Plant large trees - that's how you do it!



Plant a box

In the 19th century, gardening was a great hobby in the finer circles and a common topic of conversation in the salons was which plants had been picked up from abroad and how they thrived and overwintered in the gardens and parks. Many landowners and mill owners brought with them newcomers from Central Europe and Russia. Many of the trees that were planted then can still be seen in old parks. Now they are big and old and form powerful crowns. Some have already had so many years on their necks that they are starting to give way and many have also died. By then, it's time to plant a new tree for future generations! There is a saying that if you have planted a tree, you have not lived in vain.

Plant a box
We chose a box because there has been a box in Strömsö's park before. The box likes moist soil, but it does not tolerate standing water. The soil can be calcareous and nutritious.

- tree plant
- spades (ie "pointed" spade)
- grind at least 8 sacks per 60 l
- support stick, height 1-1.5 m, max diam 5 cm, 2 pcs (not impregnated wood, can be eg pine sturgeon "from the forest")
straps to tie the plant with, at least 3 meters
- riveting machine
- iron skewers
- cover material, 2-3 bags should suffice
- rakes
water jugs or hose

If you have good garden soil in your garden and do not need to add much new soil, you do not need to dig such a large pit. It can preferably be tub-shaped, about 30-40 cm deep and 1-1.5 m wide. If more new soil is needed, you can dig the pit 50 cm deep and a couple of meters wide. It is best to plant the tree on a small hill, because the new soil packs up over time and will eventually be level with the rest of the soil.

Water abundantly if the soil is dry
If the soil is not moist enough, it is good to water the tree, especially when it is newly planted and young. Feel free to give a lot at once and then let the soil dry up a little. If you are unsure if the soil is too dry or too wet, then run your index finger down as far as you can in the soil around the plant and feel how it feels down there. If the soil is dry, it is best to water. A newly planted tree may need up to 50-100 l of water at a time! Water in the pit before putting the tree down, especially in the spring. If you plant in the autumn and the ground is wet by itself, you do not need to water. This is especially true if the tree is without leaves. Use partly new soil, which you mix with the soil you dug up.

If you plant at a different time of year than in the autumn, you will eventually need to water properly. When the tree stands on a hill, the water wants to run down into the lawn. Then you can make a temporary ridge around the tree so that the water remains around the tree, but remember to flatten the ridge before the autumn so that there is no water and stand around the trunk over the winter.

Be careful with the root collar
When you place the tree in the pit, and put it on the soil, make sure that the root collar of the tree is partially visible. If the tree is too deeply planted in the nursery, it is best to bring out the root neck, otherwise it will take a long time for the tree to take root and the crown may become deformed. The root collar is wider than the stem itself and is located just above the roots. If you look at trees that grow wild, you can see that before the trunk disappears into the ground, it becomes a little wider. The wide part is the root neck. If the tree looks like a lamppost, ie no wider part is visible above the ground, then the tree is too deeply planted.

Tip: When you go to the plant trade to look for a tree plant, feel free to choose a small tree (1-1.5 m high). A small tree has smaller roots and the crown is usually not much pruned either. Also, make sure that the bark is completely intact from the root to the top. The branches may be evenly distributed along the trunk in different directions. Avoid one-sided trees.
If you have the opportunity, it pays to buy a tree with the root in a lump (in fabric) rather than in a pot. Often the roots can get it crowded in the pot and they start to grow in circles and then root rot occurs. It is difficult to try to open such a lump of root and try to spread the roots. When you transport the tree home, feel free to protect the branches and trunk with, for example, old carpets or some other fabric so that there is no damage to the bark.

Support the tree with canes
If the tree is so large that it will not stand on its own, it needs one or two support sticks. Place the stick on the side of the tree from which it blows the most. Run the cane down before planting the tree.
When the tree is planted, tie it with a wide and flat ribbon. Old loading loops, belts, seat belts or the like go really well. Put the strap one turn around the tree trunk and tie or rivet it to the support rod. The strap must be quite low, at a height of about half a meter. Then the crown will move in the wind and the tree will make proper supporting roots. Really small trees usually do not need support. If you notice that the tree is in a windy place and becomes crooked, you can run a support stick some distance from the trunk and tie it.

