How to grow a tangerine in your garden


Almost every gardener dreams of having a tangerine on his site, but most refuse to grow, mistakenly believing that in moderate climatic conditions the plant will not bear fruit, or even will not take root at all. However, many summer residents already know how to grow tangerine, who are not afraid of experiments, and this knowledge bears fruit in the form of a stable harvest of fragrant citrus fruits for the New Year.

Preparing material for planting

The best way to grow tangerines is from seed. The fact is that not always the seedlings that are sold on the markets have sufficient vitality, and after all, its survival and the possibility of fruiting depend on how strong the tree will be at the time of planting in the ground. Therefore, you should plant several seeds to provide yourself with several seedlings. It is better to take seeds from dwarf varieties, for example, from the Abkhazian "Mix" grafted onto figs. Robinson is a great variety.

The best way to grow tangerines is from seed.

For the first three years, the seedling is aged at home - it is regularly watered, fertilized, supplemented and wiped from dust. Such "greenhouse" conditions in the process of initial growth and development give not only a powerful root system, but also an equally strong trunk.

In the last year before planting, the tree is hardened - in the warm season with a small daily temperature fluctuation (within 7 ... 10 degrees), the tangerine is exposed on the balcony, on the other days it "lives" under an open window until it is outside long frosts will begin. But when hardening, there is a risk of death of the plant, so you will have to regularly monitor its "well-being" - with hypothermia, the foliage of the seedling will begin to fade slightly, fade. A sign that the hardening was successful is the juicy color of the foliage, its pronounced shape and texture.

The plant spends the last winter before planting in the ground in a cool, but not cold place - this will be the final stage of hardening.

Preparing to disembark

When it comes to how to grow a tangerine in the garden, choosing the right place for planting trees should be considered the key to success. It should be:

  • on the sunny side;
  • sheltered from all sides from the winds, especially from the north;
  • located away from waterlogged places.

The key to success should be considered the correct choice of a place for planting a tree.

It is most convenient to use the trench method for planting a tangerine. To do this, a trench with a depth of ~ 1000mm and a width of 1500mm is dug in the ground. Further, the entire bottom must be covered with fertile soil with nitrogen and potash fertilizers to a height of 200-300 mm. Then, holes 400 mm deep and 500 mm in diameter are dug at the bottom of the trench with a step of 4000 mm, which are filled with a mixture of humus, manure and earth in a ratio of 5/1/5, for each "liter" of the mixture a third of a glass of ash is added. The walls of the trench are reinforced with boards.

Video about how to grow a tangerine

On top of the trench, a gable frame with a height of 1000-1200 mm is being built, on which the film and covering material will then be stretched. The frame must have an opening for the entrance, since proper care is needed for tangerines in our latitudes. The film and the covering material are applied in such a way that the covering material comes first, and only then the film. This is necessary to maintain the temperature regime and prevent excessive waterlogging.

The trench is dug in with drainage ditches.

Transfer to a trench

The tangerine should be transplanted to the dacha in the spring, but this should be done only when the soil warms up enough and the temperature is stably positive, that is, in mid-late May. A tree is placed in the prepared hole, carefully removed from the pot. When disembarking, you should pay attention to the roots - if any of them are damaged, then they must immediately be covered with a mud bandage. For this, earth is applied from a pot to a piece of clean gauze bandage, then it is abundantly moistened with water, after which the damaged root is wrapped in a bandage (1-2 turns).

After planting, the plant is watered abundantly with warm water.

It is worth lowering a small twine from the frame, which covers the tree in the middle of the trunk. When covering, you should be extremely careful, since even a small damage to the bark can cause premature death of the plant.

After planting, the plant is watered abundantly with warm water.

