How to make beautiful flower beds from stones: a practical guide

Well-groomed neat flower beds and alpine slides immediately attract attention and give the cottage a special class. From the outside, it may seem that making flower beds from stones is too difficult, and only a real master should undertake this. In fact, with careful observance of the instructions, any summer resident can create such a landscape decoration with his own hands.

Choosing a stone

The first important decision in thinking about how to make a flower bed from stones is the choice of the stone itself. It is unlimited in anything, you can use the simplest sandstone and limestone, as well as expensive granite, and bricks, ordinary or decorative. The color of the stone is chosen depending on whether the focus will be on the borders or on the plants. In the first case, you can use bright materials - blue or purple gneiss, yellow sandstone, cream limestone, dark red granite, greenish black basalt, and so on. Plants in this case need to choose medium-sized and undersized plants so that they fully set off the beauty of the stone.

If it is flowers that solo in this landscape design with their own hands, then this place can be overlaid with simple sandstone or limestone. It is important to remember that some stones are extremely hygroscopic and therefore need to be treated with water-repellent impregnations. You can do this with your own hands, but before you start decorating the flower bed.

Large stones - limestone, granite, tuff, as well as bricks - are well suited for raised structures. In order to highlight paths or curbs, you can take regular pebbles or chips. You can also highlight more expensive types of stone and cheaper ones. Or those that are easier or more difficult to handle with your own hands.

The latter include hard granite and basalt. But these are durable stones, with high frost resistance and resistance to precipitation. This means that your flower bed will look neat even in bad weather, and in winter it will undoubtedly show that you are a master of landscape design. The use of different types of stone is allowed, as long as it corresponds to the general aesthetic concept and does not affect the quality of the masonry. In addition, recently, the arrangement of flower beds with a construction mesh filled with stone has been gaining popularity. These are the so-called gabions. A flower bed made of mesh and stones gives the site an original look in an industrial style, especially since the mesh can be given any shape.

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What materials will be required

When you have chosen a stone and decided on a design, you will need to pick up tools and additional materials. You will almost certainly need a tape measure, shovel, mallet, and spatulas. It is most convenient to fix stones with cement. If desired, you can treat the masonry with a water-repellent wipe or varnish.

Making a beautiful flower bed

The Internet is a great help in finding a drawing of almost any flower garden made of stones, as well as seeing a master class on its construction. From the technical point of view, the creation of such a flower garden in the country is identical to the arrangement of a greenhouse, with the only difference that the flower bed brings impractical benefits, but an aesthetic pleasure. You will have to work hard with your own hands in any case.

Design starts with markup. It is advisable to arrange a flower bed either in the foreground, not far from the entrance to the site, or in front of the house, or in the center of the site. In any case, it is necessary to consider whether predominantly light-loving or shade-loving plants will be planted and, in accordance with this, select a place. The next step after marking is to dig a ditch around the perimeter of the future flower garden. Usually, a depth of 20-25 centimeters and the same width is enough. If a multi-tiered building is planned, then the foundation can be made deeper and support reinforcement can be used. The ditch needs to be filled with concrete, and after a couple of days, when the foundation dries out, start laying stones.

The stones should first be sorted out, and the most beautiful and even ones should be selected in order to decorate the upper tier at the end of construction. The rest, starting with the largest ones, are laid in rows on the foundation. The voids between the stones should be filled with cement mortar and earth with your own hands, tamping it tightly. A small tip - a slight inward slope of the stones during laying will provide a higher strength class. In addition, it is worth avoiding cement drips on the outside of the masonry, so the finished flower bed will be much more aesthetically pleasing. For better drainage, you can leave several gaps in the bottom row between the stones of the stones.

The first layer, which will fill the flower bed, is crushed stone, large pebbles, thick branches, that is, everything that can provide drainage. The higher the masonry is collected (and the higher the finished flower garden will be), the more drainage material may be needed. The next layer is leaves and peat, then the soil mixture is poured with their own hands. After that, you need to wait a few days for the soil to shrink, fill up the missing part and you can start planting flowers. By following these simple recommendations, you can easily arrange a beautiful flower bed in the country.

