In caring for the garden, sometimes there is no time at all to ensure proper flower care, therefore, for most gardeners, the most convenient option is to grow an aster - one of the most unpretentious, but amazingly beautiful flowers!
Astra is able to regenerate its damaged root system and even during flowering calmly tolerate a transplant.
Benefits of growing asters:
Even a novice florist can easily figure out how to grow asters. The main thing is to plant flowers in soil pre-fertilized with nutrients, and do not forget about weeding and timely watering. Well, if you manage to add top dressing a couple of times over the summer, your flowers will grow especially beautiful and large, with powerful stems. However, some of the features of growing asters still need to be taken into account.
Video about sowing and growing asters
In order for the multi-colored asters to hurt as little as possible and delight you with their bright beauty for a long time, you need to correctly determine the place on the site for planting them and prepare a suitable soil. As with many garden flowers, asters only form large, healthy buds when there is enough moisture and nutrients in the soil. Therefore, a flower bed for them should be prepared in the fall by digging up the ground and adding river sand with humus or sand with peat to it, so that the soil is fertile, breathable and well-drained.
The acidity of the soil should be close to neutral. If you add humus just before planting asters, the plants can be affected by fungal fusarium (growing asters on dense or acidic soils leads to the same result). In the spring, before digging, it is recommended to add ammonium sulfate, superphosphate and potassium salt to the soil.
To prevent the risk of asters with Fusarium, they should not be planted after potatoes, tomatoes, carnations, levkoy, gladioli, tulips. Asters can be grown on the same flower bed for six years, and asters can be returned to their original place only after four years. The best results are achieved when sowing asters after marigolds, marigolds, perennial grasses.
The best results can be achieved when sowing asters after marigolds, marigolds, perennial grasses
Asters feel good in partial shade, they like open sunny places, but in extreme heat and drought they lose their decorative effect. It is advisable to choose a place for the flowerbed, protected from the wind and from constant dampness, so that the groundwater does not lie too close to the surface of the earth.
You can harvest aster seeds yourself, collecting them from dried inflorescences at the end of summer, or purchase seeds in the store for each season, experimenting with different varieties of asters. The main thing is that the seeds are of high quality, then the seedlings will sprout up to 100%.
Planting asters in a seedling way
Seedless sowing of asters
Aster seeds are sown as soon as the ground warms up, directly on the flower beds, sprinkling a little earth on top and covering with a film until germination. With the appearance of young seedlings, the film can be removed and covered with plants only in case of frost. It is not necessary to dive them, it is enough to sow them at intervals of a couple of centimeters, and then thin them out so that between the plants it turns out to be 12 cm, or leave the plantings thickened. Asters, planted in a seedless way, begin to bloom much earlier.
Asters cannot stand dampness and excessive waterlogging and are considered drought-resistant flowers, but in dry weather they must be watered abundantly. Pay special attention to watering while setting buds, otherwise you can not expect a lush flowering.
Asters planted on fertile soil, with good watering and periodic feeding, will bloom wonderfully until the coldest days. For the first time, flower beds with asters are enriched with full mineral fertilizer two weeks after transplanting the seedlings to the flower bed, and during the period of bud formation and flowering, fertilizing without nitrogen fertilizers is used. Organic fertilizers are applied only on poor soils.
Video about asters
Since the main enemy of aster is disease, especially fusarium, it is recommended to spray plants with a solution containing the following trace elements for prevention: potassium permanganate, magnesium, zinc, cobalt, copper salts, ammonium molybdate and boric acid.
Also, make sure that when growing asters they do not show signs of rust, late blight, sclerotinosis, powdery mildew, rhizoctonia disease, jaundice, damage by slugs, aphids, scoops, spider mites, nematodes.
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Many different plants are planted on the site: fruit trees, vegetables, flowers. But this is not the whole assortment, because there are shrubs. They can be an excellent garden decoration when it comes to decorative species. You can plant bushes for the purpose of harvesting, if you grow berry crops. Regardless of what function the bushes will perform, you need to know certain rules for planting and further caring for plants. You should be especially careful with fruit plants, because in case of improper care of them, you can be left without a crop. The features of planting ornamental and berry bushes will be discussed in the article.
We advise you to carefully look at the expiration date of the seeds. It is even better if the date of their collection is also indicated: the fact is that some seeds (in particular, delphinium, asters, primroses) should be sown only fresh, as they quickly lose their germination.
