We choose the design of our garden plot in the same way as the design of our house - after all, we also live here, live in close contact with nature. And we create our own world with the help of living colors of plants. In such creativity lies the art of landscape design - the ability to create an organic and beautiful corner of wildlife. But the whole secret is that your corner matches exactly you, your tastes and aspirations. The beginning of creating your own garden comes with the choice of its style. In landscape design, there are two main styles - regular and free.
Any corner of the wilderness can serve as an example of a free style; it is distinguished by the free layout of plants, the rejection of the rules of strict symmetry, the absence of straight lines and clear angles. Of great importance in the design of plots in a free style is the creation of lawns, mixborders, rockeries, unshaped hedges and paths with smooth curves in it.
In turn, a regular style garden is laid out according to the principle of strict symmetry, where the straightness of the garden paths and rows of plantings is observed. Clear geometric shapes are an indispensable attribute of the regular layout of gardens.
Choosing the style of your own garden, you are simultaneously choosing the method of landscaping, only in this case, when placing plants in the garden, you can achieve harmony and interconnection between its individual parts. In a garden of regular planning, the leading role is played by the creation of flower beds, strict borders, pergolas and straight paths.
Considering the existing forms of landscaping, we see that some of them are completely independent and act as separate elements of the garden or accents, while others are connecting links, their function is to guide the eye, indicate boundaries, shape or emphasize. It is to the latter that the most interesting form of landscaping - a border - belongs. The border refers to the regular composition of gardens and flower beds, although now, with the light hand of European gardeners, it has migrated to vegetable gardens. All this for a reason! After all, the border is like a frame for a picture, it is the final element that not only limits, but also emphasizes the beauty of the plant composition.
The secret of creating a border is simple - it is a uniform, dense and narrow border, consisting, most often, of the same type of plants, planted in one or three rows. A classic border should differ in height from the plants that it surrounds or emphasizes, that is, be either lower or higher, and the height of the border itself ranges from 5 to 30 cm (the border should not be confused with border hedges, the height which can be up to a meter). Most often, the border is used in an ornamental garden and flower garden. There is even a whole group of floral and ornamental-deciduous plants, which are called so - curbs.
The main distinguishing feature of a curb plant should be compactness and short stature. Most often, decorative deciduous plants that are interesting in texture are used to create a border: rich green, silvery, yellow, variegated or burgundy red. The classic European border is a sheared boxwood. It is a truly versatile curb plant: compact, decorative, very slow growing and excellent shearing tolerance. When creating the Summer Garden, Peter I also brought from Europe a huge number of boxwood seedlings for landscaping. One season the borders of the Summer Garden were presentable in a European way, but only until the first winter.
In the spring the gardeners of St. Petersburg faced the same problem again: from what to create frames for the paintings of the Summer Garden painted with flowers. And the solution was found: lingonberry. This primordially Russian plant meets all the requirements for border plants: undersized, compact and decorative. Moreover, by the fall, the lingonberry borders will be decorated with red berry beads.
So, consider the option found by the gardeners of the time of Peter I: lingonberry border... Its advantages: durable (possible use 15-20 years), perennial (does not need annual renewal), decorative from snow to snow, tolerates haircut well and grows slowly, can give an additional harvest of healing leaves and berries.
Its disadvantages: a rather long period of creation (with self-cultivation of planting material - up to three years), it is difficult to get varietal planting material, with regular shearing, tangible losses in the yield are possible.
It is not difficult to prepare planting material on your own - lingonberries reproduce well both by seeds and vegetatively. The seeds are completely stratified when the berries are stored on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator for 4-5 months. After that, the berries are crushed, the seeds are washed and sown in prepared seedling boxes with a mixture of peat, sand and garden soil in a ratio of 2/2/1, lightly pressing into the surface.
The soil mixture should be highly acidic. The box is closed with glass or foil for two weeks - until germination, then the shelter is gradually removed. The seedlings are ripped open already on the site into the school, into the prepared soil of the same composition that was in the nursery, and a strongly acidic reaction. Growing seedlings lasts a year or two.
Vegetative propagation is carried out in early spring by cutting stem or root cuttings. Cuttings are cut 5-10 cm long (with 3-6 buds), lowered with the lower end, removing the leaves from it, into the root former for 12-24 hours, after which they are washed and planted obliquely in a school or greenhouse. The rooting rate is quite high, but seedlings should be planted in a permanent place only after a year or two, depending on their development. For planting lingonberries, in the place of the future curb, they dig a trench 30 cm wide, 20-30 cm deep (depending on the composition of the soil) and the required length.
