How to avoid pulling cucumber seedlings


Cucumbers are one of our favorite vegetables. They can simply be grown from seeds in the garden, but with the seedling method, fruiting occurs much earlier. Delicate seedlings of cucumbers are easy to grow on a windowsill. By the time of planting on the site, green seedlings should have two true leaves, an elastic stem and a developed root. However, sometimes the shoots stretch out and weaken.

Why cucumber seedlings are pulled up

Healthy and strong seedlings are the key to a good harvest

Pulling seedlings can be caused by a number of reasons:

  1. Lack of light. When growing cucumbers in a dark room, the shoots become pale, strongly elongated.
  2. Violation of the temperature regime. Intense heat can also weaken the shoots. If the temperature is too high, the plants are pulled out.
  3. Improper watering. With excessive moisture, long seedlings become thin and weak.
  4. Excessive crop density. If the sowing is too dense, the shoots become cramped, they stretch out and become thinner.
  5. Excess or lack of nutrients. An excess of nitrogen fertilizers can contribute to the rapid growth of green mass, from which the plant will stretch even more. It provokes stretching of bushes and a lack of potassium.

In a hot room, the shoots are stretched

How to help weakened seedlings

If the seedlings are still small, but already too elongated, you can make a depression next to the plant, put the stem there and sprinkle it with earth. The buried part will soon take root.

In a container with elongated shoots, they fill up the earth, well warmed up and dry.

Add earth to a container with an elongated shoot

If the reason is poor lighting, transfer the seedlings to a brighter place or use additional lighting. For illumination, it is best to use phytolamps, which are installed on top, and not on the side, 5–7 cm from the seedlings.

Phytolamps are used for additional lighting.

It is also recommended to put containers with seedlings on a bright loggia during the day, and bring them into the room at night.

You can save the pale, elongated seedlings by lowering the air temperature to + 15 ° C.

Water the seedlings with warm water (22-24 C °). Watering with cold water often leads to diseases that greatly weaken young shoots and inhibit their development.

Water the seedlings with warm water

If the cucumbers are sown very densely, you need to plant them. When sowing seeds in separate cups, this problem does not arise. Also, in this case, the root system is not injured when planting in the ground. Therefore, this method of planting seeds is recommended.

Cucumbers don't like to be disturbed. But if the shoots are stretched out due to the fact that they are cramped, they must be seated.

If the sowing is too dense, the plants are planted

Thin weak seedlings must be fed with organic and mineral fertilizers to strengthen the immune system. You can use an ash solution (1 tablespoon per 200 ml of water).

Pauses pulling and pinching over the second real sheet.

Video: if the cucumbers are stretched out - what to do

Growing rules

To prevent the seedlings from pulling out, you need to create favorable conditions: choose the right substrate, observe the required light regime, temperature, conduct regular watering and feeding, and also use high-quality planting material.

In order to grow healthy seedlings of cucumbers, it is necessary to create favorable conditions.

First of all, the soil is prepared from peat, humus, turf and sand (2: 2: 1: 0.5).

The seeds are kept in a light solution of potassium permanganate and germinated in a damp cloth. Sow into cups, deepening to a depth of 2 cm. Water, cover with a film and put in a warm place with a temperature of +25 ° C. With the emergence of seedlings, the film is removed and the seedlings are transferred for 2-3 days to a cooler room (+ 21 ° С during the day, + 18 ° С at night).

Growing seedlings takes up to one month. All this time, the temperature regime should be maintained. At night - not lower than 15 ° С, during the day + 22 ° С. If it is too hot, ventilate the room for a while.

You need to water cucumbers 2 times a week, on sunny days - more often with warm water, soaking the soil well. However, excess moisture often leads to root rot. The plant does not tolerate dry air, therefore, when growing in an apartment, it must be humidified, especially on hot days.

Important! Before the emergence of shoots, the main factors are warmth and humidity, then immediately after the appearance of the loops - coolness, moderate humidity and good lighting, otherwise the seedlings will stretch out.

Fertilizers should be applied carefully and in moderation. Excessive nutrition, especially mullein, can trigger disease. Fertilization is combined with watering, preferably in the early morning hours. When the first leaf appears, the first feeding is carried out. Fertilizers in liquid form are better absorbed by young plants. From organic, you can use the infusion of mullein (1:10) or chicken droppings - 1:15.

Secondary seedlings are fed a few days before planting on the site. Use 10 g of urea, 15 g of potassium sulfate and 35 g of superphosphate per 10 l of water.

Fertilizer should be applied carefully and in moderation.

