"Mom's Tale"

Exhibition of kind and light ideas for the landscape

It is under such a kind, ear-hearted name that carries away in the most carefree time of life on the territory of the Kuzminki estate, located in the South-Eastern Administrative District of Moscow, from June 29 to September 10, 2013, the 13th regional festival of flower beds and landscape architecture was held.

The 66 compositions presented at the festival were devoted not only directly to the topic of domestic and foreign fairy tales (which suggests itself), but also, if you look deeper, to motherhood, child protection, the development of the institution of marriage and family, solving demographic and social problems.

As always, the authors of the compositions showed their imagination not only in their physical expression, but also in their titles: "Fly, fly, petal ...", "Gingerbread man, I'll eat you", "Goldfish", "Terem-teremok", " Merry Carousel "," Tenderness "," Butterflies-Girlfriends "," Scarlet Sails "," Fairy Village "," King of the Seas "," Ryaba Hen "," Frog Creek "," Childhood "," Swan Princess "," Gnomes at Work "," Rainbow "," Flower Grower Snail "," Fairy Courtyard "," Children, Don't Go Walking to Africa! "," King of Chess "," Valley of Flowers "," Good and Evil "," Serve here is our sun "," Miracle tree "," Friendly family "," Geese-swans ", etc.

It is not surprising that the basis of the compositions was made up of traditional, unpretentious and stable in urban conditions varietal annuals (or perennials grown in annual culture): always flowering and tuberous begonias, marigolds, coleus, petunias, cineraria, ageratum, salvia, cellosia. Among them, the varieties of begonias, marigolds, coleus and petunias are especially striking in their diversity. Perennial plants were also included in some compositions: irises, daylilies, young thujas, spruces and pines, roses, hosts, liatris, buzulnik, lawn grasses.

At the finished festival, we noted a new trend that had not been encountered at previous festivals: the harmonious inclusion of frankly vegetable plants in the composition: tomatoes, cucumbers, white cabbage, beets, sunflowers. This is quite a good and quite original idea for its implementation in the new season on their sites.

In addition to flowering and decorative leafy plants, some compositions used decorative chips and marble dumping, less often - large and small pebbles. The voluminous or flat compositions, demonstrating the wonders of modern printing, were revived by figurines of fairy-tale characters (miracle Yudo fish-whale, three little pigs, Baba Yaga, Kolobok, Goldfish, Princess Frog, Poseidon, geese-swans, Ivan the Fool, Little Red Riding Hood , Mother Goose, Pinocchio, Firebird, Tsarevna Nesmeyana, Ivan Tsarevich, straw goby ... and even Shrek).

In addition to them, the compositions contained houses, stoves, a hut on chicken legs, a ship with scarlet sails, filled with water or imitated reservoirs, chess pieces reaching human height, etc.

Personally, we remember three compositions most of all: "Fairy Tale" - with a prince, princess, elves and a beautiful castle, "Tenderness" - with photographs of mothers and their children depicted on the billboards, and especially "Fairy Village" - with three piglets, Kolobok and all the heroes fairy tales about the turnip.

Visiting this annual festival and others like it brings not only joy and aesthetic pleasure, but also suggests ideas that you can embody in your garden.

Alexey Antsiferov, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences
Polina Bezukladova

Photo by authors

Raspberry tree Fairy tale

A medium-ripening variety with an extended harvest period from mid-summer to early autumn. The berries are very beautiful, shiny, large (up to 15 g), excellent sweet taste with a rich raspberry aroma. The sugar content is high. Fruits are firm, do not crumble. The foliage has a characteristic bloom and pubescence. We recommend landing in sunny areas. Prefers neutral or slightly acidic, medium loamy soils without a close occurrence of groundwater. Timely watering without moisture stagnation. Since August, moisture is stopped to create the necessary conditions for lignification of new stems. It can bear fruit in one place for up to 15 years. Under snow cover, the variety tolerates up to -30 ° C. In snowless winters, vertical insulation or complete cutting of shoots at the root is necessary. Have you ever seen a raspberry bush that resembles the crown of a tree? Bright representatives of the standard raspberry varieties will show you that such a phenomenon is quite real. In common people, these varieties are called "raspberry tree". Why?
• for the presence of thickened rigid stems without thorns, the surface of which resembles wood
• for a compact habit (no more than 2 m in height) and, as a result, the possibility of growing raspberries without supports
• for the minimum distance between shoots in the process of growth and development
• for the absence of a predisposition to thickening
• for high yields per unit area
• for increased resistance to major diseases
• for excellent resistance to low temperatures

In order for the standard raspberry to meet all these characteristics, it is necessary to observe agricultural technology. Plants are placed at a distance of 80-100 cm from each other.

