Ryabinnik


Fieldfare (Sorbaria) is a member of the pink family. This genus unites only 10 species. The name of such a plant comes from the Latin word "Sorbus", which translates as "mountain ash". The fact is that the leaf plates of representatives of this genus are very similar to the foliage of the common mountain ash. As an ornamental plant, fieldfare has been cultivated since the middle of the 18th century.

Features of fieldfare

Fieldfare is a deciduous shrub that can reach a height of about 3 meters. He can form very beautiful dense thickets, because he has many root shoots. Cranked-sinuous stems are colored gray-yellow. The composition of odd-pinnate complex leaf plates includes from 9 to 13 pairs of double-serrate or serrate leaves. Pyramidal panicle inflorescences consist of many small flowers of cream or white color. The fruit is a leaflet.

Such a shrub in landscape design is used to create group and single plantings, and it is also used for hedges, for decorating ponds, and also for strengthening the slopes.

Fieldfare mountain ash-leaved. Weed or ornamental shrub?

Planting fieldfare in the open field

What time to plant

Fieldfare is planted in open soil in early spring, before sap flow begins or after leaf fall ends in autumn. This plant is relatively shade-loving, so it can be planted under tall trees. It feels equally well in very wet soil and in clayey dense soil.

How to plant

The size of the pit for planting should be approximately 0.7x0.7 m, while its depth should not be more than 0.5 m. If you are creating a group planting, then the distance between the specimens should be at least 100 centimeters. The fieldfare is similar to the blackthorn in that it can grow rapidly, capturing all new territories, so it is recommended to overlay the sides of the planting hole with slate or metal sheets. A good drainage layer should be made at the bottom of the pit. It needs to be covered with a layer of soil mixture, consisting of soil combined with humus or compost. Then the root system of the seedling must be placed in the hole, and covered with soil combined with organic matter. During planting, make sure that the root collar of the plant rises above the surface of the site by 20-30 mm. The planted shrub must be watered, while 20 liters of water are poured under it. When the liquid is completely absorbed into the ground, the surface of the trunk circle will need to be covered with a layer of mulch.

Planting fieldfare mountain ash

Field care in the garden

Caring for fieldfare is quite simple, and even a beginner can handle it. Remember that the soil near the bushes should always be slightly damp and loose. Provide him with timely removal of root growth and weeds, and feed regularly (when grown in poor soil). Formative pruning is done only when necessary.

Watering should be plentiful, especially if there is a prolonged drought. Top dressing is carried out in small portions at least 2 times during the season, while the nutrient mixtures are shallowly embedded or applied superficially. The shrub is fed with compost, peat or humus, in some cases, complex mineral fertilizers are also used.

In order for the appearance of the plant to always remain as effective as possible, it is necessary to promptly cut off the inflorescences that have begun to fade. At the very beginning of the spring period, sanitary pruning is carried out, for this you need to cut out all injured, damaged by pests or disease, dried branches, as well as those that thicken the bush. If you do not thin the bush, the stems will become thinner, weaker, and they will age very quickly. Fieldfare tolerates pruning well, even rejuvenating. Remember to cut out root shoots systematically.

Transfer

The shrub tolerates transplantation very well. This procedure is very often performed together with the division of the bush. The preparation of a new planting pit should be done in autumn or spring. A drainage layer should be placed at its bottom, and a soil mixture should be prepared, consisting of soil removed from the pit, as well as compost or humus. Remove the bush from the ground, and, if necessary, cut it into several parts, while taking into account that each delenka must have powerful shoots and well-developed roots. Places of cuts should be sprinkled with crushed charcoal, then the cuttings are planted in new places. If you do not divide the bush, then the dug out plant will need to be placed in a planting hole, which is filled with prepared soil mixture. The soil around the shrub is compacted, and then abundant watering is carried out.

Fieldfare propagation

Such a plant can be propagated by dividing the bush, this procedure is described in great detail above. Theoretically, fieldfare can be propagated by seeds, but in practice, seedlings appear very rarely. Most often, gardeners propagate this shrub with lignified cuttings and layering.

It is very simple and easy to propagate fieldberry by layering. In springtime, it will be necessary to choose a strong, healthy and long stem, and bend it to the surface of the site so that several buds are in contact with it. Then the stem is fixed in this position and covered with soil, while its top should remain free. Do not forget to water the cuttings in a timely manner in the summer. After a few weeks, the cuttings will take root, and in late summer or early autumn it can be cut off from the parent plant and planted in a new place.

Cuttings are cut from lignified stems, while the length of the apical segments can vary from 20 to 30 centimeters. For rooting, they are planted in a box filled with earth mixture. Keep the soil slightly damp at all times. If the cuttings root successfully, their tops should begin to grow.

Fieldfare pruning. sadovymir.ru

Diseases and pests

Such a shrub is distinguished by high phytoncidal properties, which explains its resistance to diseases and pests. Very rarely, green aphids or spider mites can settle on it. Such sucking insects suck out the plant sap from the bush, as a result, it becomes lethargic, and the stems are deformed and the foliage turns yellow. In addition, there is a high probability that such pests will infect the fieldfare with a viral mosaic. This disease cannot be cured, and therefore all you have to do is dig up and destroy the plant. To get rid of such insects, they resort to treating the affected specimen with Fitoverm or Mitaka solution.

After flowering

When flowering is over, you will need to cut off all wilting inflorescences. At the end of the leaf fall, the dried foliage must be collected and destroyed. The fieldfare is characterized by extremely high frost resistance, it is able to withstand even severe frosts without shelter.

