10 fertilizers that can harm both plants and humans

The use of mineral fertilizers can significantly increase the productivity of agricultural crops grown by humans. But the use of chemicals in the garden must be approached competently, because some of them may simply be dangerous to human health. What fertilizers can harm not only plants, but also humans, we will tell in our article.

Ammonium nitrate

This substance contains up to 35% nitrogen, dissolves well in water, and is quickly absorbed by plants. It can be added to the soil both in dry form and in solutions. Saltpeter acidifies the soil and is not recommended for foliar dressing - if the dosage is not observed, the fertilized plants may die. You need to know that ammonium nitrate is explosive and requires special attention during transportation and storage. The explosion hazard increases with an increase in the moisture content of the substance and with sudden temperature changes.


Urea is the nitrogen champion among fertilizers. It dissolves easily in water and is used for both root and foliar dressing. When using urea as a fertilizer, you need to pay attention to the following features:

  • increased concentration of urea reduces seed germination;
  • the introduction of dry granules without embedding into the soil provokes the release of gaseous ammonia, which harms young plants;
  • an excessive amount of nitrogen leads to an increase in the green mass of plants, a lengthening of the growing season and a later period of fruit ripening.

Sodium nitrate

Plant breeders use sodium nitrate to alkalize the soil, as a stimulant for the rooting of seedlings. When it gets on the leaves of plants, it leaves burns on them. Due to the high sodium content in the substance, an increase in the level of nitrates in the tubers and leaves of plants is possible. In contact with the skin, it causes irritation, poisonous to animals. Sodium nitrate is used not only as a fertilizer, but also for the production of explosives. High temperatures during storage of explosive compounds can cause explosion or fire.


Superphosphate is used to enrich the soil with phosphorus. This fertilizer accelerates the ripening of fruits, increases the accumulation of protein and sugars in plants, and helps to increase resistance to fungal diseases. Simultaneously with these positive properties, superphosphate promotes the leaching of calcium and magnesium from the soil and causes soil erosion.

Calcium Cyanamide

It is used to destroy annual weeds, remove foliage from cotton to facilitate harvesting with combines. Decomposes quickly in soil. During processing, dry matter can get on the human skin, which leads to burns and inflammation of the mucous membranes.

Ammonium sulfate

It is an effective nitrogen-sulfur fertilizer that promotes the growth of cultivated plants, improves the keeping quality and taste of the crop. At high concentrations, the soil acidifies, it is possible that it can be converted into nitric acid in the soil.


The universal composition of the fertilizer enriches the soil with essential minerals. Increases plant resistance to diseases. When storing azophoska, dust accumulates, which can explode. Also, when the azophoska is heated to high temperatures (200 degrees), dangerous toxic gases are released.

Calcium nitrate

Calcium nitrate is one of the best fertilizers for acidic soils. Improves plant resistance to diseases. A significant drawback is that it is hygroscopic, so storage must be organized in an airtight container and in a dry place. In case of contact with skin and mucous membranes, chemical burns are possible.

Potassium chloride

The active ingredient in this fertilizer is potassium. The presence of potassium in the soil improves seed germination, activates root growth, increases the resistance of young plants to frost, perennials tolerate wintering better. Potassium also has a beneficial effect on the taste of fruits and their shelf life. Due to the content of chlorine in the fertilizer, it accumulates in the soil, which leads to salinity and acidification. With an excess of potassium, plants also lose their ability to assimilate other trace elements: nitrogen, calcium, magnesium, zinc.

Superphosphate double

Double superphosphate contains two to three times more phosphorus than regular superphosphate. Phosphorus accelerates the growth and flowering of plants, increases productivity, and increases resistance to diseases. If used improperly on acidic soils, chemical reactions occur with the formation of insoluble compounds, which further destroys it. When fertilizing your garden, follow the recommendations of the manufacturers indicated on the packages: concentration of solutions, timing of application. Too much fertilizer will do more harm than good. Pay attention to the terms and requirements for storage conditions. Do not experiment in the form of mixing different types of fertilizers, as chemical reactions with the release of toxic substances are possible.