Shaping is carried out by the double pruning method:
• the first pruning (pinching) of shoots by 5-10 cm is carried out after planting in May (when the threat of frost has passed, and the length of the shoots reaches 60 cm
• the second pruning (pinching) of already lateral branches (which formed after the first pruning) by 15 cm is performed in the spring of next year (when the threat of frost has passed)

The pruning method depends on how many crops you want to harvest in a season. With the double pruning method (mentioned above), the plants will yield one crop. To obtain two harvests, pruning is done in the fall, and in the spring only frost-bitten or dried shoots are cut out.

Planting bushes after: potatoes, tomatoes, garden strawberries is categorically contraindicated.

Important! Raspberries are always a rhizome shrub that cannot grow and develop as a tree. The bush got the name "crimson tree" among the common people. It is not a name for a particular species. This is the cultivation method.

Both domestic and foreign breeders are actively involved in the creation of new varieties of standard raspberries (its second name is a raspberry tree).

Standard raspberry (raspberry tree) can only be summer, so it yields on two-year-old shoots. Repairing varieties of raspberry tree do not yet exist.

The great advantages of standard raspberries include the fact that they do not need to be tied to trellises. Huge yields of very large and sweet berries hold onto thick, sturdy shoots. They are easy to harvest and much easier to care for.

All varieties of raspberry tree are resistant to diseases and pests and have increased frost resistance. Their powerful shoots usually do not freeze in winter.

  • For such a powerful plant to grow and develop well, it needs bright sunlight during the whole day.
  • It is best to plant raspberries on a small hill, as this species does not tolerate stagnation of melt and rain flows, as well as close occurrence of groundwater (they must be at least 1.5 m deep).
  • Stock raspberry does not like drafts and cold winds, therefore, it is better to place it on the south side of the house or some kind of building, but on condition that they will not block the sunlight for it.

For good growth and abundant fruiting, the raspberry tree requires a very fertile, organic-rich, light, loose, well-water and breathable neutral soil.

Important: on acidic, heavy or swampy lands, the raspberry tree will die in the first winter.

Therefore, neutralize acidic soils in autumn with dolomite flour (2 kg per 5 sq. M), and in the lowlands, plant standard raspberries on high beds or mounds 60 cm high.

It is better to plant standard raspberries in spring, in late April - early May. Then you can harvest the first crop next year.

  1. On a formed bed or an elevated area for standard raspberries, dig planting holes with a depth and diameter of 35-40 cm, leave the gaps between them 1.2 m each.The distance between the rows should be at least 2 m.
  2. It is impossible to plant saplings of standard raspberries closer to each other, because they are trees in shape, so they need a certain space. And it will be easier for you to harvest.
  3. Fill each planting hole with a specially prepared soil mixture composed of: the top fertile layer, rotted manure, leafy soil and river sand in a ratio of 1: 2: 2: 1.
  4. Add half a bucket of wood ash to each pit, 2 tbsp. tablespoons of double superphosphate and 1.5 tbsp. tablespoons of potassium sulfate.
  5. After planting, water all the plants well with warm water (at the rate of 2 watering cans for each) and mulch the ground under the seedlings with straw or hay with a layer of 5-6 cm.

Since the raspberry tree is a powerful plant, then, naturally, it also needs more water than ordinary summer raspberries. This need is felt most of all in spring, when the tree is growing and forming rapidly, and also in summer, when numerous berries begin to ripen.

The recommended watering rate in dry, cool weather is 10 liters under one bush once a week. In hot weather, increase the number of watering 2-3 times.

Important: the ground under the bushes should always be highly moistened, but without standing puddles.

For the normal functioning of the root system of standard raspberries, it needs a large amount of oxygen. therefore after each watering or rain, be sure to loosen the ground under the bushes together with the mulch layer, and then add new mulch (straw, hay, freshly cut grass).

The mulching layer will protect the ground around the raspberry from the formation of a soil crust, will prevent the growth of weeds, and most importantly, it will retain moisture in the soil for a long time.

The raspberry tree needs frequent feeding, otherwise a good harvest will not be seen.

Important: before feeding, spill all the plants well with clean water (2 watering cans under each), and then apply fertilizers, otherwise you can burn the delicate raspberry roots.

