Last season, I experienced a novelty in my garden - a pumpkin of the Pearl variety. This is a pear-shaped butternut squash, orange pulp, very tasty. I left three fruits on the bush, they all gained weight about 6 kg. Interestingly, the seeds are located at the top of the fruit. She also grew pear-shaped zucchini. I liked both the first and second novelties, I will grow them in the next seasons. And in the greenhouse, a cucumber-lemon was tested, there was once an article about it in the magazine "Flora Price". It really resembled a lemon in shape, color, and even taste, but there were few fruits, and we did not really like this plant. But another greenhouse novelty - a tomato of the Emerald Apple variety - pleased us. He is also outwardly different from his fellows: the fruit in biological ripeness is green. And the fruit itself is sweet, sugar, fleshy. I was also pleased with another variety of tomato - snow-white - a very tasty salad variety, high-yielding, large fruits. I tried to grow turnip onions from seeds through seedlings - Globo and Exhibishen varieties. The matter, of course, is troublesome, but the result is worth it. True, the 1kg bulbs did not grow, as advertised on the package, but they were quite large. But in general, almost all of them turned out to be larger than from the seed. On the site there is one greenhouse, which we cover with spunbond and grow peppers in it. Another two-slope greenhouse, for tall tomatoes, Two years ago we covered it with a stable one, we do not remove the film for the winter, it passed the test well, in the early spring we sow there radishes, dill, onions for greens, lettuce and seedlings of cabbage and flowers. I sow the remaining space with mustard, its young greens are delicious, and then, when I prepare a greenhouse for tomatoes, I dig up all the mustard with the ground. Sometimes I also sow watercress and coriander in the greenhouse. Almost every gardener in the garden has several medicinal plants. Of course, any such plant of our strip can be transplanted into a garden - a vegetable garden, only it will take up a lot of space. In addition, not all of these plants are decorative, and you want not only benefits, but also beauty. In my garden there are few medicinal plants: yarrow with red and yellow flowers, white double; there is St. John's wort, elecampane, radiola pink or golden root; chokeberry, barberry, sea buckthorn, peppermint and Mexican, lemon balm, catnip, sage, calendula, plantain, dog rose, hawthorn - instead of a hedge, more precisely - this is a hedge from its plants, lilac, viburnum, peony - you can use the rhizome, but this unreasonable - a very beautiful flower, nasturtium. And wheatgrass with dandelion, unfortunately, is also present. So a small "green pharmacy" is always at hand.
L. Popova, gardener
January is the month of transition from "garden-passive" New Year's December to "seedling-active" February. Time to devote to working on bugs and developing plans for the next season.
You should not postpone until tomorrow the consideration of those issues that can be resolved today. While most of the January to-do list will be devoted to off-site work, this in no way diminishes their importance. In the end, when you still have enough time to carefully and thoughtfully analyze the results of the past season, and at the same time to at least point out the goals and objectives of the future season.
Inspect the greenhouses
If greenhouses are installed on your site, be sure to inspect them. To avoid roof collapse and deformation of supporting structures, periodically shake off snow that accumulates on them. However, do this carefully, being careful not to damage the walls and roofs of the building. Use brooms or long-handled brushes to clean greenhouses. Never use scrapers, rakes, or other hard or sharp tools. Greenhouses made of polycarbonate should be treated with particular care.
Pay attention to greenhouse vegetables
Create a maintenance schedule for your heated greenhouse crops. Perhaps now is the time to feed them. Don't forget about loosening and watering.
Grow a vegetable garden on a windowsill
If you want to pamper yourself and your loved ones with fresh greens not only in the warm season, but also in winter, try growing a vegetable garden on a windowsill. Fortunately, parsley, dill, celery, lettuce, basil, arugula, rosemary and some other crops have varieties suitable for growing at home.
Choose varieties of vegetables
By the middle of winter, it becomes finally clear how justified was the choice of varieties of vegetables for long-term storage. Therefore, right now you can start selecting varieties and hybrids for sowing next year. Think about what exactly you are growing vegetables for: for eating fresh, for harvesting or for long-term storage. Based on your goals, make a list of varieties for all vegetables that you plan to cultivate in your garden.
