How to deal with malicious weeds - wheatgrass, sow thistle and others


Several ways to combat bad weeds

Gardeners can talk for a very long time on the topic of weed control. This usually depends on the type of soil on the site and the degree of its fertility.

Common weeds, like the well-known sow thistle, wheatgrass and weeds, are long-standing and well-studied enemies. But who, for example, knows how to deal with the horsetail that has infested the beds, or how to remove the fern from the site, who knows how to get into the raspberry? Listening to interlocutors, I try to remember and write down everything weed control tips and tricks, and then try them on my site.

From the Novgorod region she brought a recipe for the development of land heavily clogged with wheatgrass, so sometimes you can't even stick a shovel - not roots, but some kind of bunches of wire. There the sod is cut into layers and folded in the spring in the form of ridges or in a stack so that the top of the sod is inside. In the very first summer, seedlings of cabbage or zucchini are planted on such beds, cutting holes with a knife. Watering and feeding are usual. By the fall, the layers of sod are loosened, and the roots of the wheatgrass can be combed out with a pitchfork.

As I mentioned, different types of weeds prefer different types of soil. For example, annoying wood lice, horsetails, ferns and various mosses settle exclusively on soil that has an acidic and strongly acidic reaction. If they are deacidified to neutral pH, these weeds will disappear from the ridges. Liming is best done in the fall, and in the spring, use chalk or cement dust and then select fertilizers for the garden that do not acidify the soil.

A lot of trouble is delivered to gardeners by burdocks, or rather burdock. It is difficult to pull it out of the soil even while it is small, and even more so when it grows up. It is also bad that burdock is able to recover from a piece of root remaining in the soil. There is an old and very good way of dealing with this weed. It is necessary to cut off the burdock with a knife or a shovel at the level of the soil, without leaving a growth point, and immediately sprinkle the place of the cut with a handful of ordinary table salt. From the very first time, up to 98% of weeds die. You can also try this method when fighting thistle.

Weeds umbellate plants, the so-called pipes, settling in the garden, quickly become malicious weeds. They are capable of producing large numbers of very hardy seeds. Although the plant itself is annual, its offspring can settle in the beds for a long time. The thing is that when the time comes for the pipes to bloom and seed, they are able to throw away umbrellas again and again, even if they are constantly broken off and ripped out. But this plant can be fooled: when the umbrellas are fully extended, you should fold it in a "broom" and carefully cut off the buds or flowers with scissors, leaving such a kind of "hedgehog". In this case, the plant will not understand that it was deprived of the opportunity to give seeds, calmly finish the growing season and die.

It often happens that between well-groomed and weed-free beds, the aisles are overgrown with grass. Digging and weeding them is inconvenient, but you want to get rid of the green parasites. For such a case, I propose a simple method that will help not only to clear the inter-bed areas from weeds, but also give a portion of good mulch in a year. The secret is in sawdust: while they are fresh, they intensively take nitrogen from the soil, which they need for decomposition. Thus, if the aisles are covered with sawdust with a layer of 10 cm, then all weed vegetation will simply burn out under it, and over the summer and winter, the sawdust will rot so much that it becomes suitable for application to the soil or for mulching plantings. They are raked up, and the aisles are filled with a new portion. With the help of sawdust, you can fight weeds along the fence or near the barn, in general in any hard-to-reach places.

It is worth mentioning the continuous shelter of the ridges as a way to control weeds. Shelter is especially convenient in strawberry beds. It is best to use roofing material, but you can also use a black film. The cover is laid out on a flat surface and fixed with stones or hooks. Naturally, the garden bed must be prepared in advance and well filled with fertilizers. After that, holes are cut in the coating, into which strawberry whiskers are planted. Caring for such a bed is simple. Watering and liquid fertilizing are carried out in the holes, weeds do not germinate, and the dark color of the coating accumulates additional heat.

And in conclusion, I would like to say a few words about Roundup. Undoubtedly, this is a very useful thing, especially on newly developed plots, when it is possible to process a large area at once without fear of harming cultivated plants. The instructions for the drug say that it is suitable for the destruction of any plants, both annuals and perennials. In my opinion, this is not entirely true, more precisely, the suggested dosage (50 ml per 5 liters of water) does not always work. To completely destroy, for example, a thymus, two or three treatments are required, and the solution should be made twice as strong. The same can be said about wormwood and motherwort. I liked the effect of Roundup on the snake. This hard-to-eradicate weed is completely destroyed. In general, I note that the larger the leaf apparatus of the weed, the faster the drug acts.

