Detailed description of the Monarch grape variety


Monarch grape is a unique variety that will always delight with its pleasant sweet taste. This grape variety is successfully used in winemaking, thanks to its sophisticated aroma. Description and characteristics of the vine and berries are presented below.

Description of the Monarch grape variety

The monarch was obtained by crossing the Cardinal and Talisman grapes by the famous modern breeder E.G. Pavlovsky, who lives in the Krasnodar Territory. When breeding the variety, the genetic material of various varieties was used in the form of mixed pollen. The stigmas of the parental forms were treated with pollen.

The main criteria for a fruit crop:

  • Yield very high. A maximum of 8 kg was obtained from one bush.
  • Refers to medium early varieties, ripening period 124 - 136 days... The month depends on the region, mainly from the end of August to September.
  • Monarch variety not included in the State Register breeding achievements. There is no official information about cultivation in this or that region. There are notes that grapes grow in the cold and warm climates of Russia.
  • Bears fruit for about a month, growing in one place for about 9 to 24 years.
  • Sugar content of fruits - 15 - 18 g / 100 ml; acidity - 4 - 5 g / l.

Characteristics of berries

  • Oval the form, ovoid
  • Berry size large, on average 35 by 28 mm
  • Weight berries on average 22g, reaches 35g
  • Coloration light green, saturated. Ripe fruits change color to light yellow with small red spots on the sides.
  • Seed in berries 1 - 3 pieces
  • The fruits do not give in temperature changes, do not rot
  • Taste juicy sweet
  • Medium-density peel, crunches nicely
  • Aesthetic appearance

Advantages and disadvantages

The positive qualities of Monarch grapes include:

  • Good frost resistance, withstands temperatures up to - 23 ° С
  • Excellent survival rate of seedlings and cuttings when breeding varieties
  • Possesses exquisite aroma and taste
  • Early
  • Little damaged during transportation
  • High yield
  • High resistance to mildew and gray rot
  • Relatively large shelf life
  • Taste qualities do not depend on moisture, temperature
  • Self-pollinated variety, which allows him to successfully bear fruit in greenhouses
  • Rapid build-up vegetative mass
  • Are not formed peas

Negative characteristics of the variety:

  • Has no immunity to phytopathological diseases - powdery mildew, powdery mildew
  • If pruning during flowering ovaries crumble strongly, it is also worth not planting a plant in an area subject to wind
  • Shelter for the winter in regions where the temperature drops below minus 20 ° С

Planting a plant

Grapes should be planted with annual seedlings, it can also be grown from seeds. But this is a long process and not always successful.

Seat selection

If nightshades, horseradish, corn, sorrel, parsley, clematis, calendula, etc. (compatibility of crops with each other) are already growing on the site, then you should not plant grapes nearby.

This culture loves the sun and does not tolerate shading. Therefore, the south or west side of the site is suitable. You need to choose a place protected from the wind.

Planting time is suitable for both autumn (October) and spring (April, May).

Recommended soil and planting

The soil for the culture must be fertile, black soil is perfect. In grapes, the root system develops up to one and a half meters, this means that the groundwater must lie below this horizon. Soil with poor air permeability is not suitable for growing grapes, for example, clay or waterlogged.

Before planting, you must carefully inspect the seedling for mechanical damage, diseases and insect damage. If any, you need to get rid of them.

Planting a plant:

  • Landing pit should be 70 by 70 cm for an annual seedling, the depth is exactly two heights of the root system.
  • You can preliminarily water the pitso that the soil settles, then leave it for 2 - 3 hours
  • A drainage layer is poured into the pit, grapes love rocky soils, where moisture and air pass well
  • Then the drainage is covered with soil (with fertilizers applied) and plant a plant on top, spreading the roots along the formed hill
  • They bury a hole ramming the soil and making a ditch, for the accumulation of moisture.
  • Mulch, recommended by the remnants of weeds
  • Watering

Landing patterns

There are several ways to arrange grapes. At home plots, grapes are most often allowed to curl along the wall of the gazebo, or with the help of it they create a shady space by installing horizontal trellises.

There are two popular ways to place a culture:

  • Shpalerny way
  • Field way

With the help of trellises it is possible to adjust the height and width of the vineyard suitable for private plots.