So that the seedlings do not last - video

Features of planting in open ground or greenhouse

If the seedlings are too stretched, do not worry. Even such seedlings take root well.

3-4 days before planting at a temperature in the greenhouse not lower than +20, and the soil warms up to +15, the plants are taught to new conditions. Every day they are taken out to the greenhouse for 3-4 hours, at first shading from the bright sun with the help of covering material. When the plant adapts to the greenhouse microclimate, you can start planting.

Prepare holes with a distance of 30-50 in a row and 60 in a row. A complex fertilizer or superphosphate is added to the well. Watered with warm water or a weak solution of manganese.

Important! When planting cucumber seedlings in the ground, the planting should not be too compacted.

When planting cucumbers in cold ground, the surface around the bush is mulched with a black film, which retains moisture in the soil, keeps the ground loose and prevents weeds from developing.

On a note. When choosing a place for planting seedlings in open ground, preference is given to well-lit areas. The best precursors for cucumbers are legumes, cabbage, and tomatoes.

The elongated seedlings are not watered before planting, they are slightly dried to make the stem more flexible. Carefully turn or cut the plastic cup. They take out a plant with an earthen clod. You cannot pull on the stem - it may break.

They take out a plant with an earthen clod

Gently, as if twisting a ring from a long stem, they are lowered into the prepared hole, deepening to the seven-lobe leaves. Compaction of the earth. At first, the seedlings should be protected from the bright sun or hypothermia with a covering material.

Seedlings are lowered into the hole and tamped down

If already flowering elongated seedlings are planted, then the first buds are removed from the weakened seedlings so that early flowering does not take away all their strength. Such bushes will begin to bear fruit a little later. If you plant elongated cucumber shoots with flowers, then the seedlings will hurt for a long time, they can shed the ovaries, which ultimately will affect the harvest.

A bright place is selected for cucumbers

It is useful to feed the planted seedlings with a solution of yeast, which promotes rapid growth and the reduction of barren flowers. The first feeding is carried out in the heated soil a week after the application of nitrogen fertilization, the second after the phosphate fertilization.

On nutrient-rich soil, seedlings will grow quickly and will soon begin to bear fruit.

Healthy seedlings will give you the opportunity to get a rich harvest.

Observing all the rules of agricultural technology, you can grow viable and healthy seedlings, which will make it possible to get a bountiful harvest of delicious and beautiful cucumbers during the season.

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Why seedlings are pulled out and what to do: advice from experienced gardeners

Many people wonder why seedlings of vegetables and flowers sometimes stretch and grow spindle-shaped, and how to prevent the appearance of such long-legged freaks?

Elongated seedlings produce pale, thin stems and fewer smaller leaves than healthy seedlings. Failure to correct the situation can weaken the stems, stunt growth, and render plants defenseless against pests and diseases. Not to mention the fact that such plants are less likely to withstand wind and rain when they are in the ground.

The good news is that in most cases, the elongated seedling situation can be corrected before it's too late. We at the editorial office of supeersadovnik.ru have successfully transplanted hundreds of tall seedlings, most of which have grown well and yielded normal productive yields.

So, what happens: the leggy seedlings are reaching for the light, wanting to go to the podium, or is there something else working? We have collected the main factors that affect the fact that the seedlings are pulled out.


Reasons for pulling

If you see such a phenomenon, it's time to sound the alarm - the plants don't like it in your home! And if you do not take any measures, green guests are unlikely to want to thank you in the future with a good harvest or lush flowering (when it comes to flower crops). But before rushing to please green pets, let's figure out what exactly is the reason for their dissatisfaction.

Failure to meet the landing dates

"Scientists" knowingly impose on us a certain age of seedlings, in which they should be planted in open ground or a greenhouse. And no matter how much we would like to serve fresh cucumbers and tomatoes of our own production to the table early, the biological rhythms of plants cannot be fooled. Novice gardeners often do not want to reckon with this and sow seeds for seedlings too early.


Planting seedlings too early is one of the reasons for pulling it out

But when the seedlings reach that very age and begin to ask for "freedom", outside the window they still continue to pour cold rains and a piercing wind. As a result, the seedlings continue to suffer in a tight container on the windowsill and stretch out strongly. And the summer resident, instead of an early harvest, receives emaciated goners, who, after such hospitality, refuse to bloom and bear fruit normally.

Lack of light

The most common reason for stretching seedlings is their insufficient illumination. The required amount of sunlight is primarily lost on seedlings planted ahead of schedule. But even those plants that were planted at the right time may face a light deficiency.


Lack of light is the main reason for pulling seedlings

Indeed, even in April, not to mention February and March, the daylight hours are still not long enough, and cloudy weather is often set outside the window.