Helpful information

The drug rapsol, properties, application

Rapeseed is a remedy for insect pests and plant diseases. It is a means for the prevention and treatment of powdery mildew, effective in the fight against spider mites, aphids, whiteflies, etc.
Read more

Gamair (tablets): instructions for use

Gamair is a biological bactericide based on the natural bacterium Bacillus subtilis M - 22 VIZR, which prevents leaf spots, bacterial rot, scab, moniliosis, bacterial cancer, vascular and mucous bacteriosis.
Read more

Home Smart Garden - Smart Indoor Garden

The smart garden automatically controls lighting, moisture, soil acidity, fertilizing and fertilizing, watering and spraying.
Read more

What water to water house plants

Plant lovers often have a question about watering, because we have all heard about the "terrible waste water". But do you all know about tap water, boiled water or well water, what are the risks of watering?
Read more

Coconut substrate: application, is it worth buying

Coconut substrate, as you might guess from the name, contains coke, which allows you to create an ideal water-air environment for the development of the root system of plants.
Read more

Complex nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium fertilizer: application

In order for garden plants and vegetables to please you with a good harvest, and decorative flowers to enjoy their beautiful view, you should use fertilizers when growing them. This requires knowledge: depending on the season and type of plant, the ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium should be different.
Read more

Chitosan lactate for plants: properties, application

Chitin compounds play an important role in the life of animals, plants and microorganisms. Chitin is found in the walls of yeast, fungi and algae.
Read more

Mineral fertilizers for home flowers

Houseplants grow in small containers, i.e. the amount of nutrients needed for normal development is not enough for them. In order for flowers to really decorate your home, to be beneficial by purifying the air, you should use various fertilizing and growth stimulants for home flowers. And you need to choose fertilizers and preparations correctly, because each type of plant may require different minerals and trace elements.
Read more

Orchids and fertilizing them

Orchids are exquisite flowers that require special care. To keep a flower beautiful, you need to keep it healthy.
Read more

Garden and vegetable garden - observation diary

For all those for whom gardening and horticulture is not just a "summer duty", but a hobby that brings pleasure, such an observation diary is simply necessary. However, not everyone knows about him.
Read more

DIY garden var

Gardeners know that tree damage is not uncommon. Fresh wounds can cause serious illness. to prevent this, a garden pitch should be made.
Read more

Plant protection products from pests and diseases

In spring, nature wakes up, and along with it plant diseases are activated and various pests come out of winter sleep. Therefore, everyone who wants to get a good harvest and see flowers, trees and shrubs beautiful, tries to protect their plants.
Read more

Growth stimulants for orchids

The home orchid gives its mysterious, unique flowers only to those who understand this very capricious beauty and give her the appropriate care. This is where orchid growth stimulants will help you.
Read more

Growth stimulants and fertilizers for seedlings

Seedling growth stimulants not only increase seed germination, but subsequently have a beneficial effect on plants: they make them more resistant to adverse conditions and diseases.
Read more

Fertilizer for vegetables

Everyone wants crispy cucumbers, tomatoes juicy and strong, carrots large. You can get a good harvest by feeding the plants in a timely manner.
Read more

Fertilizer for cucumbers

Cucumber is considered a rather unpredictable vegetable crop. Illiterate care can ruin the future harvest. Feeding this vegetable should begin with feeding the seedlings.
Read more

Fertilizer for roses

The successful cultivation of roses largely depends on the timeliness of fertilization. At the same time, it is important not only to help the flowers bloom luxuriantly and profusely, but also not to harm.
Read more

Fertilizer for violets

In order for the violet to please with lush flowering, certain conditions must be observed. One is to use violet fertilizer. How to fertilize violets? Fertilizer should be complex, containing macro- and microelements.
Read more

Fertilizers for aquarium plants

For the aquarium to be beautiful, to please us and its inhabitants - the fish - plants need to be fully cared for. Fertilizers for aquarium plants are selected in a certain way so that they are constantly present in the water.
Read more

Fertilizers for the garden

If you are the owner of a vegetable garden, then you know that the soil can lose its useful properties after a long period of use. But if it is not possible to leave the site "fallow", how to keep the soil fertile?
Read more

Fertilizers for orchids

It became possible to grow such a flower at home, thanks to the efforts of breeders. However, the flower is capricious, it needs proper care.
Read more

Fertilizers for seedlings (tomatoes)

Currently, many gardeners grow seedlings in small containers: in paper honeycombs, in peat or plastic pots, in cassettes. In this case, you cannot do without feeding.
Read more