I found "Roundup" one more interesting, in my opinion, application: on a potato field after planting tubers, it usually takes about two weeks before the first shoots. During this time, the weeds have time to fill the furrows, the rape and the like are especially rampant. So I carried out the treatment of weeds after planting potato tubers. And by the time the potato tops sprout, the field was already clear of weeds.

"Roundup" also helps me out in rockeries, where weeding is very difficult because of the dense planting of ground cover plants. Having diluted 50 ml of the drug in 1 liter of water, I smeared the weed leaves with a brush. Thus, the hill remained intact, and uninvited guests were destroyed.

All the methods of weed control that I have proposed can be improved and adjusted to the specific conditions of a particular vegetable garden or garden, but I am sure that the experience collected bit by bit will always come in handy.

A. Kremneva, agronomist


Woodworm

Woodlice is very fond of moist shady places and acidic soils. In places favorable to her, she covers the entire available area with a solid green carpet, giving other plants no chance. Due to the vitality of woodlice and its rapid growth, it is necessary to fight it throughout the warm season.

Ways to deal with woodlice

Mechanical

It is very difficult to deal with woodlice with ordinary weeding. Even a small piece of root or stem left in the soil can immediately sprout. The delicate thin stem of woodlice breaks easily even from a slight mechanical impact, which only helps it to disperse. Within a week after weeding, young shoots reappear on the site.

Woodlice spreads no less successfully by seeds, while its flowering season is all summer. Therefore, woodlice should be weeded out as soon as you notice the first young shoots, avoiding the appearance of peduncles on them.

Since woodlice loves very acidic soils, it is quite possible to prevent its appearance by adding chalk, lime or wood ash to the soil during digging in the fall. In addition, ash for alkalizing the soil can be used in almost any season. This significantly reduces the acidity of the soil, which will create unfavorable conditions for woodlice, and it will leave your site by itself.

The Roundup herbicide completely destroys woodlice. When using the solution, follow the instructions and dosage, and also do not allow the drug to come into contact with ornamental and cultivated plants.


Sow thistle: how to get rid of the area

Sow thistle is one of the most common weeds found on many continents. The peculiarities of the weed instantly fill huge territories can only be amazed.

This weed has similarities to wheatgrass, so simply pulling the weed out of the ground is not enough. The piece of root remaining in the ground quickly gains strength and a new plant will appear on the site. The question of how to get rid of sow thistle forever has been worrying farmers for many centuries. Gardeners are still looking for ways to get the sow thistle out of the garden. To destroy it, most often you have to approach it in an integrated manner.

Sow thistle - what kind of plant

Sow thistle is a tenacious plant. It belongs to the Astrov family. There are several types in nature:

  • garden
  • field
  • pink (rough).

All species, except for sow thistle, are perennials. They have a powerful root system. The core, central root in one summer can go deep into a distance of up to one and a half meters. In plants that have wintered more than one winter, the roots can reach four meters. It is clear that such plants are not afraid of drought and frost.

In addition, the weed has well-developed lateral roots that are close to the surface of the earth and occupy a large area.

Each lateral root has a bud capable of producing a viable shoot. If you do not get rid of the weed in a timely manner, a whole plantation will appear after a short period of time. Look at the photo, what a meadow overgrown with a sow thistle looks like.

The flowers of the sow thistle, depending on the species, are yellow or pink. The inflorescence is a basket. All plants have thorny leaves similar to triangles and thorny stems. They are hollow inside. A white liquid appears on the cut of the stem or leaves. This is milky juice.

Weed bloom is long lasting, almost all summer and until mid-autumn. Within a month, brown or dark yellow seeds with a fluffy tuft are formed in place of the buds. They are carried by the wind at a great distance from the mother bush. The propagation method of the malicious weed is seed or vegetative.

Attention! If even one flowering plant is not plucked from the site, the summer resident will provide himself with work for a long time.

How to get rid of weed

Since the weed is tenacious, this also applies to the pink thistle, it can instantly capture huge territories, which is why the fight against the thistle in the country or in the garden should be uncompromising.

Many gardeners are interested in whether it is possible to get rid of sow thistle at their summer cottage forever. To destroy the weed, you need to act in a complex way, using all known methods of fighting it.

Important! If you do not allow the thistle to grow and release buds, and the plant itself is constantly cut off, then the harm of the weed in the country can be minimized.

Gardeners should know that weeding every 14 days reduces the resistance of the root, after some time the weed may disappear.

Among the methods of dealing with thistle are:

  • chemical, with the use of herbicides
  • agrotechnical or mechanical
  • folk methods of dealing with sow thistle.