The trench is filled with sour high-moor peat with a small addition of sand and garden soil. It is better to plant seedlings in the spring, before the buds swell, but ready-made seedlings sold with a closed root system can be planted at any time of the year, planting is carried out without deepening. Planting can be carried out at the end of August - September. For a good, dense curb, both single-row and double-row (checkerboard) planting are suitable. Single row is carried out with a distance of 10 cm between plants, double row - 15 cm between plants and 15 cm between rows.
Before planting, the soil of the curb should be filled with a complex chlorine-free long-acting fertilizer and the subsequent feeding should be started only after a year. From mulching materials, you can choose those that acidify the soil: sawdust, tree bark, pine needles.
Caring for a lingonberry border is easy. Young plants should be pinched for better branching immediately after planting, and in the future this operation can replace a haircut, which is usually carried out on a vigorous curb twice a year: in spring and in July, and on a weak one only in the middle of summer. You should not get carried away with dressings: lingonberries do not like this, it is better to carry them out as needed with complex chlorine-free fertilizers or a solution of organic fertilizers.
The lingonberry border grows over the years, and you will need to think about thinning it, but the excess planting material can easily be used to create a new border or as a medicinal raw material. The lingonberry border is very decorative and functional both in the flower garden and in the garden along the paths, for bordering parterres and flower beds.
As already noted, with the light hand of European gardeners, the border, as an element of regular planning, has also moved to vegetable gardens. Of course, who doesn't want to see their garden not only as a conveyor for the production of vegetables, but also as a work of art. But here one problem arises: a good gardener observes the crop rotation, what about such a stable thing as a curb? Make it mobile, of course!
And here a vegetable or edible border will come in very handy.
For flower beds, there are types of annual border plants, but this does not suit everyone: it is much more convenient to fill ready-made perennial frames with flowers. A completely different matter is a vegetable garden, here mobility is only welcome, you just need to take into account the compatibility of plants. But there are universal crops related to green vegetables that are begging to take on a new role. Advantages of edible borders: they are created very quickly, are decorative all the time of their growing season, do not require individual care, can be easily removed or transferred to another place.
Cons of edible borders: Short shelf life, dual use - food and decoration. The late-ripening head lettuce border looks great not only in the garden, but also in the garden and even in the flower garden. Dense and bright lettuce leaves serve as a wonderful decoration, moreover, the lettuce is compatible with almost all garden crops. In order to extend the life of the salad border, the seeds should be sown immediately to a permanent place. The lettuce plant tolerates short-term frosts well, while after thawing its leaves do not lose their decorative and taste qualities.
Thinning for food can be started immediately after germination or you can wait a month. In the thinning phase, head and half-head varieties are used for food as leafy ones. We focus on the final distance in the row of 20-25 cm.On the 60-70th day after germination, the salad acquires a marketable form inherent in its variety, but even then, having reached ripeness, modern varieties do not coarse for a long time and do not go into the arrow, but remain very decorative and tasty (for example, late-ripening half-cabbage salad of Azart variety).
A. Kremneva, agronomist
Before you move on to creating your own honey flower garden, carefully study all the stages of work.
Prepare the soil. Dig up the soil and get rid of rocks and weeds. The plants that will be used in this flower bed are very hardy and undemanding, so no additional fertilization is required. All you need is some drainage sand and compost. It is especially important to protect crops growing in heavy soils from excess moisture.
Loosen the soil. Carefully level the surface of the future flower bed with a rake. Make sure the soil is uniform and remember to loosen the ground you were standing on.
Mark the landing site. Place the seedling pots on the ground where you plan to plant them. Move back some distance and look at the future flower garden from the side. So you can correctly assess the compatibility of plants. Best of all, this composition fits into the style of naturgarden. This direction of landscape design is characterized by naturalness, which means that plants of the same species should not grow "under the ruler". Plant them in groups and make sure that all participants in the flower mise-en-scene are in their places and do not interfere with each other.
The naturgarden style, or natural garden, as conceived by its creators, should re-unite man with nature.
Plant the plants. In the process of working with seedlings, be extremely careful. The borders are filled with plants, starting from the background, gradually moving to the foreground. After planting the last seedling in the flower bed, inspect the soil again and, if necessary, loosen it. Water the plants liberally.
Many people believe that creating a garden and further caring for it is a complex, laborious process, which, instead of enjoying nature, gives its owner only continuous chores ... But still ... is it possible to create low maintenance gardenwhere there is a place for a quiet rest, and not just for a permanent job?
From illustrations to Czapek's book "The Year of the Gardener"
The answer of experts is yes, you can! But such a garden requires careful planning.
There are certain ways and techniques to reduce the time and effort required, while maintaining the attractiveness of your site!
Correctly made paving, unlike a lawn, practically does not need maintenance. But if there are no options, then places that are difficult to reach can be planted ground cover plants or cover them with rubble.