Think about the crop rotation
The alternation of garden crops helps to solve a number of problems. The land is less clogged with weeds, pathogens and pests do not have time to accumulate in it. In addition, proper crop rotation helps maintain an optimal soil composition, and the land itself is not only not depleted, but also replenished with the necessary nutrients. In January, while there is still time for long reflections, you can work out all possible options for the location of crops on the site without haste and draw up a map of the garden in the summer resident's diary.
Check the condition of the crop and conservation
Most often, potatoes, carrots, beets, pumpkins and cabbage are laid for long-term storage. If you want to keep your crop intact, remember to check it regularly. Remember that even if you chose the "correct" material and followed all the rules for laying vegetables for storage, this does not give a 100% guarantee that the fruits of the crop will not become a victim of a lurking fungus.
Sort the seeds
While spring shopping rush hasn't kicked in yet, take a close look at your seed collection. Check their expiration dates and run a germination test. If necessary, purchase seeds of the missing varieties.
Explore the offers of garden centers and specialty shops
In January, when the season of New Year's decorations is already behind, and most garden owners have not yet begun to actively prepare for the season, many garden centers and specialty shops are trying to lure buyers with discounts. Carefully study your country arsenal of "special means" and, if necessary, replenish it with the missing biological products, insecticides and fertilizers.
Take care of large-sized summer cottage equipment
Any, even the most reliable, equipment needs periodic preventive inspection. While your equipment is idle, contact a specialist who will carefully check the units for minor faults and, if necessary, replace worn out parts. Electric and chainsaws, cultivators, walk-behind tractors, trimmers and lawn mowers require regular maintenance. Timely preventive maintenance will help extend the life of your equipment. By saving on this event now, you risk spending much more on equipment repairs in the future.
Start storing organic fertilizers
Some food waste can do you and your garden well. If possible, try setting up a collection spot for tea leaves, dormant coffee grounds, banana and orange peels, potato peels, eggshells, and onion skins.
At the dacha we spend the entire summer cottage season from early spring to late autumn. It is not for nothing that they say: "What you sow, so you reap." I think every summer resident has his own zest in the methods of sowing, processing and harvesting. I want to share with you a grain of my experience ‚but with such a small grain a hike for a good harvest begins.
We always want a big and tasty harvest. And the question arises: "How to achieve this?" Some people start using mineral fertilizers, believing that this is the best nutrition for plants. Others buy a dung car ... But when summer comes, and then autumn, you realize that you have done something wrong again.
The spent labor and financial investments did not bring the desired result. We tried manure on personal experience, bought manure scattered around the garden and waited for an excellent harvest. And you know, they waited, the potatoes were large, but a lot of rotten. We thought, wondered why, analyzed and came to the conclusion that it was only because of the manure. And the truth was the manure.
Later I read a lot of literature about manure and that's what I learned. Manure enhances the growth of the ground part of the plants to the detriment of the harvest, and diseases and pests reappeared on the site. Manure, re-cooking, releases a large amount of nitrogen, but at the same time does not have the necessary amount of minerals, which should contain natural vegetables and fruits. At the same time, the plant, as it were, "glows" with greenery, grows well, but at the same time, instead of benefit, it only brings harm to us, well-known nitrates are formed, which would be undesirable to eat.
Last year, when planting potatoes in the hole, we put 1-2 seeds of peas or beans (we sowed half of the garden with peas, half with beans) as an additional top dressing and to fight the main offender of our potatoes - the Colorado potato beetle, and also helps from the wireworm. The wireworm has become much smaller - very rarely eaten potatoes. before harvesting the potatoes, they walked across the field, pulled out the beans, the ready-made peas were peeled, and then cooked in a soup. This was my experience last year. This year, to be honest, we were too lazy, but now we regret it, tk. the wireworm has become more. We will definitely sow next year, because our family adores beans. For example, we ate almost all of the beans when he was young (we stewed it and added it to the soup, and cut it into salads and froze it for the winter).