Pharmayod, application

Pharmayod is a water-soluble iodine complex (10%) with surfactants. Read about the benefits of the drug and how it is used.
Read more

Fitoverm: instructions for use

Fitoverm is a biological preparation. The drug is used to combat more than twenty types of pests.
Read more

Fitoverm: instructions for use for indoor plants

Fitoverm is ideal for indoor plants. It belongs to the group of insectoacoricides, which are used for plants indoors and outdoors. The drug is safe for humans and pets. Read how to use fitoverm correctly.
Read more

Succinic acid for plants

Succinic acid is an environmentally friendly product, and it is also a growth stimulant. Read about the properties of succinic acid, methods of application and the Amulet preparation.
Read more

What is Chrysal?

Chrysal is the name of a Dutch company that produces professional products for florists. The products of this brand are in great demand all over the world.

The product is of the highest quality in Europe, and is gradually beginning to conquer the flower fertilizer market in many other countries.

At home, preparations of this series are suitable for caring for:

  • roses
  • gypsophila
  • freesia
  • lily
  • bulbous flowers
  • mixed bouquets with lilies and roses
  • mixed bouquets with lilies, alstroemeri yami and roses
  • mixed bouquets with summer flowers
  • tulips
  • hyacinths
  • greens for combining mixed flower arrangements.

For this purpose, at home, a universal top dressing from the Chrysal company is usually used. However, there are special varieties for bulbous crops. The Prof. types are suitable for industrial applications. 2 NG and Lily & AlstoemTbag. They are designed for the same colors as the home remedies. But their dosage is higher, since these preparations are used for large quantities of ornamental plants.

Undoubtedly, the most useful fertilizer for plants is considered organic fertilizers, which are applied to the soil when digging a site and growing seedlings of garden crops.

Pros. Natural Organic is a fast acting fertilizer suitable for any plant. The raw materials used contain a lot of nitrogen and phosphorus, improve the structure of the soil and have a positive effect on the growth, development, flowering and fruiting of horticultural crops. Plants are poured with solutions throughout the entire period of growth, from the moment of planting in the ground until the first fruits are obtained.

Minuses. But, such a wonderful and necessary component for plants can do harm. When introducing cow dung or chicken manure, it should be remembered that this organic matter is beneficial only when it is rotted. Fresh droppings or manure are harmful to plants. Even diluted in water and fermented over a two-week period, a solution of chicken droppings on the leaves of the plant can burn the leaf plate.

Due to the presence of an excess of phosphorus, both beneficial and pathogenic microorganisms are formed in the mullein, increasing the content of harmful nitrates in mixtures. With manure, weeds are also introduced into the soil, which develop much better than garden crops.

And it is quite easy to cross the line in the amount of organic feeding. Cow dung and chicken droppings take a long time to decompose, as a result of which an excess of nutrients can be observed in plants, which will certainly negatively affect the yield.

Output. When using organic fertilizers, the main rule is the wisdom of using concentrated mixtures. Only rotted cow dung and chicken droppings are used. In dry form, it is brought under the autumn digging of the soil of the site. The plants are poured with solutions that have stood for a two-week period, and only diluted in water. Before adding organic matter, the soil must be loosened and well moistened. And additional watering after feeding will not be superfluous.

Nutritional yeast

The expression "grows by leaps and bounds" novice gardeners take at face value and consider the yeast mixtures to be high-quality and effective top dressing. This opinion is completely wrong. Yeast is not food for plants; it only acts as a stimulant for the formation of roots and the growth of the aboveground part of vegetable crops.

Pros. For yeast "feeding", both dry mixes and fresh yeast are used - the result is the same. The plant becomes more powerful, stems and leaves grow well, shoots lay more flowering brushes and fruit ovaries.

Minuses. But there is in the yeast growth stimulant and its minus.An overabundance of yeast "top dressing" and the content of a minimum amount of essential nutrients in the soil will provoke the discharge of flowers, in particular on cucumber lashes. The plant will be powerful, and the flowering will be weak, the fruit ovaries will dry out before reaching technical ripeness.

Herbal infusion

Any weed growing on the site, or rather weed infusions, can be used as a liquid top dressing. Knowing this statement, gardeners collect all the weeds and soak them in a container of water for a long time, completely forgetting that herbal infusions should "ferment" no more than five days.