Possible difficulties

Possible mistakes that may lie in wait when building a flower garden from stones in the country:

  1. First, the wrong location. Before you start decorating a decorative flower garden, you should make sure that it will not interfere in this place of the site, but at the same time it will be clearly visible, otherwise the meaning of all the work will be lost.
  2. Secondly, the wrong choice of stone. For example, granite greatly increases the acidity of the soil, and this limits its use.
  3. Third, haste and ignorance of technological norms. The concrete at the base must dry completely, the masonry and the soil inside must shrink, and only then can the design of the flower bed begin.

Nevertheless, it is worth taking into account all the weak points and trying, because beautiful flower beds in the country are pleasing to the eye, soothing and helping to feel an advantage over neighbors.

Decorating a finished flower bed

Depending on the size, both low-growing plants and shrubs or dwarf trees can be used on stone beds. The first class in floriculture is annual plants, and they are well suited for a newly created flower bed of stones. At least, if problems with masonry suddenly appear, there will be no need to replant the plants. Seedlings are planted on the chosen one after the onset of heat.

Purslane is a popular annual plant. It is unpretentious to the soil, blooms from June to early autumn, but requires relatively high temperatures and a lot of light. It grows well on the south side of the site. Large-flowered purslane flowers can be white, yellow, orange, red, cream and even double, and therefore the flower bed will be bright and colorful enough even without companion plants.

The next popular plant is ageratum. It blooms from June to September, with beautiful terry corollas in various shades of blue and purple. The plant is quite whimsical to heat, abundant watering, top dressing and timely pruning, but, nevertheless, it can live in the same flower bed with its neighbors - calendula, marigolds, snapdragons. This will allow you to create complex designs in contrasting colors.

Of the several types of marigolds for flower beds, low-growing ones are best suited. This is one of the most beloved and unpretentious garden plants. Being sun-loving, the flowers grow well in the shade, and delight the eye with all shades of yellow and orange. Flowers persist until the first frost, but the plant needs good drainage and regular loosening of the soil.

To add red hues, choose calceolaria (blooms in April - May) or nasturtium (blooms from June until the first frost). Saturated yellow will give calendula (May - September), bright blue will add lobelia (June - September). Alpine poppy (May-July) and Iberis (May-August) bloom white, snapdragon pink and purple (June-September). Aster will bloom until late autumn and in different shades. When arranging a flower bed of perennial plants, it is imperative to think about their protection in winter. On flower beds decorated with a stone border, different types of violets, daisies, forget-me-nots, chickweed, saxifrage, carnation, creeping veronica, dwarf swimsuit, crocus flowers look beautiful.

To complete the design of the flower bed, it can be covered with decorative stone chips. In addition to an attractive appearance, this will also provide soil mulching. Sometimes you don't have to bother with planting. Choose several large unusual stones, arrange them around the site, fill the space between them with ordinary or decorative pebbles, and the rock garden is ready with your own hands. A great alternative to flower beds! A self-made flower bed of stones will confirm better than anything else that you are a master of floriculture.

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Video selection of ideas for the design of a summer house or site.

Do-it-yourself perennial flower beds for beginners

Flower beds decorate the local area, garden or park. Correctly decorated flower beds simply attract attention, are an island of bright colors, but, in addition, they also perform an important function - they help to divide and organize the space on the site. Landscape designers are engaged in the design and decoration of flower beds, and this is not as simple as it might seem at first glance. It is necessary to carry out accurate calculations, engage in drawings, colors, take into account the peculiarities of the plants included in the flower garden.

It is not at all necessary to pay professionals - it is quite possible to arrange a flower bed with your own hands. And to make it easier, beginners are advised to choose perennials and draw up simple diagrams.

How to make a flower bed with your own hands

So, you decided to break up the flower beds with your own hands in the country. Sooner or later, all summer residents decide on this, even those who, in principle, are far from gardening. This is due to the fact that it is very difficult to imagine a country house without flowers, because they not only decorate the landscape, but also emphasize the main elements favorably. In addition, a properly positioned flower bed will help hide imperfections on the site.

