In the spring it is difficult to decide on a potato variety. There is not enough time, the landing dates are running out. Summer residents usually buy what specialty shops offer. In recent years, the Gala variety has been included in the top sales, which indicates its good taste and marketability.
It is worth exploring the market in advance. Late summer and early autumn are good times to gather information on varietal diversity. Those who want to get an early harvest should pay attention to the mid-early variety with the beautiful name Gala.
Consider basic rules of cultivation varieties. The harvest depends on the preparation of seed and soil, irrigation, fertilizing, organized according to a certain scheme.
The seed potato should not be larger than a hen's egg. The optimal tuber weight is considered to be 40-50 g or slightly less. On visual inspection, the tuber should be free of damage and signs of infestation.
Tubers are germinated in a room with an air temperature of + 16 ° C. The sprouts of a healthy representative of the variety appear in 3 weeks. A couple of days before planting, planting material warmed up in the sun, treated with a solution of boric acid (1.5%).
Inspect the tubers before planting. Discard all tubers with signs of disease and visible mechanical damage.
The exact date of planting by dates is difficult to say, since it depends on specific climatic conditions. This is roughly the end of April - the first decade of May. Soil readiness criterion is soil temperature.
As soon as at a depth of 10 cm the ground warms up to 10 °, you can start planting.
The landing site must be flat, this facilitates even watering... Groundwater should be at a depth of no more than 1.5 m. An important condition is the absence of shade. Gala grows poorly in the shade.
It is necessary to observe the crop rotation of vegetable crops. Best predecessors:
Site preparation works
Plowing or digging a site is the main job of preparing the land for planting. You can use both walk-behind tractors, hand cultivators and shovels.
The plowing depth should not exceed 30 cm.
Fertilizers are added for digging, consumption is given per square meter. Recommend to make:
If the soil is sandy, make it heavier and add clay soil instead of humus.
It is easier to name soils that are not suitable for growing the variety, since, judging by the information on the forums, this species is successfully grown in different regions of the country and on different soils. It grows poorly in lowlands and on marshy soils.
Variety does not like acidic soils... Acidity is very easy to determine. Pour 4 leaves of bird cherry with a glass of boiling water, cool the infusion. Throw a lump of earth into it. The infusion will change color.
|Infusion color||Soil acidity level|
Apply 500 g / m² of dolomite flour to the soil at least once every 5 years. This is necessary to maintain normal soil acidity.
It was experimentally found that for Gala the optimal planting pattern is 75 cm between the holes. The distance is large, due to the large number of tubers in the bush (15 pcs.). Backfill depth – 15 cm.
Summer care is a competent alternation of watering, weeding, hilling and top dressing. Lack of care will certainly affect the harvest.
The irrigation scheme can be found in the table. Watering is required. If it is not possible to organize them due to lack of water or for some other reason, it is worth choosing a different variety. Gala requires watering.
|Plant development phase||Watering in dry weather||Watering in rainy weather|
|emergence of seedlings||+|
Watering rate per bush - 2 liters.
Before the emergence of seedlings, combine loosening with weeding. Weeds sprout faster, cutting them down with a hoe, while simultaneously loosen the soil. Loosen the aisles after hilling, rain or watering until the tops are very high.
When the tops of the plants close the aisles, weeding is carried out manually, pulling out individual, tall weeds growing next to or in the bush. Loosening improves oxygen access, reduces moisture evaporation. It develops better and faster in loose, moist soil.
Carry out the first hilling when the height of the plants reaches 15 cm... You can rake the whole plant along with the leaves. After a few days, the stems will increase in length, the leaves will re-emerge.
Carry out hilling after rain or watering. If the weather is hot, the soil is hot - early in the morning or late in the evening.
Before the bushes close, carry out a few more hillocks at intervals of several weeks. The minimum number of hilling is 2.
Top dressing you need combine with hilling... Spread dry fertilizers in the aisles, cover them in the soil with a hoe. In the first hilling, fertilize with ammonium nitrate, in the second - with complex mineral fertilizer for potatoes.
Fertika fertilizer proved to be excellent.
