Detailed description and characteristics of the tomato variety Leopold


If you consider yourself a novice gardener and did not have time to decide which tomatoes to grow in order to avoid numerous mistakes, we recommend that you pay attention to the Leopold tomato crop. Many claim that the plant was created precisely for such cases. It does not pay attention to the mistakes made, perfectly tolerates changes in climatic conditions, does not need special care. The characteristics and description of this tomato variety are presented below.

Description and characteristics of the Leopold variety

It can be grown both in greenhouse conditions and in open beds. The plant is determinate, does not require pinching. By their genetics, the bushes are able to successfully resist the most common tomato diseases. Leopold is distinguished by early maturity, brings early harvests.

The height of the bushes is average, less than seventy centimeters. When growing it in open ground, it is recommended to form bushes into two or three stems, for greenhouses one will be enough. The first inflorescences appear after the sixth - seventh leaf, and each next - after the next pair. The yield is from three to four kilograms per bush, less than four plants are recommended to be planted on one square meter.

The variety is early ripening, begins to bear fruit three months after planting. Tomatoes are round, one-hundred-gram, red, excellent for canning.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

The main advantages include a number of features:

  • compactness plants;
  • ripening speed harvest;
  • excellent safety during the transportation;
  • good sustainability to many diseases;
  • absence of necessity pinching.

If we take into account the reviews of gardeners, then we can conclude - the plant has no flaws.

Soil requirements for planting

If you plan to grow tomatoes in open beds, you should be careful when choosing a place. The soil should be neutral or low acidity. It should contain an increased amount of magnesium. The presence of humus is a prerequisite. In addition, the beds should not get wet, otherwise excess moisture will have a negative impact on the development of plants.

Sowing rules

Compliance with all agrotechnical measures guarantees a decent harvest. For growing seedlings, seeds are best sown in early March. A couple of days before that, they are soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate, then transferred to a special preparation that stimulates growth for several hours.

Sowing is best in peat pots or other small containers, into which nutritious soil is poured. The seeds are covered by one and a half to two centimeters, otherwise they may not germinate.

During the growth of her seedlings should be watered once a week and periodically fed with formulationscontaining mineral components.

About a week before moving the shoots to the beds, they begin to be hardened.

Transplanting tomatoes into open ground

Seedlings can be planted in the beds on the fortieth day of its growth, after fertilizing the soil with mineral fertilizers. In order for the formation of bushes to be successful, experienced gardeners recommend growing them in one stem in greenhouses, and several in open beds.

Agricultural technology of cultivating varieties

If you want to grow strong and healthy tomato bushes, they will have to be fed periodically. For this, both organic and mineral compositions are used. Fresh manure or bird droppings should not be applied - infectious diseases can be provoked. The material must be well fermented, only in this case it is allowed to use it.

At the initial stage of the growing season, plants should be supported with nitrogen compounds. Such components are very useful for the root system, helping to build up green mass. As soon as the first fruits are set, phosphorus and potash fertilizers are applied to ensure a good harvest.

Watering is carried out only after the sun goes down.

For this, water is used warm and settled, it is poured only under the roots.

Tomatoes do not need excess moisture, so it is necessary to water the dried-up areas of the soil near the stems. To keep water in the soil for as long as possible, the beds must be mulched.

Diseases and their prevention

To prevent many diseases, seed material is treated with manganese solution before planting... In the future, the crop will require spraying with special compositions that will help to avoid many troubles during the formation of the crop. Processing will have to be carried out during the entire growing season with an interval of two to three weeks.

Reviews of gardeners about tomato Leopold

Sergey. I want to say only good words about this variety. It ripens early, the taste is excellent, the shape of the fruit is ideal. You can even grow it for commercial purposes. Believe it or not, fresh tomatoes are stored for so long that they lasted until the New Year holidays.

Hope. I have been growing this tomato variety for several years in a row. I like it for its yield, fruit evenness. I plant seedlings in greenhouses, the bushes reach a one and a half meter mark.

Vitya. For fifteen years I have been cultivating only Leopold. I tried to provide him with greenhouse conditions, and planted them on open beds. In the second case, the fruits turned out to be somewhat larger and smoother. The greenhouse produced fruits of various sizes. But in each case, the harvest was worthy. Just be sure to stepchild, and don't forget about the supports. There are so many fruits that the tassels can break off. By the way, the variety is not afraid of late blight.

Gregory. I liked the tomatoes in all respects, they look great in banks. If we make a comparison, then Samara can be opposed next to it. Her germination is slightly higher, but the rest of the varieties practically do not differ.

