every year at the same time, mineral nitrogen fertilizers are applied - urea, ammonium nitrate, nitroammofosk - at the rate of 30-40 g / m2... During flowering, it is useful to spray the crown with a solution of boric acid (2 g per 10 liters of water) - this increases the number of ovaries. Phosphorus and potassium are required for fruit growth. Due to its insolubility, superphosphate is introduced in the fall for digging - then, by the next season, phosphorus will be completely absorbed by the plant. Potassium, on the other hand, quickly evaporates and is used directly during the growth of fruits - in June. Make two dressings, first dissolving potassium monophosphate - or potassium sulfate - in water during watering. Consumption - 10-20 g / m2... With abundant fruiting, it is worthwhile in the summer to also support the plant with liquid nitrogen fertilizers. For this, infusions of organic matter in water are usually used: mullein 2 to 10, bird droppings 1 to 10, or fresh grass 1 to 2. The concentrate that has been infused for a week is diluted with water in a ratio of 1 to 10 and watered with an apple tree. Usually do 2-4 feeding with an interval of two weeks.

Liquid organic fertilizers will perfectly support Melba during fruit ripening

How to prune a Melba apple tree

The shape of the apple tree will depend on its growth. A tall apple tree on a seed stock is usually formed according to a sparse-tiered pattern. For medium-sized trees, a bowl-shaped formation is more suitable - it creates favorable conditions for good illumination and ventilation of the crown, provides ease of care and collection of fruits. Low-growing trees on dwarf rootstocks are often grown on trellises. In this case, a palmette-type crown is used. In the harsh climate of Siberia, Melba is often grown in stanza form - it ensures the winter hardiness of the tree under a layer of snow. We will briefly describe each of these methods, having previously noted that all shaping work is carried out in early spring before the buds swell.

Step-by-step instructions for sparse-tiered crown formation

This is the most famous and oldest form, described in all gardening textbooks. Perform it like this:

  1. A year after planting, the first tier of skeletal branches is formed. To do this, choose 2-3 multidirectional branches growing at intervals of 20-25 centimeters. They are cut by 20-30%.
  2. All other branches on the trunk are cut into a ring.
  3. The central conductor is cut at a height of 20-30 centimeters above the upper skeletal branch.
  4. One to two years later, the second tier of skeletal branches is formed according to the same scheme.
  5. On the branches of the first tier, one or two branches of the second order are laid, the rest are cut into a ring.
  6. One to two years later, the third tier of skeletal branches is formed, after which the central conductor is cut out above the base of the upper branch.

    Sparse-tiered crown formation is used for tall Melba apple trees on seed halves

Step-by-step instructions for bowl-shaped crown formation

This is a more modern form, but it is already widespread. It is done quite simply:

  1. One to two years after planting, 3-4 future skeletal branches are selected. They can be at the same level - if shaped like a simple bowl - or grow at intervals of 15-25 centimeters - if shaped like an improved bowl.
  2. These branches are cut by 20-30%, and all the rest are cut out completely.
  3. The center conductor is cut above the base of the upper branch.
  4. In the future, one or two branches of the second order can be formed on the skeletal branches.
  5. You must always make sure that the skeletal branches grow with the same strength and do not outrun each other. Otherwise, any of the branches can take on the role of a central conductor, which will violate the principle of formation of this type.

    The shape of the crown is in the form of a bowl, ideal for apple trees on a semi-vigorous rootstock

The crown of my Melba is shaped like a simple bowl. True, by the time the summer cottage was acquired, the apple tree was thoroughly thickened, but I easily corrected this already in the very first spring. By the second spring, the need for thinning had already disappeared. In the fall, I cut out some dry branches, but there were not many of them. Perhaps thinning will be needed next year - but it is absolutely not difficult.

Step-by-step instructions for shaping in the form of a palmette

When planting dwarf apple trees, you should simultaneously install trellis posts and pull the rows of wire at intervals of 50-60 centimeters. The formation of apple trees is started immediately after planting.

  1. On the trunk, twigs or growth buds are selected that are in the plane of the trellis. There should be from eight to twelve.
  2. The twigs are shortened to 20-30 centimeters.
  3. All other branches are cut into a ring, and the growth buds are blinded.
  4. In subsequent years, the branches are bent and tied to the trellis so that the lower ones have an angle of inclination of 45-55 °, and the upper ones - 60-80 °.
  5. The central conductor is trimmed annually so that its height does not exceed 60-70 centimeters above the base of the upper branch.
  6. All redundant and competing branches are periodically removed.
  7. The overgrowing branches are left at intervals of 15-20 centimeters. They are not tied or folded back - they must grow freely.