Unsuitable temperature conditions

Inexperienced summer residents are mostly terry egoists who forget that green guests living on the windowsill need to be provided with completely different temperature conditions than those in which the owners of the house themselves are pleasant to be. Therefore, if you already decided to grow seedlings on your own, you will either have to freeze with it in the same room (a comfortable temperature for seedlings + 15 ... + 18 ° C), or provide it with a separate room with a constantly (or periodically) open window.


In an excessively warm room, the seedlings form a thin long stem

And if you think that these seedlings should adapt to you and endure the heat from the flaming heating radiator, then you are very mistaken - the plants in an excessively warm room will inevitably stretch out.

Waterlogging

Naturally, at elevated air temperatures, the soil in the seedling container dries up much faster, and the owner, often without realizing it himself, renders the seedlings one more disservice - watering them almost every day. In such tropical conditions, the plants become like lianas: without bothering to build up the root system and search for moisture in the soil substrate, they direct the moisture and nutrients that come "on the silver platter" to the formation of absurdly long ground shoots.


Seedlings are pulled out due to waterlogging

Incorrect feeding regime

And if the wrong feeding regime is added to such a complex, then it is definitely not necessary to talk about stocky seedlings. Often, an inexperienced gardener, guided by extremely good intentions, too often and inappropriately treats his green guests with various "delicacies", increasing the optimal frequency of dressings and not observing their sequence. Indeed, for example, at the initial stage of seedling growth, emphasis should be placed on phosphorus and potassium, which contribute to the formation of the root system. Overfed seedlings, as well as stuffed with inappropriate fertilizers, form long and thin shoots.


Failure to comply with the "diet" leads to stretching of plants

Thickened fit

Seedlings can be pulled out not only from an excess of nutrients, but also from a lack of them. Most often, this problem lies in wait for seedlings growing in a cramped box - they simply do not have enough "building material" to form strong stocky stems.


Seedlings are often pulled out when planting thickened

An unnecessarily thickened planting makes the plants literally fight for a place in the sun - the seedlings lack not only food, but also light. In such conditions, plants develop excessively thin stems and long internodes in order to break out of the “crowd” and capture the missing sun rays with their crown.


What to do if the seedlings managed to stretch out

Having studied the cause-and-effect relationships of pulling seedlings, you can prevent this process. If the cucumber sprouts are elongated, they can be saved before transplanting to the main site.

Special fertilizers for growth will help to avoid pulling out the seedlings

The main measures to solve the problem:

  1. Add additional lighting, if necessary, use artificial light.
  2. If the cups are too tight to each other, or the planting is thick, they need to be thinned.
  3. Potash fertilizers, ash and special agents that affect the growth of the plant if they are applied correctly, help to avoid stretching the sprouts.
  4. You can use the transplanting method in larger cups. In order not to injure the root, you can build up existing cups with strips of cardboard. Fill the voids with soil to the level of the first leaves.
  5. Overgrown cucumbers are carefully transported to the land plot and transplanted by the burial method.
  6. Damaged bushes with a broken stem cannot be saved, the rest of the plants have a chance for a successful transplant.

Nitrate cannot be used as a top dressing, as it provokes the growth of the green part of the plant.

Overgrown cucumber seedlings are not a reason for refusing to plant them in the beds. Correct this situation will allow proper care. Subsequently, in order to avoid pulling upwards, it is necessary to be attentive to the plants at all pores of cultivation.

This is interesting: Powdery mildew on cucumbers: brief and clear


Planting extended seedlings

In order for the elongated cucumbers to successfully take root, they must be properly planted. It is more convenient to do this in a greenhouse or in a greenhouse. It is not worth planting such seedlings in open ground. There she has much less chance of surviving. Before transplanting the plants, the boxes are transferred to a shelter for adaptation in 3 days.The seedlings are positioned so that they are protected from direct sunlight.

After adaptation, the plants are transplanted onto prepared and fertilized soil. Planting is carried out in the morning or in the evening, when there is no scorching sun rays. Landing is performed in the following order:

  1. In the garden, holes are dug at a distance of 50 cm.A gap of 60 cm is maintained between the rows.
  2. A little superphosphate is placed at the bottom of the hole and sprinkled with a small layer of earth.
  3. Then the well is poured with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
  4. The seedling is taken out of the glass or pot along with a lump of earth.
  5. If the cucumber seedlings have outgrown, they must be buried when planting. To do this, you need to make a spiral from an elongated stem and lay it in the hole. Then the plant is covered with earth until the cotyledon leaves.

