Clefthoof - an evergreen unusual plant - will decorate the shady places of your garden


Winter green azarum

In early spring, when most of the plants have not yet woken up after the snow melts, you will suddenly see fresh and vigorous greens of winter-green plants. azarumapreserved after severe frosts. As if he had just washed himself with melt water, he is impeccable surrounded by other plants that survived the winter.

Heuchera, tiarella, sedums, succulent leaves of lingonberry and bearberry shone even brighter next to him. Paired leathery, horse-like, asarum leaves, not damaged, not beaten by the most severe frosts. They are spread widely, freely and look like a living greeting of spring.

As the sun shines warmer and brighter, whitish spots appear here and there on the round leaf blades of azarum, gloss, gloss on the brown face disappears. Overwintered leaves age and fall. But, having lost its luxurious foliage, the plant hastily acquires a new one. These decorative leaves are similar in shape to the leaves of cyclamens, have a heart-shaped or hoof-shaped shape, which is why in our country this plant is called a hoof. Popular: European hoof, tailed, Siebold and Canadian. Some species have glossy leaves, others have exquisite texture, and few are strikingly silvery in color. They also differ in the size of the leaves.

In nature, the gingerbread grows in deciduous and mixed forests, in alder thickets in Europe, America and Australia. Hence the other name for this plant - "Podleshnik".

Belongs clefthoof to a small family Kirkazonov... All hoofs are undersized (7-12 cm tall) herbaceous perennial rosette plants with creeping branchy rhizomes. The leaves are connected in pairs on a thin curving stem and hide a small, bell-shaped chestnut or dirty purple spring flower of an original, unusual shape. The tips of the petals are drawn back. Inside the flower there are 12 very thin stamens arranged in a ring around the column. Azarum blooms in early spring. Since drooping clefthoof flowers are almost pressed to the ground, they are easily accessible to ants and flies. As a result, the clefthoof receives timely help in the most important life process - pollination. The fruit capsule appears in summer; there is a small remnant of the perianth at its apex. The seeds have fleshy outgrowths, thanks to which they are dispersed by ants.

Although edible, asarum roots are rarely used in cooking. Serve as a substitute for fresh and dry ginger. In the west, the clefthoof is called wild ginger. Young clefthoof leaves are added to salads as a seasoning. But since the plant contains the toxin azorone (from the Greek word "Aseron" - disgust, faintness, since it causes nausea), from which the botanical name for clefthoof comes from, it is

poisonous. Therefore, the economic use of azarum is limited.

An interesting feature: if the leaves of the clefthoof are rubbed in the hand, then a pungent smell immediately appears, reminiscent of turpentine. Perhaps this is where the common nickname `` clefthoof '' came from. "Turpentine" and "Earthy incense"... This smell is associated with an essential oil containing azorone. Animals should not be grazed in places where the clefthoof grows, in order to avoid severe poisoning. The clefthoof is especially poisonous for horses. Signs of poisoning are vomiting and nausea.

At the same time, gingerbread is a useful plant and is used in large doses in medicine in a number of countries as a diuretic and antipyretic medicine, as well as a means of stimulating digestion, calming, regulating cardiac activity, and anti-sclerotic. It is included in the pharmacopoeia of Germany, Poland, Sweden, Switzerland.

In folk medicine, the drug is prepared from rhizomes infused in water or boiled in goat milk. Powdered leaves are used as an emetic. Novgorod peasants call the European hoof just the "vomit root".

Asarum leaf powder was used in ancient times as snuff. In Siberia, this plant is often called "Secret man"... Water vapor from clefthoof together with immortelle flowers is considered to heal from jaundice.

Leaves and roots are widely used in veterinary practice. Infusions of clefthoof remove scabies and lichens in horses.

In Tibetan medicine, it is highly regarded Siebold's clefthoof, they call him there "Mountain ginseng"... In the Caucasus, among the beech forests, the Georgian clefthoof grows, which also has medicinal properties.

Nowadays, the clefthoof is practically not used in official Russian medicine. But it is successfully used in homeopathic and traditional medicine.