The main pests and control measures are shown in the table.
|Pest name||Pest control measures||Pest prevention measures|
|Potato scoop||Lepidocide - in the butterfly phase, Decis - in the caterpillar phase.||Timely removal of weeds from the field. The larvae live on wheatgrass.|
|Medvedka||Treatment of plantings with karbofos solution.||Warming up tubers before planting. Warm-up temperature - 40 ° C, duration - 2 hours.|
|Wireworm larvae||Traps organized in the soil filled with carrots, potatoes.||Digging, liming, weeding.|
Already in August, you can dig for current consumption. In the fall, before the mass digging, the tops are cut. This procedure is recommended to be carried out without fail. After it, the peel forms faster and the variety is stored better in winter.
Need to spend trial digging of 1-2 bush... You can dig if the tubers are covered with a skin, the average tuber diameter is about 4 cm.
Sorting of the crop is required. Sick, damaged specimens do not go to the bookmark.
Optimal storage conditions:
You can store it both in bulk and in containers: bags, boxes.
Seed grade taken immediately after digging from a harvest of healthy bushes. The selection is made until all the tubers are piled up in a common heap.
Prior to the descent of the selected testicles into the cellar for storage, they are greened. Keep the tubers in the sun for at least 7 days, turn them over several times during this time. The whole tuber should turn green.
Green seed material is stored better and is less susceptible to disease.
The plantation must be observed throughout the summer. It is impossible to exclude the possibility of fungal and viral diseases.
A particular danger is fungal infectionthat spreads through contaminated soil and causes rhizoctonia.
The fungus that causes late blight is no less dangerous. Infection can account for up to 50% of the total crop.
Viruses can damage the seed stock. Tubers of virus-infected potatoes cannot be used for planting. Spreads the aphid virus. A sign of infection is twisted leaves.
The yield and the number of seed potatoes are reduced by mixed internal rot. It can be seen on a cut of a root crop. Mechanical damage to tubers during digging is the cause of the disease.
Rot is wet and dry, accompanied by a gray or brown coating on the surface.
The bush develops poorly, the color of the tops is pale, and a gray bloom can be seen in the lower part of the stem. The fungus infects most of the tubers, they lose their presentation, become deformed, and become covered with black growths.
Most potatoes can be affected by the fungus. Crop losses in some cases reach 20%.
European varieties are often amazed silver scab (rhizoctonia)... Seed material can be treated before planting with biological or chemical preparations:
These remedies can restore health even to infected tubers. You need to prepare a solution and hold the potatoes in it.
Treatment of diseased plants
If, when examining the bushes, signs of a fungal disease are found, it is necessary to treat the bushes with a fungicide at least 3 times. Observe the interval between treatments - 7 days.
Recommend for use fungicide Bactofit... For 1 bucket of water, 30 ml of the product is enough. Carry out processing on a cloudy day or in the evening.
The entire aerial part of the bush withers and dies, the pulp of the tubers becomes soft, they lose their natural color, turn brown. To treat a diseased plant use the drug Arcerid.
The first spraying should be carried out during the active flowering of Gala. A bucket of water will need 50 g of the product. The third, last treatment is carried out 20 days before harvesting the potatoes.
Hot, dry weather provokes the spread of the disease. A symptom of the disease is twisted leaves at the bottom of the bush. If not treated, the bush will die.
Three times spraying helps to stop the disease. The interval between treatments is 15 days. Recommended drug - Baktofit... If there is no effect from the treatments, remove the bush.
Mark diseased bushes with mating. In the fall, seed should not be taken from these bushes. The virus reduces the amount of seed.
Lyudmila (Rostov region)
“The climate in our area is unpredictable, but Gala does not fail, I have been soot for many years. I buy seeds of the 1st grade. I germinate 2-3 weeks in shallow boxes. I plant it according to the scheme 25 × 60 cm. I use a shovel.
I throw a handful of humus into the hole, a tablespoon of ash on the tuber. Soot very early, as soon as the earth warms up... I am in a hurry so that the tubers have time to set before the onset of heat. I drip a bucket from 4 bushes.
Usually there are up to 15 potatoes in one nest. I don't use fertilizers, but I'm always happy with the harvest. "
“I don’t grow potatoes, I prefer to buy them in the fall and put them into the cellar for winter consumption. Gala potatoes are liked both in taste and in the appearance of the fruit.
Lies well, spoils a little... Does not crumble during cooking. It's nice to peel, the peel is clean, the eyes are small, you don't need to cut it out. "
This species belongs to the group of mid-early varieties (growing season from 60 to 80 days). The plant is erect, bushes of medium height, leaves are large, green, wavy along the edge. The flowers are white. Early flowering.
