How to properly grow cherry tomatoes on a windowsill


Growing cherry tomatoes at home is attractive for supplementing the diet with fresh fruits in winter and spring. The culture becomes an unusual decor for the premises, the care of which allows you to practice your favorite hobby after the garden season is over. You can plant and grow a tomato not only in a large apartment, but also on an ordinary balcony or windowsill.

Is it possible to grow cherry tomatoes at home on a balcony or windowsill

Many gardeners are trying to grow cherry tomatoes at home. However, not everyone succeeds in harvesting. The problem lies in the wrong choice of variety and mistakes in agricultural technology.

With the advent of new varieties and hybrids, this task has become a little easier. Plants are oriented towards indoor cultivation: relatively resistant to low light, disease and practically do not stepchild... They bear fruit in winter and spring.

A gross mistake of gardeners is the wrong choice of growing dates. There are two periods of the extended culture of tomatoes, in which the plants will develop and bear fruit normally.

The first term allows you to get a harvest by mid-December, and with proper care and selection of the variety, extend it until February. In this case, the seeds are sown at the end of August. In the second period - winter, the seeds are sown in November - December. The harvest is harvested in March or April.

Growing conditions are also taken into account. In very dark rooms, additional lighting will be required.

With a lack of light, tomatoes begin to die in the short winter months. A decrease in air temperature of more than +5 degrees leads to the death of plants.

Varieties and hybrids of cherry tomatoes for decorative cultivation at home

Compact cherry varieties are mainly attractive for ornamental cultivation. They quickly stop growing, many stop bearing fruit after the first harvest. These plants shade-tolerant, practically do not require shaping and are distinguished by a high percentage of fruit set.

Varieties:

  • Balcony miracle;
  • Pinocchio;
  • Bonsai;
  • Pygmy;
  • Mascot;
  • Minibell.

Suitable for long-term harvesting indeterminate varieties and hybrids... They are distinguished by continuous growth, are able to set fruits repeatedly.

High-yielding varieties with fruits for fresh consumption and canning

Likopa F1

The plant forms both simple and complex clusters of 12 fruits each. Medium weight fruits 40 g, deep red color and sweet and sour taste.

Ripening time in 90 days after emergence. Differs in a high content of lycopene in fruits.

Maxik F1

A plant with shortened internodes, therefore it grows into a compact bush and takes up little space. Begins to bear fruit through 90 days after shoots. Fruit weight 25 g, bright red in color with a sweet taste.

Kira F1

Fruiting begins in 90-95 days after shoots. Fruits are red-orange in color with an average weight 40 g... They are distinguished by a sweet taste, a pronounced fruity aroma and the ability to store up to 2.5 months.

When choosing a variety, you need to focus on the characteristics of the room. Tall varieties are suitable for growing in a heated loggia, compact bushes will fit well on a wide windowsill.

Sowing seeds

It is better to plan works on growing cherry tomatoes in stages. This saves time and important details are not forgotten.

Preparation of soil and containers

Sowing tomatoes for home growing is best done directly to the flowerpots... For one tall plant, you will need a pot with a volume of 8-10 liters, for a compact one - 3-5 liters. The containers are disinfected with a 1% solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate), a drainage layer is laid on the bottom (15% of the volume).

Often cherry tomatoes die at the age of seedlings. The problem lies in the soil, which can be infected with pests and fungal spores. It is convenient and relatively safe to plant plants into finished steamed substrateswhich can be bought at garden centers.

The soil mixture is prepared independently from equal parts:

  • garden land
  • peat
  • river sand

200 g of wood ash is added to 10 liters of the mixture. The substrate is spilled with 1% hot potassium permanganate solution or phytosporin.

Seed preparation

Tomato seeds are best purchased from well-known agricultural firms with a period of no more than 3 years after production. During the purchase, they pay attention to information about the methods of seed treatment, if it is not there, ask the seller.

Questionable or self-selected seeds disinfect... They are wrapped in gauze and immersed in a 0.5% solution of potassium permanganate for 15 minutes. To speed up the germination process, seeds immersed in a growth stimulator: Epin or Zircon for the time indicated in the instructions. The treated seeds are planted within 12 hours.