Tangerine care

Caring for tangerines in the garden is quite painstaking:

  1. Fertilizers are not applied in the first year, starting from the second two additional dressings are made - during the beginning of flowering and the second - in late autumn.
  2. Since the tree is thermophilic, you will have to monitor the temperature regime inside the trench: At temperatures above +25 degrees, the covering material and the film are removed. At temperatures from +15 to +25, only covering material is used. At temperatures less than +15 degrees and cloudy weather, both a film and a covering material are used.
  3. Watering. Watering is quite acceptable at intervals of 2-8 times a month (depending on the moisture content of the soil in the trench), the leaves should be sprayed more often - 1-2 times a week. Used for irrigation and spraying only clean water at ambient temperature or higher by 1-2 degrees. From October until the end of April, the plant is not watered.
  4. Skeletonization. Forming consists in pruning the shoots when they reach the frame, as well as thinning the stem shoots, leaving only the strongest ones.
  5. Harvesting is carried out from November to December, even if the fruits are not yet ripe enough

Harvesting takes place from November to December

Wintering plants

Mandarin hibernates under a multilayer shelter: first, the trunk and crown are covered with rags, then spruce branches and then again with rags. Around the tree, along the contour of the crown, a trench is dug a third of a shovel's bayonet, into which a mixture of manure and humus is laid in a ratio of 1 to 1. On top of the frame film, burlap is laid in 2-3 layers, which is then covered with wooden shields. In winters with little snow, the frame should be covered with snow.

Mandarin cultivation video

Airing an impromptu greenhouse in winter should be 1-3 times when thaws come. In the period from late January to mid-February, the greenhouse must not be opened even for ventilation.


Garden and vegetable garden: useful tips

Our experts share their advice on how to grow, care for, arrange, feed, and so on.

From spring to autumn we spend time at the dacha. But we begin to prepare for it even in winter. In our section, we tell you in detail how to choose seeds, what to look for. How to plant seeds correctly, how to care for seedlings and fight diseases, what needs to be done in order for your plants to bear fruit well.

What to do in the country in March, April and May - when to open roses, how to choose seedlings and properly cut trees and shrubs already growing on the site, whether you need to whitewash the trunks. How to organize the beds and how to plant seedlings so that they will definitely start. How to properly plant potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers, cabbage and other vegetables in order to harvest a rich harvest.

We tell you what to do in the summer - how to deal with ants and aphids, how to protect cabbage from a white butterfly, how to get rid of moles and shrews, how to prevent moniliosis and other diseases of fruit trees, how to treat plant diseases, why siderates are needed, etc.

How not to overstrain in the beds, to organize work in the garden or vegetable garden so that it brings pleasure without harm to health.

Our experts - agronomists, biologists, landscape designers, gardeners with extensive experience - share their advice on how to grow, care, arrange, feed, and so on. They also provide various recipes for pickles and jams that will diversify your menu in the cold winter months.

And of course, every month is an understandable Lunar calendar of a gardener and a gardener, which is necessary for all summer residents.


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Tangerine from a stone with fruits - rules of cultivation

So, first you need to prepare the seeds of the tangerine tree. They are sold in all specialty stores, but you can make them yourself. When buying a tangerine from a market or store, try to choose the ripe, juicy and healthy fruit. After removing all the pulp from the seeds, thoroughly rinse the planting material, lay it on a dry towel and leave to dry for about two days.

After that, the seeds need to be soaked in order to speed up the process of their pecking. For this, the seeds are placed in a small bowl and lightly poured with warm water. From above, the seeds are covered with a cotton cloth. Want to have not one but two tangerine trees? Then try to use as many seeds as possible anyway, as not all of them will eventually germinate.

Once you see the seeds have spilled, it's time to transplant them outdoors. Before planting, it is important to soak the cuts in a weak solution of Magrantzovka for disinfection. Now you should prepare a nutritious soil, which plays a major role in getting a good, beautiful plant. Mandarin reacts poorly to peat, since this product contributes to soil acidification. Peat is found in almost all ready-made mixtures that are sold in specialized stores, so you can only get suitable soil with your own hands: turf soil, leafy soil, humus and a little sand. At the bottom of the container, you need to lay out a small drainage system in the form of expanded clay or large rubble.