According to the description, gall tubers are medium (70-120 g), round or oval. The peel is yellow, smooth. The eyes are small, sparse. The pulp is yellow, does not boil during cooking. Tasting assessment on a ten-point system – 9 points.
The German breeding system is structured in such a way that it meets the state interests and the needs for seeds of the private sector. About 35 German enterprises specialize in potato growing.
New varieties of potatoes undergo the strictest selection, only then a license is issued for the variety... Gala potatoes are the best development of German breeders. The Gala variety was entered into the Russian state register in 2008, it is recommended for use in the regions:
Varietal features Gala potatoes are determined by the following characteristics:
The characteristics of the Gala variety are given in the table.
|Potato characteristics||Gala potatoes, characteristic values|
|the form||elongated oval|
|growing season||70 days|
|Productivity (t / ha)||4|
The table of advantages and disadvantages of the Gala variety allows for comparison, facilitates the choice.
|Gala potato advantages||Disadvantages of Gala Potatoes|
|high marketability of tubers (90-97%)||does not tolerate drought|
|high yield (4 t / ha)|
|low starch content (12%)||weak immunity to rhizoctonia|
|disease resistant: cancer, common scab|
|can be grown on any soil|
|grows in any climate|
Fans of gardening are constantly experimenting. They use unusual plant care products. Many recipes relate to potatoes. Some you can try in your garden for Gala potatoes.
The essence of the method is feeding potato gala at the stage of seed germination.
For the experiment you will need:
Dissolve all fertilizers in water and moisten sawdust with this water. When the first shoots begin to appear from the eyes, put the Gala seed potatoes in boxes, sprinkling the rows with sawdust moistened with a solution.
The result of such germination is formed roots of white color, emergence of seedlings a few days after planting. The indicated amount of fertilizers is calculated for the processing of 50 kg of Gala potatoes.
In autumn, sow the area where Gala potatoes will be planted in spring with rye. Seedlings will appear quickly, they will decorate the autumn garden with their greenery. It is not necessary to close it in the ground, in winter the stubble will retain the snow.
In the beginning of April plow the plot... In 3-4 weeks, the remnants of the rye will be re-cooked, it will be possible to plant Gala potatoes.
pros from sowing rye:
Must pass at least 2 weeks from the day of incorporation into the soil. The rye should be completely decomposed.
Simple planting and care rules, carried out at the right time, strict adherence to crop rotation, healthy seed - what is needed to get a good harvest of Gala potatoes.
An overview of the characteristics of the Gala potato variety, reviews should start with determining the ripening time. The culture is considered medium early. The technical ripeness of the root crop occurs in about 70 days. Young early Gala potatoes for eating are poured in after 40 days.
The above-ground part is of medium height. Stems are semi-erect, not very thick. Leaves of the usual potato shape, green in color with a slight waviness of the edges. Inflorescences are white, medium in size.
After planting, the Gala variety produces friendly shoots. The stems grow in moderation, but the rows in the garden are quickly overgrown with green mass.
The tubers are medium-sized. At the time of harvesting, the mass of Gala potatoes reaches 120 g. The bush may contain smaller tubers weighing from 70 g. The shape of the potatoes is round, slightly elongated, oval.
The skin is bright yellow, firm, smooth. Peeling may occasionally be present. There are few eyes. They are slightly deepened into the skin, forming depressions about 1 mm deep. When germinating, potatoes sprout purple egg-shaped sprouts with a slight edge of the surface.
The flesh is yellow, in the cut or after peeling, has a slight tendency to darken. The variety received an assessment of 5 points for its taste. Heat treatment does not change the color of the pulp. The tubers are resistant to digestion.
Gala video will tell in detail about potatoes:
Thanks to selection work, new varieties of vegetables, including potatoes, are constantly appearing on the market. Gala is a product of German selection. The variety is excellent for growing in central Russia. Experts recommend it for planting in the Volgo-Vyatka and North-West regions.
Gala potatoes are medium early varieties, which allows them to be planted in unfavorable climatic conditions. Ripening of the crop occurs between 50 and 80 days after germination. Young potatoes can be dug up 45 days after the first shoots have appeared.