Medical scientists, as a result of studies of the clefthoof, established the presence of glycosides, alkaloids, essential oils, saponins and other useful substances in it. Revealed a very high antibacterial activity, a positive effect on cardiac activity, on the treatment of rheumatism and bronchial asthma, leukopenia, dropsy, tuberculosis, scrofula, as well as effectiveness in the expulsion of worms.

European Clefthoof gives a valuable dye of light brown color.

It should be noted that the clefthoof is a suitable ornamental plant for our gardens. It gives shine to dull and dark places where nothing can grow. This is a favorite of gardeners that does not require much worries.

Clefthoof breeds dividing the rhizomes in spring and autumn. Cut off part of the rhizome with a couple or two leaves. Plant the cuttings 2 to 3 cm deep in prepared nutrient soil, enriched with compost or improved with other organic material. Plant the cuttings at a distance of 30 cm from each other. Propagation by cuttings can be carried out as soon as new leaves grow, that is, in June. Sow clefthoof seeds in spring.

All wild hoofs love organic-rich, slightly acidic, moist and well-drained soil. Therefore, the place of azarum is in shady, humid places. This deciduous ornamental plant also looks good in group plantings.

The hoof is popular with gardeners because of its beautiful leaves, they love it for its winter hardiness, shade tolerance, which is essential for shady and wooded places. In the garden, the clefthoof grows slowly but surely. The original dark green leaf plates from 5 to 15 cm in diameter with a cutout at the cutting densely cover the soil surface with a continuous carpet up to 15 cm. Azarum forms ground cover clumps of various densities, free from weeds. They are especially attractive next to large stones. On my site, the clefthoof beautifully covered the entire area around the large bushes of rhododendrons, preventing weeds from growing there.

Tamara Barkhatova


Eight beautiful plants and flowers for the May Garden

May has been described as the month of the year when anything seems possible, but it can be a fun time of the year in a flower garden, when the first wonderful spring bulbs are nearing their end, while the early summer species have not yet bloomed. So here's a look at some of the most beautiful flowering plants in May to help bridge this tricky gap ...

Aquilegia: As a child, I knew this long-lived, hardy herbaceous perennial as a grandmother's hat, while its other common name is columbine. Its graceful flowers usually appear in May-June on tall thin stems above neat mounds of lace foliage, and are also excellent in quality cut flower.

The most common species is Aquilegia vulgaris, of which there are countless named varieties. Examples include the ghostly Nivea (large white flowers with spurs), Ruby Port (burgundy red, double flowers without spurs) and the Barlow series (fully double flowers without spurs in beautiful shades of plum, lilac, pink, white and blue).

Aquilegias thrive best in mottled shade, but also thrive in full sun if the soil is humus-rich, retains moisture, and drains freely. Plants are widely available in good garden centers, but you can also easily grow them from seeds sown during this time of year ( seedaholic.com ). Once rooted, the aquilegia will also self-seed generously in the garden (typical height and width 90 cm x 45 cm).

Viburnum plicatum f. Known as "wedding cake" or "Japanese snow bush" .tomentosum is a deciduous bush with elegant creamy white lace flower heads.

Known as "wedding cake" or "Japanese snow bush" Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum is a deciduous shrub with elegant creamy white lace flower heads that appear along its branches in May.

Perfect for use as an ornamental shrub in a planting pattern. It grows well in sun or light shade and in medium fertile, moist but well-drained soil. The classic Mariesii (3 x 4 m) is too large for small gardens. Instead, look for more upright and compact varieties such as Summer Snowflake (1.2 x 90 cm), which bloom periodically from May to October, or Kilimanjaro (3 x 1.5 m).

Geums have become very fashionable in recent years with the emergence of many new, ultra-long-flowering varieties with flowers of the most beautiful shades of sorbet.It is long-lived, hardy and tolerant of a wide range of growing conditions, this adaptable, rather herbaceous perennial plant works great both in the open sun and in partial shade and on fertile, moist but freely draining soil.

Look out for sterile varieties such as Geum Cosmopolitan, whose rich peach-colored fruity flowers appear in large numbers over slender stems, flowers from May to July. Ditto with Mai Tai apricot flowers and double yellow flowers, favorites of old cottage gardens known as Lady Strathhaden. Trim plants after flowering to stimulate a second, later burst of color.