Chemistry to help gardeners

If the garden is quickly covered with green pests and it is impossible to destroy them in any way, you will have to get rid of weeds with the help of chemicals. Fortunately, you can buy any herbicides in stores today. Chemistry works flawlessly. But the chemical method leads to the poisoning of the site; it is undesirable to plant cultivated plants in the year of processing.

Having got rid of the weed with the help of herbicides, one should not relax: the seeds can be brought in from a neighboring site.

Advice! We get rid of weeds by chemical means forever only if cultivated plants are not planted in this place this year.

Agrotechnical methods

The rapid spread of sow thistle is associated with a decrease in the cultivated area. Much attention was paid to weed control on collective and state farms. The fields were treated with herbicides, and then allowed to fall under fallow, over the summer it was plowed several times. In this way, they got rid of the unwanted neighborhood of weeds. In addition, large areas were occupied by wheat, and the weed cannot get along with it.

How can you get rid of sow thistle on the site forever, using agrotechnical techniques:

  1. The destruction of weeds forever can be achieved by digging the earth, but not with a shovel, but with a pitchfork. They dig up the whole root without breaking it off. But it is undesirable to use a hoe or flat cutter to get rid of a malicious weed. You can chop the root into tiny pieces, which will soon sprout, a huge amount of young growth will appear.
  2. How to deal with sow thistle without chemistry? In large areas, it is difficult to defeat him, the plants bloom and again produce their own kind. In a small summer cottage, you can constantly weed out weeds, prune shoots, not allowing the asot to seed.
  3. Siderat plants fight well with sow-thistle. These include all legumes, vetch, mustard, lawn grass. You need to sow seeds of helper plants thickly. Sow thistles do not like compacted soil. Then the siderata are mowed and covered with mulch. It can be dense non-woven material, sawdust, debris, cardboard and even newspapers. A high temperature is generated under the shelter. First, the green mass is overheated, followed by the roots of the weeds. Mulching is not removed until spring.
  4. The question of how to destroy weeds on potatoes forever worries many novice gardeners. The fact is that thanks to this vegetable, it is possible to rid the garden of sow thistle without using herbicides. The fact is that the agricultural technology of caring for potatoes involves repeated tillage. Cutting off the green mass of the weed when loosening the soil and hilling potatoes, summer residents reduce the vital activity of the sow thistle.

The lazy way to control weeds:

Folk remedies

Gardeners are resourceful people. At all times, they have invented methods of weed control without the use of herbicides. I must say that the results of their activities are always amazing. How to remove sow thistle and other weeds forever with the means that are in every home:

  1. In the last century, American farmers used alcohol to control green pests in fields and vegetable gardens. Do not be surprised, but this is exactly the case. A month before planting, they treated the soil with ethyl alcohol. The Russians also used this method. Add 150 ml of vodka to a 10-liter bucket. Weeds begin to grow rapidly, they are destroyed long before the sowing of cultivated plants.
  2. Sprinkle baking soda on places where sow thistle grows. Under the influence of moisture, soda dissolves, "fights" weeds.
  3. Table salt at the rate of 1.5 kg per square, you need to sprinkle weeds. You can prepare an aqueous solution: dissolve 1 glass of salt in a liter of water and pour over the sow thistle.
  4. Vinegar essence with salt will also work a miracle. First, the weed is cut, then the root is sprayed. Sow thistle in this place dies off forever.
A warning! Using well-known products for weed control, do the work carefully so as not to hurt cultivated plants.

Conclusion

So, what is a sow thistle and measures to combat it, you now know. Of course, it is impossible to cover everything in one article. You yourself, our dear gardeners and gardeners, understand that we have told only about the most popular methods.

We hope that the article will be useful especially for novice gardeners. If someone has their own ways to get rid of weeds, including sow thistle, forever, you can share with the rest of the readers by leaving a comment.


Garden plants against weeds

The ubiquitous weeds immediately populate empty spaces in flower beds. The most convenient and simple way to resist them is to plant beautifully flowering herbaceous perennials, which easily reproduce by self-seeding and thereby quickly fill the voids.Among these plants, the most popular can be called Aquilegia, whose lovely flowers bloom in early summer.

Almost at the same time, the giant onion (Allium giganteum) blooms, which is especially active in soil with good water permeability, in a sunny place. Under the sun, the red centranthus (Centranthus ruber) also feels great.

Its pink or white inflorescence-caps crown the plant until the beginning of autumn. Summer-flowering orange-red hawk (Hieracium aurantiacum) happily settles on dry rocky slopes.

The purple mullein (Verbascum phoeniceim) is unusual in that it appears in different places every year.