Sowing

Before sowing seeds, the substrate is watered abundantly with warm water. 2-3 seeds are sown in one pot to a depth of 3 cm. The soil surface is covered with foil. The containers are placed in a warm place with a temperature of + 20 + 25 degrees.

Seedlings appear 5-7 days after sowing. After that, the film is removed, the tomatoes are placed in a permanent growing place.

Care

The ideal option for placing plants is window sills with a south or southeast direction.

Tomatoes need lighting from the moment they sprout. at least 12 hours a day... Fluorescent lamps installed within 30 cm from the plants help to solve this problem.

Required air temperature +20 degrees during the day, + 15 + 17 degrees at night... The installation on the window sill of the screen helps to achieve this optimum. It cuts off the hot air supply from the batteries and retains the necessary coolness coming from the windows.

Tomatoes are watered only after the earthen coma has completely dried out. Every 3 days on average. For this, warm settled water is used.

After the appearance of two true leaves the strongest plant is selected, the rest are removed... The root of the remaining tomato is pinched by 1/3 and planted down to the cotyledon leaves.

Top dressing

Since tomatoes have a small amount of soil, fertilize them every 10 days... In indoor conditions, plants need more potassium and a minimum of nitrogen. A complex fertilizer is selected with a ratio of minerals N: P: K = 5:15:45, options:

  • Plantafol
  • Aqua drop
  • Plantafid

Root dressing of tomatoes is combined by spraying the leaves and stems with Megafol. It is an anti-stress preparation containing all the substances necessary for tomatoes.

Shaping and trimming

As the bushes grow, the stems growing from the leaf axils (stepchildren) are removed. For the formation of bushes in 2-3 stems, the lowest stepchildren are left. When the fruits begin to set, 4-5 brushes are left on each stem. Others are removed. At the same time, pinch the point of growth of tall plants by 3-4 cm.

From plants regularly remove all yellowed and diseased leaves.

In order not to damage the roots, loosening is carried out with care using a wooden spatula. The exposed roots are sprinkled with humus.

Disease prevention

For the prevention of diseases, a month after the emergence of seedlings, the bushes and the surface of the soil are sprayed with a 1% solution bordeaux liquid... After setting the fruits, they are processed infusion of garlic.

To do this, garlic gruel (100 g) is infused in water (0.5 l) for one day. The strained infusion is diluted in 5 liters of water, 20 g of laundry soap is added. Plants are processed every month.

Pollination of tomatoes

All varieties and hybrids of cherry tomatoes recommended for home growing - self-pollinated... However, at home, where there are no air fluctuations, this process is difficult. The fact that the flower is not pollinated can be seen from the petals. After pollination, they fold back.

Homemade tomatoes need help. With a brush the pollen of one flower is transferred to the pistil of another... You can put a fan with warm air near the plants for a few minutes, or simply shake the bushes.

The pollen matures at night, so the procedure is planned in the morning hours... Pollination is carried out during the entire flowering period of tomatoes, regularly examining the condition of the flowers.

Ripe tomatoes are picked immediately before consumption. They have a special taste and aroma, much more useful than tomatoes lying in storage. For preservation, tomatoes are harvested twice a week, ripening unripe in a dark room.


What to grow

Even undersized tomatoes are quite powerful plants, they need a lot of soil. The minimum volume of the pot is 5 liters. But it is better if it is 10 liters.

By the way, you can use a regular plastic bucket. Just do not forget to perforate the bottom so that excess moisture flows out of the holes when watering - otherwise the roots will begin to rot. And the bucket itself can be decorated with some natural materials - bark, moss, straw. Let your imagination run wild! Let your home garden be not only useful, but also beautiful.

Ampel varieties can be placed in pots in an unusual way - sowing seeds not from above, as is usually done, but from below, into a drainage hole. And then the tomato will grow upside down. This does not harm the plant in any way, it does not care where and where to grow, but it looks incredibly original.