The stone has become very fashionable in recent years with the emergence of many new ultra-long-flowering varieties.

What is it about a lilac bloom in full, scented color that makes us put on straw boatmen and re-read The Go-Between while sipping Pimm iced tea. Classic varieties of this hardy, deciduous, long-lived shrub, such as the purple-flowered white flowers of Syringa Madame Lemoine and Charles Joly, will grow up to 7 meters in height and width, making them only suitable for large gardens.

But in recent years, many more compact varieties have been developed that are suitable for small gardens or even for growing in a large pot, including the Bloomerang series (typical height and width 1.5 m) and the FlowerFesta series (typical height and width 1.225 m).

Unlike their taller cousins, these new compact varieties will continue to bloom intermittently from spring to fall. Lilacs are fertile, draining, slightly alkaline soil in full sun.

Tiny fragrant flowers wild violets can be found in forests at this time of year, while their cultural cousin, Viola Cornuta (commonly known as the horned violet), is a very beautiful addition to the May garden.This low-growing, semi-evergreen, versatile perennial is great for growing along the front border. under the roses or just in a window box or container.

Recommended cultivars include the lovely white flowering Viola cornuta Alba, whose delicately scented flowers appear from May to August (height and width 20 cm x 30 cm). Smaller again are the free-flowering varieties known as Viola cornuta Minor and Viola cornuta Harry, both of which are diminutive in height and only 15 cm wide and produce their purple flowers from April to October.

Hardy and profusely flowering horned violet needs cool, humus-rich, moist, but freely draining soil in full sun or partial shade. Keep the plants headless regularly and prune the plants heavily after flowering to keep them clean. Typical height and width 20 cm x 30 cm.

Few small trees are as powerful as the Chinese dogwood, Cornus kousa var. chinensis, whose stellate, bee-friendly flowers appear in large numbers at the end of May-June, and in the fall, decorative scarlet fruits are replaced.

It is one of the parents (the other being Cornus nuttallii) of the recently introduced Cornus hybrid known as Cornus x elwinortonii VENUS (Jersey Star Series), a terrible name for extremely decorative, vigorous, disease resistant, drought tolerant, hardy. a small tree that has very large white bracts from mid-May.

Both species require fertile, moist but well-drained neutral to acidic soils, although Cornus kousa var. chinensis transfers light to shade, Cornus x elwinortonii needs full sun

Close-up of burnt orange calendula flowers neon. Photo: Richard Johnston.

Bearded irises is another late spring / early summer blooming perennial whose star has risen in recent years with the rediscovery of a number of traditional cultivars pioneered by famed British breeder and artist Cedric Morris in the 1940s and 1950s.

Its Benton irises are prized for their delicate, washed-out colors and fragrance of flowers.Examples include the dusty pink and creamy Iris Benton Deirdre and the blue-violet Benton Nigel (available from specialized suppliers including bethchatto.co.uk ). In addition to Benton irises, other recommended varieties include the chocolate-golden Quechee and the pale blue Jane Phillips ( camolinpottingshed.com ).

These lumpy, fully frost-resistant perennials bloom from May to June and need to be planted shallow (with surface rhizomes) in light, very well-drained soil in full sun (they love stone gutters) to keep them happy.

Bearded irises are another flowering plant in late spring / early summer.

Sometimes we just fail to see the beauty right under our noses. Grown as a free-standing specimen, the common hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) is a supremely garden-worthy little tree with several seasons of interest, not least because of its beautiful favorable clouds. for bees of fragrant flowers in May, a magnificent annual festival. a display that has earned the common name of the May bush.

Resistant to an extraordinary range of growing conditions, including salty wind and air pollution, extremely hardy and very animal-friendly, this native species (also known as the fairy tree) is an underrated gem.

The hawthorn is an eminently garden-worthy little tree that is interesting over several seasons.

This week in the garden ...

This is a great time of year to plant seeds of heat-loving vegetables such as squash, squash, squash, French beans, and green beans in small pots filled with moist, high-quality seeds. compost. Placed in a bright and warm place, such as a sunny windowsill, veranda, greenhouse or polytunnel, seeds should germinate quickly. Keep in mind that such thermophilic crops should not be planted in the garden until the soil is completely warmed up and all frost risks, which usually occurs in late May / early June.At the same time, young plants should be well watered and fed with liquid algae from time to time.