Pros. It is this concentrate, additionally diluted with water, will give the plant additional nutrition. But not at all the one that stands in the corner of the garden and exudes an unpleasant smell. The nutrient mixture is useful until the stems and leaves are completely decomposed. Being in water for a long time, the plants simply rot, and the nutrient mixture turns into a foul-smelling slurry, which not only does not help the garden culture, but can also “reward” the plant with spores of pathogenic bacteria that have already formed in it.

Minuses. Nettle, tomato, extracts of wormwood and St. John's wort, alfalfa and dandelion really replenish the reserves of nitrogen, iron and potassium, promote the formation of chlorophyll in leafy plates and even repel insect pests. But, it is easy enough not to notice the already ripe seeds on the garden weeds and spread the weed over the site with such top dressing.

Iodine and brilliant green

Disinfectants used in gardening are more likely to combat plant diseases. Breeder scientists also describe the benefits of these drugs in the form of top dressing.

Pros. Iodine solution accelerates fruit ripening. Cucumber whips sprayed with a solution of ordinary brilliant green have a more saturated and beautiful green color. Healthy lashes - an excellent harvest of fruits.

Minuses. But frequent feeding with aqueous solutions with the addition of alcohol-containing components can lead to drying of both leaves and fruits. And, as a result, crop loss.


Perhaps the most affordable folk fertilizer available on any farm. But is the hard shell of a chicken egg really so useful and harmless?

The shell of eggs contains a large number of elements necessary for horticultural crops. Calcium carbonate, amino acids and organic compounds, micro, macronutrients and minerals. In particular, iron, manganese, molybdenum, zinc, copper, magnesium, silicon and sulfur - all these components give the right to consider eggshells as a kind of panacea for fertilization. But is it?

Pros. The soil, with the introduced crushed eggshell, becomes more nutritious, friable, and allows air and moisture to pass through well. The shell is considered a high-quality soil deoxidizer. The crushed shells nourish and nourish the roots of plants, giving them strength and power. And it may seem that crushed shells are the only means necessary for high-quality growth of horticultural crops and obtaining a large harvest.

Yes, it is simply necessary to collect, grind and apply the shells to the soil. But, nevertheless, you need to do it right.

Minuses. The shells of only fresh eggs can bring benefits to plants; cooked products are absolutely useless for plants. Boiling water destroys the nutrients in the shell. Such a top dressing applied to the soil will only help to slightly loosen the top layer, but there will be no nutrition for the plant in such dressing.

And the rules for collecting and preparing eggshells in order to preserve useful properties should not be neglected.

Freed from the contents, the eggshells must be carefully washed under running water, dried, crushed and the resulting powder, poured into a cardboard box. In a crushed, powdery form, the shell is stored for a long time and it does not lose its main properties - to become a source of nutrition for garden plants.

Eggshell fertilization will not do any good if you just crumple it with your hands before spreading it into the soil. The shell will decompose and release the necessary nutrition for several years, and the plant needs nutrition today.

Even if all the recommendations are followed, eggshells are not considered a very simple and affordable fertilizer for the plant. The benefits of such feeding will also be provided that the required amount of food is added.

Output. Considering that the dried eggshell of one egg weighs about 7 g, and the rate of application to the soil is about 1 kg per hundred square meters, then how many eggs will be required to improve the soil composition on a plot of six hundred parts? That is why the crushed eggshell powder is introduced directly into the hole when planting seedlings, and a lot of it is needed in the hole. And it would be nice to fill up the entire site for the autumn digging.

Aqueous solutions from eggshells, infused for a week in a dark place, are useful for the plant. Such dressing is used more for indoor flowers than for horticultural crops.

And, here, in the fight against insect pests, you can use not crushed shells. The beds filled with such components do not like slugs, and mice will not dig their holes in the soil with sharp eggshells.

Bone flour

Pros. Phosphorus-containing dressing, designed to stimulate root formation in garden plants, consisting of calcium and phosphorus, is called bone meal. Proponents of environmentally friendly agriculture note bone meal as a product of bone processing and believe that when introduced into the soil, bone meal can reduce stress in seedlings during transplantation, stimulate root formation and saturate the soil with useful phosphorus and potassium compounds.