If earlier you did not come across the issue of creating a flower bed near the house with your own hands, and preferred to entrust the solution to this problem to professionals, then we advise you to follow the advice from our article. The flowerbed will look as attractive as possible only in a sufficiently lit place, in addition, it should fit into the overall landscape design.

To create a beautiful flower garden with your own hands, it is enough to adhere to the following rules:

- if the plant has a high leg, it is advisable to plant it in the central part of the flower bed

- plants in one flower bed should match each other as much as possible in color

- as for the planting density, flowers are planted more densely at the edges, and when moving to the center of the flower bed, an increasing distance should be left between each plant.

The simplest do-it-yourself flower beds in the country can be made of bricks. Regardless of the general style of the landscape on your site, the classic red brick composition will look great and go well with the flowers planted in the flower bed.

A brick flower bed can have any appearance; among summer residents, flower beds of a perfectly flat or curved and oblong shape are especially popular.

Advice: if you are making a flower bed on an area with unfavorable soil, it is advisable to dig a hole 15 centimeters deep, fill the bottom with concrete and fill it with fertile soil.

Do-it-yourself flower beds are most often placed at the very entrance to houses, along country paths, or on a special alley with plants, where they are in harmony with other decorations of the site and trees.

Do-it-yourself flower bed in the country with photo and video

Well-groomed flower beds, cute alpine slides are always eye-catching. One might get the impression that making such a flower bed is quite problematic and that it will not be possible to do it on your own. But after carefully studying the lesson on creating a flower bed of stones with your own hands, each site owner will be able to transform his site in this way.

Correct selection of stones

You need to start work by choosing a stone. To create a flower garden, you can use its various types. Sandstone, limestone, granite, bricks, blue or purple gneiss, yellow sandstone, creamy limestone, dark red granite, greenish black basalt, and others are perfect. The color of the stone is selected taking into account the types of plants and their height.

When choosing a stone, it should be borne in mind that certain types of stones absorb water very well, in this case it is recommended to treat them with a special impregnation. This must be done before decorating the flower bed.

Large stones such as limestone, granite, tuff are best used to create tall structures. But to create a path near the flower bed, pebbles or crumbs are more suitable.

In the creation of one flower bed, it is possible to use several types of stones, the main thing is that this correlates with the general appearance and fits into the surrounding landscape. A flower bed can be created using a construction mesh filled with stones. Such a gabion will give the site an unusual look. And it is also very convenient, since the mesh allows you to make a flower bed of any shape and will hold the stones in their places.

Creating a flower bed

  1. It is necessary (except for the stones themselves) to prepare a tape measure, a shovel, a spatula, and a cement mortar. Additionally, you may need impregnation or varnish for stones.
  2. Also, for the device of a flower garden in the country, you will need a drawing. It is quite easy to find it, taking into account all the necessary parameters, on the Internet
  3. And, of course, you need to make a little effort, the creation of a flower bed, although not a complicated process, is laborious and time consuming.

Let's move on to creating a flower bed.

Before starting work, you need to do the markup. Most often, such a flower bed is arranged next to the gate, in front of the house or near the veranda. The location should be chosen taking into account the characteristics of those plants that will be planted in it. Not all plants grow equally well in the shade or on the sunny side of the site, this must be taken into account.

Around the perimeter of the future flower bed, you need to make a trench about 25 centimeters deep and wide. When creating a high, multi-level flower bed, the foundation must be made deeper, using reinforcement. Now you can prepare a mixture of gravel and cement and pour the foundation.

The next stage of work can be started only after the concrete has dried well. This will take about 2-3 days. The stones must be sorted before laying. The smoothest and most beautiful ones are best set aside for now, they will come in handy for decorating the upper part of the flower garden. It is better to lay large stones on the bottom, directly on the concrete base. The space between them can be filled with small stones or just concrete. The cement mortar should not be too liquid, so that streaks do not turn out on the stones.

When laying out the first row, you need to take care of creating a drainage system, for this it is quite enough to leave voids between the stones in several places.

After all the rows of stones have been laid, it is necessary to fill the flower bed with earth.But first, it is recommended to perform a drainage layer. For this, you can use crushed stone, pebbles. This is followed by a layer consisting of leaves and peat, and only then can the earth be poured. But do not rush to plant the plants right away. Better to spill the flower bed well with water and let it stand for a couple of days. During this time, the soil will shrink. It remains only to plant the selected plants, and the flower bed is ready.