With good care, you can get 20-25 medium-sized tubers from each bush. The output of marketable products is high - 75-90%. The bushes are spherical. Stems are dense, rich green color. Summer residents note many advantages of this variety:
This variety also has some disadvantages. It has an average resistance to the attack of the Colorado potato beetle, it can get sick with late blight of the tops and viral leaf curling.
Thanks to its characteristics, the Gala variety has become one of the most popular types of potatoes. Gardeners appreciate it for a lot of advantages:
From 1 hectare, sometimes up to 700 centners of vegetables are harvested, while other varieties, for example, Gourmet, Ramos, Taisia, rarely yield more than 400 centners.
Planting dates for the Gala potato variety are not strict, let's say a shift in either direction by one or two weeks. Long-term storage does not affect the change in taste.
The low starch content makes Gala an acceptable product in the diet of those who monitor their weight. It has fewer calories than some other varieties. Good yields and early ripening are obtained under the condition of competent cultivation.
Depending on the region of residence, planting Gala potatoes is recommended in April, May. Despite the fact that the Gala variety is considered unpretentious in agricultural technology, the place for planting potatoes should be flat, free of weeds. Potatoes are a sun-loving vegetable that cannot stand strong winds.
Avoid locations with groundwater table. For planting potatoes, tubers are chosen that are even, without cuts, not spoiled by rodents. Two to three weeks before planting in the ground, the tubers are laid out in a sunny place and germinated until green shoots appear (no more than 8-10 cm). The sun's rays dry out the potatoes, get rid of harmful microorganisms.
The Gala variety is unpretentious to soils, grows on loamy, sandy lands. To obtain a better yield, additional nutrition for the tubers will be the introduction into the holes during planting of onion husks, wood ash or cut grass.
Gala potatoes are recommended to be planted to a depth of 10 cm, maintaining a distance between the bushes of 40-50 cm. Tubers are placed in the prepared grooves with sprouts up, covered with earth, leveled with a rake and watered with warm water. If planting is done in moist soil, additional watering is not required.
If there is not enough planting material, the potatoes can be cut in half. This procedure is carried out with a sharp knife across the tuber. To avoid infections, dust the cut site with ash.
For vegetable growers, the main characteristics of the potato are important. These include:
To get to know Gala potatoes better, a description of the variety can begin with the appearance of the plant.
Bush. Semi-upright, medium height and intermediate type. The leaves on the bush are also medium in size, large, dark green, slightly wavy at the edges, allow the plant to tolerate heat without problems. Inflorescence corolla is white.
Tubers. They also withstand average values in size and weight. The mass of one varies from 100 g to 120 g. The shape of the root crop is round-oval. The skin and flesh are yellowish. The eyes are shallow, shallow. Gala potatoes do not darken after processing. Young tubers can be easily cleaned mechanically, which is also considered an advantage of the variety.
The nutritional value of the vegetable is also great. The percentage of starch (up to 14%) allows the use of the Gala potato variety in dietary and baby food. Another valuable component is carotene.
Among the special advantages of the variety, resistance to nematodes and high shelf life are noted. But the variety has disadvantages. Gala potatoes can be affected by:
The small number of dangers that lie in wait for Gala potatoes during the growing period makes it a competitive variety.
Another characteristic that brings Gala potatoes to one of the first places is their high marketability. Not every variety has an indicator of 94%.
It tolerates transportation well, so farmers are happy to grow the variety in their fields.
Stepan, Kursk: The Gala variety seems to me the most promising. You can plant it almost at any time, it gives a harvest early, and it is always of high quality and tasty. I constantly produce healthy and beautiful potatoes, without damage. I like the fact that it can be easily cleaned, and when boiled, it remains just as attractive. The taste is beyond praise. For frying, it's generally ideal!
Nadezhda, Ivanovo: The quality of the Gala made me happy. The tubers are all the same size, beautiful, smooth. I did not particularly care for the plant, since there was no time at all. I even managed to forget about him. And it unexpectedly gave 20 tubers per bush! And this is with an almost complete lack of care. Of course I will recommend it.
Alena, Poltava: The neighbors gave us some potato tubers for planting. They said it was Gala. We did not expect anything special from this plant, but it unexpectedly gave us 10 buckets of harvest. I must say, potatoes are stored well, for a long time we lay in the basement. I cooked it and fried it - it turns out great. Now I will only plant him at my dacha.