To reduce moisture evaporation, the ground under the bush is mulched with dry grass or covering material. In this case, the soil is preliminarily loosened, leveled, moistened with a small amount of water.

If buds have already appeared on the overgrown seedlings, they are cut off before transplanting. A weak plant is unable to flower and bear fruit normally. Such seedlings are more difficult to adapt to a new place, get sick for a long time, and may die. Sometimes the buds fall off on their own, but it is better to gently pinch them off. Fruiting of cucumbers in the case of pulling seedlings occurs a few days later.


Reasons for pulling

If you see such a phenomenon, it's time to sound the alarm - the plants don't like it in your home! And if you do not take any measures, green guests are unlikely to want to thank you in the future with a good harvest or lush flowering (when it comes to flower crops). But before rushing to please green pets, let's figure out what exactly is the reason for their dissatisfaction.

Failure to meet the landing dates

"Scientists" knowingly impose on us a certain age of seedlings, in which they should be planted in open ground or a greenhouse. And no matter how much we would like to serve fresh cucumbers and tomatoes of our own production to the table early, the biological rhythms of plants cannot be fooled. Novice gardeners often do not want to reckon with this and sow seeds for seedlings too early.


Planting seedlings too early is one of the reasons for pulling it out

But when the seedlings reach that very age and begin to ask for "freedom", outside the window they still continue to pour cold rains and a piercing wind. As a result, the seedlings continue to suffer in a tight container on the windowsill and stretch out strongly. And the summer resident, instead of an early harvest, receives emaciated goners, who, after such hospitality, refuse to bloom and bear fruit normally.

Lack of light

The most common reason for stretching seedlings is their insufficient illumination. The required amount of sunlight is primarily lost on seedlings planted ahead of schedule. But even those plants that were planted at the right time may face a light deficiency.


Lack of light is the main reason for pulling seedlings

Indeed, even in April, not to mention February and March, the daylight hours are still not long enough, and cloudy weather is often set outside the window.

Unsuitable temperature conditions

Inexperienced summer residents are mostly terry egoists who forget that green guests living on the windowsill need to be provided with completely different temperature conditions than those in which the owners of the house themselves are pleasant to be. Therefore, if you already decided to grow seedlings on your own, you will either have to freeze with it in the same room (temperature comfortable for seedlings +15. + 18 ° C), or provide it with a separate room with a constantly (or periodically) open window.


In an excessively warm room, the seedlings form a thin long stem

And if you think that these seedlings should adapt to you and endure the heat from the flaming heating radiator, then you are very mistaken - the plants in an excessively warm room will inevitably stretch out.

Waterlogging

Naturally, at elevated air temperatures, the soil in the seedling container dries up much faster, and the owner, often without realizing it himself, renders the seedlings one more disservice - watering them almost every day. In such tropical conditions, the plants become like lianas: without bothering to build up the root system and search for moisture in the soil substrate, they direct the moisture and nutrients that come "on a platter" to the formation of absurdly long ground shoots.


Seedlings are pulled out due to waterlogging

Incorrect feeding regime

And if the wrong feeding regime is added to such a complex, then it is definitely not necessary to talk about stocky seedlings. Often, an inexperienced gardener, guided by exclusively good intentions, too often and inappropriately treats his green guests with various "delicacies", increasing the optimal frequency of dressings and not observing their sequence. Indeed, for example, at the initial stage of seedling growth, emphasis should be placed on phosphorus and potassium, which contribute to the formation of the root system. Overfed seedlings, as well as stuffed with inappropriate fertilizers, form long and thin shoots.


Failure to comply with the "diet" leads to stretching of plants

Thickened fit

Seedlings can be pulled out not only from an excess of nutrients, but also from a lack of them. Most often, this problem lies in wait for seedlings growing in a cramped box - they simply do not have enough "building material" to form strong stocky stems.


Seedlings are often pulled out when planting thickened

An unnecessarily thickened planting makes the plants literally fight for a place in the sun - the seedlings lack not only food, but also light. In such conditions, plants develop excessively thin stems and long internodes in order to break out of the “crowd” and capture the missing sun rays with their crown.


Useful tips on the topic

To obtain high-quality seedlings, they adhere to the advice of experienced specialists.

Key recommendations:

  1. For sowing, only light and loose soil is chosen so that it does not turn into a monolithic piece of land in the future.
  2. Before sowing, the seeds are disinfected with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
  3. Seedling containers must be provided with drainage holes.
  4. Until the first shoots, boxes or cups are kept under the film.
  5. Seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place one month after the first shoots.

Watch the video: How To Grow Cucumbers Part 2 - Replanting


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