Minuses. Let's not argue, bone meal is really rich in phosphorus and potassium, so necessary for young plants. But, uncontrolled amounts of these nutrients can harm the plant, especially phosphorus. An excess of phosphorus leads to a weakening of the ground part of the plant. Weakened lashes cannot grow strong roots.

As a result, a garden culture with an overabundance of phosphorus-containing elements in the soil, throws all its strength into growing roots, weakening the ground part.

Bone meal, especially its amount, generously introduced by the gardener into the planting hole, creates the appearance of high-quality development of plants, and in practice, most likely, makes life difficult for them.

Boric acid

Pros. Boron is a trace element necessary for a plant, the absence of which affects the yield of a vegetable crop, the number and size of fruits, as well as their appearance. Boron deficiencies are especially noticeable in cucumbers, tomatoes and strawberries. Many argue that the absence of boron in the soil can cause disease and even damage to seedlings. Plants lose flowers and fruits, shed their leaves.

Minuses. In turn, an overabundance of boron-containing elements in the soil and strings causes toxicosis in plants. The leaves begin to turn yellow and die off. Flowers, once a powerful cucumber bush, gives small and weak, the plant develops poorly, growth slows down. Tomato bushes are covered with brown spots.

Output. Boron simply needs to be added to light sandy soils, where it is simply washed out. Boron deficiency is noted in forest and steppe lands. Therefore, many gardeners pay special attention to equipping the soil of their personal plot with boron compounds.

Boric acid, offered by the pharmacy chain, is the most affordable drug. Gardeners treat the deciduous mass of plants with aqueous solutions of boric acid during flowering, although seedlings and seedlings can experience boric starvation throughout the growing season.

We will not argue about the benefits of boron dressings, they are effective and useful for the plant. The main thing is to observe the measure. The line between an overabundance and a deficiency in the presence of boron is very small and easy to break.

Boron improves and increases flowering, stimulates the ovary, increases the yield of the plant. Boric acid is used for foliar dressing and leaf spraying. It is recommended to produce such dressings during the entire growing and fruiting season.

But, in large quantities, boron can become a toxic, carcinogenic substance that can cause cancer.

Folk remedies are available and good, so you can safely use all kinds of their options, but strict adherence to all the rules and characteristics of the impact of all components on plants is the key to success, which guarantees successful vegetation and high yields.

What folk remedies to use for feeding pepper and tomato seedlings

Tomatoes and peppers are very popular vegetables for almost all Russian gardeners. These vegetables not only taste great, but they are also very beneficial for the human body. To be able to get a good harvest of these vegetable crops, you need not only to plant them correctly, but also to feed them with useful substances in a timely manner. It is worth noting that feeding tomato and pepper seedlings with folk remedies will allow every gardener to get a rich harvest. And what means to use in this situation and how to do everything competently, we will talk about this in this publication.

Feeding seedlings of peppers and tomatoes with various folk remedies

Currently, in many specialized stores you can buy a large number of all kinds of preparations for fertilizing seedlings. But for those people who prefer everything natural, those fertilizers that are made on their own will be the most suitable option. The main substances necessary for tomatoes and peppers are phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium. The best nitrogen source for these vegetables is poultry manure. It should be diluted with warm water (1: 2), and left to infuse for 2, 3 days. The resulting solution must be thoroughly mixed and added to water for irrigation (1:10). Poultry droppings promote the rapid growth of tops. But it is recommended to use it only once before planting nightshade crops in open ground. People who prefer to drink aromatic coffee, as a rule, have a lot of used coffee grounds left. This thick can be used not only as a substrate for growing mushrooms, but also as an excellent fertilizer for seedlings. In addition to its main action, coffee grounds are excellently able to loosen the soil and improve oxygen access to the root system of plants. To be able to improve the structure of the soil, you just need to add a small amount of coffee grounds to it.

Coffee Waste Waste Needed to Improve the Substrate

There is another excellent type of fertilizer. This is onion peel. To do this, you need to take 20 g of onion husks and pour warm water (5 l). Leave to infuse for 3-4 days. This solution is capable not only of filling the soil with many useful substances, but also with the help of it you can disinfect the soil.