Optimize your paving areas! If there is a car park on the site, it is worth leaving a place around the car for walking or cycling. Be sure to make a "circular" path that will unite the main places of your stay in the garden (various buildings, recreation areas and a vegetable garden). Natural stone and stepping tiles are perfect for short routes. They will help protect your plants from trampling and will blend in with any landscape.
When creating paths in the garden, at their base, it is necessary to cover with geomaterial (agrospan or geotextile), on which you can pour and lay whatever you want. The advantage of using such fabrics is that, if desired, the track can be simply rolled up and transferred to any place. If you decide to make paths from tiles, then geotextiles will be more suitable.
Most perennials thrive well in partial shade, but their growth must be monitored. Use plastic or metal edging to control the growth area. The edge must be more than 20 cm wide to protrude from the ground. Using these curbs will perfectly delimit your flower gardens and lawns - and eliminate the need to trim the edges of your lawn every year.
One of the most important principles of a small care garden is choosing the right plants and planting them!
Such features of the site as the condition of the soil, the depth of the groundwater, the illumination should be taken into account in advance. This is very important to know for the correct choice of plants, so as not to waste most of the time on the useless labor of transplanting plants from one place to another.
Choosing the right place for your plants is also very important - for example, placing trees and bushes in the center of your lawn can make watering and mowing a lawn very difficult.
If you want to create a beautiful little-tended garden, then you should opt for decorative deciduous plants, not flowering ones. It is also worth completely excluding capricious and exotic plants that require constant care and transplantation.
- at the expense unpretentious perennialsthat are adapted to our locality,
- by placing in the garden bright containers with annual flowers.
For vertical gardening, for the design of pergolas and gazebos, it is best to use girlish grapes, hops, honeysuckle, honeysuckle, which do not require special care. These plants can quickly cover various vertical surfaces, creating a living wall.
Save natural lawns It's very simple on the lawn: you just need to mow them regularly so that new seeds do not have time to ripen.And in order to avoid difficulties when mowing the lawn, you need to arrange all architectural forms and objects in groups, and the boundaries of these groups should be made rounded, which will greatly facilitate your work.
If you want to get a garden in which the plants will not require cutting and will be able to maintain their shape for a long time, then preference should be given to slow-growing ones, because for low trees it is much easier to look after. If for some reason this is not possible, then it is worth starting regular pruning of plants as early as possible, which will help reduce their height.
Creating a clean vegetable garden that won't give you a lot of hassle is very difficult. Modular vegetable garden with raised beds and clean aisles - every gardener's dream.
When creating tall beds, it is better to use lightweight plastic. The frames are usually connected with self-tapping screws, which can be easily removed if you want to dig up the bed or change its position. In the absence of plastic, boards can be used, and in order to increase their service life, they should be impregnated with a special compound.
Such a garden will delight you with its cleanliness, neat appearance and the absence of weeds around the edges. Plants in high beds develop much faster due to the better warming of the soil. And the beds of this type are very convenient for work. The disadvantage of such a garden will only be the need for temporary cleaning of the frames when digging.
Using slow growing plants in the garden can leave a lot of empty space. If the free space is not planted with ground cover, then mulch (wood chips, bark, peat, grass cuttings) will work best. Mulch will reduce the number of weeds without interfering with the growth of cultivated species, and will also protect the soil from early frost, drying out and fertilize it.
So let's summarize. It is impossible to create a small-care garden without effort. But a competent approach to creating such a garden, thoughtfulness and rationality will free you from regular work and bring rest, peace and the opportunity to enjoy nature.
It is also worth remembering that order is where it is maintained - not where it is constantly put in place! Timely execution of works will not allow you to "run" the garden.
And in conclusion, I would like to recall another very good way out - creating natural garden... Using native plants that grow in their usual conditions can save you money and time.
Take advantage of the useful information provided in the e-book "Frost-tolerant plants for your garden»!
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If we talk about an integrated approach, then the most luxurious option is this:
The result is the feeling of a fully blooming garden. Letniki act as a dense ground cover massif from which our thujas, barberries and hydrangeas "grow".
The main mistake: The edge stop should never be a curb of the same width. The width will naturally vary when planting from the edge of the flower garden to the main plants, going down in between. It is then that your flower garden will look natural and not lined up.
Our market will always help you choose flower seeds, where offers from different online stores are collected. View a selection of Letniki for mixborder.
What if, on the contrary, you want to do smooth border of summer houses? Rather, it is a park technique or an element of a regular garden. In an ordinary garden, an even flower border will be appropriate, for example, along the edges of paths. The main mistake is here - planting seedlings along the path in one line. Firstly, it is too narrow, and secondly, the bushes grow unevenly, and the border turns out to be crooked. For the clarity of the line, the seedling planting scheme should be at least three-row, 17 cm between plants in a row, in a checkerboard pattern. This results in a smooth high-quality convex border 50-60 cm wide.