  • In the spring, as soon as the snow melts, feed the trees with a urea solution, 2 tbsp. spoons in a bucket of warm water under each plant.
  • Until mid-summer, once every two weeks give your bushes stock raspberries feeding with slurry at a concentration of 1:10 at the rate of 10 liters for each raspberry tree.
  • In the fall, feed the stock raspberries with some ready-made mineral complex for autumn feeding of fruit and berry crops in dosages indicated on the package.

Formation of standard raspberries is carried out in the same way as summer raspberries. Cut all the two-year-old shoots that have fruited near the ground, immediately disinfecting the sections with brilliant green or potassium permanganate. Also, remove all weak and damaged branches of the current year, leaving only the strongest.

When pruning, it is necessary to maintain the standard shape of the tree, which allows raspberries to grow and bear fruit on strong shoots without installing a trellis. In addition, the standard varieties practically do not get sick and are not damaged by pests.

There is no need to seriously cover standard raspberries for the winter. It has increased winter hardiness. However, in case of severe frosts without snow falling, it is better to protect your plants by covering the entire planting area with dry leaves with a layer of 50 cm.

Boltinskaya rural library - a branch of the MBUK "Sechenovskaya Central Library"

The garden and vegetable garden for the villagers has been and remains a place where you can work and relax with pleasure. Communication with the land, the flora brings people joy, relieves nervous tension.

To help gardeners - amateurs, the library has arranged a book exhibition - the recommendation "Russian vegetable garden and orchard". The books presented are of interest to both beginners and experienced gardeners. Gardeners will find answers to many questions on the pages of books: information about all types of vegetables, flowers, berry bushes and fruit trees, which are most often grown in the homestead and summer cottages of Russia. They will also learn about the secrets of growing fruit and vegetable plants, harvesting techniques and storage, culinary recipes. The book recommendation exhibition is in great demand among readers.

MBUK "Sechenov Central Library"

Boltinskaya rural library

Recommended list of references

for children of primary school age

Dear boys and girls!

We invite you to go on a summer trip with a book under the motto

"5 books about boys!"

And let our recommendation list “Ah, these ubiquitous boys!” Be a guideline for you on your journey.

An instructive, funny tale, where much was the other way around.

Geraskina, L. B. In the land of unlearned lessons [Text]: (magical incident) / Leah Geraskina artist. Victor Chizhkov. - [Moscow: Samovar, 2005]. - 134, [2] p. : col. silt - (School library). - ISBN 5-85066-100-X.

A tale-tale about a boy who does not like to do homework. He finds himself in a fabulous country, where he meets with all his deuces, mistakes and unfulfilled tasks. For those who like this book, there is a continuation: "In the country of unlearned lessons - 2" and "In the country of unlearned lessons - 3".

A tale-tale about a boy who does not like to do homework. He finds himself in a fabulous country, where he meets with all his deuces, mistakes and unfulfilled tasks. For those who like this book, there is a continuation: "In the country of unlearned lessons - 2" and "In the country of unlearned lessons - 3".

In the next book, all the stories are different in mood - there are both lyrical and those that should be pondered over, and with humor.

m Dragunsky, V. Yu. Twenty years under the bed [Text]: Deniskin stories / Victor Dragunsky artist. Veniamin Losin. - Moscow: Rosmen, 1995. - 117, [3] p. : col. silt

The main character is the boy Deniska Korablev. He always gets into some ridiculous and often funny stories. Everything is like in life. He is smart, loves to learn everything, studies the world around him and people. He also does good deeds, which you can learn about by reading these stories.

The hero, a selfish lazy boy, turns into a brave man of small stature, who knows how to value friendship, protect the weak.

Lagerlöf, S. Niels's Wonderful Journey with Wild Geese [Text]: a fairy tale. / Selma Lagerlef drawings by M. Fedorovskaya. - Moscow: Children's literature, 2001. - 215, [4] p. : ill. - (School library). - ISBN 5-08-003910-8.

The boy Nils' adventures begin when he is bewitched by a dwarf for having offended him. Niels embarks on a trip to Lapland with wild geese and has a lot to learn and learn.

But these guys dream of living without working. It is believed that it is very difficult to be a human being.

Medvedev, V.V. Barankin, be a man! [Text]: 36 events from the life of Yura Barankin / Valery Medvedev. - [Moscow]: Seeker Books, 2003. - 189, [3] p. : ill. - (Gold Series). - ISBN 5-94743-071-1.