The field method speaks for itself, there are also trellises. But vineyards are located in a long row, occupying huge plantations. The height does not exceed 1.5 meters.

Plants should be more than 1 m apart when planting.

Care

Plant care:

  1. Watering is carried out depending on climatic conditions. It is necessary to monitor the condition of the soil and the plant, as well as draw up an irrigation schedule, where precipitation will also be taken into account.
  2. Application of mineral fertilizers 4 times a season. Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium in the spring; then repeat at the beginning of the years; potassium, phosphorus at the end of summer; repeat in late autumn.
  3. Organic fertilization under the mulching layer, twice in the spring, 2 times in the summer.
  4. Three types of pruning: sanitary, at the beginning of development - formative and rejuvenating in the old vineyard.

Reproduction methods

Reproduction takes place in a vegetative and generative way. Generative reproduction is seed formation. Vegetative propagation using cuttings and layering.

Also, to create a more hardy and strong plant, grafting of one variety onto another is used. So, for example, grapes with the best taste cannot fully develop in arid zones. In order for it to bear fruit well, it should be grafted onto wild grapes with a more powerful horse system.

Diseases and pests

The most dangerous disease for grapes is powdery mildew. To combat it, there are chemical, biological and folk methods that can be used at small volumes.

Vineyard pests: turkish skosar, biennial grape leafworm, grape variegated, grape mealy worm, garden spider mite. Pest control consists in compliance with agrotechnical standards, if necessary, the use of biological and chemical preparations.

It should be concluded that Monarch grapes are easy to grow and have a lot of positive qualities... The fact that it is not zoned, hence the difficulties with choosing a suitable region, significantly complicates the work with this variety.


Monarch is a table grape bred by breeder Pavlovsky. Its progenitors were the varieties Cardinal and Talisman. First, the specialist pollinated the Cardinal with pollen from other varieties of grapes, then crossed with the Talisman.

The bunches of the new variety are considered large, although in fact the weight does not exceed 1 kg. The fruits are placed on a medium-dense branch. The shape of the monarch's gables is conical and cylindro-conical. As for the grapes themselves, they are really big. The weight of the berries varies from 15 to 30 g, which is why they resemble small plums.

The pulp of Monarch grapes contains juicy and tasty. Seeds in each berry - no more than 3 units. The rapid maturation of the vine is due to the high sugar content in the chemical composition of the plant sap. The vegetative period of the culture is laid for 120 - 130 days. Therefore, the Monarch is ranked among the early middle varieties.

The plant gives a high yield - from 7 or more kilograms of ripe berries. Shoots grow rapidly, and the vine matures more than a third of its original length. To optimize the load on the bush, it is recommended to leave 23 - 35 eyes.

The hybrid is pollinated by itself with a bisexual flower. Agronomists have noticed that the best pollination occurs on the shaded side of the nursery.


How to grow Monarch grapes

Correct planting and care predetermine the continued existence of the crop, yield and quality of berries.

Any method is suitable for reproduction. This is seed, cuttings, propagation by layering and seedlings. Seeds are used less often, although germination is good in this case. Reproduction by cuttings or planting a ready-made seedling is more popular.

When purchasing seedlings, they study the root system. The absence of lateral white processes suggests that additional development is required for the roots.

The cuttings should have green cuts, at least 3 buds and a length of 30–40 cm. If such material is not commercially available, the cuttings are harvested independently at home.

Preparing the cutting for planting

The stalk is grafted onto the stock or a seedling is grown from it.

Before planting in the ground, the cutting is placed in water or soil in order to grow a healthy seedling from it. Cutting preparation algorithm:

  1. The stalk is soaked for 14-16 hours in water at 15 ° C.
  2. Maintained in a growth promoter.
  3. The stalk is tested for suitability by pressing the cut with a knife. The appearance of a drop of water indicates the suitability of the cuttings. If there is a lot of water or there is no water at all, such a specimen is not suitable for germination.
  4. The stalk is placed in water or soil, where it arrives before the roots and green leaves appear.

Preparation begins in the middle of winter, and by spring the seedlings are ready for planting.

Planting into the ground is carried out when the soil warms up to 12-15 ° C.

Important! Before planting in the ground, the Monarch saplings are hardened. To do this, they spend several hours daily in the open air.