Nina. I consider this variety to be one of the best. It is fruitful and sweet, with almost even fruit. I plant Leopold in a greenhouse and don't worry too much - the harvest is guaranteed.

Conclusion

As you can see, with minimal maintenance, the results will exceed your expectations. Tomatoes have excellent taste, suitable for use in salads, canned and kept fresh.


The early varieties are always appreciated by farmers as they are the least hassle. Most often, such tomatoes are a little sick and are not particularly whimsical to care for. Many early and ultra-early tomatoes have such an important quality as resistance to changes in weather conditions, so they can be planted even in those regions where summer is not the most favorable.

An important positive quality of the Leopold variety is that it gives an impressive yield under various growing conditions. This is not just an early, but an ultra-early variety, which is appreciated by many summer residents throughout the Russian Federation.

Those who planted this variety recommend that beginners, when choosing a convenient tomato, opt for the Leopold hybrid. The thing is that with minimal care on the part of a person, it gives a lot of fruits.

The plant grows short. Such varieties are called determinant. This suggests that the bush has limited growth: most often no more than 1 m in height. But, if you grow a tomato in a closed greenhouse, it can stretch a little higher.

And yet, in most cases, Leopold hybrid tomatoes do not grow more than 90 cm. The bush is not too lush, but strong, so it does not have to be tied to a support. Moreover, Leopold determinant tomatoes do not require shaping, which saves the gardener from additional hassle. Even without removing unnecessary branches, the plant will be quite compact, and the ripening time of the fruits will in any case be early.

Ripe tomatoes from Leopold hybrid bushes can be harvested within 85 days after sowing seeds for seedlings. Fruits are formed by clusters that form after the 7th leaf. All subsequent ovaries will be every 3 leaves.

One of the important positive characteristics of a tomato is that the brushes are fully formed in all weather conditions, even a lack of sun. At the same time, the vegetable perfectly withstands not only a sharp cold snap, but also drought, as well as high humidity.

In this case, no diseases will be detected, since the variety has a very high immunity. Tomato is 100% resistant to late blight, various types of mosaic and cladosporium.

The characteristic and description of the variety is recommended to grow tomatoes only in seedlings. After moving the plant to a permanent place, the bushes take root very quickly.

As for the Leopold tomato, the description of the hybrid suggests that it produces a large number of fruits even under unfavorable growing conditions. But it is possible to increase the yield by introducing mineral and organic dressings. They should be used according to a previously drawn up scheme and strictly during the growing season. With proper agricultural technology, Leopold varieties can be grown and harvested 4 kg from each bush.


Variety characteristic

When you are going to start growing Leopold tomato, you first need to familiarize yourself with its features, such as characteristics and conditions of minimum care. Consider the advantages that the Leopold tomato has.

  1. An early ripe variety that allows for early harvests.
  2. Tomato resistant to viruses and diseases.
  3. Recommended for planting both in open ground and in greenhouses.
  4. High yield and simultaneous yield of fruits.

In the final stage of ripening, the fruits acquire an almost perfect round shape. Each Leopold tomato weighs approximately 110 grams. They have a dense matte red skin. Therefore, tomatoes can perfectly tolerate long-distance transportation. Also, they are not subject to squeezing during long-term storage.

The Leopold variety is a hybrid tomato, which means that its seeds are not suitable for further cultivation.

You can collect them and sow them next year, but the plant will not give the yield that the tomato Leopold f1 gave. Therefore, it is better to grow a hybrid, get tomatoes and use the fruits for their intended purpose. These can be homemade preparations for the winter, use for salads and preparation of second courses, as well as juices and mixed cocktails.

The fruits have a very spicy taste that will be appreciated by tomato lovers. The pulp is deep red, pleasant sweet taste with hints of sour. When canning, the color of the tomato is preserved, the skin remains intact, without cracks. In cans, the blanks are not only tasty, but also look very compact. Each tomato, like a shiny round ball, touches another tomato, making up a whole bouquet with green spices.


Tomato seeds "Grandfather Ashlock" (Grandfather Ashlock), series "From the author" - 10 seeds

Tomato "Grandfather Ashlock"

Growing tomatoes from seeds

Many believe that in order to obtain early tomato production, seedlings should be grown as early as possible. But only in an attempt to obtain the earliest harvest, they forget that ideal growing conditions are needed for seedlings - light, heat, humidity in a certain range. It is almost impossible to create ideal conditions only in such conditions at home.

As soon as the air temperature rises by several degrees from the required value against the background of a lack of lighting, the sprouts immediately begin to stretch, become thin and frail, which can threaten them with death. And planting tomato seedlings in February threatens to turn into just such a disaster. Convincing results were shown by my experiment, in which the seedlings of the same variety, planted in February, bloomed on the 70th day, and planted in April - on the 40th!

