The use of fuchsia for decorative purposes

Read the previous part. ← Pruning, reproduction and transplanting fuchsia

What fun can you do with fuchsia?

- Grow a flowering curtain on the window. If you leave two rooted fuchsia cuttings in the pot and do not cut them off, you can grow garlands with hanging bell flowers all over the window, and this will be an original way to decorate it with a flowering living curtain.

To do this, you need to pull strong cords in the direction in which you want to direct the growth of the shoots. For greater density, place 2-3 of these fuchsias.

Extend flowering for a whole year or more. I prefer not to limit the flowering of fuchsia to autumn pruning, but to extend it even more. This was achieved using AVA pellets. My fuchsias have bloomed very abundantly since spring all summer long, some of the plants were on the south window, others on the south balcony in partial shade (on the floor, shaded with a continuous balcony fence). Usually I feed them with Uniflor-Growth solution in spring and Uniflor-Bud in summer and autumn (until October).

- In September, after the return of the plants to the house, I really didn’t want to part with their flowering. Since I have been using AVA granules in the garden for autumn feeding for a long time, I decided to try the same thing with potted plants, contrary to all generally accepted rules. In early October, I put a few AVA pellets into a container with perennial fuchsia, deepening them 3-5 cm. After that, only regular watering was required. The result exceeded all my expectations!

Fuchsia it bloomed continuously and profusely throughout the fall, in winter, buds constantly opened on it (8-10 on average; this is not much, but after all, every flower in winter is worth its weight in gold!). Spring pruning did not have to be done, since the young shoots were already with bunches of buds. I limited myself to pinching the side shoots to increase the number of new flowering shoots.

In spring, the flowering wave began early and actively, then in summer and autumn fuchsia bloomed very abundantly without additional fertilizing, except for nitrogen ("Unifor-growth" every three weeks), since AVA does not contain nitrogen and chlorine. (Similar results were observed on hoya, jasmine). But the next fall, this plant rested naturally, without autumn feeding. You can practice such "flower marathons" if you have several copies of the plant in stock and alternate them over the years to recuperate.

- Plant several varieties of fuchsia on one bush or standard tree. You can use any method of vaccination.

- Grow fuchsia bonsai. The branches of this plant can be bizarrely bent, pinching you can give them any desired shape and maintain the desired size. The stem quickly lignifies, its bark peels off slightly, and it is not difficult to create an interesting-looking tree shape. For this, select low-growing fuchsia varieties and an appropriate container.

- Grow fuchsias from seeds purchased in a store or obtained independently after artificial pollination of flowers of different varieties. This method gives you the chance to get plants with completely new traits that do not repeat the parental ones. To do this, fully ripe fruits are cut in dry weather, dried in a warm place, after which the seeds are carefully removed from them. They are sown superficially in a light, air-permeable mixture moistened with a pink solution of potassium permanganate.

Sprinkle a little on top with a thin layer of earth and spray it with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. The seed tray is placed in a plastic bag or greenhouse, you can cover it with a transparent plastic cap. Seed germination requires warmth (about 25 ° C), light (but not direct sun), constant humidity of the substrate and air. Seedlings appear in 20-50 days. Seedlings are ventilated several times a day. They dive into small pots with more nutritious soil when the second pair of leaves appears. Continue to maintain constant moderate soil and air moisture. Every two weeks, seedlings are fed with a weak solution of complex fertilizer for growth.

- Try to leave the most resistant of the fuchsia varieties for the winter in the garden. In the fall, the bush is cut off, leaving the stem no higher than 5 cm. Then it is covered with compost, covered with branches, spruce branches, matting, like other perennials sensitive to cold weather.

- Putting partners in a container or tub with fuchsia - this will decorate it and revive the interior. Fuchsia gets along very nicely with achimenes, their joint flowering is unexpected and effective. In my collection, purple fuchsia cups are harmoniously combined with purple flowers of achimenes... They bloom all summer, by the end of the season the aerial part of the achimenes dies off, its stems are cut off. Until spring, this "neighbor" does not show itself in any way.