Slugs can wreak havoc on young seedlings, grafts and soft new shoots of established plants at this time of year, even if grown in greenhouses and polytunnels. It may be tempting to try to control them using slug pellets, but keep in mind that regular pellets on metaldehyde-based species are extremely harmful to wildlife and domestic animals, while even organically acceptable species harm soil health and earthworm populations with regular use.

Instead, control them with a combination of time-tested methods, including maintaining garden hygiene practices, cutting them in half with a sharp pruning shears so the birds eat and clear the weeds so that birds, hedgehogs and other natural predators can easily catch them by loosening the soil so that the slugs' eggs exposed to sunlight, and the use of beer traps.

A slug that feeds on a garden plant

If you are growing flowering annuals or delicate shrubs under cover for transplanting in late May / early June, keep in mind that many (but not all) of the most popular varieties benefit from plucking out their soft tips. , a simple process using your index and thumb to remove the top of the growing stem just above the set of leaves.

This promotes the formation of side shoots, resulting in a thicker and more flower-bearing plant. Species that benefit from plucking include scythe, spring-sown sweet peas, zinnia, fuchsia, amaranth, calendula and dahlias.

Dates for your diary : Wednesday 8th to Sunday 12th May, National Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin, Dublin 9, Sustainable Lifestyle Festival, a five-day event to explore the positive impact of sustainable lifestyles on climate change and the environment. cm. botanicgardens.ie

, Thursday, May 9, (20:00), Artan Beaumont Family Fun Center, Kilmore Road, Artan (20:00), Bees and Honey, talk by Khalid Hilmi on behalf of the Dublin Five Horticultural Society, admission € 5, contact Patrick Kelly by phone 087-2423020 details.


Rules for creating a beautiful flower bed from shade-loving plants

A variety of flower beds are collected from shade-loving plants. Multilevel plantings and island flower beds are popular. When planting shrubs and flowers, they adhere to the scheme. Plant no more than 10 ground cover bushes, 5 medium-sized, 7 low-growing and 3 tall plants on 1 square meter. Then the flower bed will not only look harmonious, but also the shrubs will feel good.

Shade-loving plants are in demand among gardeners. This is because they are perennial and will delight the owners with bright colors for more than one year with minimal and uncomplicated care.


Planting scheme, how to properly place plants in the garden, photo

Each owner of a personal plot dreams of growing a magnificent garden that would delight the eye with its bright, abundant flowering in the spring, and give a rich harvest in summer and autumn. Pears and apples grown in our own garden are much tastier and more fragrant than purchased ones. To achieve this, it is necessary to very seriously approach the issue of planting fruit trees and shrubs. The intensity of their growth and further fruiting depends on how correctly this process is carried out. In the photo presented in the article, you can see which fruit trees and shrubs are most popular for planting in summer cottages.

Planning the planting of fruit trees and shrubs in the garden

Choosing the size of the area of ​​the personal plot for the future orchard, it is necessary to take into account that while the trees and shrubs are still very small, they will take up little space. But after a while they will grow up and each fruit tree will need an area of ​​2 - 3 m2.

The quality and abundance of the future harvest largely depend on the structure of the terrain, where the garden will be laid out. For example, if the site is located in a lowland, then it makes no sense to plan a future garden in this place, since due to constant humidity, trees and shrubs will rot.

Before you start planning your garden, you should consider the soil characteristics of the area. For a rich harvest the soil must be fertile... It is she who will allow the root system of trees and shrubs to receive sufficient nutrition with minerals. If the soil on the site consists mostly of sand and clay, then the garden will subsequently look miserable and dull. To change the situation, it is necessary to remove the top layer of soil, under which there is a fertile soil.

Also, the site must have sufficient access to light and heat. Some plant varieties like shade, others like sunlight. If the garden plot is located on the windy side, then it is better to enclose it with a fence that has the desired height.