The book tells about the adventures of two friends, Yura and Kostya. Boys boldly meet all the dangers that threaten them, come to each other's aid. And what dangers were on their way, you will learn by reading this book.

About friendship, solidarity, revenue and team spirit.

Nosov, N. N. Vitya Maleev at school and at home [Text] / Nikolay Nosov ill. Victor Chizhikov. - Moscow: Eksmo, 2013. - 190, [2] p .: color. silt - (Books are my friends). - ISBN 9785-699-66140-4.

The main characters are two schoolchildren, Vitya Maleev and Kostya Shishkin. The story teaches you to be friends and respect your friends. And if there are difficult situations - never give up.

Enjoy your trip and interesting meetings with the heroes of the books!

Bright comet of happiness

But further into the life of Dmitry Mamin-Sibiryak comes not just love - passion. 40-year-old writer meets 25-year-old actress from St. Petersburg Maria Moritsevna Geynrikh-Abramova and falls in love with her.But their novel took place in the most difficult conditions - firstly, the husband does not give Maria a divorce, and secondly, all relatives and friends dissuade Dmitry Narkisovich from this union, and thirdly, the writer is tormented by a wild feeling of guilt before Yakimova, who put their family on the altar. life is literally everything. Fourthly, because of gossip, Abramova is not allowed to play.

As a result, Dmitry Mamin-Sibiryak and Maria Abramova leave for St. Petersburg. Dmitry Narkisovich will write to one of his friends about that period that there were "15 months of absolute happiness" in his life. On March 20, 1892, the writer's beloved gives birth to a girl. The child gets a huge price - Maria Moritsevna died the next day after giving birth. Mamin-Sibiryak will write to his mother: “. happiness flashed like a bright comet, leaving a heavy and bitter sediment. Sad, hard, lonely. Our girl remained in my arms, Elena - all my happiness. " During that period, Dmitry Narkisovich almost committed suicide, began to drink again, almost lost his mind. In a letter to his sister, he says: “I have one thought about Marus. I go for a walk to talk loudly with Marusya. "

Forest fairy tale. With questions and answers for why

Everyone has long known and loved the wonderful works of the writer Dmitry Narkisovich Mamin-Sibiryak. There is no need to present his textbook stories about animals, "Alyonushka's Tales": both preschoolers and schoolchildren "pass" them. Our book will give children and adults a unique opportunity - to read them with modern commentaries, find answers to the most frequent questions and take a fresh look at the natural world around us!

We offer you to download a fragment for acquaintance with the work “Forest Tale. With questions and answers for why "the author Dmitry Narkisovich Mamin-Sibiryak in electronic form in FB2 and TXT formats. It is also possible to download the work in other formats such as RTF and EPUB (e-books). We recommend choosing the FB2 or TXT format for downloading, which are currently supported by almost any mobile device (including phones / smartphones / e-book readers running Android and IOS OS (iPhone, iPad)) and desktop computers. The book was published in 2016 in the series "The best stories about wildlife with questions and answers for why".