Both plants hibernate on the windowsill, where it is quite cool. In the spring, as soon as the first shoots of achimenes appear, you can select several of them with nodules and plant them in a separate pot with a nutrient mixture, or plant them in another container, for example, with clerodendron. Variants of joint "living" of different plants in a pot sometimes arise spontaneously, simply because there is nowhere to attach a newly obtained seedling of lobelia or alissum, a nodule of achimenes or ceropegia, a rooted stalk of begonia, a twig of helksina.

Outdoors with fuchsia in large containers, Alyssum, small-colored petunias, lobelia, brachycoma. For ampel varieties of white-pink fuchsia, a combination in garlands with sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) is effective, in which pink strokes and borders are clearly visible on green leaves.

I hope that bright, elegant, long-blooming, unpretentious fuchsia has attracted your attention, and there will definitely be a place for it in your garden on the windowsill.

Elena Kuzmina

The use of wormwood for medicinal purposes and its cultivation

Wormwood is a plant from arid regions. Not whimsical, but also useful for diseases of the digestive system. It has a pleasant bitter aroma, a wonderful honey plant that harmoniously fits into flower arrangements. This is what the plant will be in this article.

Growing and caring for wormwood

Wormwood is a herb that grows well in poor soils, tolerates drought well, and grows roots quickly. Therefore, growing and caring for this plant is not difficult. If the soil is well-drained and mixed with sand, this is ideal for wormwood. Although wormwood can also be grown on clay and heavy soils. With constant transfusion, the plant loses its beautiful patches of grayish leaves. They just turn green. Therefore, wormwood is planted for decorative purposes and should not be watered abundantly. Wormwood is such an unpleasant opportunity to occupy nearby territories. If you want to limit the space around the wormwood, then you must dig the plants in the container into the ground. Another method is to periodically prune the roots around the bush by piercing the soil with a shovel. Bush responds well to pruning. New shoots grow back quickly, so you can form a cap from the bushes. If flowering is not needed, then pruning is not required. Wintering wormwood is good. Some gardeners dig up the bushes and plant them in pots for an indoor winter gardening space.

Reproduction of wormwood on the site

Wormwood reproduces in two ways:

  • Seeds. Sow in rows in the ground or in several pieces in seedling pots. Grown plants are transplanted into open ground.
  • Cuttings. Cut the cuttings up to 10 cm long and put in water to take root. You can simply put in a pot with soil and enough water. After rooting, together with a lump of earth, they are transplanted onto the site.

This is how all types of wormwood reproduce, not only bitter. Many varieties have been created for use in landscaping. Tough, hardy bushes with a bitter scent and beautiful leaves adorn many gardens and flower beds.

Collection of medicinal raw materials

Wormwood is harvested at the beginning of flowering from July to mid-August. Trim the stems in a thin layer in the shade. Can be bundled and hung in a project. Drying temperature + 35 ℃. Store in cloth bags for no more than two years. Before storage, you can grind the raw material and keep it that way.

The healing properties of wormwood

Wormwood has an effect on the human body:

  • anti-inflammatory
  • antispasmodic
  • antiseptic
  • enhances the secretion of the gastrointestinal tract
  • choleretic.

Therefore, it is used for such diseases:

  • gastritis
  • flatulence
  • enterocolitis
  • cholecystitis
  • liver disease
  • loss of appetite
  • helminthiasis
  • joint inflammation, rheumatism
  • migraine.

It is used for the treatment of wormwood in the form of tinctures, decoctions, teas, lotions, baths, ointments, the use of dry powder.

To prepare decoction, take 2 teaspoons of chopped dried wormwood herb, pour a glass of boiling water, cover and leave in a boiling water bath for 15 minutes. Leave for 45 minutes at room temperature. Strain. Adults take 1 tablespoon 3 times daily before meals. It is important to remember that self-medication can have serious negative consequences. Therefore, it is necessary to consult a doctor. Pregnant and lactating women, wormwood is contraindicated.

To prepare teaTake 1 teaspoon of raw materials and pour a glass of boiling water. Wrap a cup and leave for 15 minutes. Then take warm 2 tablespoons three times a day.

Using wormwood

In addition to medicinal and decorative purposes, wormwood is used in agriculture to control lice and other parasites of poultry. The branches of plants are laid out in the chicken coop, changing them every 2-3 days. In folk tradition, wormwood is endowed with the ability to exorcise evil spirits. So, on Christmas (Trinity) twigs of wormwood are placed in the house, barn and other buildings. Some types of wormwood, such as wormwood, are used as a condiment in cooking.