To have a good harvest in the future, when planting fruit trees and shrubs the climate of the region of residence should also be taken into account... If this is the middle strip of Russia, then it is best to plant:

  • pears
  • apple trees
  • different varieties of cherries, cherry plums and plums.

In southern latitudes, it is wiser to plant cherries, apricots, as well as shrubs with small berries - raspberries, currants, blackberries, gooseberries.

The timing of planting fruit plants in the garden

Since most of the seedlings are currently grown using a special technology in special containers, the time of planting garden trees can vary widely. However, most gardeners traditionally believe that garden crops can only be planted in spring and autumn. During this period, such plants are usually planted, which grow rapidly in the spring.

  • currant
  • gooseberry
  • winter-hardy varieties of apple and pear trees.

Planting garden plants in the spring is more preferable in the northern and central regions, since in this case the frosty winter will not be able to harm the young seedlings. We are talking about such fruit trees as:

  • sweet cherry
  • plum
  • apricots
  • cherry
  • non-frost-resistant apple and pear.

It is necessary to plant plants in the spring as early as possible so that the buds do not have time to bloom. In this case, the pits should be prepared in advance, in the fall.

Rules and scheme for planting fruit trees and shrubs

How to plant a garden correctly? First of all, they begin by loosening the soil, after which the planting pits are prepared. To do this, they begin to mark a rectangular zone on the site, which has a direction from north to south. In this zone, triangular areas with a right angle are marked and a hole is dug in each of them. Thanks to this placement leaves of garden plants will have better illumination throughout the summer.

When planting fruit trees, the required distance between seedlings plays an important role. If you observe the correct spacing, then during growth the plants will not interfere with each other with branches, forming too shaded areas. Also, there won't be too many empty areas. At the same time, there is no universal scheme for calculating the distance between fruit trees.

According to the rules for planting fruit plants of dwarf breeds, holes should be dug so that there is a gap of 2 meters in the row and 3 between the rows, for semi-dwarf breeds there should be 1 meter more free space both in the row itself and between them. But for plums, apple trees, pears and apricots, even more space will be required (4 and 5 m, respectively), which is explained by their natural characteristics.

After the pits are marked, it is necessary to determine their depth and diameter. These indicators are affected by the type of soil on the site. For fertile soil, the standard dimensions are 50x50 cm, and on sandy and clayey soil, you will have to dig a hole 1x1 m in size.

Planting apple trees

Apple tree seedlings must be planted to such a depth that their root collar is 7 cm above the soil level. Plunging into a hole the roots should be straightened and carefully covered with earth in such a way that there is not a single gap. In order for the soil to be in tight enough contact with the root system, the soil must be compacted all the time with your foot.

Placing apple trees apart depends not only on the type of wood, but also of what the supply was made. If the plants are semi-dwarf species, then the distance between the holes in the row is 3 m and 4 m between the rows themselves. But if the apple trees are columnar, then the distance between the plants is much less and can be 0.7 - 0.8 m from each other. As a result, about 15 pieces are placed on a plot of 5 m2.

Planting pears

It is best to plant pears in the southern, western or southwestern part of the garden, since the root system of this fruit plant constantly needs moisture, and the crown does not like excessive heat.

Pear seedlings are planted in the fall in holes, which must be dug in the spring. However, if the site is located in a climatic zone where frosts in winter reach 30 degrees, then young stands may die. That's why planting pears in the spring is considered a more reliable solution, because by winter the tree manages to grow up and get stronger enough, and the roots go deeper into the ground.

The seedling hole must be made up to 0.5 m deep and up to 1 m wide, carefully loosening its bottom. The soil that is raked out of the pit should be mixed with peat and then put back into it.

Planting plums

This garden plant is usually planted in spring or fall. In central Russia planting plums is best done in springbecause early frosts can cause it to freeze. The area of ​​the garden where it will grow must be properly selected. Plum does not like it when groundwater is located close to the surface of the soil, it also has a negative attitude towards shaded areas and acidic soil. Pits for seedlings are prepared in advance, and the distance between them should be 3 m.The depth and width of these pits should be 60 cm.

Cherry planting

The most favorable time for planting this plant is spring. In order for the seedlings to take root well, you should choose an area with sandy, sandy loam or acidic loamy drained soil, which is well lit from all sides.