Left: the border of the summer houses. Right: composition with annuals in containers
But what to do if the landings on the site have already taken shape, and suddenly wanted color or lack of accents? We are looking for free places in the flower garden. But do not plant one bright flower here and there - it will ripple in the eyes, and the overall picture will not change. It is more correct to look critically at the existing flower garden and transplant something, clearing a place for the summer gardeners, or slightly expand the planting area. Or maybe to dilute the existing cereals with bright zinnias? Or create a cloud of Bonar verbena over the flower garden? Or plant an alissum carpet between the roses?
When introducing new color spots, they require special delicacy. established landscape gardens... A bright curtain of yellow marigolds in the sun can overshadow everything else and negate our previous efforts at subtle selection of color combinations. Therefore, we proceed with caution. As a rule, blue color (ageratum) does not harm. In partial shade, white and light purple will be appropriate. Blue lobelia will help to emphasize the "silvery" of conifers. And marigolds - in the garden, where everything is possible. They will not only decorate it, but will also naturally heal the soil, fighting soil pests.
Well, if we do not want to intrude into the life of our garden, various containers are ideal for summer visitors - pots, flowerpots, balcony boxes, hanging pots.
Various containers are ideal for summer cages
Hanging pots, as a rule, we buy ready-made ones (sometimes we transplant the whole plants from them into small pots). And we do the rest ourselves. One of the basic rules - we plant plants almost closely to immediately get a decorative look. Further - a matter of taste.
One of the basic rules - we plant plants almost closely to immediately get a decorative look
Mono-plantings look very stylish, moreover, any. For the "mix" it is good if several plants are ampelous, the container will immediately acquire a picturesque silhouette.
It is good if several plants are ampelous
Very pleasant compositions are obtained with the addition of "indoor" plants (chlorophytum, hedera, tradescantia). And don't forget: a simple pot - you can make a bright composition, a bright pot - only uniform plantings.
And how will you thank yourself in the fall, when the ornamental cabbage is revealed in all its glory!
The articles Ornamental cabbage: lace and ruffles in the flower garden before winter and Winter Beauty - ornamental cabbage will tell you about what needs to be done for this.
Ornamental cabbage is a suitable candidate for border decoration, but it also looks very cute in country bouquets.
Many gardeners are sure that summer plants can only grow in a sunny area. Yes, for most of them these are the best conditions. But there is a lifesaver, Waller's balsam, capable of giving flower "caps" in the shade, except for a completely deaf one. A great variety of varieties and shades make it versatile. And Coleus, especially in light colors, feels much better not in the scorching sun. As for the light partial shade, then perhaps all the flyers can withstand it. So don't worry too much about that.
But what you need to take care of is the composition of the soil., just the opposite. In no case do not make it too fertile with an excess of nitrogen - they will go to the foliage, and they will bloom weakly. In addition, overgrown, but fragile stems will lie down both from the rain and from their own weight. But everything else should be in abundance. Pay attention to trace elements: often the color saturation “falls short” precisely because of their absence.
Garden centers, as a rule, offer a standard assortment of summer seedlings: viola, petunia, marigolds, alyssum, lobelia, salvia, cineraria, ageratum, balsam, pelargonium, coleus, verbena.
Garden centers usually offer a standard assortment of summer seedlings.
It makes no sense to grow all this yourself. But there are tons of other interesting plants sprinkling on seed bags - that's where the enthusiast has plenty of space!
There are also undeservedly forgotten plants that you either have to look for properly, or also sow yourself.
Taking care of a personal plot requires an expenditure of time and effort, however, the beautiful design of the garden in the country and the tidied area acts peacefully and makes it possible to relax in comfort. For leaving, you do not need to spend a lot of big finances, it is possible to put the land in order with your own hands.
Before you carry out the decorative design of the garden and vegetable garden yourself, you need to think carefully about the plan for placing all the details and make an accurate estimate of the costs of purchasing the necessary materials.
The first step is to decide on the plants for the border.If you don't want to plant it from scratch every year, rely on perennial crops: hosts, cotoneaster, tenacious, geranium, etc.
An artichoke border will look great. True, it is only suitable for beds with climbing or tall plants. It should be borne in mind that the height of an adult artichoke can reach 1.5 meters and it can shade low crops.
Feel free to plant various types of salads, onions (shallots, chives, leeks, allspice), garlic, sorrel, herbs (basil, wormwood, rosemary, thyme, marjoram, etc.), and fragrant tobacco as border plants.
For a fragrant ornamental garden, plant sage, hyssop, lavender, or any other fragrant plant that is suitable for growing in your climate along the beds.