Features of growing cherry tomatoes on a windowsill

Before planting tomatoes at home, you should familiarize yourself with some of the features:

  1. The right choice of location. Plants need sunlight. It is desirable for as long as possible. Therefore, the windowsill should be on the sunny side.
  2. The choice of container for growing. Cylindrical pots are used. In them, the root system feels better than in square or rectangular containers.
  3. Organization of supplementary lighting, for normal development and fruiting, plants need up to 14 hours of sunlight. With its lack, special lamps are installed.
  4. On the windowsill for tomatoes, the same care is carried out as in the garden. Plants are watered, stepchildren, loosened and fed.
  5. Any variety of tomatoes is preferable to grow in seedlings.

If you have experience in cultivating tomatoes, planting cherry on the windowsill will not cause difficulties.

Optimum humidity

Plants do well when the right conditions are created. The air temperature in which tomatoes feel comfortable is 18-28 ⁰С. On sunny days, the bushes are sprayed with water at room temperature. This helps to maintain the required humidity.

If the room is hot, growers advise to ventilate the room. Cherry tomatoes love fresh air.

Watering tomatoes on the windowsill is not often, but abundant. It is impossible to fill in, the root system will begin to rot, and the plants will die.

How to choose lighting for a rich harvest

If the plants begin to stretch and the stems turn pale, this is a sign of a lack of light. To organize a home garden, you need to choose the right place. A sunny loggia or window sill that is in the sun most of the day will work best.

If necessary, special lamps are hung over the pots with plantings, which give the tomatoes light when there is a lack of sunlight. These lamps are purchased in specialized stores.

Breeding features

Cherry propagated by seeds and stepsons. Vegetable growers strive to acquire quality planting material. If possible, collect their seeds. Hybrid varieties do not produce seeds that fully replicate the quality characteristics of their parents. Therefore, planting material is collected only from varietal tomatoes.

The trimmed stepchildren are rooted in water with a root system stimulant. After about 7-10 days, the roots will appear. After that, each stepson is placed in a separate container and placed on a lighted windowsill.


How to care for balcony cherry tomatoes

After 3-4 weeks, you will notice that the seedlings have become like small bushes. At this point, it's time to change your grooming routine. I.

If you don't want to mess with cherry, then consider other options. You can read about what other varieties of tomatoes can be grown on the windowsill.

Proper watering

So let's talk about watering. There are a few rules here:

  • Water only with filtered or spring water.
  • The water temperature should be at room temperature.
  • Water in a thin stream so as not to expose the roots.

How much to water: It all depends on the season. In general, one copy takes up to 500 ml of water. In summer it is necessary to water 3-4 times a week, in the rest of the year - 2-3. I focus on the moisture content of the soil: if it is dry, then I water it.

There is no desire to bother with growing plants, then harvest their fruits. For example, read how to store garlic at home.

Lighting

The length of daylight hours for tomatoes is 10-12 hours. So be guided by this figure. Not enough - arrange artificial light.

For information on why you need to light up tomato seedlings, see the video below:

Temperature

The optimum temperature for growing cherry is 21-24 degrees during the day, and 16-18 at night.

Air humidity

Air humidity for normal growth and development of cherry trees should vary between 75-80%. You can measure the indicator in your room using a special device - a hygrometer, you can buy it at any hardware or garden store.

Necessary fertilizers and feeding

I spent 4 basic feeding for cherry tomatoes. Here's how to feed cherry tomatoes in the room:

  • The first one was applied 2-3 weeks after planting. I used the following composition: to a bucket of diluted mullein (at the rate of 0.5 liters of organic matter per 10 liters of water) I added 45 g of superphosphate, the same amount of sulfuric acid, 1 glass of wood ash and 1 g of boric acid. Stirred, let it brew for 2-3 hours. Then I added it to the root part (250 ml per bush). Such feeding will give a good start for the growth of green mass.
  • The second feeding was carried out 3 weeks after the first. Used complex fertilizer Agricola. It is diluted in a proportion of 5 ml per 1 liter of water. This tool activates the growth of cherry, the foliage becomes brighter and more saturated, the bush is prepared for flowering, a preventive effect against fungal diseases occurs.
  • The third top dressing is during the flowering period. Here I used organic matter containing phosphorus and potassium in large quantities. I diluted this fertilizer: 10 g of dry yeast and 2 tablespoons of sugar for 10 liters of water. She removed to infuse in a warm place for 3-4 hours. Then I added it to the root part of the tomatoes (you can spray it). Such dressing promotes abundant flowering and fruit setting.