The spacing between planted trees of self-pollinated varieties is 3 m. If the cherry variety is cross-pollinated, then more than four different varieties should be planted in the garden. The depth of the planting holes should be no more than 60 cm, and the diameter - 80 cm. A peg is driven into the center, to which the plant is then tied up after dropping it. You need to watch out so that the root collar is or at ground level or rose 4 cm above it. Deeper planting can lead to decay of the tree.

Planting currants

The plant is planted in the garden in late August - early September. Planting shrubs has its own characteristics. Currant should be planted obliquely, deepening in such a way that there are three buds above and below the soil. The rest is removed with a secateurs. If this is not done, then after the buds open and the leaves open, the bush begins to age prematurely. This is explained by the fact that the apical bud begins to draw out all the nutrients, as a result of which, due to a lack of nutrition, fruit twigs cannot form on the lateral branches, and the leaves will be located only at the ends of the branches.

Thus, in order to plant fruit trees and shrubs on a garden plot, you need to know certain nuances. It is possible to harvest a rich harvest only if all the positive and negative factors that can influence this are studied.

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Ground cover perennial plants for a rocky garden: photos and names

Some of the best ground cover plants are aubrieta, saxifrage, double seed, carnation, and cat's foot.

Forms extensive carpet thickets. It blooms all spring with small bright flowers, their color in various species varies from pink to purple. It is unpretentious to soils, but prefers well-aerated non-acidic loams. Sun-loving. Hardy, but cover with spruce branches to preserve wintering shoots. The best plants to create flowering carpets in sunny rocky gardens and to plant on retaining wall terraces.

Prune away shoots with faded flowers - this will cause better regrowth of new shoots, and sometimes secondary flowering.

Almost all natural species are suitable for rockeries, but more often hybrids are used. Carnation Grayish-blue (D. gratiano-politanus)

Carnation Cirrus (D. plumaris) - carpet species with narrow leaves. Varietal forms bloom in early summer.

As you can see in the photo, this ground cover plant has straight peduncles, from 3 to 30 cm, flowers are white or pink:

They prefer loose, well-drained soils and a sunny location. Require rejuvenation by division or cuttings every 3-4 years.

More often than other species in rockeries, there is an alpine two-seed (N. alpina), which forms loose carpets.

The leaves are pinnate, forming small rosettes. Blooms profusely in late spring. The flowers are white, clustered in clusters, on peduncles about 10 cm high. This groundcover perennial plant needs a semi-shaded location and loose, non-acidic soil. It is moisture-loving, but does not tolerate stagnant water on the ground. Winter-hardy, but shelter is necessary in snowless winters. Propagated by seeds or vegetatively - by spring division.

Good on terraces and in crevices of rocky hills, when decorating a cascade and creating an "alpine lawn".

The name of this ground cover plant was due to the fact that it can grow, it would seem, on the most unsuitable rocks for this. For sunny rocky hills, unpretentious types of "inlaid" saxifrage are often used, in which lime crystals are deposited at the edges of the leaves. It:

These groundcover perennials for a rocky garden bloom in mid-summer. It needs a sunny location, good drainage and close proximity to limestone. Drought tolerant.

Indispensable for rocky slides, they look good in a mixborder.

Often in rockeries there are also Saxifrage Arends (S. x arendsii) - a group of varieties of interspecific hybrids.

Their small rosettes grow together into dense carpets. They bloom in early summer, the color of the flowers is from white to dark cherry. These ground cover plants are unpretentious to soils. They develop well both in the sun and in the shade. They are moisture-loving, but tolerate short-term drought.

The thickets of these plants are surprisingly good as background spots. They are irreplaceable for landing between the slabs of paths, and for strengthening the slopes of rocky hills.

Most species form continuous carpet thickets from sprawling shoots.

Most suitable for stony gardens are the forms of the cat's foot dioecious (A dioica) and close to it - alpine (A. alpina).

Look at the photo - these ground cover plants for a rocky garden form dense silvery carpets:



They prefer loose, poor soils. Extremely drought tolerant. Sun-loving, but tolerate shading. Hardy without shelter.

Below you can see the photos and names of other ground cover plants for the alpine slide.