Banana peel dressing for tomato and pepper seedlings

Fertilizing tomato seedlings after picking with folk remedies can also be done independently. And you can also talk about this in this publication.
In the event that you have a huge amount of banana skins left, then do not throw them away. They are generally a great option for correcting potassium deficiency in many plant species. In the event that potassium is not enough for the plants, this will affect the absorption of nitrogen and lead to very weak and lethargic seedlings.

Making banana dressing is very easy. To do this, take a three-liter jar and place in it peels of 4-5 bananas and pour warm water. It is necessary to insist this solution for three days. After that, the potassium can be released from the banana skins and fill the water. It is with this solution that it is necessary to water the plants.

Eggshell fertilizer for seedlings of peppers and tomatoes

In Russia, eggshells are often used to feed vegetable crops. This product contains a huge range of nutrients. You can prepare an eggshell-based dressing in the same way as a banana one. To do this, you need to take a shell of 3, 4 eggs and place it in a three-liter jar. To fill with water. After a few days, the resulting useful solution can be used to fertilize the seedlings.

Fertilizers for seedlings of tomatoes and peppers

Fertilizing the soil with useful substances is one of the main stages on the way to obtaining an excellent harvest of vegetables. But in the event that the substrate in which the seedlings of solanaceous vegetable crops are grown contains many nutrient compounds, then it is better to refuse such fertilization. Since an excess of these substances will have a negative effect on plants. For example, an excess of nitrogen accelerates the growth of plants, but at the same time significantly increases their productivity. Based on this, it is necessary to fertilize these plants only if their appearance does not indicate this.

A bountiful harvest

At this time, it is best to add a solution of ripe manure or special fertilizers on a mineral basis to the soil.

  • In a liter of settled water, it is necessary to dilute 3 grams of superphosphate. One gram of potassium and about, 5 grams of ammonium nitrate.
  • For tomatoes, it is better to use the following solution:
  • Superphosphate (4-5 grams), urea (0.5 grams), and 1.5 grams of potassium salt. All these components must be diluted in 1 liter of water.

The first feeding of tomato and pepper seedlings

These vegetable crops will require nutrients only after the formation of the second leaf. Each subsequent application of top dressing should be done in 12-15 days. In this case, the number of nutrients in a given period of time should not be higher than the specified norm.

Top dressing of tomato and pepper seedlings after picking

In order to grow excellent planting material, you need to pay special attention to feeding the seedlings after picking them. After carrying out this procedure, it is imperative to add the necessary nutrients to the water. During this period, fertilizer like baker's yeast is also an excellent option for seedlings of vegetable crops. They contain large amounts of phosphorus and nitrogen. But it is worth noting that yeast, as a top dressing, has one major drawback. These fungal microorganisms are capable of degrading potassium. To avoid this, a little potassium should be added to the yeast solution.

Seedlings of peppers.

It is necessary to fertilize seedlings with fertilizers before watering. The best time for this is in the morning. After fertilizing the seedlings, they should be watered with warm water.

Top dressing of tomato and pepper seedlings after planting in the ground

In this article, we have also listed folk remedies for feeding tomato seedlings. Tomatoes and peppers require feeding at almost all stages of their development. But if, in the process of preparing a substrate for plants, it is very easy to form a soil rich in many nutrients, then it is much more difficult to carry out this work with the beds. For this reason, the best option would be to apply top dressing after planting the seedlings. But, in this case, the most important thing is not to overdo it. For this purpose, you should pay attention to plants. If the summer is very dry and hot, then potassium fertilizers will not be able to give you the desired result. But apart from this, it can also cause diseases in plants. In the same case, if the summer turned out to be too rainy, and this weather was established for a long period of time, then the lack of potassium in the soil will be noticeable. In this case, it is necessary to apply this compound to the soil as fertilizer.But this procedure should be carried out 15-17 days after transplanting plants to a new place. This period of time is given so that the seedlings can have time to adapt as best as possible to the new place. After the plants have been acclimatized, they will need phosphorus-potassium supplements. But as for nitrogen fertilizers, it is best to abandon them altogether.

Little secret! After the tomatoes and peppers bloom, it is necessary to dilute a little sugar in warm water and treat the beds with these plants with this solution. Sugar can attract bees, butterflies and wasps. These types of insects will contribute to an increase in fruiting.