Cover the ground around the tree
Leave the area around the tree without grass and cover the only ground surface instead with chopped leaves, grass clippings, bark chips (pine) or hardwood chips. The cover material keeps the soil evenly moist and seed weeds will not be able to take root. It will be easier to mow the grass around the tree, there will be less risk of damage to the trunk and the nutrients and water the tree receives will not go to the grass.

After the tree has taken root, you can give it nutrition and lime if needed. Then you can spread it out under the cover material. Well-drained compost also works well as a cover material!

Do not prune too early
The tree does not need to be pruned. The more end buds (where a large amount of the plant hormones are found) and the leaf mass of the tree, the faster it can produce energy for itself and then it takes root quickly. If any twigs have been damaged or fallen off during transport or planting or if the tree has a strong double top, you can remove them. Otherwise, wait to start pruning the tree until it has taken root. In most cases, it takes one or two summers before the tree has taken root. Then it begins to make proper annual shoots and normal-sized leaves. Then also remove the support rods. Not all trees need to be pruned. Apple and pear trees for the sake of the harvest, but others mainly if they have weak branches, if there are double tops or dead and damaged branches.

Make a drawing of the garden

Last but not least, it is very good to have a drawing in your garden. Draw the plants you have in the garden, such as shrubs, perennials and trees. You can also draw in the place where you want your garden land, your gazebo or greenhouse to be. The best thing about a sketch is that every time something happens in your garden, you can add what you have planted and write on the back what year you planted it, where you bought the plant or from whom you got it.

So we did with the box and now it is on a drawing, so that some other gardener in the future can see when the tree is planted and by whom! Very valuable and also fun! It can be a very simple sketch with a pencil on white paper or you can let your imagination flow with colors and shapes and finally make a beautiful painting of it all!

Tree planning and planting
When you are considering planting a tree, choose one that will fit securely in the yard. If you have a small yard, you can choose, for example, an ornamental apple tree or some other small tree. The plant seller can recommend. A large tree, such as an oak, requires a large area for the crown to spread out. Then it is good to expect that the tree is at least 10 m from the house wall.

Different trees require different plant environments. Some like a little drier and others should have it wetter and some are not so picky. If you have a favorite tree you would like to have on your farm, first check that you can give the tree the growing environment it needs to grow and feel good.

Preferably plant in the fall
It is best to plant trees as the soil is moist in itself, ie autumn. Feel free to plant even when the tree has lost its leaves! If you have difficulty finding a tree without leaves, you can buy one with leaves, in late summer or early autumn, and wait until the leaves have fallen and plant only later. Then let the plant stand and wait outside in a semi-shady place and water the pot or clump at regular intervals as long as the leaves are green. Reduce watering as the leaves begin to turn yellow.

Spring is a relatively good planting time, but it is good to remember that the soil then dries up very quickly and therefore the plant needs extra supervision when it comes to water. In principle, you can also plant potted plants in the summer, but then you must remember to give the tree plenty of water so that it will surely take root.

Avoid root rot
It is best if you can carefully divide the root ball and spread the roots in the planting hole. This reduces the risk of root rot, ie that the roots only grow in circles right next to the stem and give no stability. You can only open the root ball if the tree is without leaves (!), Otherwise there is a risk that the tree will dry out. Remember to remove all material around the root for casting, synthetic nets and nets of iron wire do not rot as fast as it is said. Then there is always a risk that the root system will not develop and instead be strangled in the loops.


1. What is a pallet collar?

A pallet collar is a transport box that came to Europe from the United States after World War II. The pallet collar is made as a frame in heat-treated pine or spruce. It has hinged fittings of metal in the corners, and is locked with metal pins that are tapped in. The pallet collars can be stacked on top of each other in several layers. When not in use, they can be folded into flat packages.

The pallet collars are used together with pallets as a base, especially for transport by train. On any building nowadays, you can see lots of pallet collars with building materials in.