  • the wrong place for the flower bed was chosen. Flowers in the chosen place should be comfortable, and the flower bed itself should not interfere and be a decoration of the site
  • non-compliance with the technology of working with concrete. Laying stones and nets on dry concrete can lead to the collapse of the entire structure.

Flower garden decoration

On large flower beds, it is possible to plant not only flowers and plants, but shrubs can be used for decoration. In the first year of creating a flower bed, it is better to plant annual plants. This technique will help to identify design problems in the created flower garden. You can plant a purslane, it blooms well almost all summer, does not require a lot of light. Flowers can be white, yellow, orange, cream, red. They are able to make the flower bed bright and beautiful. Ageratum is very common. It blooms in double inflorescences, it is blue and purple. Requires nutritious soil and abundant watering. It needs to be well looked after, fed, and pruned.

Low marigolds will also look good in a flower garden. We can say that this is the most unpretentious plant with flowers of yellow and orange shades. Loves the sunny side, but will also feel good in the shade, does not like too wet soil. Flowering continues until the onset of frost.

When planting perennial plants, you need to take care of their protection in the winter. To create a more attractive look, you can use stone chips.

The photo shows several options for decorating flower beds:

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Video on creating and decorating a flower bed made of stones:

Types of fences

In order for the flowerbed to look complete, you need to make a beautiful fence. His task will be to highlight the flower garden, to emphasize its beauty. In addition, a fence is needed to strengthen the soil, to prevent it from sinking.

Tire fencing

A handmade tire flower bed is one of the most common design methods. Most often, tires are used that cannot be used for their intended purpose due to the presence of damage.

Before organizing a flower garden, the tires must be washed and painted in the color you want. You can go in a non-standard way and make a decorative composition out of a tire, for example, in the form of a swan or a flower. After the preparatory work is over, it is necessary to pour earth into the opening for flowers and plant plants.

Stone fence

Flowerbeds with a natural stone fence will perfectly complement any exterior. Most often, they choose for decoration:

  • pebbles. The most common stone. Before making such an embankment, it is necessary to pour a cement-sand mortar into the base so that the fence is securely held
  • limestone. It has an unusual structure and looks original. Preference should be given to light gray or beige shades of stone
  • granite. It is not afraid of temperature extremes, frost, high humidity, so it will last for many years. Creating a fence will require skills from the master.
  • quartzite. Not the most common mineral for creating flower beds. However, such a fence looks noble, tk. the stone has a pleasant glossy sheen.

Bottle guard

Unnecessary bottles are probably in every home, you can use them to create beautiful flower beds. Both plastic and glass containers are suitable for this purpose.

A small fence is made from plastic bottles with a volume of one and a half liters, for this they just need to be dug into the ground with their neck down. And in order for the fence to look profitable, the bottles must be pre-painted. In addition, various figures and decorative elements are cut out of them with the help of an ordinary clerical knife.

An unusual flower garden is made from glass bottles. To do this, you need to put a large number of containers of the same color on top of each other around some base, for example, a barrel. For stability, all elements are fastened together with glue.

Wooden fencing

Even a novice master can make a wooden fence for a flower bed, it will look interesting and fit into any site design. The only drawback is the fear of excessive humidity, temperature extremes. Without a special coating, the fence will quickly become unusable.

Wooden fence options:

  • round chocks, dug vertically around the flower garden
  • a log cut into small pieces
  • pegs or board trimmings that are sanded and varnished
  • boards dug in along a rectangular, square or triangular flower bed
  • low fences made of branches
  • wicker hedges.

Plastic fencing

Garden stores now sell a variety of plastic fences. They come in a variety of colors and shapes and are affordable. Ribbon models work best. They repeat the shape of a flower garden, can be presented in the form of bricks or imitate a tree.

A flower bed of unnecessary things

A memorable flower bed can be made from unnecessary things. Old furniture, for example, will do. She needs to polish, paint, make patterns.