The final dressing is carried out at the time of active fruiting. I mixed wood ash (2 l), boric acid (10 g) and iodine (10 ml) in 10 liters of water. Immediately after preparation, fertilized by introducing the solution into the root part of the cherry. Top dressing contributes to the rapid ripening of fruits and the protection of the plant from pests.

How to care in winter

Winter care comes down to several points:

  • The frequency of watering is reduced (up to 2-3 times a week, sometimes even 1 is enough).
  • Additional lighting is provided. Since the plant is adult, 3-4 hours of additional lighting per day will be enough for it.
  • If there is a battery under the windowsill, then place Styrofoam or any thick support under the tomato pot so that the root system does not heat up.
  • Better yet, just move it away from the heaters.

In winter, carefully monitor the humidity. As a rule, it decreases several times.

Gathered a rich harvest, but do not know what to do with it? Read how to store tomatoes in your apartment.I recently wrote about this.


Window sill varieties

Cherry is a popular type of tomato, distinguished by its beautiful and regular shape, miniature size and rich taste. Due to their enormous demand, several dozen varieties have already been bred, intended for growing on the windowsill. Find out about Minusinsk tomatoes here.

You can list them endlessly: Craiova, Cherry Lisa, bead, Thumbelina, Likola, Fini, Pygmy, Zhemchuzhinka. Rowanberry miracle, Zelenushka, Minibel, Totem, Acrobat, Golden bunch, Bonsai.

Here are descriptions of the distinguishing characteristics of several of them:

1. Balcony miracle. The most popular variety, characterized by abundant early fruiting. The height of the bush does not exceed 40 cm at the extreme point.

2. Pygmy - one of the smallest cherry tomatoes. Its size does not reach 30 cm, and the fruits appear almost all at once and also ripen together.

Cherry tomatoes are sweet, fleshy fruits, radically different from the usual ones in their ripening accuracy and small size.

3. Cherry Kira is a beautiful variety of cherry of bright orange color, forming picturesque clusters.

4. Cranberries in sugar - this variety is recommended for canning for the meatiness and evenness of the fruit.

5. Children's sweet - one of the most unpretentious cherry bushes for the windowsill.


How to care for indoor cherry blossoms?

Look at the photo - all the tomato bushes on the windowsill are small. To prevent small seedlings from stretching excessively, they need light. Even with insufficient lighting, the stretch can be reduced.

Interesting to know! It is necessary periodically with a brush to gently stroke the top of the shoots and leaves. What happens when you do this? The hairs are damaged and the plant begins to actively bush.

Care Tips

  • Cherries are self-pollinating, but under some conditions the ovaries are difficult to form, and it is better to help the formation of ovaries by walking over the flowers with a brush. Conditions under which the ability to form ovaries is reduced include high humidity or high temperatures, more than 30 ° C.
  • When diving, we pinch the tip of the root so that the root system is better formed.
  • We avoid high humidity, in cloudy weather we cut watering by half. With high humidity, stepchildren grow.

It is advisable to immediately decide what you plan to do with the stepsons. They can be left, and then the bush will be lush and beautiful - this is important, because on the windowsill we grow not only food, but also a plant that looks pleasant. On the stepchildren, as well as on the main branches, ovaries and fruits appear.

It should be remembered that resources - water, nutrients - are spent on food for stepchildren. If the pot for the plant is small, the soil will be depleted quickly enough.

Therefore, if you plan to leave your stepchildren, you need to take care of a more capacious container for growing in advance and much more often you need to feed such plants.

Otherwise, growing cherry tomatoes in general and growing cherry tomatoes on a windowsill in particular is no different from growing standard tomatoes: the same watering, loosening the soil and feeding.