Choosing the right place

Monarch grapes love sunlight. With its lack, the berries will not have time to ripen before the harvest period. In addition, the variety has a negative attitude towards cold winds. Taking into account such characteristics of the variety, the site is chosen from the south side of the garden, and a building should be located nearby, which will cover the grapes from the wind. Open areas for planting are not recommended. The norm for the distance to fruit trees is 3-5 m.

The soil should be light, moderately moist. On sandy soil, Chrysolite grapes do not take root well. But clay areas are not at all suitable for growing this variety.

The best soil for planting grapes is black soil. The depth of groundwater is 1.5 m. Otherwise, the earth is drained or grooves are dug for the outflow of water.

Note! When choosing a soil, you need to observe the alternation of crops in this area. In addition, if old grape bushes have been uprooted, seedlings for 2-3 years are not planted in this place.

How to plant a stalk correctly

A landing pit with dimensions of 0.8 × 0.8 m is being prepared. When the soil is oversaturated with water, the pit is deepened by 10-15 cm. The bottom is filled with broken brick. Pieces of wood are laid on it.

The pits are filled with humus (8-10 buckets), fertilizers (superphosphate, potassium sulfate, ash). The backfill is covered with a layer of nutritious soil (5–6 cm).

Spread the roots of the plant and put it in the hole. The sprout is covered, watered abundantly, the earth is mulched.

The procedure for planting grapes with a sapling (cuttings) is carried out in the spring. During autumn planting, the process will go on and the plant will be accepted, but whether it has time to prepare for winter depends on the growing region.

For your information! Often with the onset of frost, a plant planted in the fall dies.


Description of Monarch grapes

When describing the fruits of the white and black Monarch grape varieties, the difference between them is especially noticeable. Nevertheless, both plants have garnered positive feedback from gardeners. To avoid confusion, white grapes are often referred to as the Monarch of Pavlovsky.

Monarch white

Variety Monarch white table is a plant with vigorous bushes, on which light shoots are formed. The leaves have five lobes, the dissection is average. The bunches of grapes in the Monarch variety are conical in shape, large in size. Average weight within 0.5 kg. Some plants form clusters with a record weight of 1 kg.

The berries are large in the shape of an oval. The color is yellowish-green, the sides may tan a little. The size of the berry is about 3.5 cm in length and 2.5 cm in width, weight up to 20 g. The skin is not very dense, almost not felt when consumed. The pulp is juicy, not friable, with a dessert taste with hints of nutmeg. There are few seeds inside - 1-2 pieces.

Suitable for growing in many regions, both southern and colder climates.

Monarch black

The vine is characterized by a growth force above average, not prone to the formation of a large number of stepchildren. The crop ripens well. The leaves of black Monarch grapes are of medium size, dissected, and can be three or five-lobed. The surface is wrinkled, and the bottom is strongly pubescent. Flowers are bisexual. Bunches of medium size, closer to large, have the shape of a cone. The weight of each is within 300 g.

The berries are deep blue, round, not very large in size with 2-3 seeds inside. The skin is quite dense, and underneath is juicy pulp. Pleasant varietal taste.

Grown commercially in the northern regions of Germany, it can be found among hobbyists in countries with relatively cold climates.


Productivity and ripening time

The plant gives the first signal harvest in the 2nd year after planting, marketable fruiting begins in the 4th - on average, about 28-30 kg from one bush.

According to the results of field tests in the natural conditions of the Kuban (when placing bushes according to the scheme 3.0x1.5-2.0 m, forming a horizontal cordon type or a fanless cordon and maintaining growth on a vertical trellis), five-year plantings showed a yield of 12.4-15 , 8 kg per plant or 20.4-26.0 t / ha. At the same time, during the growing season, care consisted of standard agrotechnical measures.

Removable maturity occurs 126-135 days after bud break... In the south, this is about the third decade of August, in the Middle Lane - the beginning of September. The bunches can remain on the bush for a long time without deteriorating the quality of the fruit.

In industrial plantings "Monarch" is able to bring high yields up to 26.0 t / ha

The berries are firmly held on the stalks and do not crumble even with a late harvest. When removed correctly, the fruits do not deteriorate and are well stored in the refrigerator for more than 2 months. The juicy pulp perfectly protects against damage by the dense skin, which is practically not injured during transportation, therefore the variety is recommended primarily for industrial cultivation for commercial purposes.