    Apple trees on cardic stock look great on palmette trellis

Step-by-step instructions for shaping the crown

For such a formation, an annual, easily bending seedling is chosen. The method boils down to the following techniques and steps:

  1. When planting, the seedling is placed vertically or slightly obliquely - up to 45 °.
  2. In June, the trunk is bent down to a horizontal position and pinned in this position with hooks to the ground. At the same time, the stem must remain in a vertical or inclined position.
  3. After that, in the first year, a top may grow on the upper part of the stem. Perhaps this will happen in the second year. When the length of the top reaches 25-30 centimeters, it is bent in the opposite direction and pinned, laying the second shoulder of the stanza.
  4. After two to three years, both arms will be formed, after which they are shortened by 20-30% to induce branching.
  5. Subsequently, from strong shoots form skeletal branches of the first order with an interval of 30-40 centimeters. The lower shoots are cut into a ring, the upper ones are pinched over the third - fourth leaf in order to form fruit formations.
  6. Bending and pruning is done regularly throughout the life of the tree.

    For many regions of Siberia, shale formation of an apple tree is the only possible

Other types of crown pruning

In addition to formative pruning, they regularly carry out sanitary by removing dry and diseased shoots. This is done in late autumn after the end of sap flow. And also in early spring, it is necessary to thin out the crown of Melba, which is prone to thickening, cutting out branches that grow inward, up and down, intersecting and interfering with each other.

Harvesting and storage

Slightly unripe apples are harvested for storage. This should be done in dry weather - apples harvested after rain will not be stored. With proper cleaning, they can be stored for up to four months.For this, apples are placed in wooden boxes in 2-3 layers, shifting with paper or shavings of deciduous trees. The fruits should not touch each other. The boxes are placed in refrigerators with an air temperature of -1 ° C to +7 ° C.

Apples are harvested in dry weather

Our family does not have the opportunity to store apples in the basement, but, having two refrigerators, the year before last we managed to keep several dozen Melba apples until the New Year. They lay in the lower drawer for vegetables and fruits.

Diseases and pests

Scab and powdery mildew are the main enemies of old apple varieties. In our time, when these diseases are widespread, it is impossible to grow Melba without timely and careful implementation of sanitary and preventive measures.

Table: sanitary and preventive measures against diseases and pests of the apple tree

The main diseases of the Melba apple tree

Of course, we will talk about scab and powdery mildew.

As I wrote above, my Melba is not sick with scab or powdery mildew. It grows in a very successful, well-lit and ventilated place, protected from the winds by the wall of the country house. And besides, I very carefully follow the rules of prevention and sanitation, which I mentioned above. So I can safely say - to grow Melba with timely observance of simple rules is quite realistic and not difficult.

Apple scab

Not everywhere Melba is sick with scab. Apple trees grown in temperate zones are susceptible to this disease. For its development, a wet and cool spring is needed. The spores of the fungus, overwintering in fallen leaves, actively germinate at a temperature of +20 ° C. They, thanks to the existing mucous membrane, are attached to the underside of the young leaves of the apple tree. After 2-3 weeks, the fungus enters the conidial stage, which causes secondary infection of the crown leaves. At this time, you can easily notice the appearance of light olive spots on the leaves, which turn brown and crack over time. In summer, the fungus spreads to the fruit, where cracks, necrotic spots, and pulp compaction are formed. Unripe fruits stop growing, take on an ugly shape and fall off.

Scab often infects apple trees in damp, cool years.

For the purpose of emergency control, the Strobi drug is best suited - it quickly (within a few hours) stops the development of the disease and blocks its spread, making the spores unviable. The duration of the protective action is up to two weeks, but with a strong infection, it is better to re-treat it after one week. Up to three treatments can be done in total.

Strobe blocks fungus quickly

Powdery mildew

This is a disease of the southern regions. Where winter temperatures drop below -20 ° C, the pathogen fungus does not survive. Infection usually occurs during the summer. Mycelium spots of various shapes and sizes are formed on the underside of the leaves. Through the petioles, the spores enter the growth buds in which they hibernate. In spring, under favorable conditions, spores germinate and infect young leaves, tips of green shoots, flowers, covering them with a white, mealy bloom. In the future, ovaries and fruits are affected, covered with a rusty mesh, which penetrates into the pulp. Preventive measures and treatments are no different from scab control.

Powdery mildew - a disease of the southern regions

Table: probable pests of the Melba apple tree

Photo gallery: probable pests of the apple tree

Variety reviews

Melba is undoubtedly one of the best summer apples. And the ability to preserve the harvest almost until the New Year gives the variety an additional attractiveness. Modern fungicides will help to overcome the tendency to scab and powdery mildew. This apple is for true connoisseurs of quality.

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Hello! My name is Pyotr Vladimirovich. I am 63 years old. By education - a mechanical engineer.

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Apple-tree Melba red: description + photo

Apple-tree Melba is a summer variety with medium-sized fruits, white-green hue with a red-striped blush. Ripen in the second decade of August. Melba apples have a delicate pulp with a candy aftertaste of a juicy consistency, white. It is listed in the State Register as Melba.