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- So a turnip has grown for you! - said the guys. - They just worked for nothing.
Pavlik stopped thinking about the garden. He played with the guys, picked berries in the forest, caught butterflies in the field and came up with a bird feeder in the yard. The guys brought the leftovers from lunch and dinner and fed the birds that flew in from the forest.
Once Pavlik ran past the garden bed and saw that green grass appeared on it.
- Well, - he said, - our garden is already overgrown with grass! Then he noticed that the grass was growing in regular rows, as if someone had planted it on purpose.
- Yes, this is our turnip growing! - Pavlik shouted. The guys came running.
- Maybe it's not a turnip? They said.
- You will see that there will be a turnip, - answered Pavlik. - Since grandmother said - turnip, then there will be a turnip.
The guys began to water the garden again. The grass grew larger and larger and turned into bushes with large leaves. But the time has passed imperceptibly, and the time has come to leave for the city.
- Oh, - Pavlik grieved, - the turnip did not have time to grow! He went to Olga Nikolaevna and asked:
- And when we leave, who will live here in the country?
- Other children will come from another kindergarten.
- BUT! Well, okay then. Let them take my turnip when they grow up.
The guys left. It became quiet at the dacha. Only the birds fluttered around the empty feeder and chirped loudly, as if asking each other where the children had gone. The next day, children from another kindergarten arrived. They ran all over the yard, looked in all corners.
- Look, vegetable garden! Someone shouted.
Children came running from everywhere. Someone pulled some bushes out of the ground. Then the oldest girl, Zina, came running.
- Why are you trampling the garden? - she cried. - Shame on you! Someone planted, and you ruin! Plant the bushes back!
The guys hastily planted the bushes in the ground. Zina came up with the idea of ​​making a fence around the garden. The guys ran to collect sticks and made a fence around the vegetable garden. Since then, no one has trampled the garden bed anymore.
It's hot time. The sun was hot all day long. For two weeks in a row there was no rain, not even a single cloud appeared. The soil in the garden is all dry and cracked. The bushes began to wither. The leaves fell down on them and even began to turn yellow. Once Zina was walking past the garden.
“Poor bushes,” she said, “are completely wilted! If it doesn't rain, they will dry out completely.
She took a mug, brought water, and began to water the garden.
The guys saw and came running some with a saucepan, some with a kettle, and some just with a glass.
The garden bed was watered so that the whole earth became wet. Then the guys found an old garden watering can in the barn and since then they watered the garden every day from the watering can.
A few days later, the bushes came to life. The leaves went up and turned green again. By the end of the summer they had grown so luxuriantly that the whole bed was covered with greenery, and below, under the leaves, the tops of large yellow turnips were visible.
- Whose turnip is this? - the guys asked. - Who planted her?
“It must be those children who lived here before us, from another kindergarten,” said Zina.
Before leaving the dacha, the guys decided to clean the garden. Everyone began to pull a turnip out of the ground and put it in a pile on the grass. The pile turned out to be decent.
- A big harvest turned out! - the guys rejoiced.
They sat around and admired the turnip for a long time. Everyone thought what to do with her now.
So autumn has come.
- Put on your coat and galoshes, it's cold outside, - said Pavlik's grandmother when he was going to go to kindergarten in the morning.
Pavlik got dressed and went out into the yard. All the puddles around were frozen. Thin ice crunched underfoot. And how many leaves from the trees attacked! Just like walking on a carpet.
On this day Olga Nikolaevna studied with the children. The children were playing school. They drew pictures, and Olga Nikolaevna put marks to everyone.

Suddenly someone knocked on the door. Olga Nikolaevna opened the door, and the postman entered the room. In his hands was a box, lined with fabric, on which the address of the kindergarten was written in large purple letters.
- You have a package, - said the postman and put the box on the table.
- What's in this package? - the children began to ask.
“I don’t know, guys. Something very heavy - I dragged it by force, - said the postman.
Olga Nikolaevna ripped open the fabric covering the box and opened the lid.
“I don’t understand,” she muttered. “What a turnip!
All the guys crowded around and stood on tiptoe: everyone wanted to look into the box. Pavlik even climbed onto a chair.
- True turnip! - he shouted. - That is ridiculous! Who could send us a turnip?
Then other children began to climb on chairs.
“Wait, guys, there’s a letter here,” Olga Nikolaevna said.
She took the letter that was in the parcel and began to read:
"Dear Guys! When you left the country house, we looked after your turnip. And when the summer was over, we reaped the entire crop. The turnip grew big and very tasty. We all ate and loved it. We found out your address and decided to send a turnip in a parcel. Eat to your health. "
- So this is the turnip that we planted! - the guys shouted. - That's how big she has grown.
Olga Nikolaevna put the box on a chair so that everyone could see. The guys looked at the turnip and jumped for joy. Well, there was a cry!
In the evening, the parents came for the children. The guys began to show them the turnip and tell them how they planted it, how they watered it, how it did not want to grow, and then how it began to grow, but did not have time to grow, and then how other guys raised it and sent it in a parcel.
Since then, when an adult who has not yet seen a turnip came to kindergarten, the guys took him into the room, showed him the turnip and told the whole story again from beginning to end. And when one of the new children entered the kindergarten, the first thing they showed him was a turnip and they also told the whole story.
The turnip lay in the box until the middle of winter, and then Olga Nikolaevna said that the turnip must be eaten, because it cannot lie in a warm room for so long. They took the turnip to the kitchen and asked Aunt Dasha to cook it,
Aunt Dasha cleaned the turnip, carefully cut it into circles, doused it with boiling water so that the turnip was not bitter, and poured it with oil. The guys sat at the table, ate the turnip and praised it:
- Oh, what a delicious turnip!
- Do you remember what the turnip seeds were? - said Tanya. Quite, very tiny! It's amazing how such a turnip grew from them.
“Pavlik invented it all,” the guys said. “If not for him, there would be no turnip.

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