For example, the planting season in the climatic zone of northern Ukraine begins in early April. The seeds are immediately planted in an unheated greenhouse. Heating is turned on only in case of a threat of frost and a sharp drop in air temperature for insurance.

Before sowing, the seeds must be soaked until they swell, then they are pickled in a fairly strong solution of cherry-colored potassium permanganate for about 20-30 minutes. For this, the swollen seeds are laid out in containers (cups) and poured with a solution of potassium permanganate or a solution of a stimulant drug.

Experience shows that seeds not soaked before this procedure (especially stale ones), after dressing with potassium permanganate, can lose their germination.

While the shift is in potassium permanganate, they are mixed with a stick several times, and then they are thoroughly washed either twice in different containers, or with running water from the tap. After the tomato seeds are dried to a state of flowability and sent to the greenhouse for planting.

In the greenhouse, tomato seeds are planted on pre-prepared, leveled and soft soil.

Shallow furrows with an interval of 10 cm, depth and width up to 1 cm, in which the seeds of future tomatoes are laid.

After sowing, the seeds are carefully covered with a thin layer of soft soil with a layer of 5 mm (no more), sifted through a fine sieve. This method makes it possible to exclude uneven and excessive burial of seeds, which almost always happens if they are simply buried with earth. Correctly sprinkled seeds give uniform and fast germination.

Watering for the first time is done only with a hand sprayer, because normal watering causes the seeds to move away from the planting site due to washing away. But when the earth settles, then the second watering can be carried out carefully using a watering can. Before sprouting, you need to water every day, because the soil does not have time to absorb moisture and dries up, forming a dense soil crust, which becomes a heavy obstacle for delicate seedlings.

When all the seeds germinate, you can remove excess and weak shoots that can thicken the planting, leaving a distance of 1-2 cm between shoots.Otherwise, the seedlings can become very thin, elongated and fragile.

As the future harvest grows, soil is poured 2-3 times between the rows with a layer of 3-5 cm, which makes it possible to somewhat restrain the growth of seedlings, stimulate the formation of additional roots. At the same time, the stems become stronger and more powerful, because the upper soft soil retains and absorbs moisture better. Seedlings grown in this way take root well after transplanting and, therefore, then show excellent results.

If the seedlings are strong, problem-free, then you should not get carried away with top dressing at all. Top dressing will be required only if the seedlings do not have time to get stronger and grow to the desired size by the time of transplantation. In addition, it must be remembered that the growing conditions in a permanent place in the soil should be better than in a nursery, so that the process of rooting, growth and flowering is not disturbed.

Then the systemic feeding will turn out to be very useful, but only with the help of environmentally friendly substances, for example, the drug EcoHumate plus ovary.

Landing is carried out only after the threat of frost has passed, usually after May 20. The rows for tomatoes are marked with a wooden marker according to a certain pattern.

The row spacing for low-growing varieties should be 70 cm, and for tall ones - 100 cm.In each row, low-growing varieties are planted with an interval of 30-40 cm, and tall ones - after 40-50 cm.For tall varieties, a trellis is pulled on stakes in 2-3 tiers, for subsequent garters, for example, with jute twine.

With such a planting, tomato bushes are well ventilated, morning dew and excess moisture do not linger in them, which in itself is the prevention of the occurrence of many diseases and contributes to an increase in disease resistance.

Tomatoes equally dislike cold and extreme heat and drought. They quickly become weakened, die, the harvest is lost. Therefore, strive to provide more comfortable growing conditions for tomatoes. In addition to choosing the right planting site, feeding, processing and watering, to increase the natural immunity of tomatoes, the soil around the roots must be mulched with any available material. The most ideal substrate for this purpose is pine needles or wood chips.

Prevention and treatment of tomato diseases

It is important to remember that plants very quickly get used to any drugs and become more and more immune to them each time. Therefore, each time you need to treat tomato bushes with different preparations. For example, 5 days before planting seedlings in the ground, they are usually treated with a systemic fungicide from a sprayer. Ridomil Gold, Quadris or Fitosporin.

Stolbur or Phytoplasmosis of tomatoes, which has recently become very rampant, the causative agent of this scourge is not carried by seeds, it quickly dies in plant debris, however, it can persist on perennial weeds, especially on field bindweed. It is spread by cicadas, whiteflies, moths or aphids.