The standard dimensions for a full pallet are 120 x 80 x 20 centimeters. A half pallet has the dimensions 60 x 80 x 20 centimeters.


How to dig out plant material?

Krupnomer dug up with extreme caution and did not try to cause damage to the root system and lower branches of the tree. To do this, tie the branches at the bottom before you start digging in the tree. If a tree plant selected for transplantation has diseased, broken or dry branches, they are in no hurry to prune them. These branches act as a kind of buffer for reliable protection of the crown of an adult tree during transport. Damaged branches are removed after the tree has been fixed in the planting pit.

Determine the optimal size of a clay bowl

The diameter of the land comma with a round shape is calculated based on the diameter of the trunk (a part of a tree trunk located one meter from its root neck). The diameter of the soil coma should be 10-12 times the diameter of the stem. The exact data accepted by the international community can be found in the table, which also shows the height of the Earth's coma. The dimensions of a rural coma with a cubic shape during transplantation of adult trees vary in the range: length, width - from 1 m to 2.5 m height - from 0.7 m to 1 m. Trees with small height can be dug manually. At the same time, it is recommended to raise the standard dimensions of the rural area slightly.

The digging depth is determined by the type of wood. At the same time, the developmental functions of the root system of the large plant and the conditions for its growth must be taken into account. When digging spruce that grows on moist soil, the diameter of the coma is 1.5 m and the height is 0.4 m. It is necessary to dig much deeper on light, lush soils. When digging oak, the height of the lump of soil should be from 1 m to 1.2 m. It is best to take planting material that grows on medium-sized and heavy loamy soils. A lump of clay in a dug large plant on these soil types is dense and very stable. It is also important that water from the surrounding soil is drawn freely to the roots of a large tree in the planting pit through the small capillaries in the lush earthy coma.

A hydraulic jack helps to tear off the lump of soil from the underlying soil, whose load capacity should be in the range of 15-20 tons.

Earthball Pack

A lump of clay with a coarse grain, extracted from the mother soil, is packed in a special metal basket container. In this container, a low tree is transported to the site of a new deployment. Upon arrival at the facility, the basket with the tree with special equipment is lowered into the prepared landing pit. Then the removable container is pulled to the surface, and the tree remains at the landing site.

Large globes are packed in metal mesh or in sackcloth. These materials allow the root system of an adult tree to remain in the mother soil during transport. In winter, dug trees can be transported without packing a country coma. It is only necessary to give the extracted soil a few days (from 1 to 10) for freezing. The number of days depends on the size of the soil coma and the ambient temperature. In the frozen state, a lump of land is delivered together with a tree to the object in full safety.


Plant large trees - that's how you do it! - garden

Planting trees in the garden is a long-term commitment and you should think through the decisions properly so you do not do anything hasty. The same applies when you move to a new home and get a new garden, let the trees stand for at least two years so you can see them in peace and quiet in all seasons before you decide if they should be allowed to remain or if they should be taken away. Replacing an old tree is both difficult and expensive once it has been felled, especially if it is a slow-growing variety.

There is no clear boundary between what is a tree and what is a shrub and some species can grow both as a tree and a shrub depending on the environment. For these, the term shrub is usually used. According to some authorities, a species must be at least five meters high to be counted as a tree and there are plenty of shrubs that do, even in our Swedish cold climate. Common to all trees is that they are woody and have a hard trunk rich in cellulose and lignin, but shrubs also have woody trunks so it can not be used as a definition. For the average gardener, however, such botanical dividing lines are seldom important, so we can instead focus entirely on the fun work of choosing exactly which trees we want to grow in our garden.

Trees can be planted in the garden for many different reasons. A tree can offer shade and give the garden a feeling of security and tranquility, trees can be used as protection from wind and visibility, and a tree can of course be grown for its good fruits and nuts. Many trees are also very beautiful, not only when they are in bloom but all year round. It is not difficult to find trees that stay green twelve months a year or develop beautiful bark that is a delight to the eye even in winter. An old large tree is also a wonderful playground that not only serves as a climbing frame but also offers excellent branches for both swings and huts.