If the package indicates that the seeds can be sown before winter, then they need stratification.
Stratification - the method of preparing seeds for sowing, in which the seeds are placed in a moist cold environment for a certain time (before pecking).
Early February is the time to start seed stratification. delphinium, primrose, sunflower... Sow seeds in jars and refrigerate or bury in snow until mid-March.
In recent years, seeds have begun to be coated. For example, seeds are subjected to this procedure. begonias and petunias: they are small in size, and the shell enlarges them and, in addition, contains a supply of trace elements. Such seeds are usually more expensive, but their additional advantages justify the price.
And one more thing: plan your flower garden in advance so that you know where the flowerbed will be, where the border is, where the rabatka (the rabatka is a narrow rectangular flower garden 50 to 150 cm wide and at least three times as long as wide). It is also important whether you grow flowers for cutting or you need those that will remain “in place” throughout the season. Based on this, you can choose the right crops and varieties and purchase the required amount of seeds.
An ultra-early ripening potato variety for the northwest and other areas with a harsh climate. The yield is average, but the taste is excellent. The fruits can be harvested on the 70th day. Ball-shaped tubers.
There is a weakly expressed mesh on the skin. The rind and flesh are yellow. The starch content is about 14%. Tubers are small, weighing 65-95 gr. From 1 m2 of plantings, up to 2.5 kg of fruits are harvested and up to 400 centners per hectare. The variety tolerates drought well.
The seeds are placed in open ground in spring or autumn. You can do this even at the beginning of winter. Planting in spring is carried out in early May. To do this, ripe seeds should be in the ground at a maximum depth of 2 cm. After planting, the ground is moistened with warm water. Using compost and peat, the soil is mulched. If the seeds are fresh, after 7-8 days sprouts will appear from the ground. A little later, the plants are thinned out, making a gap of 15 cm between them.
In autumn, in the second half of November, seeds are planted in frozen soil. But the indentations should be done in advance. The planted seeds are covered with dry compost on top.
Winter sowing is also possible. It is carried out in December if the snow cover does not exceed a height of 10 cm. However, the furrows are prepared in the fall. The seeds can be planted in the snow. Then the site is covered with dry compost or humus. When the thaw comes, the seeds will sprout.
Peronosporosis, or downy mildew, is caused by various types of pseudo-fungi of the oomycetes family Peronospora... It is capable of destroying up to 50% of the onion crop. The disease is spread by wind, moisture, animals and humans. Germinating, mycelium occupies large areas.
Onions most often fall ill due to contaminated planting material. The infected sevok does not look different from the healthy one. The disease will manifest itself a month after planting, when light spots appear on the feathers of the onions. Feathers will soon wither and die. Further development of the fungus will lead to the death of the entire plant.
To avoid infestation of the onion with downy mildew, the beds should be placed in a well-sunlit place with light soils and an adequate drainage system. When planting, you should pay attention to crop rotation. Excess watering should also be avoided, especially in the evenings.
The planting material must be disinfected a few days before planting. To do this, it is heated for 8 hours at 45 ° C.
Plants affected by downy mildew are treated with Oxyhom, which can also be used for prophylactic purposes 20-25 days after germination.
Growing resistant onion varieties, such as Breeze, Centurion, Stuttgarter Riesen and etc.
In addition to environmental influences, another explanation for tomato plants with white leaves is diseases, usually fungal, which can be evidenced not only by white leaves.
Cladosporium or brown spot is a fairly rare disease that affects the leaves of a plant. As a rule, tomatoes grown under film are at risk, therefore, as a preventive measure, greenhouses should be often ventilated.
Brown spot begins to appear during the flowering of the plant, and actively progresses when the fruit is ripe. Its characteristic features are:
A solution of copper sulfate in limestone milk will help to cope with cladosporium disease. Treatment is carried out in 4 cycles with an interval of 10 days.
The disease belongs to fungal diseases, and its danger during cultivation is small. However, it can cause negative consequences when the fruit is stored.
Among the main ways to eliminate the disease are the following:
The disease also belongs to the fungal group. The infected plant becomes covered with yellowish spots, as well as a grayish bloom. To prevent powdery mildew, it is worth treating tomatoes with "Tsinebom", it is also used to treat it.