Remember that we ourselves can become unwitting carriers of Stolbur pathogens through our tools, clothes, hands. Only attentiveness and timely measures taken will help you preserve the harvest and defeat Stolbur. To fight diseases of tomatoes, you need to know some rules for their protection:

  • Planting tomatoes should be done as far as possible from outbuildings that contain livestock and pets. Flying disease vectors always live in such places, which is why the incidence of tomatoes in such an unfortunate neighborhood reaches 100%.
  • Weeds, especially field bindweed, attract cicadas - carriers of Stolbur in the garden. Therefore, to the maximum, it is necessary to get rid of weeds in advance.
  • After 8-12 days after transplanting seedlings into the ground and during the growing season, it is necessary to periodically combat cicadas and aphids. To do this, the land plot with planted tomatoes and the adjacent territories are sprayed with a non-toxic preparation of a new generation of plant protection products "Aktofit" It has proven to be highly effective in controlling pests of crops and ornamental plants, while maintaining mild sanitary and environmental characteristics. Such drugs as "Fas", "Karbofot", "Karbofos", "Fufanon", "Actellik" will also become assistants with cicadas.

Diseased plants must be removed to prevent the spread of disease.

Around tomato plantings, it is advisable to plant plants with a strong aroma, which flying disease vectors do not like. The most common flower - Marigolds (Chernobrivtsy) - can become such a convenient and loyal protector of your tomato plantings.


Agrotechnical cultivation

It is best to grow the crop using a seedling method. Correctly grown seedlings are the key to a strong bush and a good harvest. Seeds for her are pre-soaked in salt water or a solution of potassium permanganate and dried on a paper towel or napkin. You can also plant not dried material, then this should be done in the early morning. Wet seeds are placed in pots with peat or containers with nutrient soil (purchased soil or soil from the garden, fertilized and disinfected), 1-1.5 cm deep (not deeper!) And covered with foil or glass. Be sure to place the cups with the planting material in a warm and bright place.

After sowing, seedlings will appear in 5-7 days, depending on what kind of soil and temperature in the room.

Once the plants have risen from the ground, they need to be provided with sufficient sunlight and daylight and a favorable temperature (19-25 ° C). In the evening and at night, the seedlings should be illuminated with lamps.

Important! From germination of seedlings to transplantation in a greenhouse or open soil, a period of 40-45 days passes.

Planting seeds for home germination is carried out in mid-late March, and the bushes are transferred to the garden in late May-early June (depending on weather conditions during the day and the absence of night frosts).

After 2-3 leaves have appeared on the shoot, it is dived (transplanted into another container), if all plants grow in one container.

During the growth of seedlings, it must be fed with a non-concentrated fertilizer solution for the growth of Solanaceous crops.

Before moving young tomatoes into open ground, they need to be hardened (lower the air temperature to 16 ° C by opening the vents), and a couple of days before transplanting, take the plants outside and even leave them there overnight (the main thing is not to cold snaps at night).

The culture is planted according to the 40 by 50 cm scheme so that there is good access to the fruits, and the branches do not damage each other.

Already transplanted Leopold tomato bushes need to be fed and given the necessary care. Feed with mineral organic fertilizers (but do not use fresh manure or bird droppings, as they are sources of infections that destroy the roots). It is better to use fermented humus for feeding.

In the first half of the growing season, it is worth feeding with nitrogen-containing preparations, for the growth of foliage and the development of the root system.

Fertilizing Tomatoes

After the first ovaries have appeared, fertilization is needed with potassium and phosphorus in order to improve the ripening of the crop.

Important! Tomatoes of the Leopold variety do not like excessive moisture, so they need to be watered as the soil dries completely.

This species prefers neutral or slightly acidic soils with a lot of magnesium and little humus. It is better to fertilize the soil and observe that it is not acidic and low-lying, otherwise the culture will die.

With regard to watering, the water should be warm, settled, it is necessary to water at sunset, under the root, without soaking the leaves. Watering is adjusted up to 1-2 times a week, after the bushes get stronger and take root in the soil. During the period of flowering, hilling and feeding, the culture needs mandatory moisture.

Advice. The soil under the crop must be mulched (it retains moisture better this way).

Hilling is carried out 1.5 weeks after planting in the ground, in order to form additional root branches. The procedure is repeated every 15 days.

The plant needs to be pinned so that the nutrients are distributed more to the fruits than to the foliage. It is necessary to carry out the procedure in the first half of the day in sunny weather, so that the place of the torn off shoot dries out rather. The removal of stepchildren is carried out throughout the tomato growing season in the greenhouse.

Like any variety, Leopold tomato requires a garter and props. But it is not worthwhile to impose on the top and pull the twine, so that the tip of the bush does not come off, since there it is thinner.

Interesting. This hybrid develops well with the basil planted next door.