A little wormwood can be very beneficial for humans, so the area should be a zone for its cultivation. This herb grows well, does not require too much attention, and in return gives all its beneficial properties, which accumulates in itself.

Cooking use

In cooking, edible flowers go well with meat and fish dishes. Some flowers have a pronounced spicy flavor that can be used in place of condiments, while others are more suitable for making desserts. There are edible flowers that are suitable for different purposes and can be considered versatile. Such a plant, for example, is a dandelion. Dandelion flowers are perfect for making vitamin and delicious jam. Japanese cuisine has a wonderful dandelion dish called Nituke. This dish consists of dandelion roots fried in vegetable oil. First, the roots are cleaned, washed with water and cut into rings. Then they are stewed over low heat until tender, the roots should become soft. The dish is served with traditional soy sauce.

Candied flowers are a very tasty dish. This dessert will satisfy even the most fastidious gourmets. Flowers collected in an ecologically clean area are washed and dried on paper towels. Then beat the egg white and cover the buds and petals of edible flowers with a culinary brush, then sprinkle the flowers with powdered sugar. In order to make the dish even more decorative, the icing sugar can be tinted to match the flower. Then the flowers are dried and used to decorate cakes, biscuits, jelly, or as an independent dish.

The queen of flowers, the incomparable rose, can be used not only to make jam, but also to make an amazing alcoholic cocktail. In a shaker, you need to combine 60 ml of good vodka, a tablespoon of rose water, 2 tbsp. l. sugar, add a handful of ice and a few rose petals. This drink is perfect for a romantic date.

Flowers are often used for decorative purposes to decorate a dish (usually a dessert) before serving. For decoration, flowers are harvested in the early morning: this way they will retain more moisture and the flowers will look fresh longer. Flowers can also be used to flavor sugar. To do this, just put a few fragrant buds in a sugar bowl. Edible flower petals are great for making flavored ice that can be added to a variety of drinks.

German medlar - what kind of tree

Medlar German is a deciduous fruit tree of the Pink family. This is the only species of the genus Medlar - the aforementioned Japanese variety belongs to a completely different botanical genus.

On the left in the photo are the fruits of the Japanese medlar, on the right - the German

This plant is also thermophilic, but not as much as its "eponymous" relative, loves warm summers and mild winters - in the wild, Germanic medlar grows in South-West Asia and South-East Europe. And today it can be found "wild" on the southern coast of Crimea, in Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and the North Caucasus.

Why then is it "German" and not "Asian" or "Black Sea", for example, you ask? It is believed that this tree first of all got into European culture precisely on those lands - it was brought either by the ancient Romans, or by the same ancient Greeks.

There is evidence that in the ancient Roman and medieval eras, this plant was the most important fruit crop. However, by the XVII-XVIII centuries. interest in it gradually faded away, and it was replaced by other cultures, and at present it is cultivated quite rarely, although you can quite successfully try to "get" this exotic in your garden and taste its fruits.

In Europe, the German medlar is a small tree up to 3 m with a powerful superficial root system, although in ideal frost-free conditions it can grow up to 8 m in height. Her crown is wide, spreading, curved branches (in wild forms, thorny), leaves are elliptical dark green, glossy above and slightly pubescent below, changing a few days before falling off the color to brown-red. Flowers are solitary, white, five-petalled, appear in late spring.

Reddish-brown fruits-berries up to 5-7 cm in diameter and up to 10 g in weight with unfolded sepals at the end and dense skin ripen in mid-autumn, but even when ripe they are sour and hard. Unlike the fruits of the Japanese medlar, they are suitable for eating only after frostbite or long-term storage (if the fruits are removed from the tree before the onset of frost). At the same time, they become sweet and soft, reminiscent of tart applesauce in taste and internal consistency, but acquire a wrinkled structure and decrease in volume.

Fruits and leaves are also used in folk medicine, preparing on their basis means for normalizing the gastrointestinal tract, treating respiratory diseases, normalizing high blood pressure, etc.

Varieties of decorative sunflowers

Hello dear friends!