4 types of shade-loving conifers

Today, numerous varieties of conifers have been bred for cultivation in a variety of conditions, including conifers for shady places.

1. Siberian fir

Features:

  • maximum height - 30 m
  • crown shape - narrow conical, almost columnar
  • needles - shiny, dark green, fragrant, up to 3 cm
  • cones - dark purple
  • can grow in calcareous or alkaline soils
  • does not take root in wetlands and poor sandy soils
  • easily tolerates frost.

Grow well in shade and partial shade as well as Canadian and balsamic fir

2. Canadian yew

Features:

  • evergreen shrub or small tree
  • height - 1 - 2 m
  • width - 1.5m
  • crown shape - low, openwork, spreading
  • needles - yellowish-green, slightly curved
  • annual growth - 5 cm
  • blooms in March
  • has an edible ball-shaped berry-like fruit
  • shade tolerant
  • does not like the sun and the wind
  • resistant to gas and smoke
  • drought resistant
  • prefers humid air
  • the root system does not tolerate stagnant waterlogging
  • grows in any garden soil.

Canadian yew is a great option for shade

3. Berry yew (European)

Features:

  • wood
  • height - 10 - 15 m, sometimes up to 28 m
  • width - up to 1.5 m
  • crown shape - ovate-cylindrical, very dense, often multi-peaked
  • needles (leaves) - 20 - 35 mm long, shiny dark green above, dull pale green below
  • shade tolerant
  • prefers slightly acidic or alkaline soils
  • lives 2000 - 3000 years.

It is widely used to create hedges, since ancient times it has been considered the best plant for topiary art. Looks great during fruit ripening

4. Cross-pair microbiota

Features:

  • bush
  • height - up to 1 m
  • has a low, wide crown with pronounced tiers
  • needles - dark green in summer, turns brown by autumn
  • likes well shaded places, but also tolerates sunny
  • prefers sandy or loamy soils
  • tolerates frost and drought well
  • does not tolerate waterlogging and stagnant water
  • loves watering and spraying.

It is best to plant the microbiota against the background of shrubs with a clear shape (spherical, pyramidal)


Plants are considered shade-loving, which for the normal development of enough rarefied sunlight penetrating to them through the crown of trees or they are in the sun just a few hours a day... They have bright juicy green foliage, because it does not fade in the sun, if they are planted in sunny areas, they grow poorly.

Plants for shade can be divided into flowering and deciduous plants.

TO blooming shade-loving include: lily of the valley, dicentra, garden geranium, anemone, foxglove, great astration, primrose, aquilegia, astilba, kupena, beautiful hydrangea, periwinkle, volzhanka, elecampane.

Decorative deciduous shade-loving are: hosts, geykhera, ferns, badan, brunera.

In the shade, vines such as actinidia kolomikta, maiden grapes, Chinese lemongrass grow well. They are used to decorate fences and walls of household premises.

Shaded areas of the garden can also be decorated with flowers in pots for the summer season, such as ever-flowering begonia, lobelia, balsams and low-hardy hydrangeas. In the fall, at the end of the summer season, they are brought into the house, where they winter well until next summer.

Let's take a closer look at shade-loving plants.

Aquilegia

Unpretentious perennial a plant that enchants with its tenderness. She has beautiful not only flowers of various colors, but also openwork foliage.

Aquilegia

Aquilegia is unpretentious in the choice of soil, grows on loose, moist soils, but when compost or humus is added to the soil, it grows powerful, blooms profusely. Care consists in moderate watering, followed by loosening of the soil and top dressing once every 3 weeks. Propagated by seeds, dividing the bush.

Garden geranium

Having planted geraniums in the most unsightly place, in a year you will not recognize it. A rapidly growing plant with its lush, openwork bushes fills the free space so tightly that even weeds cannot break through.

Garden geranium

Perennial garden geraniums are popular among gardeners for:

  • drought and frost resistance
  • long flowering and rich colors, in which only yellow and orange colors are absent
  • longevity and resistance to diseases and pests

Geranium care consists in watering and feeding... In early spring, nitrogen fertilizers are applied, and during the season, complex mineral fertilizers are applied once a month.