You can get acquainted with the opinion of an experienced gardener about the yield potential of "Monarch" by watching the following video:


Monarch grape

The Monarch grape is a complex hybrid obtained by crossing the Talisman variety and the Cardinal + SP hybrid. The Monarch is characterized by an early middle ripening period (up to 130 days). The length of the shoots reaches 120-135 cm, i.e. the variety is distinguished by its great vigor of growth, while the vine ripens by 2/3 of its length or more. The rooting rate of cuttings is very good.

In normal years, flowering occurs in the first days of June. The flowers are bisexual. The bunch is very large (up to 900 g), most often conical, sometimes cylindro-conical, of medium density. Berries are yellow, large (up to 20 g), oval, with a fleshy juicy pulp of medium density and a pleasant varietal taste. The thickness of the skin is medium, but it is not felt when eating. Ripe berries can remain on the plants for a long time without loss of taste. The Monarch grape is high-yielding and allows you to get 7 kg or more from one plant. The recommended load with eyes for this form is 30-35 per bush, with shoots - 22-24. Medium pruning works best for this variety.

The variety is distinguished by increased frost resistance (buds can withstand up to -23 ° C) and resistance to mildew, high resistance to gray rot, as well as medium resistance to powdery mildew. Among the advantages of the variety, berries with excellent taste and a large marketable bunch should be distinguished.

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The vineyard is located:
Ukraine, Kirovograd region smt. Ustinovka


Gardeners reviews

GF Monarch, selection of Pavlovsky E.G. It seems to me that this is the most worthy berry that lives up to its name: truly royal! Average weight of berries is 20 gr. , I met a lot and for 30 gr. , while no additional conditions for feeding the bushes were used. Refined taste: dense melting pulp with a delicate aroma of nutmeg.

Fursa Irina Ivanovna, Krasnodar Territory

http://vinforum.ru/index.php?topic=63.0

The Monarch (Pavlovsky E) sapling grafted on a cober was purchased from the author in the spring of 2007. In 2008, with fan formation, it gave a signal yield of 5 bunches of about a kilogram each. A very large berry, amber in color, without peas, unlike SUPER EXTRA, the flesh is firm, with a light nutmeg. Ripe on August 20. Two bunches grew until mid-October and were eaten. The vine ripened well. GF is vigorous, resistant to mildew, powdery mildew, gray rot. Not resistant to anthracnose.

Salchanin, Rostov region

http://forum.vinograd.info/showthread.php?t=795

I just can't get reciprocity from the vaccinated Monarch for how many years. The bushes are powerful, the harvest is not enough at all - and all the clusters are unformed, the pollination is poor, there are half of pea berries in a cluster, the clusters themselves are the size of my palm, a maximum of 20 berries. Due to the underload of the constant (not my side, but physiological) shoots fatten, then it hibernates very badly in a non-sheltered culture, and "it got wet on a stake, start over." And so every year on all 15 bushes. It is not particularly noticed in diseases, I have never met anthracnose, but I cannot get a harvest. The rootstocks are different - Riparia, 101-14, and Kober - the result is the same. One tops. I pinch, pinch, so that the stepsons give and do not fatten, but there is no particular effect, and there is no harvest on the stepsons either

Krasokhina, Novocherkassk

http://forum.vinograd.info/showthread.php?t=795

I read it and “calmed down” that it was not only my Monarch who was sprinkled. Only skeletons remained from the brushes. There are no berries. And last year there was the first fruiting and everything was pollinated normally. It's a shame. I'll see how it will be next year and will re-graft.

natal

http://forum.vinograd.info/archive/index.php?t-795-p-4.html

I have only one monarch bush-I keep for cuttings. Agrophone as for everyone else. The berry has never crumbled, large, but I will not propagate it on the site. In our south it does not reach the market, there are other forms with which It is difficult for a monarch to compete.

Victor Boyko

http://forum.vinograd.info/archive/index.php?t-795-p-4.html

Monarch grapes are worthy to occupy a place in any vineyard. It requires an individual approach to itself in terms of pruning, feeding and watering, but if all the necessary requirements are met, it will give a large harvest of very large and tasty berries.


Watch the video: Review of technical varieties of grapes.


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