Another very interesting experience was in my practice - planting potatoes under buckets without a bottom. We planted only one small row, but the result is truly amazing ‚under each bush there were almost a dozen large tubers. But this ‚of course‚ was only as an experiment, which I once subtracted.
I also want to say that we never throw out the mowed lawn, leaves, etc., I scatter all this in the country, and in the spring we dig it up.
Work at the dacha is laborious, but what benefits does work in the dacha bring us: fresh air, physical activity, communication with nature, healthy vegetables, berries, fruits.
When we plant potatoes in the spring, we believe that the main and laborious task has been done, and when we lift it off like a mountain.
First, we want to tell you about our vegetables.
Here is our potato, a very good, large harvest this year.
Here are our tomatoes, both yellow and red. We have been planting for 10 years only the seeds of "Evpator" - it is good for long-term storage and "Stresa" is a large, fleshy and sweet and fruitful tomato.
Previously, for me all tomatoes were sour and I didn't really like them, I sprinkled them with sugar so that it was more or less tasty, but after I tasted Stresa tomatoes they became one of my favorite vegetables. And the husband did not eat tomatoes at all, and now he will not sit at the table if there is no tomato. Who has not tried it, I advise you, you will not be disappointed. But these are greenhouse tomatoes and tall ones. On the edges there are columns on them, a strong wire is stretched, and I tie tomatoes to them, I wrap them on thick ropes according to the degree of growth. It is also imperative to pluck the stepsons, otherwise there will be little harvest, and when the tomatoes are already beginning to ripen, you need to pluck the lower leaves before the first fruits, pick off 2 leaves after 7-10 days. How do I know this, you ask, and I will answer very simply: I adopted this experience from my parents, they are excellent gardeners from me and once kept a greenhouse.
These photos show how the tomatoes are tied.
Ogrurchiki are very loved by our children. We plant the cucumber "Courage". His peel is soft, does not turn yellow in the garden and is very fruiting.
We plant white cabbage of the Slava variety. It is good both fresh and processed, and sauerkraut. Moreover, she has no bitterness.
But about the pumpkin variety, I can not say anything, tk. my mother always gives me seeds as she says every year the best. And we plant a lot of pumpkins, because we make awesome pumpkin juice for the winter.
Onions are also different every year. I want to give advice from personal experience: never water the onion, it will grow big on you, but it will quickly rot.
We also plant beans differently each time, we love all kinds of beans.
We plant carrots "Vitaminnaya". Her roots are cylindrical and very juicy. And we also plant a variety of carrots "Nantes" is also not a bad carrot.
I would like to give advice on how to remove and store carrots.
We remove the carrots until it is cold enough (but before frost), you should not remove the carrots, otherwise they will not be stored for a long time.
When harvesting, you should be very careful with the carrots, avoiding the slightest damage - in no case should you break off the tops (just cut them off with a knife), throw the carrots into buckets (just fold carefully), and do the same with the beets. We dry it and put it in the place allotted to it in the cellar.
And the last thing to remember: before storing vegetables, the store must be disinfected (we use whitewash or spray with quicklime mixed with iron or copper sulfate).
This year we have grown very huge sunflowers. And in the first photo we have sunflowers growing like a bouquet - it was our eldest daughter who planted it herself, as much as she could fit into her cam and poured it into one hole. So they grow up with us, how can you pull it out, because my daughter tried, planted a lot.
We also plant "Heat" radishes, radishes, and many different herbs (dill, parsley, celery, salads, basil and much more).
From radish, I make medicine for the treatment of cough.
Here's the recipe: I cut out the middle, make a small hole so that a teaspoon fits, and pour honey into the hole. As everything is infused, I give a teaspoon to the kids three times a day.
And my husband and I love radish salad, very simple and delicious. Rub the radish, solve the onion, salt and fill with olive oil. It turns out very tasty and healthy.
We talked a little about our vegetables, and now I want to talk about fruits.
Our garden is large, and there are apples, pears, cherries, plums, grapes, etc. in the garden.