  1. Breeding history of the variety
  2. Description of Melba apple tree
  3. Variety characteristics
  4. Drought resistance, frost resistance
  5. Apple pollinators Melba
  6. Productivity and fruiting
  7. Scope of the fruit
  8. Disease and pest resistance
  9. Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
  10. Landing features
  11. Recommended timing
  12. Choosing the right place
  13. Selection and preparation of planting material
  14. How to plant the Melba apple tree
  15. Follow-up care of the apple tree
  16. Diseases and pests, methods of control and prevention
  17. Conclusion
  18. Testimonials

The history of the appearance and features of the plant

The plant was obtained in 1898 by specialists from the Ottawa Experimental Station (Canada) as a result of free pollination of the well-known Mekintosh variety. The apple tree got its name in honor of the famous opera singer Nelly Melba. The variety came to the Soviet Union in 1940, successfully passed tests, and already in 1947 it was entered in the State Register as recommended for cultivation in many regions.

Brief information can be obtained from the table:

Parameter Characteristic
Culture Apple tree (Malus domestica Borkh.)
Variety Melba, also Melba, Azure
Tree height Up to 3 meters
Early maturity Average. Begins fruiting at 4-5 years
Fruiting type Mixed, mainly on ringlets
Flowering features Early. The flowers are large, pink or pinkish-white
Self-fertility Partial. The participation of pollinating varieties is required
Fruit shape and color The apples are round or slightly conical, smooth, sometimes with slight ribbing. The color of the skin is uneven: from greenish-yellow to orange-red with a distinct "striping"
Fruit taste Sweet and sour, with a bright aroma and a light candy aftertaste
Fruit weight From 100 to 160 g (less often up to 200)
The yield of an adult plant per season 50-80 kg
Fruit consumption period Summer (late summer). In the middle lane, harvesting begins in mid-August
Shelf life of fruits 3-4 months
Purpose of fruits Dessert (universal)
Winter hardiness Average. There is a risk of freezing in the northern regions
Disease resistance Predisposition to scab, leaves are affected by powdery mildew
Regions of the Russian Federation, recommended for cultivation North-West, Central, Volgo-Vyatka, Central black earth, North Caucasian, Middle Volga, Nizhnevolzhsky, West Siberian, East Siberian
Year of registration in the State Register of the Russian Federation 1947
Originators Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "North Caucasian Federal Scientific Center of Horticulture, Viticulture, Winemaking" (Krasnodar), Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "All-Russian Selection and Technological Institute of Horticulture and Nursery" (Moscow)

Large white-pink flowers with a delicate aroma attract a large number of pollinating insects

Medium-sized tree: plants formed on a seed stock not higher than 3 m, and on a dwarf - 1.8-2 m... The color of the bark is brown with a rusty tint. The crown is wide, spreading, but reaches its final rounded shape rather slowly, so young seedlings can be easily confused with columnar apple varieties. Early flowering. The flowers are large, the petals are pink or pinkish-white, sometimes with lilac veins. The plant is considered an excellent honey plant and attracts many bees, but is self-fertile only partially. To increase yields, experienced gardeners plant Antonovka, Suslepskoye, Bellefleur-Kitaika or Borovinka apple trees next to Melba, which act as pollinators.

The fruiting period is late summer. In a warm summer, harvesting in central Russia begins in the second half of August.

The fruits are covered with a characteristic bluish-white waxy bloom. On this basis, the variety received a second name - "Azure"

Apples have a regular round or round-conical shape and a slightly curved peduncle of medium length and thickness. Fruit weight usually does not exceed 200 grams... The color of the skin is not uniform: it often happens that half of the apple is greenish-yellow, and the other is red with clear pinkish-white stripes. The rind is dense, but not hard, shiny, oily, covered with a waxy coating. Subcutaneous "grains" are noticeable - small or medium. The funnel is deep, of medium width, without rusting. Seeds are dark brown, oblong-elongated. The pulp is fine-grained, tender, white, of medium density, very juicy and aromatic. The taste is sweetish-sour, with a light hint of caramel. The purpose of the fruit is universal.

In the industrial mode, they are grown mainly for the production of juices, but the owners of private farmsteads make jam, jams, compotes and a wide variety of canned foods from such apples, fruit vinegar and wine are obtained from the juice. Grated or chopped pulp is easily frozen and stored in this form throughout the winter.

Apples are considered dessert, that is, they are intended primarily for fresh consumption, but they are also used for processing, making juices, jams and other preparations

Instances of the Melba apple tree, grown on a seed stock, begin to bear fruit at the age of 4-5 years (dwarfs and semi-dwarfs are more early-ripening). In a good year, up to 80 kg of excellent fruit can be removed from a mature tree. With careful manual collection and proper storage, the fruits preserve their consumer qualities for 3-4 months. In addition, these apples perfectly tolerate transportation, which makes the variety very attractive for those summer residents who want to sell part of their harvest.