Dicenter

Dicenter - shade-tolerant perennial... When planted under trees, the flowering is delayed, but the color of the flowers is brighter. Moisture-loving, responds well to fertilization. A few years after planting the dicenter forms a powerful, abundantly flowering bush.

Dicenter

It is better to cover the dicenter for the winter, in order to avoid freezing. It propagates by dividing overgrown bushes and cuttings.

Volzhanka

Perennial frost-resistant a plant 1.5-2 m high and a bush up to 1 m wide, very decorative, one might even say spectacular. A sweet honey aroma emanates from the blooming white panicles, and the delicate foliage adorns the Volzhanka until the very frost.

Volzhanka

Volzhanka is unpretentious, but grows best in fertile soils... It is sufficiently drought-resistant, but waterlogging of the soil is not terrible for it. After flowering throughout June, faded panicles must be removed so that the plant does not lose its decorative effect. In late autumn, the stems are cut at a level of 5 cm from the soil.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea is a luxurious flowering shrub, one of the most impressive flowering shrubs in the garden. Hydrangea loves acidic, nutritious and well-moisturized soil. To maintain the acidity of the soil and moisture in it, mulching with fallen needles, sawdust, peat is necessary.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea blooms from late June to frost in large flowers.

Hydrangea has many varieties: tree, paniculate (the most winter-hardy), petiolate, large-leaved. Most hydrangeas are hardy, but shelter for the winter will not hurt. Even if they freeze slightly in harsh winters, they can easily recover during the season with good care.

Heuchera

Perennial undemanding in the care of a plant that brings a bright accent to flower beds and gardens. It pleases with its variegated foliage from spring to autumn. The composition of the soil for planting does not matter much, the main thing is light and without stagnant water.

Once a month, you can feed, but the dose of complex fertilizer should be halved compared to others. In the winter sockets need to huddle and mulch.

Heuchera

Flower gardeners appreciate it for:

  • compactness, frost resistance and unpretentiousness
  • a wide variety of varieties and colors
  • flower bed decorativeness all season and good compatibility with other flowers
  • ease and speed in reproduction
  • absence of diseases and pests
  • very good in containers.

Hosta

Host - shadow queen... In shady areas, all the beauty of its leaves is revealed; when grown in the sun, they fade, fade and lose their decorative effect. The host is unpretentious, frost and drought-resistant. Grows very well. It blooms with bell-shaped flowers of white or lilac color, which gracefully rise above the green mass of leaves.

Hosta

The variety of hosta leaf colors is impressive: from pale green to dark green, there are variegated varieties with white and yellow stripes. The sizes of the hosts are also different: from dwarfs to giants. The height varies from 5 cm to 1.5-2 m. There is something to stop your choice.

Astilba

Astilba is the little princess of the shadow. Plant hygrophilous and unpretentious... Astilba is beautiful, both in bloom and before and after it, thanks to its carved foliage. After flowering, faded inflorescences can not be removed, they also decorate it.

Astilba

Astilbe blooms with white, pink, red panicle inflorescences in the first half of summer. The soil for cultivation must be fertile and moisture-absorbing. It is advisable to mulch the plant to maintain soil moisture.

Fern

Fern is herbaceous perennial shady a plant that loves moisture and shady places.

Fern

At the same time, the plant is drought-resistant, if the plant dries up in extreme heat without watering, next spring it will again delight you with its appearance. Planted in the shade of trees, they give the site a rainforest look.

Actinidia - Kolomikta

Actinidia-kolomikta - perennial fragrant deciduous liana, decorativeness is given to it by the variegated color of the leaves. Shoots of actinidia require support and can grow up to 7 m in height. Actinidia is also valuable for its healthy, tasty kiwi-like fruits.

Actinidia-kolomikta

For planting, seedlings are used not older than 4 years of age, because adult plants do not take root.

On summer days, shady areas of the garden are equipped and used for relaxation, where you can enjoy the coolness, hide from the exhausting heat and the scorching sun. The relaxation area can be decorated with shade-loving plants, creating flower beds or islands of lush greenery. The choice of plants for this is great and varied.


Watch the video: 5 Awesome Plants for Shade! . Garden Answer


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