Here are our sweet grapes. And to have a harvest, you have to work a lot. For the winter, we bury it or cover it with spruce branches. We do this in order not to freeze, because we have severe frosts. In the spring we dig it out, the main thing is not to miss the moment when it is not too early or too late to dig it. If early he can beat with frost, and if it's late, then he can get sick.
And the pear is a different story altogether. The pear has been in the garden for a very long time, but it did not bear fruit. For a long time we wondered why. But the answer was found on the Internet, it turned out that the pear needed a pair. We planted a new pear tree and the next year we had a huge pear harvest. Like this! Maybe my information will be useful to those who did not know about it yet.
We have a lot of Apple trees. Zhigulevskaya pearl, Spartak, Northern Sinap, Antonovka, White filling are growing.
There are a lot of Cherries in the garden, and this year a very huge harvest, all relatives and neighbors were fed.
Now look at our berries
From bush to bush,
Oh, raspberries and thick!
Darkness of berries! And I am a little
I'll pick it up in my palm.
I pick it off the branches
And I put it in the basket.
We have strawberries
Children are very fond of a strawberry cocktail (milk, strawberries, sugar are all whipped in a blender).
Everyone, young and old,
Love fresh strawberries
Eat it for dessert.
Because the minerals
Vitamins different shaft
We have our strawberries.
Cleans our intestines
Organs, vessels, liver.
Renews the heart rhythm,
As a professor, flawless.
In addition, she
So divinely delicious.
Who savored strawberries
He visited the sky
There are a lot of currants in the garden: black, red, white. Most of all we like to eat white and red, but we hardly eat black, only for jam. There is a lot of vitamin C in black currant and currant compote knocks down the temperature well.
We have a chokeberry.
Regular consumption of berries improves the functioning of the liver, has a positive effect on the work of the endocrine system.
There is a hawthorn. Hawthorn helps with a strong heartbeat, lowers blood pressure. And just delicious.
Kalinat also grows in our garden.
The bright red berries of the viburnum have twice as much ascorbic acid than citrus fruits, and in terms of the content of iron salts, they exceed lemons and oranges by five times. Viburnum is rich in vitamins A and E.
Viburnum berries are known as an active agent in the treatment of many diseases. For the treatment of hypertension, atherosclerosis, gastritis, colitis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, colds, vascular spasms, an infusion of viburnum fruits is prescribed.
We cook viburnum berries in honey, it is useful to drink when you cough and when your throat hurts.
And of course, it's very nice to have tea under an apple tree with the whole family, after summer cottages and worries ..
And our tea is healthy, aromatic. We brew leaves of currants, cherries, raspberries, mint and collect a lot of forest grass, and then on cold winter days the gulls keep us warm.
And we don’t waste anything, we let beet leaves and dandelion leaves in a fresh salad, and cook delicious jam from dandelion flowers.
Well, what they sowed is what they harvested. And we think this year's harvest was a success.
If preventive measures do not help, call for herbicides - chemical preparations designed to combat aggressive weeds, which are selective and broad-spectrum. One of the most popular is called "Roundup", which translated from English means "all-round defense "... To understand its properties will help publications Roundup on weeds and Roundup - clones with different names.
There are many other herbicides that differ in name but are based on the same substance, glyphosate. Manufacturers assure that the latest drugs do not have a harmful effect on the environment, on insects, on fish in water bodies and do not accumulate in the soil. How much you can trust these statements, everyone decides for himself.
You can also choose herbicides for a summer residence using our market, where products from different online stores are presented.
Important: using herbicides not even on the beds, but pointwise - on lawns, in flower beds and on paths, it must be remembered that this is all the same strong toxic substance, and act strictly according to the instructions, be sure to observe all safety precautions.
Advice: you can also cope with weeds crawling out of cracks in paths and paved areas with the help of boiling water or a strong solution of salt and vinegar.
She covered the roses on the weekend, and on this - the drum roll -
I think the summer season 2018 is over!
How will this year be remembered? What new has he brought to me, my family and our country life?
10 photos of this season will tell about it!
The spring was not that early, but very warm from the first days of May, even without return frosts. Apparently, the butterfly, which met us at the dacha in early April, apparently already knew about this!