The stem requires shaping so that fruiting is more friendly and easier to access.

It is worth protecting the culture from pests with the help of special preparations or folk methods. The most common tomato pests are whitefly, Colorado potato beetle, aphids and caterpillars. To combat them, such means as "Proteus", "Phosbecid" and other insecticides are well suited.

From folk remedies, infusions of wormwood, celandine, sunflower, white acacia are good for sprinkling foliage.

In bad weather conditions, if the culture grows in the fresh air and does not have time to ripen, you can pick the green fruits and put them on the windowsill or in boxes in a lighted place, this hybrid ripens well and so on.


Description and characteristics of the tomato variety Marusya, its yield

One of the best determinant varieties of Russian selection is the Marusya tomato. A vegetable plant has recently appeared on the market, but it quickly spread among gardeners.

Description of the variety

In the Marusya tomatoes, the bush is a medium leafy stem, reaching a height of half to a whole meter. Elongated tomatoes are located on the cluster, like grapes on bunches. Red fruits weighing 60 to 80 grams are similar in shape to a plum.

The characteristics of Marusya tomatoes include:

  • intensity of fruit color
  • presence inside two or three chambers with a small amount of seeds
  • high percentage of dry matter
  • strong skin resists cracking
  • fresh tomatoes are stored for a long time
  • fruits have an excellent appearance, tolerate transportation well.

Planting a vegetable plant gives more than seven kilograms of delicious, fleshy tomatoes per square meter.

Determinant benefits

The advantages of the Marusya variety include:

  1. Tomatoes produce excellent fruits both outdoors and under film coatings.
  2. You can wait for the harvest 105 - 110 days after germination.
  3. Abundant fruiting continues from the twenties of July until the end of the season.
  4. The tomato variety Marusya is resistant to many tomato diseases. The plant does not lend itself to infection with verticillium, fusarium.
  5. The resistance of tomatoes to unfavorable climatic conditions is noted. They tolerate drought well, sharp temperature fluctuations.
  6. The decorativeness of the bush allows you to use the vegetable plant as an element of the design of the site.

Many farmers who grow tomatoes on an industrial scale choose Marusya because the fruits of the vegetable have an excellent presentation. The versatility of using red tomatoes is also appreciated.

Growing and care requirements

According to reviews, the yield of Marusya tomato depends on how the tomatoes are grown. Among the mandatory requirements:

  • selection and disinfection of seed material
  • sowing fifty-five days before transplanting outdoors
  • keeping seedlings in rooms with an air temperature of 25 degrees, sufficient lighting
  • picking seedlings after the appearance of two true leaves in separate pots
  • feeding with specialized fertilizers
  • planting seedlings in a greenhouse or on beds in a vegetable garden.

If you plant seedlings in open ground, then this should be done in the evening or in cloudy weather. Delicate bushes are afraid of the scorching sun rays.

So that the tomatoes develop successfully, do not get sick, they are sprayed with Fitosporin. Treatment of vegetable plants with a mixture of whey and a few drops of iodine will also be a prophylaxis. Solutions of wood ash, tobacco dust, lime will save from slugs.

Properly organized watering is important for Marusya tomatoes. It is necessary to moisten the soil regularly, keeping an eye on the drying out of the topsoil. Excessive moisture is also dangerous for tomatoes. The fruits can crack if the irrigation regime is violated - after a shortage of water, its abundance. And the flowers fall off if the plant grows vigorously and gives many extra shoots. In such cases, the side shoots are broken out.

The tomato bushes are fed for the first time with mullein or bird droppings. Organic substances are diluted in a bucket of water in accordance with the proportions. The next time, ten days later, mineral fertilizers are applied to the soil: for ten liters of water, twenty-five grams of ammonium nitrate, sixty - superphosphate, fifteen - potassium salt. It is necessary to dilute one gram of boric acid in a solution. Two weeks later, add one liter of nutrient mixtures to each well again. An excess of nitrogenous fertilizers can lead to dropping of the ovaries. It is necessary to think about this when organizing dressings.

Tomatoes ripen faster and become sweet if the shade of the leaves does not fall on them. Unripe tomatoes are harvested and brought to ripeness in a dark room, where the temperature reaches 26 degrees Celsius.

Gardeners about tomato

For summer residents, the Marusya tomato is one of the most successful determinant species. It is easy to look after him, he does not need a garter, a pinching. And he always gives stable yields. Many, having become acquainted with the characteristics and descriptions of the Maroussia tomato variety, choose only it for canning. But even fresh tomatoes taste good, give salads aroma and originality.


Watch the video: 10 TRICKS TO GROW TONS OF TOMATOES . COMPLETE GUIDE


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