Also suitcases, wheelbarrows, chairs, pots, watering cans, rubber boots, bicycles and even bathtubs are suitable for original flower beds. It is enough to restore an old thing, lay a film in it, pour soil on it, and plant flowers.

Flower beds in the garden can be made from almost any improvised things. They look original and will delight the eyes of summer residents for a long time.

Types of flower beds

According to their organization, flower beds are divided into two types:

  • of the correct type, performed strictly in accordance with geometric shapes
  • abstract, performed in any form that the summer resident's imagination is capable of.

Do-it-yourself flowerbeds in the country are made from almost any available materials, be it bricks, tires, bottles or wooden boards. The following are the most popular types of garden plantings.

Flower borders

Floral borders are planted along the paths and to divide the area into zones. Often they are arranged along the edges of large flower beds. When choosing flowers, preference should be given to undersized perennial shrubs that do not require special care and will delight the eye all summer.

Vertical flower bed

If there is not much free space on the site, but you want to break a flower garden, pay attention to the vertical flower beds. The base for them can be purchased at gardening stores or made yourself from mesh and film.

Compositions in the form of a pyramid will look great. You can make them yourself from wooden blocks and boards. In addition, pallets are used. It is enough to paint the structure in bright colors, fix pots or boxes for plants on it.

Flower beds made of clay pots, one above the other, look no less original. To hold the ceramic pyramid, reinforcement is used, which is threaded through the bottom of all elements. You can line up both strictly vertically and in any order.

Carpet flower bed

It is customary to place a carpet flower bed on a lawn or against a background of pebbles and sand. So they look especially bright, they will become an original decoration of the site. By choosing different varieties of plants, their colors, they create different shapes of animals, plants or other patterns. The main thing is that such a decorative element harmoniously fits into the overall design concept.

Flower bed along the house

The flowerbeds located along the house are called mixborders. For such a flower garden, they choose to choose any unpretentious plants. Combine short and tall species, or opt for one. In this case, it is better to stop the choice on bushes that can bloom the whole summer season. Then the flower bed will delight you constantly.

Classic flower bed

A classic flower bed or rabatka is a strict rectangular flower garden. Plant varieties are chosen according to the taste of the summer resident. Both single-species compositions and mixing of different colors are allowed. The main condition is that the flower bed should be separate from other elements of the garden.

Planning planting

The most interesting stage in creating a landscape design for a site is planning garden paths, flower beds, the location of bushes and trees.

A competent project provides for the division of the site into zones:

  • residential (house)
  • household (shed, garage, etc.)
  • rest zone
  • garden and vegetable garden with fruit trees, shrubs, beds with berries and vegetables.

Think about how you will navigate to each area and sketch the location of the footpaths. The zones need to be separated from each other, which means that this also needs to be foreseen.

Means of zoning can be:

  • hedges
  • track
  • trellis partitions with climbing plants
  • garden sculptures
  • water
  • gazebos, etc.

Zones should not have clear boundaries, everything should look natural. What techniques can be used - they will present photos showing how to design a suburban area.

When planning the planting of plants, take into account their exactingness to soil, light, the need for frequent replanting, and the desired neighborhood.

It remains to plan lawns, place flower beds, small decorative elements of landscape design. Consider our tips and instructions on how to make the design for your site attractive:

When planting flowers and ornamental bushes, try to take into account how they will be combined in color with each other and other elements of the landscape.

If a reservoir is planned on the site, surround it with picturesque flower arrangements.

The site will be decorated with an alpine slide with a variety of ornamental plants and flowers.

Do not be limited to monotonous forms: break multi-tiered flower beds on the site, install large flowerpots, portable and hanging containers, make ridges along the paths.

Think about the lighting: it should be safe to move along the paths at night, and unusual lamps can turn your summer cottage into a fantastic garden.

Design for areas of any size - large and small - can be thought out and implemented with your own hands. This is an exciting activity that gives you the opportunity to show your imagination and creativity. Competently thinking through everything to the smallest detail, you yourself will understand how much more pleasant it has become to spend time in the country.

Watch the video: How to Create a Beautiful Landscape Bed. Flower Bed Ideas for Front Yard and Back yard

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