Family dinner on the street
I note that in the spring a collection of phlox was laid, the flower garden with lilies was expanded, and in the fall I began to plant a long strip of chamomile (echinacea, rudbeckia, chamomile), but it is too early to show them.
We continue to equip our site. For this year, the paving of paths and the installation of stationary porches were planned (before that, three years were temporary, wooden). The work dragged on (instead of two weeks - a month and a half). The result ... Well, somehow I'm in doubt. The stone is fragile, cracks go. In one place there was a large crack between the stones across the entire path. From above, the stone was painted with some kind of liquid - it remained whitish stains and simply does not wash off with water, only where we walk a lot it became less noticeable. Let's see what will happen with all this in the spring. But the porches delight! We planned to paint the house in the fall, but it didn't work out. Transferred to the spring. Garden! What is a dacha without a garden? This is what I am saying now. At first, only greens were planned, but where there are greens, there are carrots, where there are carrots, there are onions, and so it went and went. I've been gardening for the second year! I didn't want to put this photo here: the whole family already knows it, showed it everywhere. But that is why I decided that there was no way without her. After all, I imagine that in about twenty years we will say: "And that was the year when we pulled the turnip." The first year we ate the berries of our harvest. Not very much, but there was a plate a day. Trees also began to bear fruit. For the first time, one apple tree had a good harvest, there were about 30 apples. It turned out that she is not Melba at all, as we thought, but also summer and tasty. There was one plum! Hopefully the first pear harvest will come next year. Of the big purchases this year, there was only a second lawn mower. A light, small electric one for narrow spaces was paired with a large gasoline station. But I will not show it: why look at a lawn mower ?! Autumn also cannot be ignored. It was so warm that no one can remember such weather in September-October. Where have you seen this, on October 17 to drink teas on the street ?! And we drink! This is apparently the second and last outdoor meal of the entire season. This was our summer cottage season 2018. And this year we were, the new summer residents.
Updated transport system
In general, the garden was a success, it did not bring big problems. I tried cucumbers from the new one. Let's go fine, you just need to experiment with varieties. I was too smart with tomatoes: I planted two balcony varieties. One small and few fruits. The second one was hefty and was strewn all over. But the taste did not ripen in any way.
I tried cauliflower - it didn’t start. But the newcomers to my garden turnip and beets were a success.
From the garden
Mom planted a turnip
I'd rather show you the pool! It is not inflatable and not frame, but simply made of dense rubber, the walls rise under the pressure of water. They put him on a piece of artificial turf. Unfortunately, there is no top cover for these pools, but we have adapted a large former parachute! Cool for a child, small for an adult.
Grandfather with his grandson in the pool
Unfortunately, autumn was also difficult in terms of the health of some members of our family. Dad's temporary inoperability opened up new horizons for me. For example, I learned how to mow lawns (previously it was only his prerogative). But I hope this will not be my responsibility!
Closing the season
New summer residents
We planned to paint the house in the fall, but it didn't work out. Transferred to the spring.
Garden! What is a dacha without a garden? This is what I am saying now. At first, only greens were planned, but where there are greens, there are carrots, where there are carrots, there are onions, and so it went and went. I've been gardening for the second year!
I didn't want to put this photo here: the whole family already knows it, showed it everywhere. But that is why I decided that there was no way without her. After all, I imagine that in about twenty years we will say: "And that was the year when we pulled the turnip."
The first year we ate the berries of our harvest. Not very much, but there was a plate a day.
Trees also began to bear fruit. For the first time, one apple tree had a good harvest, there were about 30 apples. It turned out that she is not Melba at all, as we thought, but also summer and tasty. There was one plum! Hopefully the first pear harvest will come next year.
Of the big purchases this year, there was only a second lawn mower. A light, small electric one for narrow spaces was paired with a large gasoline station. But I will not show it: why look at a lawn mower ?!
Autumn also cannot be ignored. It was so warm that no one can remember such weather in September-October. Where have you seen this, on October 17 to drink teas on the street ?! And we drink! This is apparently the second and last outdoor meal of the entire season.
This was our summer cottage season 2018. And this year we were, the new summer residents.