Fruit ripening does not occur at the same time, ripe apples crumble, so they need to be removed selectively and carefully

Melba belongs to long-lived plants. With good care, the tree can grow in the garden for 50 years or longer. Truth, after reaching the age of twelve, the apple tree begins to demonstrate the frequency of fruiting (to give crops not every year), but, according to experts, this problem can sometimes be dealt with with the help of regular competent pruning and intensive agricultural technology.

Apple-tree Melba photo description

It is early maturing, as it begins to bear fruit as early as 3-4 years. The harvest ripens at the end of summer (in the second half of August). The Melba apple variety can be used both fresh and for any homemade preparations. Due to its good transportability, keeping quality and high quality indicators, it is widely used in industry for the production of juices.

Apple tree Melba description

The trees of the Melba apple tree are not tall, which greatly facilitates the harvesting process. The crown has a rounded shape, slightly elongated at the top. The bark on the branches is colored in a light orange tint. The leaves are large, light green, oval in shape and uneven edges. It blooms in white-pink color with an unsurpassed aroma.

Apple tree Melba fruit description

Most of the fruits are large in size. Their shape is round, slightly elongated downward and slightly flattened. The weight of one apple can reach 150 g. The color is yellow-green, during the ripening period - with a large red striped blush, which occupies half of the surface of the fruit. The skin is thin with a slight waxy coating. The flesh of the Melba apple is snow-white and very juicy, and the sweet and sour taste has a candy aroma.

Despite the early ripening period, the fruits tolerate transportation well and can be stored for 4-6 months in a cool place (refrigerator or cellar). Young trees of the variety bring a good harvest every year, and the older ones are characterized by periodicity of fruiting (once every two to three years).

The nuances of growing and questions from readers

In the process of growing an apple tree, gardeners in different regions of the country have questions:

When to plant: in spring or autumn?

The most favorable time - fall, but many gardeners plant in the spring, fearing the death of the apple tree during the autumn planting, caused by the fact that the apple tree does not have time to take root before the onset of frost.

When planting an apple tree in the spring, it is recommended to prepare the pits in the fall, for autumn planting - a month before the event.

In autumn landing is performed after the end of the fall, in the springdepending on weather conditions.

How to form a crown?

The crown is formed by performing sanitary plan cuts, carried out in spring and autumn in accordance with the above scheme of anti-aging pruning, as well as for crown formation:

  • In a young tree, the central shoot is shortened by one third, the lateral branches are cut at the level of 2-3 buds
  • Then, within 2-3 years, they continue to cut off the main shoot by a third of the length, and on the branches that form the skeleton of the tree, they leave shoots growing at an angle of 45 °
  • The rest are cut to the first bud.

How do you prune in the fall?

Remove in autumn damaged branchesthat can break off from the weight of the fruit, dry and diseased branches.

What are the features of growing Melba?

Loamy, fertilized soils and groundwater drainage. The landing site must be protected from the wind, be sunny and open.

What is the distance between the apple trees?

Distance between apple trees should be 5-6 meters and 6-8 meters between rows.

However, in each specific case, it is necessary to consider:

  • Features of the site
  • Region of residence
  • The nature of use (industrial, individual).

How to grow in the regions?

  • In the middle lane - the variety is perfectly zoned and does not require any additional knowledge for successful cultivation.
  • In Siberia - requires the arrangement of an appropriate shelter for the winter and planting from the leeward side, otherwise the growing conditions do not differ from the usual ones.
  • Planting the Melba apple tree in autumn in the Urals produced in late autumn. Choose a fertile soil with deep groundwater. For the winter, the near-stem circle is covered with peat and humus, and on top - with leaves and snow.
  • For the Moscow region and the Leningrad region - needs additional care due to possible scab infestation, especially during prolonged periods of rains. To protect against frost, care should also be taken to protect the tree.
  • For the southern Urals - cultivation in this region does not differ from those recommended by breeders. According to the gardeners of this region, Melba is a “sweet” variety of the South Urals.

General recommendations are: there are no special differences in cultivation.

The only rule is that in places where prolonged frosts are possible, it is necessary to cover the tree and take preventive measures against such a disease as scab.

Which variety is better: Candy, Mantet or Melba?

Which variety is better, every gardener chooses for himself individually depending on the region of residence and personal preferences. Below is a table for comparing these varieties when grown in the Samara region:

Name Taste, points Sugar to acid ratio,% The beginning of a mature carrion Picking the last apple Fruit diameter, mm
Melba 4,3 16 August 10 August 31 69
Mantet 4,5 16 July 25 August 31 59
Candy 4,4 30 5th of August September 2 65

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