Most people associate sunflower (Helianthus annuus) with the harvest of delicious oilseeds. However, this botanical genus is rich not only in industrial varieties that supply raw materials to the oil mill, but also in unusual decorative forms. Let's talk in more detail about the varieties of decorative sunflowers and their distinctive features from industrial varieties.

Historical stages of the spread of sunflower

This valuable plant is native to the southern regions of North America. The indigenous people gave it the name "sun flower" and considered it sacred.The seeds came to Europe in 1510 thanks to Spanish travelers and were planted in the Madrid Botanical Garden.

For a long time, the familiar sunflower was cultivated exclusively as an ornamental crop. Then, having learned about the significant nutritional value of the plant, breeders began to develop oilseed varieties and whole fields of the American settler appeared.

Soon the fashion of cultivating sunflower for decorative purposes gained momentum again in Western Europe. In Austria, not far from Vienna, a "Sunflower Park" has even been opened, which displays a collection of wild species, more than 40 species, a collection of several hundred oilseed varieties and, of course, a rich selection of decorative forms. Currently, the varieties used in landscape design are very popular in other countries of the world, including Russia.

What is the difference between decorative forms of sunflower

• Firstly, varieties of decorative sunflowers characterized by a wide range of heights. There are dwarf plants (about 30 cm) and real giants (up to 3 meters). The sizes of the inflorescences can also vary (from 5 to 30 cm).

• Secondly, ornamental sunflower is distinguished by its varied color palette of flowers. Among the varieties bred, there are plants not only with yellow, but also with white, golden, orange, red, burgundy and even chocolate colored baskets.

• The shape of the petals can be elongated, round, straight, curved or twisted. And the inflorescences themselves are not only simple, like that of an ordinary sunflower, but also semi-double and double.

• If the seed sunflower is an annual crop with a single stem, then decorative forms can be both annuals and perennials. Often among them there are multi-stem forms in the form of a bush.

The use of sunflower in landscape and garden interiors

Ornamental sunflower can be advantageously used to decorate the territory. Tall specimens are ideal for hedges. With their help, it is convenient to mask unsightly objects on the site (compost pit, shed).

The sun flower looks beautiful both as a tapeworm, as part of a multi-level flower garden, and as a monochromatic group. Low-rise sunflowers can be grown in containers. The latter method is very convenient for decorating both open spaces of the site and terraces, balconies and large rooms.

Ornamental sunflower species can be used for cutting. In bouquets, such flowers can stand up to 10-12 days.

Growing features

Agrotechnical methods of cultivating decorative sunflowers are exactly the same as those of ordinary oilseeds. It is worth noting just a few of the nuances.

• If it is necessary to achieve continuous flowering of plants on the site, then the seeds are not planted all at once, but they are kept during sowing at an interval of two to three weeks.

• The distance between individual specimens can range from 30 to 70 cm. This parameter depends on the variety.

• The aboveground part of perennial sunflowers is cut in the fall at ground level and the soil is mulched.

• You can propagate perennials by dividing the bush every second year.

Popular species and varieties

Tuberous sunflower

This type is better known as "earthen pear" or "Jerusalem artichoke". This perennial crop grows up to 1.5 meters, and sometimes even higher. In addition to decorative use, it is of great nutritional and medicinal value.

Variety "Red Sun"

This variety is characterized by bright red-brown inflorescences. Mature plants grow up to two meters in height.

Variety "Kong"

Plants are very tall with large leaves and thick stems. One of the most suitable varieties for dense and tall hedges.

Variety "Moulin Rouge"

The color of the baskets of this sunflower is very unusual and beautiful: the dark carmine-red color in the center, moving to the periphery of the inflorescence, turns pale.

Variety "ProCut Red Lemon BiColor"

The complex name is reflected in the color of the inflorescences. Their central part is colored black, and the surrounding petals have two tones. The inner side of the petals is colored dark red, and the outer side is pale yellow.

Of the terry varieties, the most popular are "Light of the Moon", "Teddy Bear", "Sunny Bunny", "Teddy Bear".

Of course, this is not a complete list of all varieties of decorative sunflowers. Every year the assortment of the sun flower is expanding, thanks to the efforts of breeders to the delight of gardeners! See you!

Watch the video: #Futuristic Fuchsia inspired tablescape

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