If you follow these simple recommendations, cherry tomatoes grown with your own hands on the windowsill will delight you with juicy greens and delicious fruits. Good luck!


How to grow cherry tomatoes on a windowsill?

1. Planting seeds

• Preparing the soil for seedlings

You don't have to spend money on a ready-made earthen mixture from a flower shop. It is in your power to prepare the soil for seedlings completely free of charge. To do this, even in the fall, you can collect land in the forest or at a summer cottage, and mix with humus and sand in proportions of 1: 1: 1. To this mixture, add half a glass of crushed eggshells and a whole glass of ash (ash is introduced into the mixture exclusively in the autumn period). To kill germs and harmful organisms, this mixture must be steamed (double boiler principle). The ground cooled after this procedure is stored in plastic bags.

• Seed preparation before planting

At the beginning of March, you can start preparing the seeds. From the total number of available seeds, we select only the largest ones that have the correct shape. Then the selected specimens are placed in gauze bags (made of several layers of fabric), which are then dipped into a solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection (1 teaspoon of potassium permanganate per 1 liter of water) for 20 minutes. This procedure ends with a thorough rinsing of the raw material under running water.

Now the seeds are laid out in a dense row on a piece of cloth, abundantly moistened with a nutrient solution with a root formation stimulator (1 g per liter of water). For convenience, place this fabric in a container with sides, cover it with a plastic bag so that the polyethylene does not touch the seeds, and put this container in the warmest place in the house for a day.

Now you need to keep the seeds in the refrigerator for several hours, and then warm for another day. After performing a similar ritual three times, leave the container with the seeds warm, and wait for the seeds to peck. You will get the desired result in about 3-4 days. The seeds can now be planted in the ground.

• Capacity for seedlings

For growing seedlings, the usual wooden boxes with a side height of about 6 cm are suitable. It is advisable to line the bottom of the container with polyethylene so that all moisture is absorbed into the ground and does not go through the pores of the material. Prepared soil with a height of 4-5 cm is poured on top, and compacted well.

The seeds are planted in grooves about 0.5 cm deep, and covered with another layer of earth 1 cm thick on top. It is not necessary to water the seeds abundantly, it is enough to spray the soil.

Seedlings are waiting for seedlings, covered with cling film, and exposed in the warmest place. When the first sprouts appear, the seedlings can be rearranged on the windowsill.

2. Rules for uniform lighting

For those who are interested in how to grow cherry tomatoes on a windowsill, it is useful to know that in order for plants to grow strong and strong, they need uniform lighting. You can additionally use fluorescent lamps during the day, and place a plane with foil glued on it opposite the windowsill with seedlings. Seedling boxes should be turned over every day so that natural sunlight “gets” to the full extent of each sprout.

3. Watering and feeding

When seedlings have appeared, watering is carried out as the soil dries up with melt water in the periods between fertilizing.

Top dressing of seedlings is carried out according to the following scheme: starting from the 10th day of the emergence of sprouts, and then every 10 days fertilize the soil with solutions of chicken manure or manure (for 10 liters of water 100 g of manure, or 300 g of fresh manure). Each of the selected solutions must be infused for 24 hours before watering.

4. Planting

Each plant is planted (dived) in a separate cup or jar after the appearance of 3-4 leaves. Such a sprout will tolerate transplantation well, and within a week it will begin to grow. Watering and feeding is carried out according to the scheme already described above.

5. Transplant

At the end of April, you can start transplanting the plant into a separate pot with a volume of 4 liters or more to a depth of 10-12 cm. The main care for an adult plant is timely watering, loosening the soil and feeding. The room in which your tomatoes ripen must be ventilated frequently. Do not forget to carry out pinching as necessary, as well as tie to a support.

6. Harvesting

Harvesting is carried out as the fruits ripen. We recommend that you do this just before consumption, so that freshly picked tomatoes can share with you the maximum amount of nutrients.

The answer to the question of how to grow cherry tomatoes on a windowsill has been found. Now it only remains for a couple of months to be patient, and begin to start this exciting process.


Watch the video: Back to the Roots Windowsill Tomato Planter Unboxing and Seed Starting Tutorial


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