Types and varieties of fieldfare with photos and names

Only 4 species of fieldfare are cultivated:

Felt fieldfare (Sorbaria tomentosa)

This species is native to East Asia. In height, such a plant can reach 6 meters. A shrub in nature prefers to grow on mountain slopes. It does not bloom. Possesses low cold resistance.

Field ashberry (Sorbaria arborea)

Found naturally in East Asia. The height of such a shrub does not exceed 6 meters. Such a slow-growing plant is highly frost-resistant. Flowering is observed in July – August.

Fieldfare Pallas (Sorbaria pallasii)

This plant can be found in nature on the rocky slopes of Transbaikalia and the Far East. The height of this spectacular mountain ash does not exceed 1.2 m. The color of young stems is brown, they are glabrous or thinly pubescent with branched light yellow hairs. Old stems are covered with peeling bark. Unpaired linear-lanceolate leaf plates reach 15 centimeters in length, as a rule, on their surface there is pubescence, consisting of hairs of a red color. Not very large apical panicle inflorescences consist of white or cream flowers, the diameter of which is 1.5 cm. The fruit is a pubescent leaf. Such a shrub is winter-hardy.

Mountain ashberry (Sorbaria sorbifolia)

This type is most popular with gardeners. In the wild, it forms thickets on the river banks and forest edges of the Far East, Korea, Siberia, China and Japan. The height of the bush does not exceed 200 centimeters. The color of straight stems is brown-gray. The length of the sharply serrated, pinnate leaf plates is about 0.2 m, they have a pointed apex. When the leaf plates are just blooming, they have an orange-pink tint, in the summer their color is pale green, while in the fall it changes to carmine red or yellow. The length of the pyramidal panicles does not exceed 0.3 m, they consist of fragrant cream-colored flowers. They have very long stamens, making the inflorescences look fluffy. The fruit is a fused jug-shaped leaflet.

Fieldfare mountain ash - work on mistakes


Platycodon breeding rules: growing from seeds and cuttings

Often, it is customary to propagate a shirokokolokolchik generatively - using seeds, but in rare cases, a vegetative method is also used - rooting cuttings.

Reproduction of Platicodon using seeds. Seed material, which was collected after the ripening of the bolls, can be sown immediately in open ground in autumn or spring. But it is often recommended to grow seedlings. Sowing in seedling boxes is carried out in the last winter week or with the arrival of March. But here you will have to carry out preparatory work with the seeds in order to accelerate their germination. The seed is placed in a gauze or cotton bag and placed in a small container of water. The seeds should be there for at least a day so that they absorb moisture well and swell.

Purchased soil for flower plants is poured into a seedling container (you can take a box or a large pot), but many growers prefer to make up the soil mixture on their own from equal proportions of river sand, peat substrate and humus. The soil is well loosened and seeds ready for sowing are placed in it. There are two opinions about the seeds being buried in the soil, according to which, in the first case, the seeds are simply laid out on the surface of the soil mixture, in the second case, they should be sealed to a depth of no more than 3-5 mm, after which the crops are powdered with a thin sand layer.

In any case, when the seeds are visited in the container, they are moistened using a finely dispersed spray bottle and water with a temperature of 20-22 degrees. The irrigation field is covered with a transparent plastic wrap to create conditions with high humidity. The place where the seedling container will stand should be light and with room heat indicators. The next watering should be done if the top layer of the soil dries up. Usually, after 7-14 days, you can see the first shoots of Platycodon. This will be the signal for the film to be removed.

For growing seedlings of Japanese bellflower, heat indices must be reduced to 18–20 degrees so that the stems do not stretch too much and do not weaken. With such care, soil moistening is carried out as needed, and after watering the soil, it is recommended to loosen it very carefully. When the seedlings develop two pairs of true leaf plates, a dive is performed in separate pots using the same soil composition. The diameter of the planting capacity should not be more than 10 cm. Until the weather conditions permit, that is, when the threat of recurrent frosts has passed, the seedlings of the shirokokolokolchik grow indoors. A week before the transplant, you can start hardening the seedlings. For this, plants are exposed to fresh air during the day for 15–20 minutes, gradually increasing this time.

Propagation of platycodon by cuttings. Although this method takes place, it does not end with success for many. In the spring, for grafting, it is recommended to cut stem blanks with a heel and a pair of internodes. Then the cuttings are planted in loose peat-sandy soil and covered with a plastic bottle with a cut bottom. Maintenance should consist of watering when the soil dries and daily airing. When signs of rooting appear, you can transplant Japanese bell seedlings into open ground.

If the bush grows in sandy soil, then you can try to divide it. To do this, the platycodone is carefully removed from the substrate and examined. When it is noticed that the plant has formed shoots with renewal buds, then they must be very carefully separated from the mother's root system. The division is carried out with a very sharp knife or other garden tool. All cuts must be sprinkled with crushed charcoal or activated carbon at once and the cuttings must be planted in a prepared place in the garden. However, it should be remembered that such parts of the Japanese bell are very difficult to take root, which cannot be said about seedlings obtained by the seedling method.


Snowberry tolerates pruning well. In gardening, the snowberry is very useful, as it is a good honey plant.

In combination with tall trees or shrubs with green foliage, with conifers, they form delightful contrasting groups. You can make a dense and beautiful hedge from a snowberry.

The berries of the snowberry are inedible, but if you really want to, you can eat one berry. You just make sure that the taste of the berry is not very pleasant.

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