Before planting trees, you should think about what you want the tree to do, both now and in the future. Should the tree mainly produce fruit or is it more important that it grows very fast and only requires a minimum of care? Many garden owners, especially new ones, take on so much gardening that they never get time to lie in that hammock between the trees and enjoy the rustle of the crown or take a break from the autumn work to munch on a juicy homemade apple cake. Therefore, try to be realistic when choosing trees for your garden so they become part of your home that gives you more energy than they take. There is no law in Sweden that says that a Swedish villa garden must have a certain number of apple trees so if raking and composting fall fruit is not your cup of tea, opt for other types of trees.

Since trees can grow really big both above and below the ground, it is important to place them right in the garden and have a clear idea of ​​exactly how big they can become over time. A tree that is placed too close to a building damages the foundation and drainage of the house and you may also need to cut off branches that rub against the house when it is windy. Trees planted near plot boundaries can cause disagreement between neighbors, for example if the tree as it grows large begins to shade the neighbor's patio in an unwelcome way or fills it with sticky chestnut juice.

With a little planning, trees can be a wonderful addition to the garden that is appreciated by both humans, animals and plants. Birds, squirrels and bats like to live in trees and there is a long list of plant species that thrive best when they are allowed to grow in the varying shade a tree can offer. Many spring plants, for example, bloom most abundantly when they grow under trees because they get full sun during the flowering period in the spring when the tree's leaves have not had time to burst out while they are protected from drying out during the summer when they themselves have long since finished flowering.


Plant location

Suitable as a solitaire and in a row one after the other, on both sides of a walkway to mark an avenue or an entrance.

The soil should be well worked out. Feel free to mix in new soil when planting, Blomsterlandets Planteringsjord fits most ornamental trees.

Planting time

Most ornamental trees can be planted at any time of the year, as long as you can dig into the ground.

Water

Water thoroughly during dry periods. Especially important the first year after planting.

Nutrition

Basic fertilizer, with Algomin Garden or Eco-fertilizer, spring and autumn for good wintering.

Care

Keep an open area around the tree. Feel free to cover with bark or similar to prevent the tree from competing with weeds. You also do not risk damaging the tree with a lawnmower or trimmer if grass grows too close to the trunk.

Pruning

Not all trees need to be pruned, but you may need to prune older trees that look ragged, have crossed or ingrown branches, and trees that have become too large or have too low branches along walkways or roads.

Pruning of most trees takes place in the spring and winter, except for the varieties that easily "bleed", e.g. maple, birch and walnut, which are pruned in the fall or during JAS.

Good luck planting your ornamental tree.


Do it yourself: How to succeed with your avocado tree

How to use:
1. First of all, you should make sure to buy a good, large avocado - not a small cheap one in nets, as the seeds in them are often quite small. A large core, preferably about 3-4 centimeters in diameter, is easier to germinate.

2. When picking the core from the avocado, be careful. It is not good for the core if there are marks and scratches on it, because then it can split in the wrong places.

4. The end that has been attached to the tree must be facing downwards in the water. If you take a closer look at this picture, you can see that the core has a round end that looks different from the rest, and that is the piece that should be turned into the water. Be sure to place the core right from the start, otherwise the project is guaranteed to fail.

5. Also be careful when inserting the pins into the core. On the core itself, there are natural markings and you should not put the sticks there because that is where the core will open up. Here you can again look at the image where you can see a line in the middle of the core, which you should avoid.

Tip! To succeed with your avocado tree, do not push the sticks in more than a few millimeters.

6. After about 3-4 weeks the core starts to take root and after another 3-4 weeks it starts to grow for real. Then it's time to plant the core in a jar or pot of topsoil and place it in a bright place - but not in direct sunlight.

Tip! Be patient with your avocado tree and if you do not succeed the first time, try again.

TELL!
Have you succeeded with your avocado tree? Feel free to publish a picture of it in the field below!


Video: How Trees Secretly Talk to Each Other in the Forest. Decoder


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