Feeding tomato and pepper seedlings with yeast

Feeding seedlings with yeast can not only contribute to the introduction of beneficial nutrients into the soil, but also help to rebuild its structure. The process of work of fungal microorganisms helps to speed up the growth of plants at times and improve the yield of tomatoes and peppers. The main basis of this fertilizer is sugar (4 tablespoons), 10 grams of yeast, and 10 liters of water. The resulting solution acts as a concentrate, which, after being introduced into the soil, must be diluted with clean water (proportion 1 to 10).

Rich harvest of peppers.

You can replace yeast with wheat grains. To obtain fertilizer using cereals, you need to take a little water and pour wheat grains into it. Leave to infuse in a warm place. After the grains are completely swollen, they should be ground into a gruel and a little sugar added. (2-3 tablespoons per 1 cup of dry wheat grains). The resulting mass needs to be slightly warmed up and put in a warm place for one day. Before using this fertilizer, the resulting mass must also be diluted with clean water.

How to feed tomato and pepper seedlings with ash at home?

Zola is not only an excellent source of calcium, potassium, magnesium and many other minerals that are beneficial to plants, but also an excellent substance that can turn acidic soil into a nutrient medium suitable for vegetable crops. Ash in the soil can reduce the risk of fungal diseases in tomatoes and peppers. In order to prepare fertilizers from ash, you need to take one tablespoon of this substance and mix thoroughly with 2 liters of water. It is necessary to insist this solution for 1 day. In this case, you should make sure that the ash chosen as fertilizer is not obtained from burning painted wood or construction waste.

Fertilizing seedlings of peppers and tomatoes with iodine

Iodine as a fertilizer for plants can not only accelerate plant growth, but also provide protection against various diseases and pests. This top dressing is usually used at the time of watering, adding a certain amount of iodine to the settled water:

  • For 10 liters of water, you should take 10 grams of iodine.
  • Potassium (20 grams) and phosphorus (10 grams) can be added to the resulting solution.
  • In addition to tomatoes and peppers, this fertilizer can be used to feed eggplant.

How to dilute urea for feeding pepper and tomato seedlings?

Urea is a nitrogen-containing concentrated fertilizer. In addition, the nitrogen in this substance is in a state very convenient for good assimilation by plants. This dressing looks like small granules. It can be added both to the ground and as a solution. To feed the roots of plants, take 50-60 grams of urea and dilute in 10 liters of water. The resulting solution is watered over the plants. For foliar feeding, as a rule, large proportions are used (100 grams of urea per 10 liters of water). In dry form, urea is added to the soil (at the rate of 12 grams per 1m2) before planting seedlings and 10 grams per 1m2 at the time of its active growth. It is necessary to feed the plants with a liquid solution of urea before they bloom.

Top dressing Krepish for tomato and pepper seedlings.

Strong is a water-soluble fertilizer. It is manufactured by the Fasok company. As a rule, it is available in both liquid and dry form. This top dressing contains everything that is necessary for plants: humates, natural growth stimulants, and such elements as:

  • Potassium.
  • Magnesium.
  • Nitrogen.
  • Iron.

The composition of this top dressing is well balanced. It is very easy to work with this type of fertilizer. It can be added to the soil with plants at the time of watering. The very first feeding must be done after the second leaf appears. Further, at the time of the picking of plants, seedlings should be fed with this fertilizer every 2 weeks until the first flower ovaries are formed. For seedlings of tomatoes and peppers, you need to dilute 2 teaspoons of Krepysh in 10 liters of water.

Top dressing for tomato and pepper seedlings. Ideal.

Such fertilizer as Ideal was created on the basis of vermicompost. The latter is a waste product of worms. This dressing can be used both for tomatoes and peppers, and for other fruit and berry crops. In addition, this fertilizer can be used to accelerate the growth of cuttings and the rapid germination of seeds.

With the Fertilizer Ideal, you can:

  • Accelerate the maturation of plant floors.
  • Accelerate the adaptation of plants to a new location.
  • Improve the vegetative and root systems of plants.
  • Improve productivity.
  • Reduce the risks of developing various diseases in plants.
  • Increase the amount of nutrients in fruits and vegetables.

Top dressing Ideal is a Russian product. Many Russian specialists, who took biohumus fertilizer as a basis, were able to improve its structure by artificially adding micro and macro elements that are required by a large number of cultivated plants. Fertilizer Ideal can be used for both non-root and root dressings. For root feeding of tomato and pepper seedlings, use a solution of 9-10 ml of this product per liter of water. This liquid fertilizer should be added more than once every 10 days. For foliar feeding Ideal should be diluted in the amount of five liters per liter of water. The resulting solution is sprayed with pouring plants before their flowering.