The purple foxglove (Digitalis purpurea) prefers shady corners, as does the low corydalis (Corydalis pumila).

The flowers of the field crushed stone (Acinos arvensis), although unprepossessing, are very fond of bees. Tip: Do not cut off wilted stalks so that the seeds can scatter.


Euphorbia photo weed

Weed control: with wheatgrass and reeds, milkweed, sow-thistle, field bindweed precisely with the help of the Roundup preparation, which kills weeds. It is better to use this herbicide in the fall, when the garden crops have already been harvested and the weeds without competitors are completely free. At this time, there is no need to be afraid that Roundup will end up on a cultivated plant and harm it.

Once on vegetative leaves, weed stems, it penetrates into the plant and spreads through all its organs, reaches the roots. Thus, it disrupts the growth and vital activity of the plant and after a week or two it dies.


Herbicides

If you are tired of unequal weed control and do not know how to get wheatgrass out of your garden, then try using herbicides. In practice, they have shown long ago that they destroy weeds quite quickly and effectively. When spraying, the reagents penetrate the leaves, spread along the plant stem, penetrate the roots and destroy weeds.

Important! When choosing herbicides, you should know exactly what you want: remove all plants or only certain types of weeds.

If your goal is to get rid of plants on the path and clean it completely or to clear the gaps between tiles, then you should use solid preparations. Usually, on large garden plantings, lawns, selective drugs are used for certain types of weeds.

To date, various chemical products are sold in retail chains for gardeners who are puzzling over how to get rid of wheatgrass in the garden.

  • Roundup
  • Tornado
  • Agrokiller
  • Hurricane Forte
  • Ground
  • Fusilade Forte.

These drugs are low toxic and are actively used. The toxic liquid makes its way into the plant, and after a week it gets to its roots. The land is also cultivated for preventive purposes. The liquid for processing is prepared according to the instructions. With its help, you get rid of weeds on your site.

Important! Asking the question: "How to destroy wheatgrass?" and armed for this with chemicals to remove wheatgrass, sow thistle and other unwanted guests on your site, do not forget that by killing weeds, you simultaneously harm the land and its inhabitants.

Vegetables growing in such soil will feel the effects of chemistry for a long time. It is believed that such drugs can be used in one place no more often than once every three years.

When using chemicals, precautions must be taken: wear clothes that will not allow the drug to get on the body.


Ways to fight

The pest can be exterminated

Exterminate the offspring of the click beetle using simple agricultural techniques.

First of all, it is necessary to reduce the level of soil acidity by adding lime, chalk, shells from chicken eggs. Wood ash or dolomite flour works well - these are natural fertilizers that contain natural minerals.

You can add top dressing at different stages: during loosening or digging, at the time of planting.
Next, you should pay attention to the distance between the planted bushes. The more it is, the less favorable conditions for the appearance and breeding of wire parasites.
Loosen the earth as often as possible and let it warm up under the sun - its rays negatively affect the vital activity of parasites.
Timely get rid of weeds, a breeding ground for pests

It is best to burn the weeds after weeding.
Collecting and destroying the larvae of the clicker and the bugs themselves is a laborious but effective process.
Between the beds, it is advisable to plant crops that scare away the wireworm parasitizing on tomatoes. It can be beans, peas, buckwheat and many other things that the insect does not eat.

Tatiana Orlova (Candidate of Agricultural Sciences):

Systematic deep (up to 10-12 cm) loosening of the soil from early spring reduces the number of wireworm larvae, because at this time (early spring) they are in the upper layers of the soil.

Some gardeners are forced to resort to placing all kinds of traps on their plots. For example, pieces of any root vegetables are spread on the bottom of glass jars of a small volume and such baits are buried to the level of the neck - the pest that crawled there for food will not get back.

Chemical method

All these methods of struggle are quite mild and do not have a negative effect on the quality of the grown fruits. But if they turn out to be meaningless, you have to turn to a more aggressive method of exposure - chemical.

Tatiana Orlova (Candidate of Agricultural Sciences):

Diazonin-based drugs have a higher hazard class. Therefore, in the area where such preparations were used, it is recommended not to grow anything for one year!

  • Aktara is a granular insecticide that acts in leaves and stems, but does not affect the fruit.
  • To harmless chemicals include a solution with a small content of potassium permanganate, which is used when watering plants. This also includes fertilizers containing nitrogen, such as saltpeter.
  • The drug "Nemabakt" does not belong to chemicals. This is a biological product made of tiny nematodes and bacteria that are introduced into the pest's body and destroy it.


Watch the video: How to Get Rid of Thistle Permanently


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