Many amateur gardeners prefer to plant only the most proven and reliable grape varieties, which give stable yields every year, regardless of the vagaries of the weather. Strashensky is one of these varieties that have successfully passed the test of time.
This variety was created by Moldovan breeders in the 70s of the last century and since then has spread widely throughout all zones of traditional viticulture in Russia and Ukraine. This grape is a hybrid, was obtained by crossing several varieties. At the moment it is included in the State Register of the Russian Federation for the North Caucasus region.
Straseni grapes - a reliable high-yielding variety of Moldovan selection
Strashensky is a table grape with a medium early ripening period. The clusters are very large, of moderate density, weighing on average 0.6–1.5 kg, but with good care they can be even larger. The berries are round, dark purple, almost black, with a strong waxy coating, very large, weighing 6–12 g, with a harmonious taste. The bushes of Strashensky begin to bear fruit in 1-2 years after planting.
Large and beautiful clusters of Strashensky are in steady demand among buyers in local markets, but they are unsuitable for long-distance transportation.
Grapes are poorly stored, since they were originally intended for quick fresh consumption. But amateur gardeners successfully use it for homemade preparations (wine, compotes, raisins).
Although it is intended to be eaten fresh, it is also used by many to make wine.
The flowers of Strashensky are bisexual, so the planting of additional pollinating varieties is not required. Depending on the soil and climatic conditions and care, the bushes are vigorous or medium-sized.
The winter hardiness of this variety is insufficient, therefore, it is better to plant it in the spring, so that the seedlings have time to take root well over the summer. Planting holes are dug so that the root system of the bushes develops at a depth of about half a meter.
Drought resistance in Strashensky is at an average level. Rains during flowering can provoke peas (the formation of small underdeveloped fruits), and during the ripening period of the crop, the berries often crack from excess moisture. The laying of a deep root system in plants contributes to an increase in winter hardiness and resistance to uneven precipitation. For the correct development of deep roots, seedlings are rarely watered from the very beginning, but abundantly, deeply soaking the ground.
A planting site is chosen with fertile soil and good lighting. You can plant Strashensky both with cuttings and seedlings. However, the propagation of grapes by seedlings ensures faster rooting and development of the bushes.
To obtain especially beautiful and large berries, experienced winegrowers carry out standardization of the harvest:
It is also recommended to pinch all stepchildren regularly during the season.
Harvest regulation improves the quality and presentation of grape bunches
In autumn, after the onset of frost, the vines are removed from the trellises, lowered to the ground and covered. Strashensky cannot boast of high winter hardiness; even short-term frosts of about -19-22 ° C are dangerous for this variety.
For the winter, grapes need to be lowered to the ground and covered
In the spring, the shelter is removed, and the vines are tied to the trellis.
Pruning is carried out in the fall, in front of the shelter. Spring pruning causes the vines to weep and severely depletes the plants.
Strashensky does not suffer too much from diseases and pests, he has:
Despite the resistance to diseases and pests, it is necessary to spray the grapes in order to prevent it. During the season, you need to carry out 3-4 treatments, the first in early spring, and the last - a month before harvest.
The Strashensky grape is a time-tested, reliable high-yielding variety that is very attractive in terms of its characteristics both for novice gardeners and for commercial plantation owners who sell fresh berries on the local market.
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One of the oldest crops cultivated since the inception of the first civilizations is grapes. Over the past millennia, through the efforts of man, wild grapes have acquired many varieties that differ in the method of planting, resistance to weather conditions, taste, color, size of berries, etc.
The grape is a source of essential trace elements such as calcium, potassium and manganese. The fruits of the plant are rich in vitamins of groups A, B, C. It is of particular value for people with kidney diseases.
The cultivation culture of the plant is widespread in many countries such as Russia, Italy, Armenia, Moldova, a special cult of grapes is located in France.
Today we will talk about the grape variety "Strashensky", bred in Moldova at the end of the eighties. Grapes "Strashensky" is a complex interspecific hybrid variety obtained by crossing such varieties as "Muscat de Saint - Valier", "Druzhba", "Dodrelyaby", "Katta - Kurgan". The second name of the grapes "Strashensky" is "Consul".
A rather low threshold of frost resistance makes it necessary to shelter the "ugly" one for the winter, in whatever region it is grown.
Planting of seedlings of the variety is allowed both in spring and autumn. It is advisable to start planting in spring in April, when the danger of return frosts has finally passed, the soil has warmed up to + 10 ° C, and the average air temperature does not fall below + 15 ° C.
In autumn, planting work begins a month before the expected start of frost., but the winegrower should definitely take care of the insulation of young bushes in advance, since anything can happen in nature, and frost can break out completely unexpectedly.
The best option for growing grapes is a sunny place, protected from gusts of cold winds. It is also important to pay attention to the depth of the groundwater, and if they flow higher than 1.2 - 1.5 meters, then there can be no question of planting grapes: there is a high risk of rotting the root system of the seedling or the development of infectious diseases.
The variety does not adhere to a certain type of soil, but it is quite natural that the more fertile the soil, the richer the harvest will be. It is quite rational to pre-enrich the soil before planting grapes, fertilizing it with a complex of nutrients.
If the planting of the seedling is planned for the spring, then in the fall, when digging the soil, compost or humus is introduced. And 3 weeks before planting grapes in the fall, 1 bucket of organic matter (humus, peat) and 500 g of superphosphate should be poured into prepared pits for planting.
The recommended planting pit dimensions are 80 centimeters in depth, width and length. The distance between adjacent bushes should not be less than 2.5 meters, and between rows - not less than 3 meters.
Further planting technology is no different from the classical scheme: drainage to the bottom of the pit, a layer of nutrient mixture, placing the seedling deep in, spreading its roots, filling it with soil residues, compacting the soil, abundant watering, mulching.
During the first month after planting, the young plant is watered as the soil dries out; as the plant takes root, the amount of watering decreases. It is enough to water an adult bush 3 times in the warm season and once in the fall after harvesting (when planting on sandy soil, the number of watering will have to be increased - once a month).
For greater fruiting, it is advisable to feed the variety. The fertilization scheme is standard: in the spring - nitrogen, in the summer - potassium and phosphorus, and in the fall - organic fertilizers.
Pruning is usually carried out into 4 - 6 eyes, at least 18 eyes are left on each shoot. The largest clusters form at the second level. The recommended load on the bush is 40 - 60 eyes: the farther the growing region is, the fewer eyes should be left on the bush.
"Strashensky" is resistant to phylloxera and spider mites, slightly less resistant to mildew and rot, but the variety is completely vulnerable to powdery mildew. In order to avoid unpleasant consequences from fungal diseases, grape bushes should be treated 3-4 times per season with fungicides, the last of which is produced no later than a month before harvest. Do not forget about the standard requirements for plant care: mandatory collection of fallen leaves, autumn digging of soil, timely harvesting of weeds.
Wasps and birds cause a lot of trouble. The best option is special nets that are worn over the bunches. You can resort to sweet insect baits or special bird repellents.
The frost resistance indicators of the variety are not at the highest level: -17 ° C, maximum - 24 ° C, provided there are isolated cases of lowering the thermometer to such indicators. In this case, measures for warming the vine are very relevant, even in southern latitudes. To do this, the lashes are removed from the support, bent to the ground and covered with spruce branches, agrofibre, earth.
"Strashensky" is not intended for long-term storage and transportation over long distances: the skin is too thin.
The variety is recommended to be cultivated only in the southern regions due to its low frost resistance.and a fairly long ripening period for the berries. Currently, this grape is successfully cultivated in the south of Russia, Ukraine, Moldova, Armenia, the south of France and Italy.