Top dressing of tomato and pepper seedlings with ammonia.

Many gardeners can use ammonia as their main source of nitrogenous compounds. A little of this substance must be diluted in warm water, and added to the root of the plant. In addition to the main source of nitrogen, ammonia can be used to repel various pests from plants. But this tool can be used only if the seedlings are deficient in nitrogen. Otherwise, the desired effect cannot be achieved.

Top dressing of tomato and pepper seedlings with Epin.

Etin is a biostimulant. But its main task is to activate the processes that occur in many plants. It is also needed for their normal development. This drug is usually sold in ampoules. Their contents must be diluted in water.

A greater effect can be obtained if Epin's solution is used as a fertilizer as a foliar dressing. To do this, you need to dilute 5 drops of the biostimulator in 500 milliliters of water. You can fertilize plants with Epin only after the appearance of three real leaves on the plant.

How to dilute nitroammofoska for feeding tomato and pepper seedlings?

Nitroammophoska is a top dressing that contains three basic elements necessary for good plant development: potassium, nitrogen, phosphorus. This fertilizer is produced in the form of granules, and is applied both in a pre-diluted form and in a dry form. In liquid form, this dressing is applied at the time of watering the plants. But it can also be used as a foliar dressing. In the event that there are not enough ovaries on your tomatoes, then with the help of this fertilizer they can be increased. To do this, you need to take a matchbox of granules of this fertilizer and dilute them in one bucket of water. Under each bush of tomato and peppers, 500 ml of the resulting solution should be added.

Foliar feeding of tomato and pepper seedlings with potassium permanganate

Manganese is one of the essential elements for the life of peppers and tomatoes. It takes part in the process of photosynthesis and is able to protect plants from many diseases. Manganese deficiency can cause diseases such as brown spot. In addition, the lack of this element can affect the number and size of plant fruits. To avoid such problems, it will be necessary to carry out foliar feeding with a weak solution of manganese sulfate. Take 2 grams of powder for one bucket of water.


Now you have learned that feeding for tomato seedlings with folk remedies can be very effective. As a result, you will reap a large harvest of delicious tomatoes and peppers.

Classic mineral fertilizers

Mineral fertilizers are the main source of plant nutrition. Soil trace elements are assimilated by plants and are used to support vital processes. The classic line of Hera mineral preparations contains several varieties:

  • double superphosphate - it contains nitrogen (8%) and phosphorus (40%)
  • nitrate-free azofoska - fertilizer based on nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus, as well as sulfur
  • urea is the main source of nitrogen
  • dolomite flour - represents calcium and magnesium carbonates.

There is also a series of mineral fertilizers in a humic casing:

  • humated urea
  • humaized azofoska.

Tobacco dust as fertilizer

As we already mentioned, tobacco dust, in addition to toxic substances, contains organic (proteins, carbohydrates, aromatic oils) and mineral (nitrogen, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, sulfur) substances useful for plants and soil. Therefore, it is quite possible to use it in the garden and vegetable garden as a fertilizer.

Tobacco dust is usually added to mineral fertilizers or used independently as part of the aforementioned mixtures with other useful substances (Tabazol, Tabagor, etc.).

Tobacco dust is usually applied as fertilizer to the garden for digging soil for seedlings or in planting holes when planting seedlings of trees and shrubs. Application rate - 150-350 g / m2.

On weakly acidic and alkaline soils, the rate of application of tobacco dust should be about half that on highly acidic soils.

You can use tobacco to enrich the soil with microelements and when transplanting indoor plants - 1/2 tsp is added to 10 liters of soil. tobacco dust.

As you can see, tobacco dust is a wonderful tool in the arsenal of the gardener and gardener. It gives a quick and noticeable result in the fight against plant pests, is available and cheap, very simple in practical use, and is harmless to the soil and people. Do you use this folk remedy on your site?

Watch the video: Human Impact. Environment. Biology. FuseSchool

Previous Article

Plum Oak Root Fungus – Treating A Plum Tree With Armillaria Rot

Next Article

Basic principles of preserving vegetables in the cellar