Citrus

Lemons, tangerines, kumquats and even the fantastic citron "Buddha's Hand" - all these cheerful yellow and orange fruits are not so difficult to grow at home. And along the way, decorate the rooms with pretty trees and enjoy the wonderful smell during their flowering. True, all this idyll is possible on one condition: if you have a wide, well-lit by the sun and pretty cool in winter window sill in your house. After all, most citrus fruits come from places with a subtropical climate, where it is not at all hot in winter. Have you seen a photo of orange trees covered with snow? This, of course, is an extreme option, but they tolerate a drop in temperature to almost zero quite normally. But the dry and hot air of apartments with central heating is much more dangerous for them. But this does not matter: they can be fenced off from the battery with a pretty screen or curtain.

If you want to get especially tasty fruits, choose the following types and varieties: Pavlovsky lemon, Meyer, Novogruzinsky, Ponderoza, Lisbon, Lunario, Poncan mandarin, Fukushi kumquat, Meiva, Reale, Tahiti lime, etc.


How to grow a tangerine in the country + Video - garden and vegetable garden

In winter, our body lacks vitamins, and we actively replenish their reserves by eating oranges and tangerines. Their peel is most often thrown away, but in vain! After all, citrus peel is rich in nutrients, which, getting into the soil on a plot of land, can turn it into a blooming garden! You just need to take care of the collection of this amazing fertilizer in advance: dry the orange peel and put it in a box or bag. In the summer they need to be ground in a coffee grinder and the resulting powder used as fertilizer. Recently, more and more gardeners are discovering this method of soil saturation and are convinced that it is no worse than store-bought mineral dressings.

The peel of oranges contains a lot of vitamins and nutrients, much more than its pulp. The peel is a storehouse of potassium, phosphorus and sodium, which are necessary and beneficial for plants. Therefore, it is simply impossible not to use so many useful substances! Citrus peels can be used both fresh and dried, and various infusions can be prepared. It is absolutely safe and very beneficial for the soil! However, one should not forget that a large amount of such fertilizer acidifies the soil.

You can fertilize the soil with citrus peels in a variety of ways. The simplest of these is to simply bury the peels of the oranges in the soil. The crusts will saturate the soil with nitrogen and improve germination. If you don't feel like digging into the ground, you can throw the peel into the compost. Here, she will not only saturate the compost with useful substances, but will also scare away insects from the compost pit.

From the orange bark, a tincture is obtained that destroys insect pests (spider mites, aphids). To prepare it, you need to pour warm water over the peel of an orange and leave in the dark for about a week. Then strain the tincture, add water and a little liquid soap. With this liquid, you need to spray or wipe the leaves of garden crops or indoor plants 2-3 times, after which the insects will be destroyed.

The smell of orange peel is not tolerated by ants. If you grind the orange peel, add a little water and pour this gruel on the places where the ants have settled, then after a while the insects will go to another place. The disadvantage of this method is fragility, since in an open space the smell disappears.

Cats cannot stand the smell of citrus fruits, so by scattering fresh orange peels around the area, you can scare them away from the garden. You can pour the crusts with water, bring them to a boil in a saucepan, cook over low heat, and then pour the resulting tincture on all the beds in the country along the perimeter. For this method, not only the peel is suitable, but also essential citrus oil.

Citrus fruits are also used in everyday life. With their help, a fire is made in fireplaces and stoves. Dry zest burns for a long time, filling the room with a pleasant fresh aroma. Dried orange peels spread out on the windowsills will quickly remove the musty smell after a long absence of the owners of the country house.

To sit in the evening on the veranda with a cup of tea, without fighting off midges and mosquitoes, you just need to rub the open skin with a peel of a fresh orange. This can only be done if there is no allergic reaction to citrus fruits.

To remove unpleasant odors in the toilet, you can prepare your own air freshener: boil orange peels, vanilla, cloves, vinegar and cinnamon in water, boil for a few minutes, and then cool and pour into small containers.

When stocking up on citrus peels, you need to remember that the zest of both orange and lemon, tangerine and grapefruit has beneficial properties.


Watch the video: Surprising Plant Growing Hacks and Gadgets


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